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Fort Wolters was a United States military installation four miles northeast of Mineral Wells, Texas. Originally named Camp Wolters, it was an Army camp from 1925 to 1946. During World War II, it was for a time the largest infantry replacement training center in the United States. After the war, the camp was deactivated for several years. It became an Air Force base in 1951 with the mission of training Air Force engineers.
During World War II on January 24, 1944, private Edward 'Eddie' Donald Slovik was sent to Camp Wolters in Texas for basic military training from Detroit, Michigan. Upon finishing basic training, private Slovik was sent to Company G of the 109 Infantry Regiment, U.S. 28th Infantry Division in Europe (France) as a replacement. Private Slovik was convicted for desertion in November 1944. He was executed for desertion on January 31, 1945, and became the only active duty U.S. solider executed since the American Civil War.
In 1956, it reverted to the United States Army to house the United States Army Primary Helicopter School; it was designated a "permanent" military base and renamed Fort Wolters in 1963.
March of 1966 the post was re-designated Fort Wolters, a permanent military installation and U.S. Army Primary Helicopter Center.
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