United States Court of Appeals for the Fifth Circuit

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United States Court of Appeals for the Fifth Circuit
(5th Cir.)
Seal of the United States Court of Appeals for the Fifth Circuit
LocationJohn Minor Wisdom United States Court of Appeals Building
New Orleans, Louisiana
Appeals from
EstablishedJune 16, 1891
Chief judgeCarl E. Stewart
Active judges17
Senior judges8
Circuit justiceAntonin Scalia
Official site
 
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United States Court of Appeals for the Fifth Circuit
(5th Cir.)
Seal of the United States Court of Appeals for the Fifth Circuit
LocationJohn Minor Wisdom United States Court of Appeals Building
New Orleans, Louisiana
Appeals from
EstablishedJune 16, 1891
Chief judgeCarl E. Stewart
Active judges17
Senior judges8
Circuit justiceAntonin Scalia
Official site

The United States Court of Appeals for the Fifth Circuit (in case citations, 5th Cir.) is a federal court with appellate jurisdiction over the district courts in the following Southern districts:

The court is composed of seventeen active judges and is based at the John Minor Wisdom United States Court of Appeals Building in New Orleans, Louisiana, with the clerk's office located at the F. Edward Hebert Federal Building in New Orleans.[1] It is one of thirteen United States courts of appeals.

History of the court[edit]

The John Minor Wisdom U.S. Courthouse, home of the Fifth Circuit, New Orleans.

This court was created by the Evarts Act on June 16, 1891, which moved the circuit judges and appellate jurisdiction from the Circuit Courts of the Fifth Circuit to this court. At the time of its creation, the Fifth Circuit covered Florida, Georgia, Alabama, Mississippi, Louisiana, and Texas.

On June 25, 1948, the Panama Canal Zone was added to the Fifth Circuit by 62 Stat. 870.

On October 1, 1981, under Public Law 96-452, the Fifth Circuit was split: Alabama, Georgia, and Florida were moved to the new Eleventh Circuit.

On March 31, 1982, the Fifth Circuit lost jurisdiction over the Panama Canal Zone as the Canal Zone transferred to Panamanian control.

The Fifth Circuit Four[edit]

During the late 1950s, Chief Judge Elbert Tuttle and his three colleagues John Minor Wisdom, John Brown, and Richard Rives became known as the "Fifth Circuit Four", or simply "The Four", for decisions crucial in advancing the civil rights of African-Americans. In this they were usually opposed by their fellow Fifth Circuit Judge Benjamin F. Cameron of Mississippi, until Cameron's death in 1964.[2]

Hurricane Katrina[edit]

Hurricane Katrina struck New Orleans on August 29, 2005, devastating the city and slightly damaging the John Minor Wisdom Courthouse. All deadlines concerning filings were extended. The court temporarily relocated its administrative operations to Houston, but the court has now returned to normal operations in New Orleans.

Current composition of the court[edit]

As of June 2, 2014 the judges on the court are as follows:[3]

#TitleJudgeDuty stationBornTerm of serviceAppointed by
ActiveChiefSenior
71Chief JudgeCarl E. StewartShreveport, LA19501994–present2012–presentClinton
60Circuit JudgeE. Grady JollyJackson, MS19371982–presentReagan
61Circuit JudgeW. Eugene DavisLafayette, LA19361983–presentReagan
63Circuit JudgeEdith H. JonesHouston, TX19491985–present2006–2012Reagan
64Circuit JudgeJerry Edwin SmithHouston, TX19461987–presentReagan
73Circuit JudgeJames L. DennisNew Orleans, LA19361995–presentClinton
74Circuit JudgeEdith Brown ClementNew Orleans, LA19482001–presentG.W. Bush
75Circuit JudgeEdward C. PradoSan Antonio, TX19472003–presentG.W. Bush
77Circuit JudgePriscilla OwenAustin, TX19542005–presentG.W. Bush
78Circuit JudgeJennifer Walker ElrodHouston, TX19662007–presentG.W. Bush
79Circuit JudgeLeslie H. SouthwickJackson, MS19502007–presentG.W. Bush
80Circuit JudgeCatharina HaynesDallas, TX19632008–presentG.W. Bush
81Circuit JudgeJames E. Graves, Jr.Jackson, MS19532011–presentObama
82Circuit JudgeStephen A. HigginsonNew Orleans, LA19612011–presentObama
83Circuit JudgeGregg CostaGalveston, TX19722014–presentObama
84Circuit Judgevacant----
85Circuit Judgevacant----
51Senior Circuit JudgeCarolyn Dineen KingHouston, TX19381979–20131999–20062013–presentCarter
53Senior Circuit JudgeThomas Morrow ReavleyHouston, TX19211979–19901990–presentCarter
59Senior Circuit JudgePatrick HigginbothamAustin, TX19381982–20062006–presentReagan
66Senior Circuit JudgeRhesa Hawkins BarksdaleJackson, MS19441990–20092009–presentG.H.W. Bush
67Senior Circuit JudgeJacques L. Wiener, Jr.New Orleans, LA19341990–20102010–presentG.H.W. Bush
68Senior Circuit JudgeEmilio M. GarzaSan Antonio, TX19471991–20122012–presentG.H.W. Bush
69Senior Circuit JudgeHarold R. DeMoss, Jr.Houston, TX19301991–20072007–presentG.H.W. Bush
70Senior Circuit JudgeFortunato "Pete" BenavidesAustin, TX19471994–20122012–presentClinton

