Fibromatosis

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Fibromatosis
Classification and external resources
Desmoid-type fibromatosis.gross pathology.jpg
The cut surface of desmoid-type fibromatosis is firm, white, and whorled. The white tumor infiltrates the adjacent skeletal muscle (red tissue - lower left) and fat (yellow tissue - upper left). This tendency for invasion of adjacent normal tissues and structures is the reason that desmoid-type fibromatosis has a relatively high rate of local recurrence, even after surgical removal.
ICD-10M72.9
ICD-9728.7
MeSHD005350
 
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Fibromatosis
Classification and external resources
Desmoid-type fibromatosis.gross pathology.jpg
The cut surface of desmoid-type fibromatosis is firm, white, and whorled. The white tumor infiltrates the adjacent skeletal muscle (red tissue - lower left) and fat (yellow tissue - upper left). This tendency for invasion of adjacent normal tissues and structures is the reason that desmoid-type fibromatosis has a relatively high rate of local recurrence, even after surgical removal.
ICD-10M72.9
ICD-9728.7
MeSHD005350

The term fibromatosis refers to a group of benign soft tissue tumors[1] which have certain characteristics in common, including absence of cytologic and clinical malignant features, a histology consistent with proliferation of well-differentiated fibroblasts, an infiltrative growth pattern, and aggressive clinical behavior with frequent local recurrence.

Terminology[edit]

Other names include "musculoaponeurotic fibromatosis," referring to the tendency of these tumors to be adjacent to and infiltrating deep skeletal muscle, aggressive fibromatosis and "desmoid tumor." A clear difference should be made between intra-abdominal and extra-abdominal localizations. Fibromatosis is a different entity from neurofibromatosis.

Treatment[edit]

Treatment is mainly surgical; radiotherapy or chemotherapy is usually an indication of relapse. Head and neck desmoid fibromatosis is a serious condition due to local aggression, specific anatomical patterns and the high rate of relapse. For children surgery is particularly difficult, given the potential for growth disorders.[2]

Treatment includes prompt radical excision with a wide margin and/or radiation. Despite their local infiltrative and aggressive behavior, mortality is minimal to nonexistent for peripheral tumours. In intra-abdominal fibromatosis associated with Familial adenomatous polyposis (FAP), surgery is avoided if possible due to high rates of recurrence within the abdomen carrying significant morbidity and mortality. Conversely, for intra-abdominal fibromatosis without evidence of FAP extensive surgery may still be required for local symptoms, but the risk of recurrence is low.[3]

Subtypes[edit]

Subtypes of fibromatosis include -

Associated conditions[edit]

Multiple fibromatoses are seen in Gardner's syndrome, a syndrome which also includes multiple colon polyps and osteomas.

References[edit]

External links[edit]