Fitchburg, Massachusetts

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Fitchburg, Massachusetts
City
Downtown Fitchburg as seen from Riverfront Park
Downtown Fitchburg as seen from Riverfront Park
Official seal of Fitchburg, Massachusetts
Seal
Nickname(s): City by the River
Location in Worcester County in Massachusetts
Location in Worcester County in Massachusetts
Coordinates: 42°35′00″N 71°48′10″W / 42.58333°N 71.80278°W / 42.58333; -71.80278Coordinates: 42°35′00″N 71°48′10″W / 42.58333°N 71.80278°W / 42.58333; -71.80278
CountryUnited States
StateMassachusetts
CountyWorcester
Settled1730
Incorporated1760
Government
 • TypeMayor-council
 • MayorLisa Wong
 • City CouncilAT LARGE: Stephan Hay (president)
AT LARGE: David Clark
AT LARGE: Marcus DiNatale
AT LARGE: Jeffrey Bean
AT LARGE: Dean A. Tran
WARD 1: Amy Green
WARD 2: Paul Beauchemin
WARD 3: Joel R. Kaddy
WARD 4: Michael Kushmerek
WARD 5: Angelo Bisol
WARD 6: Jody M. Joseph
Area
 • Total28.0 sq mi (72.7 km2)
 • Land27.8 sq mi (72.0 km2)
 • Water0.3 sq mi (0.8 km2)
Elevation482 ft (143 m)
Population (2010)
 • Total40,312
 • Density1,400/sq mi (550/km2)
Time zoneEastern (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST)Eastern (UTC-4)
ZIP code01420
Area code(s)351 / 978
FIPS code25-23875
GNIS feature ID0617121
Websitewww.fitchburgma.gov
 
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Fitchburg, Massachusetts
City
Downtown Fitchburg as seen from Riverfront Park
Downtown Fitchburg as seen from Riverfront Park
Official seal of Fitchburg, Massachusetts
Seal
Nickname(s): City by the River
Location in Worcester County in Massachusetts
Location in Worcester County in Massachusetts
Coordinates: 42°35′00″N 71°48′10″W / 42.58333°N 71.80278°W / 42.58333; -71.80278Coordinates: 42°35′00″N 71°48′10″W / 42.58333°N 71.80278°W / 42.58333; -71.80278
CountryUnited States
StateMassachusetts
CountyWorcester
Settled1730
Incorporated1760
Government
 • TypeMayor-council
 • MayorLisa Wong
 • City CouncilAT LARGE: Stephan Hay (president)
AT LARGE: David Clark
AT LARGE: Marcus DiNatale
AT LARGE: Jeffrey Bean
AT LARGE: Dean A. Tran
WARD 1: Amy Green
WARD 2: Paul Beauchemin
WARD 3: Joel R. Kaddy
WARD 4: Michael Kushmerek
WARD 5: Angelo Bisol
WARD 6: Jody M. Joseph
Area
 • Total28.0 sq mi (72.7 km2)
 • Land27.8 sq mi (72.0 km2)
 • Water0.3 sq mi (0.8 km2)
Elevation482 ft (143 m)
Population (2010)
 • Total40,312
 • Density1,400/sq mi (550/km2)
Time zoneEastern (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST)Eastern (UTC-4)
ZIP code01420
Area code(s)351 / 978
FIPS code25-23875
GNIS feature ID0617121
Websitewww.fitchburgma.gov

Fitchburg is the third largest city in Worcester County, Massachusetts, United States. The population was 40,318 at the 2010 census. Fitchburg is home to Fitchburg State University as well as 17 public and private elementary and high schools.

