First Africans in Jamestown

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The last documented "20 and Odd" blacks that arrived in Jamestown, Virginia in August 1619 are not known to have been immediately enslaved. As an institution, slavery did not exist in Virginia in 1619. The institution of slavery evolved gradually and legally, beginning with customs rather than laws, from indentured servitude to lifelong servitude.

A Legislation was passed defining the status of mulatto children. Children would be considered the same status as the mother. If the child was born to a slave, the child would be considered a slave.
Blacks could not congregate in large numbers for supposed funeral or feasts. Blacks must also obtain written authorization to leave a plantation at any given time. They could not remain at another plantation longer than 4 hours.
No Negro or Mulatto may be set free by any person unless they pay for the transportation out of the colony within six months or forfeit ten pounds of sterling so that the church wardens might have the Negro transported.
Separate courts for the trial of slaves charged with a capital crime, thus depriving them of the right of a trial by jury.

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