Ford Galaxy

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Ford Galaxy
Ford Galaxy II front 20100815.jpg
Overview
ManufacturerFord Motor Company
Production1995-present
Body and chassis
ClassLarge MPV
Body style5-door MPV
LayoutFront-engine, front-wheel-drive
 
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This article is about a minivan. For the full-size car of the 1950s and 1960s, see Ford Galaxie. For the Volkswagen Santana, sold also as the Ford Galaxy, see Ford Versailles.
Ford Galaxy
Ford Galaxy II front 20100815.jpg
Overview
ManufacturerFord Motor Company
Production1995-present
Body and chassis
ClassLarge MPV
Body style5-door MPV
LayoutFront-engine, front-wheel-drive

The Ford Galaxy is a large multi-purpose vehicle (MPV). It was first introduced in 1995, and since then has spanned over three generations. The Ford S-Max is also inspired from the Ford Galaxy.

First generation (1995−2000)[edit]

First generation
Ford Galaxy front 20080331.jpg
Overview
Production1995–2000
AssemblyPalmela, Portugal (AutoEuropa)
DesignerGreg M Greeson 1990
Body and chassis
PlatformVolkswagen Group B-VX62
RelatedVolkswagen Sharan
SEAT Alhambra
Powertrain
Enginepetrol engines:
2.0i DOHC
2.3i DOHC
2.8i VR6
diesel engine:
1.9 TDI 90 bhp (67 kW) or 110 bhp (82 kW)
Rear view

The first Galaxy was designed as a joint venture product between Ford and the Volkswagen Group. Produced at the joint-venture AutoEuropa plant in Palmela, Portugal, the vehicle was badge-engineered to create three vehicles: the Ford Galaxy; by Volkswagen Passenger Cars as the Volkswagen Sharan; and by SEAT as the Alhambra.

The Galaxy used predominantly Volkswagen Group mechanicals, most notably the 2.8 litre VR6 petrol engine from the top versions of the Volkswagen Golf, as well as Volkswagen Group's 1.9 litre Turbocharged Direct Injection (TDI) turbodiesel unit. Initially only the 2.0 litre inline-four petrol version used a Ford powerplant - this derived from the Ford I4 DOHC engine. In later years this unit was supplemented by a 2.3 litre 16-valve version first seen in the facelifted Ford Scorpio. This engine was transversially mounted (as with the MKV Escort RS2000) as opposed to longitudinal mounting like in the Ford Scorpio.

All of the VW Group-sourced engines were supplied with "Ford" badges on the rocker covers, despite being VW Group designs. All automatic transmissions were VW Group AG4 boxes, but manual gearboxes on all engines were VXT75 five-speeds (modified versions of the trusted Ford MTX-75 five-speed set-up to suit the transverse engine layout).

The original interior used a mix of both Ford and VW Group components, using a Golf-derived instrument pack, and most of the switchgear, while the curved fascia moulding was of Ford design, heavily reminiscent of that used in the Ford Mondeo.

Originally there were three trim levels; the Aspen, the Ghia and the GLX. However, in 1999 Ford introduced the new LX and Zetec trim styles which replaced the Aspen and GLX models.

Public reaction[edit]

The Mk I Ford Galaxy was rated in a 1999 Top Gear survey as the least satisfying car in UK.[citation needed]

Second generation (2000−2006)[edit]

Second generation
Ford Galaxy front 20071109.jpg
Overview
Production2000–2006
AssemblyPalmela, Portugal (AutoEuropa)
Body and chassis
PlatformVolkswagen Group B-VX62
RelatedVolkswagen Sharan
SEAT Alhambra
Ford Mondeo
Powertrain
Enginepetrol engines:
2.0i DOHC
2.3i DOHC
2.8i VR6
diesel engine:
1.9 TDI 110 bhp (82 kW) to 150 bhp (112 kW)
Transmission6-speed manual
4-speed automatic
5-speed automatic
Rear view

A major redesign in 2000 saw the Galaxy distance itself from its Volkswagen Group platform-mates. The car adopted the Ford corporate front end, while the interior benefited from an all-new dash, utilizing high-quality materials and a design akin to the third-generation Ford Mondeo, introduced at a similar time to the Mk II Galaxy.The Mk2 was improved in many ways, the Mk2 continued to set the class standard with improved steering precision, handling and ride comfort.

Also new engines were available across the range, the newer 24v VR6, along with VW Group's Pumpe-Düse (PD) TDI engines available in 90 bhp (67 kW; 91 PS) (only on LX models), 115 bhp (86 kW; 117 PS), 130 bhp (97 kW; 132 PS) and 150 bhp (112 kW; 152 PS) forms, these were matched to a six-speed manual transmission, a four-speed automatic transmission with manual sequential shift operation, and a five-speed automatic transmission (auto boxes were only available on 115 PS (85 kW; 113 hp) variant).

