Fort Rucker

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Fort Rucker
Fort Rucker, Alabama
Fortrucker.png
Fort Rucker is located in Alabama
TypeArmy post
Coordinates31°20′N 85°43′W / 31.34°N 85.71°W / 31.34; -85.71Coordinates: 31°20′N 85°43′W / 31.34°N 85.71°W / 31.34; -85.71
Built1 May 1942 (1 May 1942)
In use1942–present
Current
condition
Operational
Open to
the public
No (The Army Aviation Museum is open to the public. ID and proof of auto insurance are required for entrance to the installation)
Controlled byUnited States Army
Garrison1st Aviation Brigade
110th Aviation Brigade
23d Flying Training Sqdn
Current
commander
Major General Anthony Crutchfield[1]
CommandersMaj. Gen. James O. Barclay III, 2008–2010[1]
Occupants1st Aviation Brigade
1AvnBdeSSI.gif
Shoulder sleeve insignia of the 1st Aviation Brigade
 
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Fort Rucker
Fort Rucker, Alabama
Fortrucker.png
Fort Rucker is located in Alabama
TypeArmy post
Coordinates31°20′N 85°43′W / 31.34°N 85.71°W / 31.34; -85.71Coordinates: 31°20′N 85°43′W / 31.34°N 85.71°W / 31.34; -85.71
Built1 May 1942 (1 May 1942)
In use1942–present
Current
condition
Operational
Open to
the public
No (The Army Aviation Museum is open to the public. ID and proof of auto insurance are required for entrance to the installation)
Controlled byUnited States Army
Garrison1st Aviation Brigade
110th Aviation Brigade
23d Flying Training Sqdn
Current
commander
Major General Anthony Crutchfield[1]
CommandersMaj. Gen. James O. Barclay III, 2008–2010[1]
Occupants1st Aviation Brigade
1AvnBdeSSI.gif
Shoulder sleeve insignia of the 1st Aviation Brigade

Fort Rucker is a U.S. Army post located mostly in Dale County, Alabama, United States. It was named for a Civil War officer, Confederate General Edmund Rucker. The post is the primary flight training base for Army Aviation and is home to the United States Army Aviation Center of Excellence (USAACE) and the United States Army Aviation Museum. Small sections of the post also lie in Coffee, Geneva, and Houston counties. Part of the Dale County section of the base is a census-designated place; its population was 4,636 at the 2010 census.[2]

The main post has entrances from three bordering cities, Daleville, Ozark and Enterprise. In the years before the September 11, 2001 attacks, the main post (except airfields and other restricted areas) was an open post with unmanned gates allowing civilians to drive through. Following the attacks, this policy was changed, and the post is now closed to unauthorized traffic and visitors.

Contents

Military facilities

Coordinates:

The U.S. Army Aviation Center of Excellence is the dominant military facility at Fort Rucker. Training, doctrine, and testing are all key parts of the Center's mission to develop Army Aviation's capabilities. All Army Aviation training has been undertaken at Fort Rucker since 1973, as well as training of US Air Force and ally helicopter pilots. The Center is home to the US Army Aviation Technical Test Center (ATTC), which conducts developmental aircraft testing for Army Aviation.[4] The United States Army Operational Test and Evaluation Command's Test and Evaluation Coordination Office and TH-67 primary and instrument training are both located at Cairns Army Airfield.[5][6]

Operational units on the post include the 1st Aviation Brigade and the 110th Aviation Brigade handling Army Aviation training,[7] and the USAF 23d Flying Training Squadron for the training of Air Force helicopter pilots.[8]

The 110th Aviation Brigade consists of five battalions using three different sites. 1st Battalion, 11th Aviation Regiment, operates and manages air traffic control services and flight simulation support for USAAVNC/Fort Rucker and the National Airspace System.[9] 1st Battalion, 14th Aviation Regiment operates from Hanchey Army Heliport and conducts graduate level training using the AH-64D Apache Longbow and OH-58D Kiowa helicopters. 1st Battalion, 212th Aviation Regiment operates from Lowe Army Heliport and Shell Army Heliport and conducts combat and night operational training, using the OH-58, UH-1, and UH-60 helicopters. 1st Battalion, 223d Aviation Regiment operates from Cairns Army Airfield and Knox Army Heliport and conducts flight training using the CH-47 Chinook helicopter and C-12 Huron aircraft. The Helicopter School Battalion operates from Shell Army Heliport and, providing training for Latin American pilots under the United States Security Cooperation Program.[10][10][11][12]

Additionally, due to the large number of warrant officers stationed there, the Warrant Officer Candidate School and Warrant Officer Career College are both located at Fort Rucker.[13][14] Aviation branched warrant officers remain at Fort Rucker to complete flight training and the Aviation Warrant Officer Basic Course. Upon completion of their training, aviation warrant officers receive the Army Aviator Badge.

Fort Rucker is often referred to as "Mother Rucker", both as an insulting pseudo-homonym, and in deference to the birth of an Army Aviator's career and his or her constant return to the Post for continued training and responsibility throughout their career. It is common knowledge in an Army Aviation career, that "Everyone returns to Mother Rucker", because of the frequency of pilot training and re-education.[15]

Support and other facilities at Fort Rucker include the Lyster Army Health Clinic,[16] United States Army Aeromedical Research Lab,[17] United States Army School of Aviation Medicine,[18] and Army Aviation Museum.

