Floyd County, Indiana

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Floyd County, Indiana
Map of Indiana highlighting Floyd County
Location in the state of Indiana
Map of the United States highlighting Indiana
Indiana's location in the U.S.
Founded1819
Named forBrigadier General John Floyd.
SeatNew Albany
Largest cityNew Albany
Area
 • Total148.96 sq mi (386 km2)
 • Land147.94 sq mi (383 km2)
 • Water1.02 sq mi (3 km2), 0.68%
Population
 • (2010)74,578
 • Density504/sq mi (194.57/km²)
Congressional district9th
Time zoneEastern: UTC-5/-4
Websitewww.floydcounty.in.gov

Footnotes:  

  • Indiana county number 22
  • Second smallest county in Indiana by area
 
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Floyd County, Indiana
Map of Indiana highlighting Floyd County
Location in the state of Indiana
Map of the United States highlighting Indiana
Indiana's location in the U.S.
Founded1819
Named forBrigadier General John Floyd.
SeatNew Albany
Largest cityNew Albany
Area
 • Total148.96 sq mi (386 km2)
 • Land147.94 sq mi (383 km2)
 • Water1.02 sq mi (3 km2), 0.68%
Population
 • (2010)74,578
 • Density504/sq mi (194.57/km²)
Congressional district9th
Time zoneEastern: UTC-5/-4
Websitewww.floydcounty.in.gov

Footnotes:  

  • Indiana county number 22
  • Second smallest county in Indiana by area
Floyd County Sheriff's Department
Agency overview
Legal personalityGovernmental: Government agency
Jurisdictional structure
Operations jurisdiction*County (US) of Floyd in the state of Indiana, United States
Legal jurisdictionAs per operations jurisdiction.
General nature
Operational structure
Agency executiveDarrell Mills, Sheriff
Footnotes
* Divisional agency: Division of the country, over which the agency has usual operational jurisdiction.

Floyd County is a county located in the U.S. state of Indiana. As of 2010, the population was 74,578.[1] The county seat is New Albany[2]. Floyd County is the county with the second-smallest land area in the entire state. It was formed in the year 1819 from neighboring Clark, and Harrison counties.

Floyd County is part of the Louisville/Jefferson County, KY–IN Metropolitan Statistical Area.

History[edit]

Floyd County, originally the Shawnee Indians hunting ground, was conquered for the United States by George Rogers Clark during the American Revolutionary War from the British.[3] He was awarded large tracts of land in Indiana, including almost all of present day Floyd County. Clark sold land to the settlers who began arriving as soon as peace returned.

In 1818 New Albany was a large enough to become a county seat and form a new county. New Albany leaders sent Nathaniel Scribner and John K. Graham to the capital at Corydon to petition the General Assembly.[3] Legislation was passed on January 2, 1819 by the General Assembly, and the county was established on February 1.[3][4] The origin of the county's name is debated. According to the State Library, it was named for John Floyd, a leading Jefferson County, Kentucky pioneer and uncle of Davis Floyd.[5] John Floyd was killed in 1783 when his party was attacked by Indians in Bullitt County, Kentucky.[3] However, some maintain the county was actually named for Davis Floyd, who was convicted of aiding Aaron Burr in the treason of 1809. Davis Floyd had also been a leading local political figure and was the county's first circuit court judge.[3]

In 1814 New Albany was platted and was established as the county seat on March 4, 1819.[3] There was an attempt in 1823 to move the county seat, but the motion failed.[4] New Albany would be the largest city in the state for much of the early 19th century, eventually being overtaken by Indianapolis during the Civil War.[6]

House of Nathaniel Scribner

Between 1800 and 1860 Floyd County experienced a huge boom in population doubling many times over.[7] A survey in the 1850s found that over half of Indiana's population that made more than $100,000 per year lived in Floyd County, establishing it as having the richest population in the state.[8]

The Duncan Tunnel, the longest in Indiana, was built in Floyd County in 1881 between New Albany and Edwardsville. Because no route over the Floyds Knobs was suitable for a railroad line, civil engineers decided to tunnel through them.[9] The project was originally began by the Air Line but was completed by Southern Railway. It took five years to bore at a cost of $1 million.[10] The Tunnel is 4,311 feet (1,314 m) long.[11]

Floyd County during the 19th century attracted immigrants of Irish, German, French and African American origins.[12] The French settlers located mostly in Floyds Knobs, Indiana. The Irish began arriving in 1817 and settled in large numbers between 1830 and 1850.[12] German immigrants settled mostly in New Albany; by 1850, about one in six county residents had been born in other countries.