Vacancies and pending nominations[edit]

SeatSeat Last Held ByVacancy ReasonDate of VacancyNomineeDate of Nomination
22Emilio M. GarzaSenior statusAugust 1, 2012
20Carolyn Dineen KingSenior statusDecember 31, 2013

List of former judges[edit]

Fifty-nine judges formerly served on the court but no longer do:[3]

#
Judge
State
Born/Died
Active
Chief
Senior
Appointed by
Reason for
termination
1Pardee, Don AlbertDon Albert PardeeLA1837–19191891–1919————[4]death
2McCormick, Andrew PhelpsAndrew Phelps McCormickTX1832–19161892–1916————Harrison, B.B. Harrisondeath
3Shelby, David DavieDavid Davie ShelbyAL1847–19141899–1914————McKinley, McKinleydeath
4Walker, Jr., Richard WildeRichard Wilde Walker, Jr.AL1857–19361914–1930——1930–1936Wilson, Wilsondeath
5Batts, Robert LynnRobert Lynn BattsTX1864–19351917–1919————Wilson, Wilsonresignation
6Bryan, Nathan P.Nathan P. BryanFL1872–19351920–1935————Wilson, Wilsondeath
7King, Alexander CampbellAlexander Campbell KingGA1856–19261920–1924————Wilson, Wilsonresignation
8Foster, Rufus EdwardRufus Edward FosterLA1871–19421925–1942————Coolidge, Coolidgedeath
9Sibley, Samuel HaleSamuel Hale SibleyGA1873–19581931–1949——1949–1958Hoover, Hooverdeath
10Hutcheson, Jr., Joseph ChappellJoseph Chappell Hutcheson, Jr.TX1879–19731931–19641948–19591964–1973Hoover, Hooverdeath
11Holmes, Edwin RuthvenEdwin Ruthven HolmesMS1878–19611936–1954——1954–1961Roosevelt, F.F. Rooseveltdeath
12McCord, Leon ClarenceLeon Clarence McCordAL1878–19521938–1951——1951–1952Roosevelt, F.F. Rooseveltdeath
13Waller, Curtis LonginoCurtis Longino WallerFL1887–19501943–1950————Roosevelt, F.F. Rooseveltdeath
14Lee, Elmo PearceElmo Pearce LeeLA1882–19491943–1949————Roosevelt, F.F. Rooseveltdeath
15Borah, Wayne G.Wayne G. BorahLA1891–19661949–1956——1956–1966Truman, Trumandeath
16Russell, Robert LeeRobert Lee RussellGA1900–19551949–1955————Truman, Trumandeath
17Strum, Louie WillardLouie Willard StrumFL1890–19541950–1954————Truman, Trumandeath
18Rives, RichardRichard RivesAL1895–19821951–19661959–19601966–1981Truman, Trumanreassignment to 11th Circuit
19Tuttle, ElbertElbert TuttleGA1897–19961954–19681960–19671968–1981Eisenhower, Eisenhowerreassignment to 11th Circuit
20Cameron, Benjamin FranklinBenjamin Franklin CameronMS1890–19641955–1964————Eisenhower, Eisenhowerdeath
21Jones, Warren LeroyWarren Leroy JonesFL1895–19931955–1966——1966–1981Eisenhower, Eisenhowerreassignment to 11th Circuit
22Brown, John RobertJohn Robert BrownTX1909–19841955–19841967–19791984–1993Eisenhower, Eisenhowerdeath
23Wisdom, John MinorJohn Minor WisdomLA1905–19991957–1977——1977–1999Eisenhower, Eisenhowerdeath
24Bell, GriffinGriffin BellGA1918–20091961[5]–1976————Kennedy, Kennedyresignation
25Gewin, Walter PettusWalter Pettus GewinAL1908–19811961[5]–1976——1976–1981Kennedy, Kennedydeath
26Thornberry, William HomerWilliam Homer ThornberryTX1909–19951965–1978——1978–1995Johnson, L.L. Johnsondeath
27Coleman, James PlemonJames Plemon ColemanMS1914–19911965–19811979–19811981–1984Johnson, L.L. Johnsonresignation
28Ainsworth, Jr., Robert AndrewRobert Andrew Ainsworth, Jr.LA1910–19811966–1981————Johnson, L.L. Johnsondeath
