Forest Lawn – Hollywood Hills Cemetery is part of the Forest Lawn chain of Southern California cemeteries. It is at 6300 Forest Lawn Drive in the Hollywood Hills neighborhood in Los Angeles, California, on the lower north slope at the far east end of the Santa Monica Mountains range that overlooks North Hollywood and Burbank in the San Fernando Valley from its southeast. The Los Angeles River courses from west to east immediately to the north.
Forest Lawn – Hollywood Hills is a park dedicated to the preservation of American history and hosts high-profile events such as an annual
Veterans Day ceremony attended by dignitaries and other VIPs. described it as a "theme-park necropolis", paraphrasing Los Angeles Magazine Jessica Mitford, indicating "Forest Lawn’s kitsch was just a sophisticated strategy for lubricating the checkbooks of the grieved." [1 ] Features [edit ]
The park features such sights as:
Court of Liberty [edit ]
A section of the
Birth of Liberty mosaic The Court of Liberty features statues of George Washington and Thomas Jefferson and the Birth of Liberty mosaic. At 162 feet (49 m) long and 28 feet (8.5 m) high, Birth of Liberty is the largest historical mosaic in the United States. It is composed of ten million pieces of Venetian glass and depicts twenty-five scenes from early America, from 1619-1787. The Hall of Liberty American History Museum has a copy of the Liberty Bell and other exhibits. The museum has a 1,200-seat auditorium. Monument to Washington, a marble and bronze tribute to America's first president, created by sculptor Thomas Ball. Four of Washington's generals are honored in the memorial. Lincoln Terrace [edit ] The Lincoln Terrace features a 16-foot (4.9 m) bronze statue of the 16th president by Augustus St. Gaudens, flanked by a panoramic mosaic depicting key scenes from Lincoln's life. Plaza of Mesoamerican Heritage [edit ] The Plaza of Mesoamerican Heritage has sculptures by Meliton Salas Rodriguez, of Guadalajara, Mexico. Salas used hand tools to first quarry, then work the native Mexican stone into precisely scaled, detailed replicas of artwork and artifacts that are representative of the Aztec, Huastec, Maya, Mixtec, Olmec, Teotihuacan, Toltec, Totonac, and Zapotec civilizations that preceded modern Mexican culture. A smooth Olmecan head, an intricate Aztec sun calendar and a sinuous Teotihuacan bas relief are some of the sculptural features of the Plaza that are set off by crushed stone walkways and complemented by groupings of Mesoamerican plants. History [edit ]
The first Forest Lawn, in
Glendale, was founded in 1906 by businessmen who hired Dr. Hubert Eaton, a firm believer in a joyous life after death, who was convinced that most cemeteries were "unsightly, depressing stone yards," and pledged to create one that would reflect his optimistic beliefs, "as unlike other cemeteries as sunshine is unlike darkness." He envisioned Forest Lawn to be "a great park devoid of misshapen monuments and other signs of earthly death, but filled with towering trees, sweeping lawns, splashing fountains, beautiful statuary, and... memorial architecture". [2 ]
Before it was a cemetery, Forest Lawn was a filming location used by directors such as
Carl Laemmle and Cecil B. DeMille. The climactic battle scenes for D. W. Griffith's were filmed there. The alternate names of the filming site are Providencia Flats, The Birth of a Nation Nestor Ranch, Oak Ranch, Oak Crest Ranch, Universal Ranch/Universal City, Lasky Ranch, and Paramount Ranch until November 1927.
When Eaton (self-proclaimed as "The Builder") made known his desire to open a second Forest Lawn location in the Hollywood Hills, the local residents protested vehemently. To circumvent the protesters, Mr. Eaton sent his staff to the county morgue to claim 4 "John Does" and buried them at the corners of the property in the dark of night. In the morning, the protesters had no power because, by law, the property was now a cemetery.
[ ] citation needed Notable interments [edit ]
Interred or entombed in the Hollywood Hills cemetery are many famous people, particularly from the entertainment industry.
