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The federal districts (Russian: федера́льные округа́, federalnyye okruga) are groupings of the federal subjects of Russia. Federal districts are not provisioned by the Constitution of Russia and are not the constituent units of the country, but exist purely for the convenience of operation and governing by federal government agencies. Each district includes several federal subjects and each federal district has a presidential envoy titled a Plenipotentiary Representative of the President of the Russian Federation in a Federal District.
The federal districts and positions of Plenipotentiary Representatives were originally created in 2000 by Presidential Decree "to ensure implementation of the President of the Russian Federation of its constitutional powers". Plenipotentiary Representatives are appointed by the President and are employees of the Presidential Administration.
|Name of district||Establishment|
(2010 Russian Census)
|Central Federal District||May 18, 2000||652,800||38,438,600||18||Moscow||Alexander Beglov||Europe|
|Southern Federal District||May 18, 2000||418,500||13,856,700||6||Rostov-on-Don||Vladimir Ustinov||Europe|
|Northwestern Federal District||May 18, 2000||1,677,900||13,583,800||11||Saint Petersburg||Vladimir Bulavin||Europe|
|Far Eastern Federal District||May 18, 2000||6,215,900||6,291,900||9||Khabarovsk||Yury Trutnev||Asia|
|Siberian Federal District||May 18, 2000||5,114,800||19,254,300||12||Novosibirsk||Nikolay Rogozhkin||Asia|
|Ural Federal District||May 18, 2000||1,788,900||12,082,700||6||Yekaterinburg||Igor Kholmanskikh||Europe and Asia|
|Volga Federal District||May 18, 2000||1,038,000||29,900,400||14||Nizhny Novgorod||Mikhail Babich||Europe|
|North Caucasian Federal District||January 19, 2010||170,700||9,496,800||7||Pyatigorsk||Sergey Melikov||Europe|
|Crimean Federal District||March 21, 2014||26,100||2,352,385[a]||2||Simferopol||Oleg Belaventsev||Europe|
On January 19, 2010 the new North Caucasian Federal District split from the Southern Federal District.
On March 2014, after the Russian military intervention in and annexation of Crimea, the Crimean Federal District was established. The legality of this annexation is disputed by most states as well as NATO.
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