Ford GT

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Ford GT
2005 Ford GT.jpg
Overview
ManufacturerFord Motor Company
Production2004–2006
(4,038 produced)
AssemblyWixom, Michigan, United States
LayoutRMR layout
Powertrain
Engine5.4 L Supercharged Modular V8
Transmission6-speed manual
Dimensions
Wheelbase106.7 in (2,710 mm)
Length182.8 in (4,640 mm)
Width76.9 in (1,950 mm)
Height44.3 in (1,130 mm)
Curb weight3,351 lb (1,520 kg)[1]
 
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Ford GT
2005 Ford GT.jpg
Overview
ManufacturerFord Motor Company
Production2004–2006
(4,038 produced)
AssemblyWixom, Michigan, United States
LayoutRMR layout
Powertrain
Engine5.4 L Supercharged Modular V8
Transmission6-speed manual
Dimensions
Wheelbase106.7 in (2,710 mm)
Length182.8 in (4,640 mm)
Width76.9 in (1,950 mm)
Height44.3 in (1,130 mm)
Curb weight3,351 lb (1,520 kg)[1]

The Ford GT is an American mid-engine two-seater sports car. Ford Motor Company produced the Ford GT for the 2004 to 2006 model years. The designers drew inspiration from Ford's GT40 racing cars of the 1960s.

Development[edit]

The first Ford GT prototype, "Workhorse 1", Shelby American Museum, Las Vegas, Nevada

The Ford GT began as a concept car designed in anticipation of the automaker's centennial year and as part of its drive to showcase and revive its "heritage" names such as Mustang and Thunderbird. At the 1995 Detroit Auto Show, the Ford GT90 concept was shown. At the 2002 auto show, Ford unveiled a new GT40 Concept car. Camilo Pardo, the head of Ford's "Living Legends" studio, is credited as the chief designer of the GT and worked under the guidance of J Mays. Carroll Shelby was brought in by Ford to help develop the Ford GT; which included performance testing of the prototype car. While the project was still secret, it was called Petunia.

The GT is similar in outward appearance to the original Ford GT40 cars, but bigger, wider, and most importantly 3 in (76 mm) taller than the original 40 in (100 cm); as a result, a potential name for the car was the GT43. Although the cars are visually related, structurally, there is no similarity between the modern GT and the 1960s GT40 that inspired it. Three production prototype cars were shown in 2003 as part of Ford's centenary, and delivery of the production Ford GT began in the fall of 2004.

A British company, Safir Engineering, who built continuation GT40s in the 1980s, owned the "GT40" trademark at that time. When they completed production, they sold the excess parts, tooling, design, and trademark to a small Ohio company called Safir GT40 Spares. This company licensed the use of the "GT40" trademark to Ford for the initial 2002 show car. When Ford decided to make the production vehicle, negotiations between the two firms failed. The production cars do not wear the GT40 badge.

Production and sales[edit]

Ford GT in European trim in the UK
Ford GT in US trim

The GT was produced in model years 2005 and 2006, with the first customers taking delivery in August 2004. The GT began assembly at Mayflower Vehicle Systems in Norwalk, Ohio and was painted by Saleen in their Saleen Special Vehicles facility in Troy, Michigan. The GT is powered by an engine built at Ford's Romeo Engine Plant in Romeo, Michigan. Installation of the engine and manual transmission along with interior finishing was handled in the SVT building at Ford's Wixom, Michigan plant.

Of the 4,500 GTs originally planned, approximately 100 were to be exported to Europe, starting in late 2005. An additional 200 were destined for sale in Canada. Production ended in 2006 without reaching the planned lot. Approximately 550 were built in 2004, nearly 1,900 in 2005, and just over 1,600 in 2006, for a grand total of 4,038. The final 11 car bodies manufactured by Mayflower Vehicle Systems were disassembled, and the frames and body panels were sold as service parts.

As with many exotic vehicles, when the Ford GT was first released, the demand outpaced supply, and the cars initially sold for premium prices. The first private sale of Ford's new mid-engine sports car was completed on August 4, 2004, when former Microsoft executive Jon Shirley took delivery of his Midnight Blue 2005 Ford GT.[2] Shirley earned the right to purchase the first production Ford GT (chassis #10) at a charity auction at the Pebble Beach Concours d'Elegance Auction after bidding over $557,000.[3]

A few other early cars sold for as much as a US$100,000 premium over the suggested retail price of $139,995 (Ford increased the MSRP to $149,995 on July 1, 2005).[4] Optional equipment available included a McIntosh sound system, racing stripes, painted brake calipers, and forged alloy wheels adding an additional $13,500 to the MSRP.[5]

The production run of 4,038 GTs ended the 2006 model year on September 21, 2006, short of the originally planned 4,500.[6] The Wixom Assembly Plant has stopped production of all models as of May 31, 2007.[7] Sales of the GT continued into 2007, from cars held in storage and in dealer inventories. During the GT's lifetime, the car was featured on the cover of the video game Gran Turismo 4.

The GT won Top Gear's Gas Guzzler of the Year award in 2005.

A modified roadster version of the GT, the Ford GTX1, was displayed at the 2005 SEMA Auto Show.

Ford GT, US sales and world production totals, 2004–2007
YearReported US SalesProduction
JanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecTotal
20057444701171509111317616515720813022027
20061571942041571781851471431331022615819192011
Grand Total34524038

Performance and engineering[edit]

The center tunnel of the Ford GT is made from two aluminum extrusions friction stir welded to a bent aluminum sheet and houses the fuel tank

The Ford GT features many new and unique technologies, including superplastic-formed frame, aluminum body panels, roll-bonded floor panels, a friction stir welded center tunnel, a "ship-in-a-bottle" gas tank, a capless fuel filler system, one-piece door panels, and an aluminum engine cover with a one-piece carbon-fiber inner panel.

