Folliculitis

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Folliculitis
Classification and external resources
ICD-10L73.9 (ILDS L73.91)
ICD-9704.8
DiseasesDB31367
MedlinePlus000823
eMedicinederm/159
Patient UKFolliculitis
MeSHD005499
 
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Folliculitis
Classification and external resources
ICD-10L73.9 (ILDS L73.91)
ICD-9704.8
DiseasesDB31367
MedlinePlus000823
eMedicinederm/159
Patient UKFolliculitis
MeSHD005499

Folliculitis (also known as hot tub rash) is the infection and inflammation of one or more hair follicles. The condition may occur anywhere on the skin with the exception of the palms of the hands and soles of the feet. They may appear as red dots that come to white tips on the chest, back, arms, legs, and head.

Causes[edit]

Most carbuncles, furuncles, and other cases of folliculitis develop from Staphylococcus aureus and Pseudomonas aeruginosa.

Folliculitis starts when hair follicles are damaged by friction from clothing, an insect bite,[1] blockage of the follicle, shaving, or braids too tight and too close to the scalp. In most cases of folliculitis, the damaged follicles are then infected with the bacterium Staphylococcus. Folliculitis usually affects those in their early adult life, and may persist till their early 30s. Warmer weather may worsen the condition.

Iron deficiency anemia is sometimes associated with chronic cases.

Fungal[edit]

Bacterial[edit]

Viral[edit]

Non-infectious[edit]

Symptoms[edit]

Treatment[edit]

  1. Topical antiseptic treatment is adequate for most cases
  2. Topical antibiotics such as mupirocin or neomycin containing ointment
  3. Some patients may benefit from systemic narrow-spectrum penicillinase-resistant penicillins (such as dicloxacillin in US, or flucloxacillin in UK)
  4. Fungal folliculitis can worsen with antibiotics and may require an oral antifungal such as Fluconazole. Topical antifungals such as Econazole Nitrate may also be effective.

Folliculitis may reoccur even after symptoms have gone away.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "NHS Direct". 
  2. ^ MedlinePlus Encyclopedia Hot tub folliculitis
  3. ^ "Severe Acne: 4 types". American Academy of Dermatology. Archived from the original on December 15, 2010. Retrieved December 15, 2010. 
  4. ^ Folliculitis, follicular mucinosis, and papular mucinosis as a presentation of chronic myelomonocytic leukemia. Rashid R, Hymes S. Dermatol Online J. 2009 May 15;15(5):16.

External links[edit]