History[edit]

Fitchburg was first settled in 1730 as part of Lunenburg, and was officially set apart from that township and incorporated in 1764. It is named for John Fitch, one of the committee that procured the act of incorporation.[1] In July 1748 Fitch and his family, living in this isolated spot, were abducted to Canada by Native Americans, but returned the next year.[2]

Fitchburg is situated on both the Nashua River and a railroad line. The original Fitchburg Railroad ran through the Hoosac Tunnel, linking Boston and Albany, New York. The tunnel was built using the Burleigh Rock Drill, designed and built in Fitchburg. Fitchburg was a 19th-century industrial center. Originally operated by water power, large mills produced machines, tools, clothing, paper, and firearms. The city is noted for its architecture, particularly in the Victorian style, built at the height of its mill town prosperity. A few examples of these 19th century buildings are the Fay Club, the old North Worcester County Courthouse and the Bullock house.

As the city is one of two shire towns, the Northern Worcester County Registry of Deeds, established in 1903, and the county jail on Water Street were two county facilities located in Fitchburg.

The 1961 film Return to Peyton Place was filmed in Fitchburg.[3]

Geography[edit]

Fitchburg is located at 42°34′43″N 71°48′12″W / 42.57861°N 71.80333°W / 42.57861; -71.80333 (42.578689, -71.803383).[4]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 28.1 square miles (73 km2), of which 27.8 square miles (72 km2) is land and 0.3 square miles (0.78 km2), or 1.07%, is water. The city is drained by the Nashua River. The highest point in Fitchburg is the summit of Brown Hill near the northwestern corner of the city, at 1,210 feet (370 m) above sea level.[5]

Fitchburg is bordered by Ashby to the north, Lunenburg to the east, Leominster to the south, Westminster to the west, and a small portion of Ashburnham to the northwest.

Climate[edit]

Fitchburg's climate is humid continental, which is the predominant climate for Massachusetts and New England. Summers are typically warm, rainy, and humid, while winters are cold, windy, and snowy. Spring and fall are usually mild, but conditions are widely varied, depending on wind direction and jet stream positioning. The warmest month is July, with an average high temperature of 79 °F and an average low temperature of 56 °F. The coldest month is January, with an average high temperature of 31 °F and an average low temperature of 12 °F.

Climate data for Fitchburg
MonthJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear
Record high °F (°C)64
(18)
67
(19)
81
(27)
91
(33)
92
(33)
94
(34)
95
(35)
98
(37)
92
(33)
84
(29)
77
(25)
69
(21)
98
(37)
Average high °F (°C)31
(−1)
35
(2)
43
(6)
55
(13)
66
(19)
75
(24)
79
(26)
78
(26)
70
(21)
58
(14)
48
(9)
36
(2)
56.2
(13.4)
Average low °F (°C)12
(−11)
14
(−10)
22
(−6)
32
(0)
41
(5)
51
(11)
56
(13)
54
(12)
46
(8)
35
(2)
27
(−3)
18
(−8)
34
(1.1)
Record low °F (°C)−25
(−32)
−22
(−30)
−16
(−27)
6
(−14)
21
(−6)
29
(−2)
34
(1)
28
(−2)
24
(−4)
13
(−11)
−7
(−22)
−16
(−27)
−25
(−32)
Precipitation inches (mm)3.42
(86.9)
3.13
(79.5)
3.63
(92.2)
4.00
(101.6)
4.03
(102.4)
4.24
(107.7)
4.09
(103.9)
4.35
(110.5)
3.87
(98.3)
4.65
(118.1)
3.94
(100.1)
3.66
(93)
47.01
(1,194.1)
Source: Weather Channel[6]

Neighborhoods[edit]

Fitchburg is divided into multiple different neighborhoods/villages, including:

Note: only some of these names show up as neighborhoods on old maps. For example: Rollstone Hill certainly exists, but it is a geographical feature, Wachusett Station was simply a train station. Some of the names, like Crockerville and Tar Hill have fallen into disuse. Other neighborhoods have not been included on this list like Greektown.

