Federal Register

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Federal Register
FedRegI.JPG
Cover
TypeDaily government gazette
PublisherOffice of the Federal Register
FoundedMarch 14, 1936 (1936-03-14)
LanguageEnglish
HeadquartersUnited States
ISSN0097-6326
OCLC number436630761
Official websitewww.federalregister.gov
 
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Federal Register
FedRegI.JPG
Cover
TypeDaily government gazette
PublisherOffice of the Federal Register
FoundedMarch 14, 1936 (1936-03-14)
LanguageEnglish
HeadquartersUnited States
ISSN0097-6326
OCLC number436630761
Official websitewww.federalregister.gov

The Federal Register (since March 14, 1936), abbreviated FR, or sometimes Fed. Reg., is the official journal of the federal government of the United States that contains most routine publications and public notices of government agencies. It is a daily (except holidays) publication.

The Federal Register is compiled by the Office of the Federal Register (within the National Archives and Records Administration) and is printed by the Government Printing Office. The final rules promulgated by a federal agency and published in the Federal Register are ultimately reorganized by topic or subject matter and codified in the Code of Federal Regulations (CFR), which is updated annually.

There are no copyright restrictions on the Federal Register, as a work of the U.S. government, it is in the public domain.[1] Citations from the Federal Register are [volume] FR [page number] ([date]), e.g., 65 FR 741 (2000-06-01).[2]

History[edit]

The Federal Register system of publication was created in 1935 under the Federal Register Act[3] and was further enlarged and amended by the Administrative Procedure Act of 1946.[4]

Contents[edit]

The Federal Register is the main source for the U.S. federal government agencies':

In essence, the Federal Register is a way for the government to think aloud to the people, and also serves as official journal of record for the approved acts of the U.S. Government. The notice and comment process outlined in the Federal Register gives the people a chance to participate in agency rulemaking.

The United States Government Manual is published as a special edition of the Federal Register. Its focus is on programs and activities (1 C.F.R. 9.1).

Format[edit]

Each daily issue of the Federal Register is organized into four categories:

The citation "44 FR 33238" refers to "Federal Register, volume 44, page 33,238." The published notice, called a Notice of Proposed Rulemaking (or "NPRM") typically requests public comment on a proposed rule, and provides notice of any public meetings where a proposed rule will be discussed. The public comments are considered by the issuing government agency, and the text of a final rule is published in the Federal Register.

The final rules promulgated by a federal agency and published in the Federal Register are ultimately reorganized by topic or subject matter and re-published (or "codified") in the Code of Federal Regulations (CFR), which is updated annually.

Availability[edit]

To purchase current or back copies of Federal Register, one may contact the U.S. Government Printing Office. In each issue of Federal Register, there is a subscription page. Currently, a year's subscription rate within the U.S. is US$929. Each individual issue may be priced from $11 to $33 depending on its pages. Virtually every law library associated with an American Bar Association–accredited law school will also have a set, as will federal depository libraries.[5]

Free sources[edit]

The Federal Register has been available online since 1994. Federal depository libraries within the U.S. also receive copies of the text, either in paper or microfiche format. Outside the U.S., some major libraries may also carry the Federal Register.

Any agency proposing a rule in the Federal Register must provide contact information for people and organizations interested in making comments to the agencies. The agencies are required to give due diligence to these concerns when it publishes its final rule on the subject.

As part of the Federal E-Government eRulemaking Initiative, the web site Regulations.gov was established in 2003 to enable easy public access to Federal Register publications related to rulemaking and was further enhanced in 2005 with the launch of the Federal Docket Management System (FDMS). Through FDMS, the public can use Regulations.gov to access entire rulemaking dockets from participating Federal Departments and Agencies" to include providing on-line comments directly to those responsible for drafting the rulemakings.[6]

The Electronic Code of Federal Regulations is available on the web site ecfr.gpoaccess.gov. This web site explains what the e-CFR is, and its legal status. It is not an official legal edition of the CFR. The e-CFR is an unofficial editorial compilation of CFR material and Federal Register amendments.

In April, 2009 Citation Technologies created a free, searchable website for Federal Register articles dating from 1996 to the present.[7]

GovPulse.us, a finalist in the Sunlight Foundation's Apps for America 2,[8] provides a web 2.0 interface to the Federal Register, including sparklines of agency activity and maps of current rules.

On July 25, 2010 the Federal Register 2.0 website went live.[9] The new website is a collaboration between the developers who created GovPulse.us, the Government Printing Office and the National Archives and Records Administration.

On August 1, 2011 the Federal Register announced a new Application Programming Interface (API) to facilitate programatic access to the Federal Register content. The API is fully RESTful utilizing the HATEOAS architecture with results delivered in the JSON format. Details are available at the developers page and Ruby and Python client libraries are available.

[edit]

Other than paid copies or subscriptions, people may obtain Federal Register contents from commercial databases:

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ "Electronic Code of Federal Regulations". United States Government Printing Office. Retrieved August 3, 2008. "Any person may reproduce or republish, without restriction, any material appearing in any regular or special edition of the Federal Register" 
  2. ^ "Sample Searches and URLs for Federal Register". United States Governement Printing Office. Retrieved January 30, 2011. 
  3. ^ "44 USC Chapter 15 – Federal Register and Code of Federal Regulations". Cornell University Law School. 
  4. ^ "5 USC § 551 – Definitions". Cornell University Law School. 
  5. ^ "FDLP Library Directory". Catalog of U.S. Government Publications. 
  6. ^ "Regulations.gov – Home". Regulations.gov. 
  7. ^ "Federal Register – Rules, notices, proposed rules". FederalRegister.com. 
  8. ^ "Apps for America 2: The Data.gov Challenge". Sunlight Labs. Retrieved January 30, 2011. 
  9. ^ "Meet the New Federal Register". Sunlight Foundation. Retrieved January 30, 2011. 
  10. ^ "Welcome to CyberRegs". CyberRegs. Retrieved January 30, 2011. 

References[edit]

External links[edit]