Brakes are four-piston aluminum Brembo calipers with cross-drilled and vented rotors at all four corners. When the rear canopy is opened, the rear suspension components and engine are visible.

The mid-mounted 5.4 L Modular V8 engine is all-aluminum with a Lysholm twin screw-type supercharger. It features a forged rotating assembly housed in an aluminum block designed specifically for the GT program. A dry sump oiling system is employed, allowing the engine to sit low in the car's frame. The DOHC 4-valve heads are a revision of the 2000 Ford Mustang SVT Cobra R cylinder heads (with slightly increased wall casting thickness in the exhaust port). The camshafts have unique specifications, with more lift and duration than those found in the Shelby GT500 or 2003–2004 Ford Mustang SVT Cobra. Power output is 550 hp (410 kW; 558 PS) at 6500 rpm and generates 500 lb·ft (678 N·m) of torque at 3750 rpm.[8] A Ricardo six-speed manual transmission is fitted featuring a helical limited-slip differential.

Performance
Fuel consumption

The United States Environmental Protection Agency mileage estimate for the GT is 12 mpg-US (20 L/100 km; 14 mpg-imp) in city driving, and 19 mpg-US (12 L/100 km; 23 mpg-imp) in highway cruising, for a combined 14 mpg-US (17 L/100 km; 17 mpg-imp).[16]

Racing[edit]

A Ford GT Mk.VII in the American Le Mans Series

The Ford GT[17] has been campaigned in various racing venues. These include:

Ford GT1[edit]

A Ford GT1 in the FIA GT1 World Championship (Belgian Racing, 2011)

The Ford GT1 is a racing version developed by Matech Concepts to comply with FIA GT1 rules. The official race debut of the Ford GT1 coincided with the kick-off of the 2009 FIA GT Championship season in Silverstone. For the 2010 FIA GT1 World Championship season four cars will be fielded by two teams: Matech Competition and Marc VDS Racing Team. Three GT1 Fords competed in the 2010 24 Hours of Le Mans race, with two (the number 70 car run by the Marc VDS Racing Team and the number 61 car run by Matech Concepts) retiring early on. The third car retired later in the race. For the 2011 FIA GT1 World Championship season, Matech left the series which left Marc VDS running the four cars during the season, two under the Marc VDS Racing Team name and the other two cars under the name of Belgian Racing.

Ford GT3[edit]

The Ford GT was also homologated for the FIA GT3 rules by Matech Concepts. The Ford GT GT3 is involved in numerous championships including the FIA GT3 European Championship, FIA GT1 World Championship, Blancpain Endurance Series, and others. The GT3 version is slower than the GT1 version (producing around 500 instead of 600 HP) and features different bodywork.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "2005 GT Dimensions, Ford Product Press Information. Retrieved 2010–06–08". Media.ford.com. Retrieved June 29, 2010. 
  2. ^ "Living legend comes to life as Ford delivers first production 2005 Ford GT". Media.ford.com. August 4, 2004. Retrieved June 29, 2010. 
  3. ^ "Ford GT Delivery – MSN Autos". Autos.msn.com. February 22, 2010. Retrieved June 29, 2010. 
  4. ^ Ford Motor Company – Press Release – 2005 Ford GT will deliver 550 horsepower in production trim[dead link]
  5. ^ "2005 Ford GT Prices & Equipment – Consumer Guide Automotive". Consumerguideauto.howstuffworks.com. Retrieved June 29, 2010. 
  6. ^ "Shelby GT500 claims Ford performance torch – with new TV commercial – as Ford GT ends its run". Media.Ford.com. September 8, 2006. Retrieved June 29, 2010. 
  7. ^ Fords Wixom Plant Heads to the Great Assembly Line in the Sky autoblog.com
  8. ^ "2006 Ford GT Specifications | Used ‘06 Ford GT Specs at Automobile Magazine". Automobilemag.com. 2010-12-13. Retrieved 2011-08-22. 
  9. ^ "Follow-Up Test: 2005 Ford GT". Insideline.com. June 28, 2004. Retrieved December 11, 2009. 
  10. ^ "Ferrari F430 F1 vs. Ford GT". Retrieved December 11, 2009. 
  11. ^ a b c "A Twist of Le Mans: Ferrari Enzo, the Porsche Carrera GT, and the Ford GT.". December 23, 2004. Retrieved December 3, 2009. 
  12. ^ Webster, Larry (January 2004). "2004 Ferrari Challenge Stradale vs. Ford GT, Porsche 911 GT3 – Comparison Tests". Car and Driver. Retrieved 2010–06–08. 
  13. ^ "Ferrari F430 F1 vs. Ford GT – Engine, Chassis, Dimensions, Price, Warranty & Performance – Exotic Coupe Comparison". Motor Trend. February 26, 2007. Retrieved 2009–12–11. 
  14. ^ "Dodge Viper vs. Ford GT – Engine, Chassis, Dimensions, Price, Warranty & Performance – Exotic Coupe Comparison". Motor Trend. February 26, 2007. Retrieved December 11, 2009. 
  15. ^ "World's Fastest Cars". Forbes. August 29, 2005. Retrieved December 11, 2009. 
  16. ^ Gas Mileage of 2005 Ford GT fueleconomy.gov
  17. ^ "Ford GT", April 12, 2007, retrieved 2007–04–12.
  18. ^ Collins, Sam. "Ford GT300", Racecar Engineering, December 11, 2007, retrieved 2009–12–11.
  19. ^ Collins, Sam. "Ford GT GT3", Racecar Engineering, December 11, 2007, retrieved 2009–12–11.
  20. ^ Ford GT TV

External links[edit]