Points of interest[edit]

Fitchburg Art Museum[edit]

Main article: Fitchburg Art Museum

North Central Massachusetts' most treasured cultural institution is a world-class family-friendly museum with a permanent collection spanning 5,000 years. The museum was founded in 1925 through the bequest of artist, collector and Fitchburg native Eleanor Norcross (1854–1923). Her extraordinary talents and educational vision highlights her as an important pioneer in American social history. The museum's four building complex features over 20,000 square feet of gallery and educational workshop space and includes the historic "Cross Barn" built in 1883, and the impressive Simond's building completed in 1989. Visitors can experience masterpieces in 12 beautifully designed galleries that feature American, European, African, Egyptian, Greek, Roman, Asian, and Pre-Columbian art.

Rollstone Boulder[edit]

The Rollstone Boulder, on the summit of Rollstone Hill in 1909.
Main article: Rollstone Boulder

Fitchburg is noted for the "Rollstone Boulder", a 110-ton specimen of porphyritic granite, which is in a small triangular park adjacent to the city green. The boulder was a feature of the summit of Rollstone Hill; it was exploded and reassembled on the green in 1929 and 1930. A plaque attached to the boulder today reads, in part:

Crocker Field[edit]

Listed on the National Register of Historic Places, this athletic facility was a gift of Alva Crocker, in 1918, to the City Of Fitchburg’s school children. Alvah Crocker hired the famous Olmsted Brothers Landscaping and Design Firm of Brookline, MA to design his “field of dreams.” Babe Ruth once visited Crocker field and asked Clarence Amiott, then the Fitchburg High School Athletic Director, “What professional team plays here?” to which Mr. Amiott answered “The Fitchburg High School teams.” Crocker Field website

Top Fun Aviation Museum[edit]

This is the first—and only—toy museum in the world that’s completely devoted to aviation-related toys. Included in the museum’s collection of over 2000 toys are tin toys from Japan, Hungary, Germany, and the United States. Top Fun Aviation Museum.

Fitchburg Historical Society[edit]

The Society houses more than 200,000 items related to the history of Fitchburg. Included in the archives are original Sentinel newspapers from 1838 to 1976, city directories, photographs, scrapbooks, manuscripts, family genealogies, postcards, files on industries in the City, and books and pamphlets on Fitchburg’s history from the 1700s to the present. In addition there is an extensive Civil War collection and a collection on the railroad. The Research Library is open to the public. The Society also has a remarkable collection of artifacts which tell the story of Fitchburg—early iron hearth cooking tools, the first printing press of the Fitchburg Sentinel, machines illustrating the strong industrial heritage of the City, a stellar collection of early paintings, and clothing representing many decades in Fitchburg. A comprehensive strategic plan completed in 2001 pointed out a need to find a building better suited our needs in order to continue collecting and preserving the history of Fitchburg and conducting programs for students and the general public. The Historical Society is now in the final stages of renovation and upgrading our building located at 781 Main Street. As a result of the renonvations to the H. M. Francis Phoenix Building the Society has moved to its new location of 781 Main Street, Fitchburg, MA.

Coggshall Park[edit]

Situated in the small North Central Massachusetts city of Fitchburg, MA. sits a Victorian park with miles of wooded trails branching out from around Mirror Lake. Additionally a pleasant and easy walking path circles the lake. Stone steps built into a hillside face a gazebo on the water, making this a popular spot for weddings and photos. A classic stone house on the property overlooks "Mirror Lake". The tables and benches scattered around the park draw picnickers as well as those simply seeking a place to relax. For the children there's a playground that sits adjacent from the pond and a frisbee golf course.

Coggshall Park was a gift to the City from Mr. Henry Coggshall, an executive of The Fitchburg Gas Company, and his wife in 1894. The initial donation included 86 acres, but the couple subsequently purchased and donated additional parcels to create the 212-acre park that exists today. Coggshall Park also abuts a large parcel of conservation land and a bird sanctuary, providing a total of approximately 300 acres for visitors to enjoy.

