Female genital prolapse (or vaginal prolapse or pelvic organ prolapse) is characterized by a portion of the vaginal canal protruding (prolapsing) from the opening of the vagina. The condition usually occurs when the pelvic floor collapses as a result of childbirth or heavy lifting which can tear soft tissues, i.e. herniating fascia membranes so that the vaginal wall collapses, resulting in cystocele, rectocele or both. Common remediation to avoid further collapse may include the use of transvaginal mesh.
With surgery (for example Colpocleisis). Surgery is used to treat symptoms such as bowel or urinary problems, pain, or a prolapse sensation. A Cochrane Collaboration review found that limited data are available on optimal surgical approaches, including the use of transvaginal surgical mesh, in the form of a patch or sling, similar to its implementation for abdominal hernia.
Genital prolapse occurs in about 316 million women worldwide as of 2010 (9.3% of all females).
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