Fluvoxamine's only FDA approved indication is in the treatment of obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD), although in other countries (e.g. Australia and the UK) it has indications for major depressive disorder as well. Fluvoxamine has been found to be useful in the treatment of major depressive disorder (MDD), and anxiety disorders such as panic disorder, social anxiety disorder, post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), and obsessive-compulsive spectrum disorders. Fluvoxamine is indicated for children and adolescents with OCD. The drug works long-term, with research showing that fluvoxamine retains its therapeutic efficacy for at least a year. It has also been found to possess some analgesic properties in line with other SSRIs and tricyclic antidepressants.
There is some evidence that fluvoxamine may be a helpful adjunct in the treatment of schizophrenia, improving the depressive, negative and cognitive symptoms of the disorder. Its actions at the sigma receptor may afford it a unique advantage among antidepressants in treating the cognitive symptoms of schizophrenia.
Gastrointestinal side effects are more common in those receiving fluvoxamine than with other SSRIs. Otherwise, fluvoxamine's side effect profile is very similar to other SSRIs, as detailed in the chart immediately below.
Fluvoxamine was developed by Kali-Duphar, part of Solvay Pharmaceuticals, Belgium, now Abbott Laboratories, and introduced as Floxyfral in Switzerland in 1983 and Solvay in West Germany in the same year. It was approved by the FDA on 5 Dec, 1994 and introduced as Luvox in the US. In India it is available, among several other brands, as Uvox by Abbott. It was one of the first SSRI antidepressants to be launched and is prescribed to patients with major depression in many countries. It was the first SSRI, a non-TCA drug, approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration specifically for the treatment of OCD. At the end of 1995, more than ten million patients worldwide had been treated with fluvoxamine. Fluvoxamine was the first SSRI to be registered for the treatment of obsessive compulsive disorder in children by the FDA in 1997. In Japan, fluvoxamine was the first SSRI to be approved for the treatment of depression in 1999 and was later in 2005 the first drug to be approved for the treatment of social anxiety disorder. Fluvoxamine was the first SSRI approved for clinical use in the United Kingdom.
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^ abHindmarch, I; Hashimoto, K (April 2010). "Cognition and depression: the effects of fluvoxamine, a sigma-1 receptor agonist, reconsidered". Human Psychopharmacology: Clinical and Experimental25 (3): 193–200. doi:10.1002/hup.1106. PMID20373470.
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