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Fiant is an abbreviation of Fiant litterae patentes, which means Let letters patent be made. These were warrants to the Court of Chancery in Ireland, which was the authority for the issue of letters patents under the Great Seal.[1] They dealt with matters ranging from appointments to high office and important government activities, to grants of pardons to the humblest of the native Irish.

Fiants date from the reign of Henry VIII through that of William and Mary and are of major importance to persons doing Irish genealogical research.[2]

The original fiants were destroyed in 1922, in a fire at the Four Courts, but the material had been calendared.[3]


  1. ^ Séamas Ó Scannláin (15 December 2003). Poets and poetry of the Great Blasket. Mercier Press. p. 115. ISBN 978-1-85635-416-5. Retrieved 21 August 2013. 
  2. ^ Anthony Adolph (21 January 2010). Collins Tracing Your Irish Family History. HarperCollins Publishers. pp. 209–. ISBN 978-0-00-736095-6. Retrieved 21 August 2013. 
  3. ^ Archivum franciscanum historicum: periodica publicatio trimestris cura pp. Collegii D. Bonaventurae 77. Ad Claras Aquas prope Florentiam. 1984. p. 117. Retrieved 21 August 2013.