A [edit ] Harry Ackerman, TV executive producer Rodolfo Acosta, actor Edie Adams, actress and singer Iris Adrian, actress Philip Ahn, actor Harry Akst, songwriter Robert Aldrich, director Irving Allen, producer and director Steve Allen, actor, comedian, writer, and television host Don Alvarado, actor and director Leon Ames, actor Morey Amsterdam, actor and comedian Carl David Anderson, Nobel Prize winning scientist Ernie Anderson, television announcer Mignon Anderson, actress Lois Andrews, actress Matthew Ansara, actor and bodybuilder Michael Ansara, actor Dimitra Arliss, actress Robert Arthur, producer John Ashley, actor Gene Autry, actor, singer, and former owner of the Los Angeles Angels of Anaheim Luis Avalos, Cuban actor Doe Avedon, actress and model Patricia Avery, actress Tex Avery, animator B [edit ] Art Babbitt, animator Brittany Murphy, actress, singer, voice artist Lloyd Bacon, director Parley Baer, actor David Bailey, actor Buddy Baker, composer Bonnie Lee Bakley, murdered wife of actor Robert Blake John Ball, novelist Harry Barris, singer, songwriter and musician Don "Red" Barry, actor Judith Barsi, child actress Clyde Beatty, circus owner Noah Beery, Sr., actor Noah Beery, Jr., actor Ralph Bellamy, actor Richard Benedict, actor and director Spencer Gordon Bennet, director Lamont Bentley, actor Mary Kay Bergman, voice-over artist Fred "Rerun" Berry, actor Gus Bivona, musician Willie Bobo, musician Priscilla Bonner, actress Tom Bosley, actor Truman Bradley, actor and television announcer Delaney Bramlett, musician Chet Brandenburg, actor Mary Brian, actress Pamela Britton, actress Albert "Cubby" Broccoli, producer Joe Brooks, actor Leslie Brooks, actress and model Wally Brown, actor and comedian Kathie Browne, actress Mona Bruns, actress Edgar Buchanan, actor Mildred Burke, professional wrestler Solomon Burke, singer Bartine Burkett, actress Everett G. Burkhalter, politician Smiley Burnette, actor Jerry Buss, majority owner of the Los Angeles Lakers Wally Byam, entrepreneur (memorial) C [edit ] Godfrey Cambridge, actor and comedian Roy Campanella, Major League Baseball Hall of Famer Pete Candoli, musician Stephen J. Cannell, Producer Philip Carey, actor Frankie Carle, musician Johnny Carpenter, actor, director, and screenwriter David Carradine, actor John Carroll, actor and singer Virginia Carroll, actress Nick Ceroli, musician Michael Chekov, actor, director, novelist, and theater practitioner Warren Christopher, former Secretary of State and Deputy Attorney General Ethlyne Clair, actress Bob Clampett, animator Robert Clarke, actor William H. Clothier, cinematographer Bill Cody, Jr., actor Nudie Cohn, fashion designer Buddy Cole, musician Dennis Cole, actor Ray Collins, actor Don Cornelius, television host and producer (cremation) Joyce Compton, actress Christopher Connelly, actor William Conrad, actor Bert Convy, actor and television host Rita Corday, actress Jerome Cowan, actor Willie Crawford Major League Baseball player Gary Crosby, actor and singer Scatman Crothers, actor and musician Pauline Curley, actress Edward S. Curtis, photographer D [edit ] Virginia Dale, actress Ken Darby, composer Beryl Davis, singer Bette Davis, actress Brad Davis, actor Gail Davis, actress Rufe Davis, actor Laraine Day, actress Gene de Paul, composer André de Toth, director Tamara De Treaux, actress Sandra Dee, actress Frank Dekova, actor Reginald Denny, actor Vernon Dent, actor Frank DeVol, composer Ronnie James Dio, singer and songwriter Edward Dmytryk, director Jimmie Dodd, actor, singer, and songwriter Don Drysdale, Major League Baseball Hall of Famer Roy O. Disney, Co-Founder; The Walt Disney Company; brother of Walt Disney Jim Duffy, animator [3 ] Michael Clarke Duncan, actor Jerry Dunphy, television news anchor Leo Durocher, Major League Baseball Hall of Famer Dan Duryea, actor E [edit ] F [edit ] Richard Farnsworth, actor Marty Feldman, actor