Fort Liard

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Fort Liard
Echaot'l Koe or Ahcho Kue
Hamlet
The Sleeping Giant - the view from the top of the hill heading into the Hamlet
The Sleeping Giant - the view from the top of the hill heading into the Hamlet
Fort Liard is located in Northwest Territories
Fort Liard
Fort Liard
Coordinates: 60°14′27″N 123°28′11″W / 60.24083°N 123.46972°W / 60.24083; -123.46972Coordinates: 60°14′27″N 123°28′11″W / 60.24083°N 123.46972°W / 60.24083; -123.46972
CountryCanada
TerritoryNorthwest Territories
RegionDehcho Region
ConstituencyNahendeh
Census divisionRegion 4
Incorporated (hamlet)1 April 1987
Government
 • MayorMorris McLeod
 • Senior Administrative OfficerJohn McKee
 • MLAKevin Menicoche
Area[1]
 • Land68.38 km2 (26.40 sq mi)
Elevation216 m (709 ft)
Population (2011)[1]
 • Total536
 • Density7.8/km2 (20/sq mi)
Time zoneMountain (MST) (UTC-7)
 • Summer (DST)MDT (UTC-6)
Canadian Postal codeX0G 0A0
Area code(s)867
Telephone exchange770
- Living cost132.5A
- Food price index134.9B
Websitewww.fortliard.com
Sources:
Department of Municipal and Community Affairs,[2]
Prince of Wales Northern Heritage Centre,[3]
Canada Flight Supplement[4]
^A 2009 figure based on Edmonton = 100[5]
^B 2010 figure based on Yellowknife = 100[5]
 
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Fort Liard
Echaot'l Koe or Ahcho Kue
Hamlet
The Sleeping Giant - the view from the top of the hill heading into the Hamlet
The Sleeping Giant - the view from the top of the hill heading into the Hamlet
Fort Liard is located in Northwest Territories
Fort Liard
Fort Liard
Coordinates: 60°14′27″N 123°28′11″W / 60.24083°N 123.46972°W / 60.24083; -123.46972Coordinates: 60°14′27″N 123°28′11″W / 60.24083°N 123.46972°W / 60.24083; -123.46972
CountryCanada
TerritoryNorthwest Territories
RegionDehcho Region
ConstituencyNahendeh
Census divisionRegion 4
Incorporated (hamlet)1 April 1987
Government
 • MayorMorris McLeod
 • Senior Administrative OfficerJohn McKee
 • MLAKevin Menicoche
Area[1]
 • Land68.38 km2 (26.40 sq mi)
Elevation216 m (709 ft)
Population (2011)[1]
 • Total536
 • Density7.8/km2 (20/sq mi)
Time zoneMountain (MST) (UTC-7)
 • Summer (DST)MDT (UTC-6)
Canadian Postal codeX0G 0A0
Area code(s)867
Telephone exchange770
- Living cost132.5A
- Food price index134.9B
Websitewww.fortliard.com
Sources:
Department of Municipal and Community Affairs,[2]
Prince of Wales Northern Heritage Centre,[3]
Canada Flight Supplement[4]
^A 2009 figure based on Edmonton = 100[5]
^B 2010 figure based on Yellowknife = 100[5]

Fort Liard (pronounced "lee-ahrd") (Slavey language: Echaot'l Koe[pronunciation?] "people from the land of the giants" or Ahcho Kue) is a hamlet in the Dehcho Region of the Northwest Territories, Canada. It is located 37 km (23 mi) north of the British Columbia border. It became accessible by road in 1984 with the completion of the Liard Highway (Northwest Territories Highway 7 and British Columbia Highway 77).

The Hamlet of Fort Liard has two stores to choose from: The General Store and the The North West Company store. It has a school "Echo Dene School", with a student population of about 150 from K-12. It also has a nursing station with four nurses, a Royal Canadian Mounted Police detachment with four members, and a Recreation Centre (complete with a swimming pool, skating rink, youth centre and a multi-court).[6] There is a fuel centre that sells gasoline, diesel fuel, propane, emergency survival kits and convenience items. There is also a traditional craft store which sells locally made craft items.

Demographics[edit]

Population is 536 according to the 2011 Census a decrease of 8.1% from 2006.[1] In the 2006 Census the majority of the population, 520 people out of a total of 583, were Aboriginal, either First Nations or Métis.[7] In 2012 the Government of the Northwest Territories reported that the population was 568 with an average yearly growth rate of 0.0% from 2001.[5]

Historical population
YearPop.±%
1996538—    
1997528−1.9%
1998525−0.6%
1999537+2.3%
2000571+6.3%
2001581+1.8%
2002593+2.1%
2003572−3.5%
2004606+5.9%
YearPop.±%
2005594−2.0%
2006604+1.7%
2007585−3.1%
2008580−0.9%
2009578−0.3%
2010585+1.2%
2011582−0.5%
2012568−2.4%
Sources: NWT Bureau of Statistics (2001-2012)[5]

First Nations[edit]

The Dene of the community are represented by the Acho Dene Koe Band and the Métis by Fort Liard Metis Local 67. Both groups belong to the Deh Cho First Nations Tribal Council.[8][9]

Climate[edit]

Fort Liard has a borderline subarctic climate (Köppen climate classification Dfc), just short of a humid continental climate (Köppen climate classification Dfb), characterized by extreme variation of temperatures between seasons. Temperatures can be very warm in the summer, and very cold in the winter.