The Friends of Coggshall Park, an organization that was founded in 1992 when approximately $1 million in state and federal funds were used to renovate the park. The Friends' mission is to support Coggshall Park, with all funds raised by the organization used exclusively for the Park's preservation. Since the group's founding, the Friends have contributed significantly to the upkeep and beautification of Coggshall Park. Annual spring clean-up projects, to which the Friends contribute both volunteer labor and supplies (including more than 60 yards of mulch each year), ensure the park's landcaping remains well-kept. Other investments made by the Friends have been even more significant, such as the purchase of a new fountain for Mirror Lake and a specialized off-road firefighting vehicle for use in Coggshall or elsewhere around the city as needed.Friends of Coggshall Park

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
YearPop.±%
17901,151—    
18001,390+20.8%
18101,566+12.7%
18201,736+10.9%
18302,169+24.9%
18402,604+20.1%
18505,120+96.6%
18607,805+52.4%
187011,260+44.3%
188012,429+10.4%
189022,037+77.3%
190031,531+43.1%
191037,826+20.0%
192041,029+8.5%
193040,692−0.8%
194041,824+2.8%
195042,691+2.1%
196043,021+0.8%
197043,343+0.7%
198039,580−8.7%
199041,194+4.1%
200039,102−5.1%
201040,318+3.1%
201240,413+0.2%

Source: United States Census records and Population Estimates Program data.[7][8][9][10][11][12][13][14][15][16][17]

As of the census[18] of 2010, there were 40,318 people, 15,165 households, and 9,362 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,450.3 people per square mile (560.8/km²). There were 17,117 housing units at an average density of 615.7 per square mile (239.3/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 78.2% White, 5.1% African American, 0.3% Native American, 3.6% Asian, 0.0% Pacific Islander, 9.1% from other races, and 3.7% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 21.6% of the population (14.6% Puerto Rican, 1.8% Dominican, 1.6% Uruguayan, 1.4% Mexican, 0.3% Colombian).[19] 76.9% spoke English, 15.1% Spanish, 4.2% Other Indo-European Language and 2.6% Asian and Pacific Islander Languages as their first language.

There were 15,165 households out of which 29.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 39.3% were married couples living together, 6.1% had a male householder with no wife present, 16.2% had a female householder with no husband present, and 38.3% were non-families. 29.8% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.49 and the average family size was 3.10.

In the city the population was spread out with 22.9% under the age of 18, 14.1% from 18 to 24, 25.9% from 25 to 44, 24.7% from 45 to 64, and 12.4% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 34.7 years. For every 100 females there were 94.5 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 92.3 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $47,019, and the median income for a family was $57,245. Males had a median income of $47,350 versus $37,921 for females. The per capita income for the city was $22,972. About 14.6% of families and 19.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 27.3% of those under age 18 and 12.7% of those age 65 or over.

Government[edit]

County government: Worcester County
Clerk of Courts:Dennis P. McManus (D)
District Attorney:Joseph D. Early, Jr. (D)
Register of Deeds:Kathleen R. Daigneault (D)
Register of Probate:Stephen Abraham (D)
County Sheriff:Lew Evangelidis (R)
State government
State Representative(s):Stephen L. DiNatale (D)
State Senator(s):Jennifer L. Flanagan (D)
Governor's Councilor(s):Jen Caissie (R)
Federal government
U.S. Representative(s):Niki Tsongas (D-3rd District),
U.S. Senators:Elizabeth Warren (D), Ed Markey (D)
Voter Registration and Party Enrollment as of October 15, 2008[20]
PartyNumber of VotersPercentage
 Democratic7,52934.42%
 Republican2,30510.54%
 Unaffiliated11,81053.99%
 Minor Parties2291.05%
Total21,873100%

Emergency services[edit]

Fire department[edit]

Fitchburg is protected year-round by the 98 paid, professional firefighters of the City of Fitchburg Fire Department. The department operates out of 3 fire stations, located throughout the city, under the command of one deputy chief/shift commander per shift. The department operates a fleet of 3 engines, 1 tower ladder, 1 rescue ambulance, 1 special operations unit, 1 brush unit, 1 fireboat, 1 maintenance unit, 1 transport bus, and several other special support and reserve units, including 2 reserve engines, 1 reserve engine/tanker, and 1 reserve tower ladder. The department is commanded by a chief of department, 4 deputy chiefs, 4 captains, and 14 lieutenants. The Fitchburg Fire Department responds to approximately 8,000 emergency calls annually. The current chief of department is Kevin D. Roy.[21][22]

Below is a complete listing of all fire station locations and apparatus in Fitchburg.[23][24]

Law enforcement[edit]

There are four law enforcement agencies that serve Fitchburg, two at the city level, one at the county level, and one at the state level.