Geography[edit]

According to the 2010 census, the county has a total area of 148.96 square miles (385.8 km2), of which 147.94 square miles (383.2 km2) (or 99.32%) is land and 1.02 square miles (2.6 km2) (or 0.68%) is water.[13]

Cities, towns, villages[edit]

Floyds Knobs

Townships[edit]

Floyd County is divided into five townships:

Geographical features[edit]

Floyds Knobs was named after the most prominent geographical feature of the county which are the knobs: many steep hills which dot the midsection of the county. The highest point is South Skyline Drive (+38° 21' 13.64", -85° 50' 50.64"), at just over 1,000 ft (300 m).[14] The lowest point in the county is the shore of the Ohio River near New Albany at an elevation of 380 ft (120 m).[15]

Major highways[edit]

Adjacent counties[edit]

Climate and weather[edit]

New Albany, Indiana
Climate chart (explanation)
JFMAMJJASOND
 
 
3.3
 
41
25
 
 
3.3
 
47
29
 
 
4.4
 
57
37
 
 
3.9
 
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46
 
 
4.9
 
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3.8
 
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4.3
 
87
70
 
 
3.4
 
86
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3.1
 
79
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2.8
 
68
49
 
 
3.8
 
56
39
 
 
3.7
 
45
30
Average max. and min. temperatures in °F
Precipitation totals in inches
Source: The Weather Channel[16]

In recent years, average temperatures in New Albany have ranged from a low of 25 °F (−4 °C) in January to a high of 87 °F (31 °C) in July, with a record low of −22 °F (−30 °C) recorded in January 1994 and a record high of 107 °F (42 °C) recorded in July 1936. On July 4, 2012, the temperature reached 106 degrees. Average monthly precipitation ranged from 2.79 inches (71 mm) in October to 4.88 inches (124 mm) in May.[16]

Government[edit]

Frank C. Denzinger Criminal Justice Building

The county government is a constitutional body, and is granted specific powers by the Constitution of Indiana, and by the Indiana Code.

County Council: The county council is the legislative branch of the county government and controls all the spending and revenue collection in the county. Floyd county is divided into 44 precincts which are organized into four districts, each district elects one representative to the council. Three other members are elected to the county at large. The council members serve four-year terms. They are responsible for setting salaries, the annual budget, and special spending. The council also has limited authority to impose local taxes, in the form of an income and property tax that is subject to state level approval, excise taxes, and service taxes.[17][18]

Board of Commissioners: The executive body of the county is made of a board of commissioners. The commissioners are elected county-wide, in staggered terms, and each serves a four-year term. One of the commissioners, typically the most senior, serves as president. The commissioners are charged with executing the acts legislated by the council, collecting revenue, and managing the day-to-day functions of the county government.[17][18]

Court: Floyd County's court system consists of a Circuit Court and three Superior Courts. The Judge of the Circuit Court is J. Terrance Cody. The Superior Court Judges are Susan L. Orth, Glenn Hancock, and Maria Granger. All serve six-year terms. All are also Democrats. Cases are divided by local rules.

County Officials: The county has several other elected offices, including sheriff, coroner, auditor, treasurer, recorder, surveyor, and circuit court clerk. Each of these elected officers serves a term of four years and oversees a different part of county government. Members elected to county government positions are required to declare party affiliations and to be residents of the county.[18]

Floyd County is part of Indiana's 9th congressional district and is represented in Congress by Democrat Baron Hill.[19] It is also part of Indiana Senate district 46 [20] and Indiana House of Representatives districts 70 and 72.[21]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
CensusPop.
18202,776
18306,361129.1%
18409,45448.6%
185014,87557.3%
186020,18335.7%
187023,30015.4%
188024,5905.5%
189029,45819.8%
190030,1182.2%
191030,2930.6%
192029,381−3.0%
193034,65518.0%
194035,0611.2%
195043,95525.4%
196051,39716.9%
197055,6228.2%
198061,16910.0%
199064,4045.3%
200070,82310.0%
201074,5785.3%
Est. 201275,2830.9%
U.S. Decennial Census[22]
2012 Estimate[23]