History

After the onset of World War II, the US War Department decided to add a number of new bases. Fort Rucker (situated on 58,000 acres (235 km2) of sub-marginal farmland, and formerly a wildlife refuge) was opened 1 May in 1942 as "Camp Rucker", and had quarters for 3,280 Officers and 39,461 Enlisted Personnel.[19] It was deactivated following the war, then reopened during the Korean War. After another short deactivation, it was again reopened and expanded when it became a helicopter training base. The name was changed to "Fort Rucker" in October 1955.

Hanchey Army Heliport became the home of the Department of Rotary Wing Training of the Army Aviation School on 5 October 1959, marking the first time the Department was centralized.

While serving in the Army, Al Gore was stationed at Fort Rucker before his five-month deployment in the Vietnam War.

The 81st Division (Wild Cat) was the first unit activated at Camp Rucker on 15 June 1942. The 81st received equipment, personnel and trained here before shipping out to the Pacific Theater of Operations (PTO) Other units passed through and called Camp Rucker home before shipping overseas, these included the 35th, 66th and 98th Infantry Divisions. The 91st and 94th Infantry Divisions were inactivated at Camp Rucker.

Geography

Fort Rucker is located at 31°20'37" North, 85°42'29" West (31.343654, −85.707995)[20].

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the CDP area of the base has a total area of 10.9 square miles (28.2 km²), of which, 10.9 square miles (28.2 km²) of it is land and 0.04 square miles (0.1 km²) of it (0.18%) is water.

Demographics

As of the census[21] of 2000, there were 6,052 people, 1,399 households, and 1,347 families residing on the base. The population density was 556.8 people per square mile (215.0/km²). There were 1,544 housing units at an average density of 142.0 per square mile (54.8/km²). The racial makeup of the base was 68.5% White, 18.1% Black or African American, 0.9% Native American, 2.1% Asian, 0.7% Pacific Islander, 5.3% from other races, and 4.4% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 11.7% of the population.

There were 1,399 households out of which 79.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 85.4% were married couples living together, 8.2% had a female householder with no husband present, and 3.7% were non-families. 3.1% of all households were made up of individuals and 0.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.47 and the average family size was 3.51.

On the base the population was spread out with 35.3% under the age of 18, 15.9% from 18 to 24, 46.2% from 25 to 44, 2.4% from 45 to 64, and 0.1% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 24 years. For every 100 females there were 131.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 145.1 males.

The median income for a household on the base was $34,603, and the median income for a family was $33,664. Males had a median income of $29,321 versus $18,750 for females. The per capita income was $14,495. About 6.1% of families and 7.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 9.3% of those under the age of 18 and 16.7% of those 65 and older.

See also

References

  1. ^ a b Brainard, Emily; Russell Sellers (19 August 2010). "Crutchfield assumes command of USAACE, Fort Rucker". Army.mil. http://www.army.mil/-news/2010/08/19/43970-crutchfield-assumes-command-of-usaace-fort-rucker/. Retrieved 2010-12-13.
  2. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. http://factfinder2.census.gov. Retrieved 14 May 2011.
  3. ^ "Ech Stagefield Ahp HELIPORT Facility (11AL)". Airport/Heliport Listings in the USA. http://airport-facilities.findthedata.org. http://airport-facilities.findthedata.org/l/858/Ech-Stagefield-Ahp. Retrieved 20 March 2012.
  4. ^ The Aviation Technical Test Center
  5. ^ Information about Cairns Army Airfield
  6. ^ Description of activities at Cairns Army Airfield
  7. ^ Reference to 1st Aviation Brigade references on Ft. Rucker Website
  8. ^ Reference to summary of 23d Flying Training Squadron activities at Fort Rucker
  9. ^ Describes duties of The 1st Battalion, 11th Aviation Regiment
  10. ^ a b List of Aviation Regiments
  11. ^ Activities of each Aviation Regiment
  12. ^ Homepage for 1st Battalion, 223d Aviation Regiment
  13. ^ Link to support Warrant Officer Candidate School location at Fort Rucker
  14. ^ Link to support Warrant Officer Candidate School location at Fort Rucker
  15. ^ "Welcome to Mother Rucker". Motherrucker.com. 10 June 2003. http://www.motherrucker.com/LocalInfo/WelcometoMotherRucker/tabid/197/Default.aspx. Retrieved 2012-03-08.
  16. ^ US Army Aeromedical Center
  17. ^ U.S. Army Aeromedical Research Laboratory
  18. ^ United States Army School of Aviation Medicine
  19. ^ Stanton, Shelby L. (1984). Order of Battle: U.S. Army World War II. Novato, California: Presidio Press. p. 602. ISBN 0-89141-195-X.
  20. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 12 February 2011. http://www.census.gov/geo/www/gazetteer/gazette.html. Retrieved 23 April 2011.
  21. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. http://factfinder.census.gov. Retrieved 31 January 2008.

External links