29Godbold, John CooperJohn Cooper GodboldAL1920–20091966–19811981–1981——Johnson, L.L. Johnsonreassignment to 11th Circuit
30Goldberg, Irving LoebIrving Loeb GoldbergTX1906–19951966–1980——1980–1995Johnson, L.L. Johnsondeath
31Dyer, David WilliamDavid William DyerFL1910–19981966–1976——1976–1981Johnson, L.L. Johnsonreassignment to 11th Circuit
32Simpson, John Milton BryanJohn Milton Bryan SimpsonFL1903–19871966–1975——1975–1981Johnson, L.L. Johnsonreassignment to 11th Circuit
33Clayton, Claude FeemsterClaude Feemster ClaytonMS1909–19691967–1969————Johnson, L.L. Johnsondeath
34Morgan, Lewis RenderLewis Render MorganGA1913–20011968–1978——1978–1981Johnson, L.L. Johnsonreassignment to 11th Circuit
35Carswell, HaroldHarold CarswellFL1919–19921969–1970————Nixon, Nixonresignation
36Clark, CharlesCharles ClarkMS1925–20111969–19921981–1992——Nixon, Nixonretirement
37Ingraham, Joe McDonaldJoe McDonald IngrahamTX1903–19901969–1973——1973–1990Nixon, Nixondeath
38Roney, Paul HitchPaul Hitch RoneyFL1921–20061970–1981————Nixon, Nixonreassignment to 11th Circuit
39Gee, Thomas GibbsThomas Gibbs GeeTX1925–19941973–1991————Nixon, Nixonretirement
40Tjoflat, Gerald BardGerald Bard TjoflatFL1929–1975–1981————Ford, Fordreassignment to 11th Circuit
41Hill, James ClinkscalesJames Clinkscales HillGA1924–1976–1981————Ford, Fordreassignment to 11th Circuit
42Fay, Peter ThorpPeter Thorp FayFL1929–1976–1981————Ford, Fordreassignment to 11th Circuit
43Rubin, Alvin BenjaminAlvin Benjamin RubinLA1920–19911977–1989——1989–1991Carter, Carterdeath
44Vance, Robert SmithRobert Smith VanceAL1931–19891977–1981————Carter, Carterreassignment to 11th Circuit
45Kravitch, Phyllis A.Phyllis A. KravitchGA1920–1979–1981————Carter, Carterreassignment to 11th Circuit
46Johnson, Frank MinisFrank Minis JohnsonAL1918–19991979–1981————Carter, Carterreassignment to 11th Circuit
47Anderson III, R. LanierR. Lanier Anderson IIIGA1936–1979–1981————Carter, Carterreassignment to 11th Circuit
48Garza, Reynaldo GuerraReynaldo Guerra GarzaTX1915–20041979–1982——1982–2004Carter, Carterdeath
49Hatchett, Joseph WoodrowJoseph Woodrow HatchettFL1932–1979–1981————Carter, Carterreassignment to 11th Circuit
50Henderson, Albert JohnAlbert John HendersonGA1920–19991979–1981————Carter, Carterreassignment to 11th Circuit
52Politz, Henry AnthonyHenry Anthony PolitzLA1932–20021979–19991992–19991999–2002Carter, Carterdeath
54Johnson, Jr., Samuel D.Samuel D. Johnson, Jr.TX1920–20021979–1991——1991–2002Carter, Carterdeath
55Tate, Jr., AlbertAlbert Tate, Jr.LA1920–19861979–1986————Carter, Carterdeath
56Clark, Thomas AlonzoThomas Alonzo ClarkGA1920–20051979–1981————Carter, Carterreassignment to 11th Circuit
57Williams, Jerre StocktonJerre Stockton WilliamsTX1916–19931980–1990——1990–1993Carter, Carterdeath
58Garwood, William LockhartWilliam Lockhart GarwoodTX1931–20111981–1997——1997–2011Reagan, Reagandeath
62Hill, Robert MaddenRobert Madden HillTX1928–19871984–1987————Reagan, Reagandeath
65Duhé, Jr., John MalcolmJohn Malcolm Duhé, Jr.LA1933–1988–1999——1999–2011Reagan, Reaganretirement
72Parker, Robert ManleyRobert Manley ParkerTX1937–1994–2002————Clinton, Clintonretirement
76Pickering, Charles W.Charles W. PickeringMS1937–2004[6]–2004————Bush, G.W.G.W. Bushretirement

