Federal districts of Russia

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The federal districts (Russian: федера́льные округа́, federalnyye okruga) are president's groupings of federal subjects of Russia for the convenience of operation and governing by a Plenipotentiary Representative of the President of the Russian Federation in a Federal District. The institution of Plenipotentiary Representatives and federal districts was created in 2000 by presidential decree "in order to ensure implementation of the President of the Russian Federation of its constitutional powers".[1] Plenipotentiary Representatives are appointed by the President and are employees of the Presidential Administration.

Federal districts are not created by the Russian constitution or any law and are not the constituent units of Russia. Each district includes several federal subjects and each federal district has a presidential envoy (whose official title is Plenipotentiary Representative).

List of federal districts[edit]

Map of Russian districts, 2010-01-19.svg
Name of districtArea
(2010 Russian Census)
Central Federal District652,80038,438,60018Moscow
Southern Federal District418,50013,856,7006Rostov-on-Don
Northwestern Federal District1,677,90013,583,80011Saint Petersburg
Far Eastern Federal District6,215,9006,291,9009Khabarovsk
Siberian Federal District5,114,80019,254,30012Novosibirsk
Ural Federal District1,788,90012,082,7006Yekaterinburg
Volga Federal District1,038,00029,900,40014Nizhny Novgorod
North Caucasian Federal District170,7009,496,8007Pyatigorsk



President Vladimir Putin established the federal districts in May 2000.[3]

On January 19, 2010 the new North Caucasian Federal District split from the Southern Federal District.[2]

In June 2011, the President of Russia, Dmitry Medvedev, mentioned that a plan exists to create the Capital Federal District which would include the territories of the federal city of Moscow and of Moscow Oblast.[citation needed]


The Plenipotentiary Representatives and their staff ascertain the extent of a subjects' violation of federal laws and norms.

During the segmented federalism of the Yeltsin administration of 1991-1999, subject governments had "captured" Federal agencies, particularly in the justice system.[citation needed]

The federal districts coincide closely with the Interior Ministry forces' military regions and with the Defense Ministry regions.

Lists of presidential plenipotentiary envoys[edit]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ УКАЗ Президента РФ от 13.05.2000 N 849 "О ПОЛНОМОЧНОМ ПРЕДСТАВИТЕЛЕ ПРЕЗИДЕНТА РОССИЙСКОЙ ФЕДЕРАЦИИ В ФЕДЕРАЛЬНОМ ОКРУГЕ". Graph.document.kremlin.ru (2000-05-13). Retrieved on 2013-08-20.
  2. ^ a b Президент Российской Федерации. Указ №849 от 13 мая 2000 г. «О полномочном представителе Президента Российской Федерации в федеральном округе». Вступил в силу 13 мая 2000 г. Опубликован: "Собрание законодательства РФ", №20, ст. 2112, 15 мая 2000 г. (President of the Russian Federation. Decree #849 of May 13, 2000 On the Plenipotentiary Representative of the President of the Russian Federation in a Federal District. Effective as of May 13, 2000.).
  3. ^ "The Russian Federation". BackGround Places. Russia Profile. Retrieved 5 November 2013. 

External links[edit]