and comedian William Ferrari, art director Jim Ferrier, professional golfer Shug Fisher, actor, singer and songwriter Robert Florey, director Tony Fontane, singer Robert Charles Francis, actor Melvin Franklin, singer and member of The Temptations Milton Frome, actor Bobby Fuller, singer Annette Funicello, actress and singer G [edit ] Reginald Gardiner, actor Michael Garrison, producer Marvin Gaye, singer (cremated here; ashes scattered in the Pacific Ocean) Frankie Gaye, singer, brother of Marvin Wally George, television host Andy Gibb, singer Hughie Gibb, bandleader, father of the Bee Gees Paul Gilbert, actor Peggy Gilbert, musician Haven Gillespie, songwriter Roger Gimbel, producer Joel Goldsmith, composer Alf Goulding, director and screenwriter Earl Grant, musician H [edit ] Hard Boiled Haggerty, professional wrestler Monte Hale, actor and singer Jon Hall, actor Porter Hall, actor Thurston Hall, actor Stuart Hamblen, actor, singer, and songwriter Thomas F. Hamilton, founder of the Hamilton Standard propeller company Jack Hannah, animator Ben Hardaway, animator and voice-over artist Ann Harding, actress Marvin Hatley, composer Gabby Hayes, actor Neal Hefti, composer Horace Heidt, bandleader Wanda Hendrix, actress Maxine Elliott Hicks, actress John C. Holland, Los Angeles City Council member, 1943–67 Red Holloway, musician Sol Hoʻopiʻi, musician Jean Speegle Howard, actress I [edit ] J [edit ] K [edit ] Bob Kane, comic book artist Stacy Keach, Sr., actor Joseph Kearns, actor Buster Keaton, actor and comedian Lincoln Kilpatrick, actor Peter King, composer Rodney King, victim of police brutality in 1991 Ernie Kovacs, actor and comedian Helen Barbara Kruger, fashion designer Otto Kruger, actor Kay E. Kuter, actor L [edit ] Stan Laurel
's memorial marker, with the
Birth of Liberty
mosaic in background
Jack LaLanne, fitness and nutrition expert Dorothy Lamour, actress and singer Muriel Landers, actress Fritz Lang, director June Lang, actress Grace Lantz, voice-over artist Walter Lantz, animator and founder of Walter Lantz Productions June Lang, actress Eric Larson, animator Nicolette Larson, singer Philip H. Lathrop, cinematographer Wesley Lau, actor Charles Laughton, actor Stan Laurel, actor and comedian William Lava, composer Arthur Lee, singer, songwriter, musician Robert Edwin Lee, playwright and lyricist Lance LeGault, actor Stan Levey, musician George Liberace, actor and musician Liberace, musician Diane Linkletter, daughter of Art Linkletter Glenard P. Lipscomb, former US Congressman Carey Loftin, actor and stuntman Hicks Lokey, animator Julie London, actress and singer Louise Lorraine, actress John Lounsbery, animator Otto Ludwig, editor Art Lund, actor and singer Jeffrey Lynn, actor M [edit ] Kenneth MacDonald, actor Harriet E. MacGibbon, actress Chummy MacGregor, musician Wilbur Mack, actor Marjorie Main, actress Albert Hay Malotte, composer Shelly Manne, musician Richard Marquand, director Teena Marie, singer and songwriter (cremation) Lock Martin, actor Strother Martin, actor Michelle Triola Marvin, actress Junius Matthews, actor Matty Matlock, musician Frank Mayo, actor Larry McCormick, television news anchor Pat McCormick, comedian Ed McMahon, television host (cremation) Caroline McWilliams, actress Ralph Meeker, actor Marty Melcher, producer Sam Melville, actor Rafael Méndez, musician Donald Mills, singer and member of The Mills Brothers Harry Mills, singer and member of The Mills Brothers Victor Milner, cinematographer Paul Monette, author and poet Alvy Moore, actor Vicki Morgan, model, socialite, and murder victim Brittany Murphy, actress [4 ] Timothy Patrick Murphy, actor Simon Monjack, producer, screenwriter, husband of actress Brittany Murphy Burt Mustin, actor John Myhers, actor N [edit ] O [edit ] P [edit ] Nestor Paiva, actor Joy Page, actress Cecilia Parker, actress Jean Parker, actress Hank Patterson, actor Kenneth