Climate data for Fort Liard Airport
MonthJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear
Record high Humidex7.314.218.123.229.737.838.837.530.824.59.414.638.8
Record high °C (°F)9.5
(49.1)
15.0
(59)
18.0
(64.4)
25.0
(77)
32.5
(90.5)
32.4
(90.3)
34.5
(94.1)
34.6
(94.3)
30.5
(86.9)
26.0
(78.8)
12.0
(53.6)
15.3
(59.5)
34.6
(94.3)
Average high °C (°F)−17.9
(−0.2)
−11.8
(10.8)
−3.0
(26.6)
8.6
(47.5)
16.5
(61.7)
22.2
(72)
23.3
(73.9)
21.4
(70.5)
15.2
(59.4)
3.9
(39)
−10.6
(12.9)
−15.4
(4.3)
4.4
(39.9)
Daily mean °C (°F)−21.8
(−7.2)
−17.1
(1.2)
−9.5
(14.9)
2.0
(35.6)
9.8
(49.6)
15.6
(60.1)
17.3
(63.1)
15.3
(59.5)
9.6
(49.3)
0.0
(32)
−14.0
(6.8)
−19.1
(−2.4)
−1.0
(30.2)
Average low °C (°F)−25.5
(−13.9)
−22.3
(−8.1)
−15.9
(3.4)
−4.6
(23.7)
3.0
(37.4)
8.9
(48)
11.3
(52.3)
9.1
(48.4)
3.9
(39)
−3.9
(25)
−17.4
(0.7)
−22.7
(−8.9)
−6.4
(20.5)
Record low °C (°F)−46.7
(−52.1)
−44.0
(−47.2)
−39.8
(−39.6)
−31.6
(−24.9)
−14.5
(5.9)
0.5
(32.9)
2.0
(35.6)
−1.7
(28.9)
−11.7
(10.9)
−30.0
(−22)
−43.0
(−45.4)
−45.0
(−49)
−46.7
(−52.1)
Wind chill−62.9−51.9−48.1−36.0−17.60.00.0−2.7−16.9−32.8−53.5−55.3−62.9
Precipitation mm (inches)24.9
(0.98)
19.7
(0.776)
16.2
(0.638)
23.0
(0.906)
41.4
(1.63)
59.5
(2.343)
83.4
(3.283)
55.3
(2.177)
44.0
(1.732)
34.7
(1.366)
28.4
(1.118)
21.2
(0.835)
451.7
(17.783)
Rainfall mm (inches)0.0
(0)
0.0
(0)
0.0
(0)
5.5
(0.217)
37.7
(1.484)
59.5
(2.343)
83.4
(3.283)
55.0
(2.165)
41.4
(1.63)
11.6
(0.457)
0.1
(0.004)
0.0
(0)
294.1
(11.579)
Snowfall cm (inches)26.3
(10.35)
21.3
(8.39)
16.8
(6.61)
17.9
(7.05)
3.8
(1.5)
0.0
(0)
0.0
(0)
0.2
(0.08)
2.7
(1.06)
23.5
(9.25)
30.3
(11.93)
22.5
(8.86)
165.4
(65.12)
Avg. precipitation days (≥ 0.2 mm)8.07.06.45.29.69.612.010.710.18.89.66.7103.7
Avg. rainy days (≥ 0.2 mm)0.00.00.02.08.69.612.010.79.63.70.10.056.4
Avg. snowy days (≥ 0.2 cm)8.17.06.53.71.40.00.00.10.76.09.66.749.7
Source: Environment Canada Canadian Climate Normals 1981–2010[10]

Gallery[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Fort Liard, HAM Northwest Territories (Census subdivision)
  2. ^ "NWT Communities - Fort Liard". Government of the Northwest Territories: Department of Municipal and Community Affairs. Retrieved 13 January 2014. 
  3. ^ Prince of Wales Northern Heritage Centre - official names
  4. ^ Canada Flight Supplement. Effective 0901Z 24 July 2014 to 0901Z 18 September 2014
  5. ^ a b c d Fort Liard - Statistical Profile at the GNWT
  6. ^ Infrastructure
  7. ^ 2006 Census - Aboriginal Profile
  8. ^ Acho Dene Koe Band
  9. ^ Fort Liard Métis
  10. ^ "Fort Liard A" (CSV (3069 KB)). Canadian Climate Normals 1981–2010. Environment Canada. Climate ID: 2201575. Retrieved 2014-01-09. 

External links[edit]