Medical care[edit]

There is a medical facility in Fitchburg, Hospital (Burbank Campus).[28] Fitchburg is also served by Hospital HealthAlliance (Leominster Campus),[29] which is located in neighboring Leominster.

Library[edit]

Public library, Fitchburg, ca.1907

The Fitchburg Public Library was established in 1859 after citizens of Fitchburg approve an article on the warrant requesting $1851 and quarters in the Town Hall for the first Fitchburg Public Library.[30][31]

In 1885 Rodney Wallace builds and furnishes the Wallace Library and Art Gallery at the corner of Main Street and Newton Place as a gift to the people of Fitchburg. Then in 1899 library service for children begins in one of the first Children's rooms in the country. It wasn't unit 1950 that a new separate Fitchburg Youth Library was opened. Service of the library was increased with the purchase of a bookmobile which extended service to outlying areas of the city.

Fitchburg Public Library becomes the first regional library in the Massachusetts Regional Library System in 1962.

The existing Wallace Library is dedicated in 1967. Named for George R. Wallace, Jr. and his wife Alice G. Wallace, who gave a magnificent gift for the library building. The federal Library Services and Construction Act and money from the City of Fitchburg also funded the project. And Helen E. Vickery Fund provided for a new bookmobile.

In fiscal year 2008, the city of Fitchburg spent 1.34% ($1,111,412) of its budget on its public library—some $27 per person.[32] In fiscal year 2009, the city of Fitchburg spent .48% ($388,977) of its budget on its public library -- $9.23 per person.[33] This represented a year over year drop in municipal funding of 65% between FY2008 and FY2009. As a result, the Fitchburg Public Library did not meet Massachusetts minimum standards of public library services and was not certified by the Massachusetts Board of Library Commissioners for FY2009.[34][35] It returned to certification in FY2012.[35]

Furthermore, on going support comes from the Friends of the Fitchburg Public Library. The Friends of FPL establish closer relations between the library and the people it serves, promotes support of services, and funds several important services such purchasing books for the library and the fees for the museum passes. The Friends work with area museums to bring you Museum Passes you can use to visit exhibits for reduced fees.

In 2014 the Fitchburg Law Library opened at the Fitchburg Public Library in response to the closure of the office on Elm Street in Fitchburg. The new library location is fully accessible and open to the public.

Education[edit]

State Normal School in c. 1920, now Fitchburg State University
Fitchburg State University's Hammond Building

Public schools[edit]

Private schools[edit]

Colleges and universities[edit]

Established in 1894 by an act of the Massachusetts Legislature, the State Normal School in Fitchburg opened in temporary quarters in the old high school building on Academy Street.For more details of the history of Fitchburg State

Transportation[edit]

Transportation for Fitchburg is largely supplied by the Montachusett Regional Transit Authority (MART). MART[36] operates fixed-route bus services, shuttle services, as well as paratransit services within the Montachusett Region. It also provides connections to the MBTA Commuter Rail line at Fitchburg Station. The Fitchburg Station is the last stop on the Fitchburg Line from the North Station in Boston.

The Fitchburg Municipal Airport occupies 335 acres off Airport Road in Fitchburg near the Leominster border. In 1940, the airport land was donated to the City of Fitchburg and serves the greater Fitchburg area.

Business[edit]

Main Street, looking east, in c. 1912

Throughout the early twentieth century, Fitchburg was known for its paper industry, which occupied the banks of the Nashua River and employed a large segment of the European immigrant population. It has been noted by many residents in Fitchburg that the Nashua River would be dyed the color the paper mills had been coloring the paper that day.