Chief judges[edit]

Chief Judge
Hutcheson1948–1959
Rives1959–1960
Tuttle1960–1967
Brown1967–1979
Coleman1979–1981
Godbold1981–1981
C. Clark1981–1992
Politz1992–1999
C. King1999–2006
Jones2006–2012
Stewart2012–

Chief judges have administrative responsibilities with respect to their circuits, and preside over any panel on which they serve unless the circuit justice (i.e., the Supreme Court justice responsible for the circuit) is also on the panel. Unlike the Supreme Court, where one justice is specifically nominated to be chief, the office of chief judge rotates among the circuit judges. To be chief, a judge must have been in active service on the court for at least one year, be under the age of 65, and have not previously served as chief judge. A vacancy is filled by the judge highest in seniority among the group of qualified judges. The chief judge serves for a term of seven years or until age 70, whichever occurs first. The age restrictions are waived if no members of the court would otherwise be qualified for the position.

When the office was created in 1948, the chief judge was the longest-serving judge who had not elected to retire on what has since 1958 been known as senior status or declined to serve as chief judge. After August 6, 1959, judges could not become chief after turning 70 years old. The current rules have been in operation since October 1, 1982.

Succession of seats[edit]

The court has had 29 seats for active judges. Twelve of these seats were reassigned to the United States Court of Appeals for the Eleventh Circuit, leaving a seventeen-seat court. The seats are numbered in the order in which they were filled. Judges who retire into senior status remain on the bench but leave their seat vacant. That seat is filled by the next circuit judge appointed by the president.