As of the census[7] of 2000, there were 70,823 people, 27,511 households, and 19,697 families residing in the county. The population density was 478 people per square mile (185/km²). There were 29,087 housing units at an average density of 196 per square mile (76/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 93.23% White, 4.41% Black or African American, 0.21% Native American, 0.46% Asian, 0.04% Pacific Islander, 0.50% from other races, and 1.15% from two or more races. 1.09% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 28.9% were of German, 19.6% American, 11.3% Irish and 10.2% English ancestry according to Census 2000.

There were 27,511 households out of which 34.70% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 55.40% were married couples living together, 12.40% had a female householder with no husband present, and 28.40% were non-families. 23.50% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.70% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.54 and the average family size was 3.00.

In the county the population was spread out with 25.80% under the age of 18, 8.40% from 18 to 24, 29.90% from 25 to 44, 23.60% from 45 to 64, and 12.30% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females there were 93.00 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 89.90 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $44,022, and the median income for a family was $52,401. Males had a median income of $37,613 versus $26,539 for females. The per capita income for the county was $21,852. About 6.90% of families and 8.70% of the population were below the poverty line, including 12.50% of those under age 18 and 7.40% of those age 65 or over.

Gallery[edit]

See also[edit]

External links[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Floyd County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2011-09-17. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  3. ^ a b c d e f The Encyclopedia of Louisville By John E. Kleber (University Press of Kentucky 2000) pages 300-302 ISBN 0-8131-2100-0
  4. ^ a b Floyd County History
  5. ^ "Indiana Historical Bureau - Origin of Indiana County Names". Archived from the original on 2008-03-23. 
  6. ^ Findling, John ed. A History of New Albany, Indiana. (Indiana University Southeast, 2003). 53.
  7. ^ a b Forstall, Richard L. (editor) (1996). Population of states and counties of the United States: 1790 to 1990 : from the twenty-one decennial censuses. United States Department of Commerce, Bureau of the Census, Population Division. ISBN 0-934213-48-8. 
  8. ^ Miller, Harold. Industrial Development of New Albany, Indiana. Economic Geography (Jan., 1938). 48.
  9. ^ Photo
  10. ^ Sunny Side of Louisville - Area History[dead link]
  11. ^ Railroad Depots of Southern Indiana, By David E. Longest. Pg 89. ISBN 0-7385-3958-9
  12. ^ a b The Encyclopedia of Louisville By John E. Kleber (University Press of Kentucky 2000) page 302 ISBN 0-8131-2100-0
  13. ^ "Census 2010 U.S. Gazetteer Files: Counties". United States Census. Archived from the original on 2012-07-05. Retrieved 2011-10-10. 
  14. ^ "USGS New Albany (IN,KY) Topo Map". TopoQuest. Retrieved 2008-06-29. 
  15. ^ "USGS Lanesville (IN,KY) Topo Map". TopoQuest. Retrieved 2008-06-29. 
  16. ^ a b "Monthly Averages for New Albany, Indiana". The Weather Channel. Retrieved 2011-01-27. 
  17. ^ a b Indiana Code. "Title 36, Article 2, Section 3". IN.gov. Retrieved 2008-09-16. 
  18. ^ a b c Indiana Code. "Title 2, Article 10, Section 2". IN.gov. Retrieved 2008-09-16. 
  19. ^ "Conressman Baron Hill". House.Gov. Retrieved 2008-09-12. [dead link]
  20. ^ "Indiana Senate Districts". State of Indiana. Retrieved 2011-01-23. 
  21. ^ "Indiana House Districts". State of Indiana. Retrieved 2011-01-23. 
  22. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". Census.gov. Retrieved July 30, 2013. 
  23. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2012". Census.gov. Retrieved July 30, 2013. 

Coordinates: 38°19′N 85°54′W / 38.32°N 85.90°W / 38.32; -85.90