The Mk2 was available in 3 trim levels; the LX, Zetec and the Ghia. The LX was described as being as an accessible value, The Zetec was described as being Sporty and the Ghia was designed for Luxury.

Third generation (2006-present)[edit]

Third generation
Ford Galaxy front 20080625.jpg
Overview
Production2006-present
AssemblyGenk, Belgium (GB&A)
Elabuga, Russia (Ford-Sollers)
Body and chassis
RelatedFord S-MAX
Ford Mondeo
Powertrain
Engine1.8 L I4 Duratorq TDCi 99–123 bhp (74–92 kW; 100–125 PS)
2.0 L I4 Duratorq TDCi 129–161–138 bhp (96–120–103 kW; 131–163–140 PS)
2.0 L I4 Duratec 143 bhp (107 kW; 145 PS)
2.0 L I4 Duratec Flexifuel 143 bhp (107 kW; 145 PS)
2.0 L I4 EcoBoost 203 bhp (151 kW; 206 PS)
2.2 L I4 Duratorq TDCi 197 bhp (147 kW; 200 PS)
2.3 L I4 Duratec 161 bhp (120 kW; 163 PS)
Dimensions
Wheelbase2,850 mm (112.2 in)
Length4,820 mm (189.8 in)
Width1,885 mm (74.2 in)
Height1,725 mm (67.9 in)
Kerb weight1,697–1,841 kg (3,741–4,059 lb)
Rear view

The third generation Galaxy was introduced at the 2006 Geneva Motor Show, and went on sale alongside the shorter and lower Ford S-Max in June 2006.

The new Galaxy is larger than its predecessor and is a four pillar vehicle of Ford design, with no Volkswagen Group content (Ford sold its stake in AutoEuropa back to the Volkswagen Group the year before). No longer produced at the AutoEuropa plant in Portugal, Europe's replacement Galaxy is assembled at a newly re-equipped plant alongside the Mondeo in Genk, Belgium. With the S-MAX catering to customers who require a sport-oriented multi-purpose vehicle (MPV), Ford were able to expand the Galaxy in every dimension without losing sales in size-conscious Europe.

Due to its size, Ford was unable to design the Galaxy using a full Kinetic Design format. However, Ford states that the Mk III Galaxy has 'elements' of Kinetic Design, such as its trapezoidal grille, large wheelarches and angular headlights. The vehicle has no spare wheel; instead an aerosol foam sealant is provided to seal punctures until a new tyre can be purchased.

Only Ford's own engines are used, all diesels being from the Duratorq family of engines in 100 PS (74 kW; 99 bhp) and 125 PS (92 kW; 123 bhp) 1.8 litre format, and also 130 PS (96 kW; 128 bhp) and 140 PS (103 kW; 138 bhp) 2.0 TDCi versions, with 2.2 TDCi for more power. Two Petrol engines are now offered, there is the "1.6T 160PS EcoBoost Start/Stop" and the "2.0 203 PS EcoBoost [1]

However the 1.6l Ecoboost engine has been criticized by the Independent writer Jamie Merrill. He describes the engine as not powerful enough and should have been left in the smaller cars.[2]

In the United Kingdom, the Mk III galaxy was available in Edge, Zetec, and Ghia trim levels. In February 2008, Ford added the Titanium high level trim in common with the Focus, C-MAX, Kuga, Mondeo and S-MAX ranges. The Titanium model is specified to the same level as the Ghia but adds a 'techno' feel. At the same time the availability of a 175 PS (129 kW; 173 bhp) 2.2 TDCi engine option (joint design with PSA) was announced. The current trim levels available in the United Kingdom (November 2011) are Zetec, Titanium and Titanium X.

The Ford Galaxy also comes with lots of features such as Home Safe Lighting, Quickclear heated windscreen and a cooled passenger glove box.[3]

One major selling point of the Galaxy and S-MAX is the "FoldFlatSystem". This design allows the second- and third-row seats to fold flat into the floor, although this change in seating design reduces the load carrying capacity of the vehicle.

On the British television series Outnumbered, The Brockman family (main family) now own a Ford Galaxy in the 2011 series, replacing the Vauxhall Zafira they had in the older series.

Reviews[edit]

The Ford galaxy was reviewed by What Car? and was given 4 out of 5 stars. They added that the Galaxy was more fun to drive than most MPVs.[4]

Top Gear also reviewed the car and gave it 7/10 and added it looked great all around.[5]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Ford "Ford Galaxy Fuel", Ford Website, 21st Oct 2012
  2. ^ Jamie Merrill, "Ford Galaxy Ecoboost - iDrive", The Independent, 21st Oct 2012
  3. ^ Ford "Ford Galaxy Technology", Ford Website, 21st Oct 2012
  4. ^ What Car?"Ford Galaxy MPV Review", What Car?, 21st Oct 2012
  5. ^ Top Gear "Ford Galaxy Overall Verdict", Topgear.com, 21st Oct 2012

External links[edit]

Media related to Ford Galaxy at Wikimedia Commons