Seat 1
Established on December 10, 1869 by the Judiciary Act of 1869 as a circuit judgeship for the Fifth Circuit
Reassigned to the United States Circuit Court of Appeals for the Fifth Circuit by the Judiciary Act of 1891
PardeeLA1891–1919
A. KingGA1920–1924
FosterLA1925–1942
LeeLA1943–1949
BorahLA1949–1956
WisdomLA1957–1977
RubinLA1977–1989
BarksdaleMS1990–2009
GravesMS2011–
Seat 2
Established on June 16, 1891 by the Judiciary Act of 1891
McCormickTX1892–1916
BattsTX1917–1919
BryanFL1920–1935
HolmesMS1936–1954
CameronMS1955–1964
ColemanMS1965–1981
JollyMS1982–
Seat 3
Established on January 25, 1899 by 30 Stat. 803
ShelbyAL1899–1914
WalkerAL1914–1930
SibleyGA1931–1949
RussellGA1949–1955
BrownTX1955–1984
R. HillTX1984–1987
WienerLA1990–2010
HigginsonLA2011–
Seat 4
Established on June 10, 1930 by 46 Stat. 538
HutchesonTX1931–1964
ThornberryTX1965–1978
R. GarzaTX1979–1982
HigginbothamTX1982–2006
ElrodTX2007–
Seat 5
Established on May 31, 1938 by 52 Stat. 584
McCordAL1938–1951
RivesAL1951–1966
GodboldAL1966–1981
Reassigned on October 1, 1981 to the United States Court of Appeals for the Eleventh Circuit by 94 Stat. 1994
Seat 6
Established on December 14, 1942 by 56 Stat. 1050
WallerFL1943–1950
StrumFL1950–1954
W. JonesFL1955–1966
DyerFL1966–1976
FayFL1976–1981
Reassigned on October 1, 1981 to the United States Court of Appeals for the Eleventh Circuit by 94 Stat. 1994
Seat 7
Established on February 10, 1954 by 68 Stat. 8
TuttleGA1954–1968
MorganGA1968–1978
KravitchGA1979–1981
Reassigned on October 1, 1981 to the United States Court of Appeals for the Eleventh Circuit by 94 Stat. 1994
Seat 8
Established on May 19, 1961 by 75 Stat. 80
BellGA1961–1976
J. HillGA1976–1981
Reassigned on October 1, 1981 to the United States Court of Appeals for the Eleventh Circuit by 94 Stat. 1994
Seat 9
Established on May 19, 1961 by 75 Stat. 80
GewinAL1961–1976
VanceAL1977–1981
Reassigned on October 1, 1981 to the United States Court of Appeals for the Eleventh Circuit by 94 Stat. 1994
Seat 10
Established as a temporary judgeship on March 18, 1966 by 80 Stat. 75
Made permanent on June 18, 1968 by 82 Stat. 184
AinsworthLA1966–1981
DavisLA1983–
Seat 11
Established as a temporary judgeship on March 18, 1966 by 80 Stat. 75
Made permanent on June 18, 1968 by 82 Stat. 184
GoldbergTX1966–1980
WilliamsTX1980–1990
DeMossTX1991–2007
HaynesTX2008–
Seat 12
Established as a temporary judgeship on March 18, 1966 by 80 Stat. 75
Made permanent on June 18, 1968 by 82 Stat. 184
SimpsonFL1966–1975
TjoflatFL1975–1981
Reassigned on October 1, 1981 to the United States Court of Appeals for the Eleventh Circuit by 94 Stat. 1994
Seat 13
Established as a temporary judgeship on March 18, 1966 by 80 Stat. 75
Made permanent on June 18, 1968 by 82 Stat. 184
ClaytonMS1967–1969
C. ClarkMS1969–1992
DennisLA1995–
Seat 14
Established on June 18, 1968 by 82 Stat. 184
CarswellFL1969–1970
RoneyFL1970–1981
Reassigned on October 1, 1981 to the United States Court of Appeals for the Eleventh Circuit by 94 Stat. 1994
Seat 15
Established on June 18, 1968 by 82 Stat. 184
IngrahamTX1969–1973
GeeTX1973–1991
BenavidesTX1994–2012
CostaTX2014–
Seat 16
Established on October 20, 1978 by 92 Stat. 1629
F. JohnsonAL1979–1981
Reassigned on October 1, 1981 to the United States Court of Appeals for the Eleventh Circuit by 94 Stat. 1994
Seat 17
Established on October 20, 1978 by 92 Stat. 1629
AndersonGA1979–1981
Reassigned on October 1, 1981 to the United States Court of Appeals for the Eleventh Circuit by 94 Stat. 1994
Seat 18
Established on October 20, 1978 by 92 Stat. 1629
HatchettFL1979–1981
Reassigned on October 1, 1981 to the United States Court of Appeals for the Eleventh Circuit by 94 Stat. 1994
Seat 19
Established on October 20, 1978 by 92 Stat. 1629
HendersonGA1979–1981
Reassigned on October 1, 1981 to the United States Court of Appeals for the Eleventh Circuit by 94 Stat. 1994
Seat 20
Established on October 20, 1978 by 92 Stat. 1629
C. KingTX1979–
Seat 21
Established on October 20, 1978 by 92 Stat. 1629
PolitzLA1979–1999
PickeringMS2004–2004
SouthwickMS2007–
Seat 22
Established on October 20, 1978 by 92 Stat. 1629
ReavleyTX1979–1990
E. GarzaTX1991–
Seat 23
Established on October 20, 1978 by 92 Stat. 1629
S. JohnsonTX1979–1991
ParkerTX1994–2002
PradoTX2003–
Seat 24
Established on October 20, 1978 by 92 Stat. 1629
TateLA1979–1986
DuhéLA1988–1999
ClementLA2001–
Seat 25
Established on October 20, 1978 by 92 Stat. 1629
T. ClarkGA1979–1981
Reassigned on October 1, 1981 to the United States Court of Appeals for the Eleventh Circuit by 94 Stat. 1994
Seat 26
Established on October 20, 1978 by 92 Stat. 1629
GarwoodTX1981–1997
OwenTX2005–
Seat 27
Established on July 10, 1984 by 98 Stat. 333
E. JonesTX1985–
Seat 28
Established on July 10, 1984 by 98 Stat. 333
SmithTX1987–
Seat 29
Established on December 1, 1990 by 104 Stat. 5089
StewartLA1994–

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Practitioner’s Guide to the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Fifth Circuit
  2. ^ "That Fascinating and Frenetic Fifth," Time Magazine, 1964-12-04.
  3. ^ a b "U. S. Court of Appeals for the Fifth Circuit". Official website of the Federal Judicial Center. Archived from the original on March 26, 2005. Retrieved June 19, 2005. 
  4. ^ Pardee was appointed as a circuit judge for the Fifth Circuit in 1881 by James A. Garfield. The Judiciary Act of 1891 reassigned his seat to what is now the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Fifth Circuit.
  5. ^ a b Recess appointment, confirmed by the United States Senate at a later date.
  6. ^ Recess appointment, never confirmed or rejected by the Senate.

External links[edit]