Peach, cinematographer Bill Peet, animator Jack Pepper, actor Brock Peters, actor Freddie Perren, musician Jack Perrin, actor George O. Petrie, actor Esther Phillips, singer Charles Pierce, actor and female impersonator Daphne Pollard, actress Snub Pollard, actor and comedian Tony Pope, voice-over artist Jeff Porcaro, musician Don Post, make-up artist Freddie Prinze, actor and comedian Q-R [edit ] George Raft, actor Amanda Randolph, actress Lillian Randolph, actress Lou Rawls, singer Hugh Reilly, actor Bert Remsen, actor Ray Rennahan, cinematographer Dorothy Revier, actress John Ritter, actor Joe E. Ross, actor Jason Robards, Sr., actor Gale Robbins, actress and singer Lynne Roberts, actress Dar Robinson, film stuntman Jay Robinson, actor Kasey Rogers, actress Johnny Roseboro, MLB player Joe E. Ross, actor and comedian Ruth Royce, actress Miklós Rózsa, composer S [edit ] Sabu, actor Boris Sagal, director Jack Sahakian, hairdresser and actor Isabel Sanford, actress George Savalas, actor Telly Savalas, actor Johnny Sekka, actor Reta Shaw, actress Leon Shamroy, cinematographer Larry Shay, songwriter Robert Shayne, actor Roberta Sherwood, singer Teru Shimada, actor [5 ] Mickey Simpson, actor Phillips Smalley, actor and director Jack Soo, actor Olan Soule, actor Ruth St. Denis, dancer and choreographer Raymond St. Jacques, actor Tim Spencer, actor and singer Jack Starrett, actor and director Bob Steele, actor Rod Steiger, actor George Stevens, director McLean Stevenson, actor Jay Stewart, television and radio announcer Glenn Strange, actor Victor Sutherland, actor H.N. Swanson, Hollywood literary agent T [edit ] William Talman, actor Vic Tayback, actor Zola Taylor, singer Jack Teagarden, musician Frankie Thomas, actor Martha Tilton, singer Wayne Tippit, actor George Tomasini, editor Pinky Tomlin, actor and musician Leo Tover, cinematographer Bobby Troup, actor and musician Charles Trowbridge, actor Forrest Tucker, actor U-V [edit ] W [edit ] Jimmy Wakely, actor and singer Paul Walker, actor Eddy Waller, actor Kent Warner, costume designer Paul Weatherwax, editor Jack Webb, actor, producer, and director Frank Wells, Disney president Billy West, actor and comedian Norman Whitfield, songwriter and composer Claire Whitney, actress Richard Whorf, actor, director, and producer Crane Wilbur, actor and director Jess Willard, world heavyweight boxing champion Bill Williams, actor Rhys Williams, actor Sue Williams, actress and Playboy Playmate Vesta Williams, singer Dick Wilson, actor Marie Wilson, actress and comedienne Paul Winfield, actor David L. Wolper, producer John Wooden, UCLA Bruins men's basketball coach Ilene Woods, actress, singer, and voice-over artist X-Y [edit ] Z [edit ] See also [edit ] Forest Lawn Memorial Park, Glendale List of United States cemeteries San Fernando Valley History of the San Fernando Valley to 1915 Rancho Providencia – First Movie Town 1912 Nestor Studios – Valley ranch "San Fernando Valley" By Marc Wanamaker (2011) Page 97, 103, and 106 "Oak Crest, a film city by itself" The New York Dramatic Mirror - January 15, 1913 page 49. "Universal City Visit" Rotarian February 1914 "Early Universal City"; by Robert S. Birchard "A Motion Picture City... " Daily Advocate, October 2, 1914 Page 6 "Scrap it" the Old Universal - 1915 Universal Tour Brochure The Cowboys, Indians and zoo 1914 first assets to be moved to the new Universal City. [Motion Picture World] "The Theatre of Science; a volume of progress and achievement in the motion picture industry" by Robert Grau : Page 287 - 1914 Broadway Pub. Co. New York The Life & Adventures of Carl Laemmle; by John Drinkwater (Carl Laemmle views Nestor ranch and names the area Universal City)) Providencia Ranch – Oak Crest - Universal/Bison 101 Movies Universal City – Two valley ranch locations [6 ] Frickr Universal Image collection by Dennis Dickens [7 ] References [edit ] External links [edit ]