•Long time businesses that continued to grace Main Street are Shack's Clothing and Duvarney Jewelers. •New businesses that have opened on Main Street are Destare martini bar, Chaibo cafe a popular hang out and meeting place.

Fitchburg Central Steam Plant[edit]

The Fitchburg Central Steam Plant was built in 1928 to provide steam and electricity to the many local paper mills. As the paper mills were abandoned or improved the Central Steam Plant fell into disuse and was abandoned. In 2008, the EPA designated the Central Steam Plant a brownfield site due to contamination of the site soil and groundwater with metals and inorganic contaminants. The EPA provided the City of Fitchburg $50,500 in grant money[38] to help clean up hazardous substances on the site.

Cleanup[39] of the Central Steam Plant started in 2010 and is ongoing as of July 2011.

Recreation[edit]

Sign for West Fitchburg Steamline Trail Park
West Fitchburg Steamline Trail Park, a unique industrial heritage resource.

Parks[edit]

Fitchburg Parks and Recreation Department

Conservation Land[edit]

Flat Rock Wild Life Sanctuary, a 326 acre wild life sanctuary that is part a network of Mass Aududon land, with 6 miles of trails. It is located within minutes from downtown Fitchburg, the hustling sounds of the city fade into a chorus of songbirds, rustling leaves, and zipping dragonflies. This wooded area provides habitat for species needing relatively large territories such as fisher, coyote, and red fox. Bobcat and black bear occasionally travel through these woods over rocky ledges and through hemlock groves.

West Fitchburg Steam Line Trail[edit]

The West Fitchburg Steam Line Trail[40] is a bike and walking path located in Fitchburg on Route 2A. It is 0.6 miles long and runs along the Nashua River and Flag Brook in the Waites Corner neighborhood. The path is gravel and is relatively easy terrain. The trail is the first contracted part of a planned project to build a mixed use bike and walking trail through Fitchburg. This trail will eventually connect with trails in the neighboring towns of Leominster and Westminster. Additional parts of the proposed trail are in the Riverfront and Gateway Parks.[41]

The Fitchburg Steam Line Trail is located near the junction of Route 31 (Princeton Rd) and Route 2A (Westminster St) at 465 Westminster Street. The trail parking lot is marked with signs, and is on the south side of 2A approximately 1/4 mile East of Route 31.

The trail starts to the left of the Fitchburg Central Steam Plant.

Media[edit]

Amateur racer in the Fitchburg Longsjo Classic, 2006.
Coggshall Park in autumn
Nixey Callahan baseball card

Newspapers[edit]

Television[edit]

Radio[edit]

Culture[edit]

Fitchburg's cultural highlights include:

In popular culture[edit]

In the fictional Harry Potter universe, Fitchburg is the hometown of the professional Quidditch team the Fitchburg Finches.[43]

The opening scene in the popular 1961 movie, By Love Possessed, starring Lana Turner, Ephram Zimbalist Jr., Jason Robards, and George Hamilton, features Fitchburg's Court House and Monument Park.

In the Fringe episode "The Human Kind", Olivia goes to Fitchburg to retrieve an electromagnet.

In 2012, Dark Horse Comics began releasing an eight-issue limited comic book series entitled Falling Skies: The Battle of Fitchburg, with Paul Tobin writing and Juan Ferreyra as artist. The story takes place chronologically between seasons one and two of the Falling Skies television show, and details a costly engagement occurring between the skitters and the 2nd Massachusetts Militia Regiment when the aliens surround the human forces at Fitchburg, Massachusetts.[44]

Notable people[edit]

Sister cities[edit]

Fitchburg has four sister cities, as designated by Sister Cities International:

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Gannett, Henry (1905). The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States. Govt. Print. Off. p. 126. 
  2. ^ Ezra S. Stearns, John Fitch: An address with appendix (Fitchburg Historical Society) 1894:31.
  3. ^ http://www.imdb.com/title/tt0055370/
  4. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  5. ^ U.S. Geological Survey 7.5 x 15 minute series, Fitchburg quadrangle
  6. ^ [1] Weather Channel'.' Retrieved February 5, 2012.
  7. ^ "TOTAL POPULATION (P1), 2010 Census Summary File 1". American FactFinder, All County Subdivisions within Massachusetts. United States Census Bureau. 2010. 
  8. ^ "Massachusetts by Place and County Subdivision - GCT-T1. Population Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 12, 2011. 
  9. ^ "1990 Census of Population, General Population Characteristics: Massachusetts". US Census Bureau. December 1990. Table 76: General Characteristics of Persons, Households, and Families: 1990. 1990 CP-1-23. Retrieved July 12, 2011. 
  10. ^ "1980 Census of the Population, Number of Inhabitants: Massachusetts". US Census Bureau. December 1981. Table 4. Populations of County Subdivisions: 1960 to 1980. PC80-1-A23. Retrieved July 12, 2011. 
  11. ^ "1950 Census of Population". 1: Number of Inhabitants. Bureau of the Census. 1952. Section 6, Pages 21-10 and 21-11, Massachusetts Table 6. Population of Counties by Minor Civil Divisions: 1930 to 1950. Retrieved July 12, 2011. 
  12. ^ "1920 Census of Population". Bureau of the Census. Number of Inhabitants, by Counties and Minor Civil Divisions. Pages 21-5 through 21-7. Massachusetts Table 2. Population of Counties by Minor Civil Divisions: 1920, 1910, and 1920. Retrieved July 12, 2011. 
  13. ^ "1890 Census of the Population". Department of the Interior, Census Office. Pages 179 through 182. Massachusetts Table 5. Population of States and Territories by Minor Civil Divisions: 1880 and 1890. Retrieved July 12, 2011. 
  14. ^ "1870 Census of the Population". Department of the Interior, Census Office. 1872. Pages 217 through 220. Table IX. Population of Minor Civil Divisions, &c. Massachusetts. Retrieved July 12, 2011. 
  15. ^ "1860 Census". Department of the Interior, Census Office. 1864. Pages 220 through 226. State of Massachusetts Table No. 3. Populations of Cities, Towns, &c. Retrieved July 12, 2011. 
  16. ^ "1850 Census". Department of the Interior, Census Office. 1854. Pages 338 through 393. Populations of Cities, Towns, &c. Retrieved July 12, 2011. 
  17. ^ "1950 Census of Population". 1: Number of Inhabitants. Bureau of the Census. 1952. Section 6, Pages 21-7 through 21-09, Massachusetts Table 4. Population of Urban Places of 10,000 or more from Earliest Census to 1920. Retrieved July 12, 2011. 
  18. ^ "Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010". Retrieved 3 April 2012. 
  19. ^ QT-P10 | Hispanic or Latino by Type: 2010 2010 Census Summary File 1
  20. ^ "Registration and Party Enrollment Statistics as of October 15, 2008" (PDF). Massachusetts Elections Division. Retrieved 2010-05-08. 
  21. ^ http://www.ci.fitchburg.ma.us/government/departments/fire/default.cfm
  22. ^ http://www.ci.fitchburg.ma.us/government/departments/fire/roster/default.cfm
  23. ^ http://www.ci.fitchburg.ma.us/government/departments/fire/stations/default.cfm
  24. ^ http://www.ci.fitchburg.ma.us/government/departments/fire/fire-apparatus/default.cfm
  25. ^ "Fitchburgpolice.com". Fitchburgpolice.com. Retrieved 2012-02-01. 
  26. ^ http://www.fsc.edu/campuspolice/
  27. ^ "worcestercountysheriff.com". worcestercountysheriff.com. Retrieved 2012-02-01. 
  28. ^ HealthAlliance
  29. ^ http://www.umassmemorial.org/HealthAllianceHP.cfm?id=9
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