Fats Domino

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Fats Domino
Fats Domino 1977.jpg
Domino in concert in Germany in 1977
Background information
Birth nameAntoine Domino Jr.
Also known asFats, The Fat Man
Born(1928-02-26) February 26, 1928 (age 86)
New Orleans, Louisiana, United States
OriginNew Orleans, Louisiana, United States
GenresR&B, rock and roll, piano blues, boogie-woogie
OccupationsSongwriter, musician
InstrumentsPiano, vocals
Years active1949–present
LabelsImperial, ABC, Mercury, Broadmoor, Reprise, Sonet, Warner Bros. Records, Toot Toot
 
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Fats Domino
Fats Domino 1977.jpg
Domino in concert in Germany in 1977
Background information
Birth nameAntoine Domino Jr.
Also known asFats, The Fat Man
Born(1928-02-26) February 26, 1928 (age 86)
New Orleans, Louisiana, United States
OriginNew Orleans, Louisiana, United States
GenresR&B, rock and roll, piano blues, boogie-woogie
OccupationsSongwriter, musician
InstrumentsPiano, vocals
Years active1949–present
LabelsImperial, ABC, Mercury, Broadmoor, Reprise, Sonet, Warner Bros. Records, Toot Toot

Antoine "Fats" Domino Jr. (born February 26, 1928) is an American rhythm and blues and rock and roll pianist and singer-songwriter. Domino released five gold (million-copy-selling) records before 1955.[1] He also had 35 Top 40 American hits and has a music style based on traditional rhythm and blues ensembles of bass, piano, electric guitar, drums, and saxophone.[1]

Life[edit]

Domino was born and raised in New Orleans, Louisiana. The Domino family were of French Creole background; Louisiana Creole French was his first language. Domino was delivered at home by his midwife grandmother. Like most families in the Lower Ninth Ward, Domino's family were new arrivals from Vacherie, Louisiana.[2]

His father was a well-known violinist, and Domino was inspired to play himself. He eventually learned from his uncle, jazz guitarist Harrison Verrett.[1]

Imperial Records era (1949–1962)[edit]

Fats Domino singing "Blueberry Hill" on The Ed Sullivan Show (1956)

Domino first attracted national attention with "The Fat Man" in 1950 on Imperial Records. This song is an early rock and roll record, featuring a rolling piano and Domino doing "wah-wah" vocalizing over a strong back beat. "The Fat Man" sold one million copies by 1953.[3] Fats Domino released a series of hit songs with producer and co-writer Dave Bartholomew, saxophonists Herbert Hardesty and Alvin "Red" Tyler and drummers Earl Palmer and Smokey Johnson. Other notable and long-standing musicians in Domino's band were saxophonists Reggie Houston, Lee Allen, and Fred Kemp, Domino's trusted bandleader. Domino finally crossed into the pop mainstream with "Ain't That A Shame" (1955), which hit the Top Ten, though Pat Boone characteristically hit No. 1 with a milder cover of the song[4] that received wider radio airplay in a racially-segregated era. Domino eventually had 37 Top 40 singles.

Domino's first album, Carry on Rockin', was released under the Imperial imprint, No. 9009, in November 1955 and subsequently reissued as Rock and Rollin' with Fats Domino in 1956.[5] Combining a number of his hits along with some tracks that had not yet been released as singles,[5] the album went on under its alternate title to reach No. 17 on the "Pop Albums" chart.[6]

His 1956 version of the 1940 Vincent Rose, Al Lewis & Larry Stock song, "Blueberry Hill" reached No. 2 in the Top 40, was No. 1 on the R&B charts for 11 weeks, and was his biggest hit.[4] "Blueberry Hill" sold more than 5 million copies worldwide in 1956–57. The song had earlier been recorded by Gene Autry, and Louis Armstrong among many others. He had further hit singles between 1956 and 1959, including "When My Dreamboat Comes Home" (Pop No. 14), "I'm Walkin'" (Pop No. 4), "Valley of Tears" (Pop No. 8), "It's You I Love" (Pop No. 6), "Whole Lotta Loving" (Pop No. 6), "I Want to Walk You Home" (Pop No. 8), and "Be My Guest" (Pop No. 8).

Domino appeared in two films released in 1956: Shake, Rattle & Rock![7] and The Girl Can't Help It.[8] On December 18, 1957, his hit "The Big Beat" was featured on Dick Clark's American Bandstand.

On November 2, 1956, a riot broke out at Fats Domino's show in Fayetteville, NC, with police resorting to tear gas to break up the unruly crowd. Domino jumped out of a window to avoid the melee; he and two other band members were slightly injured.[9]

Domino continued to have a steady series of hits for Imperial through early 1962, including "Walkin' to New Orleans" (1960, Pop No. 6), co-written by Bobby Charles, and "My Girl Josephine" (Pop No. 14) from the same year. After Imperial Records was sold to outside interests in early 1963, Domino left the label: "I stuck with them until they sold out," he claimed in 1979. In all, Domino recorded over 60 singles for the label, placing 40 songs in the top 10 on the R&B charts, and scoring 11 top 10 singles on the pop charts. Twenty-two of Domino's Imperial singles were double-sided hits.

Post-Imperial recording career (1963–1970s)[edit]

Domino moved to ABC-Paramount Records in 1963. The label dictated that he record in Nashville rather than New Orleans. He was assigned a new producer (Felton Jarvis) and a new arranger (Bill Justis); Domino's long-term collaboration with producer/arranger/frequent co-writer Dave Bartholomew, who oversaw virtually all of his Imperial hits, was seemingly at an end.

Jarvis and Justis changed the Domino sound somewhat, notably by adding the backing of a countrypolitan-style vocal chorus to most of his new recordings. Perhaps as a result of this tinkering with an established formula, Domino's chart career was drastically curtailed. He released 11 singles for ABC-Paramount, but only had one top 40 entry with "Red Sails In The Sunset" (1963). By the end of 1964 the British Invasion had changed the tastes of the record-buying public, and Domino's chart run was over.

Despite the lack of chart success, Domino continued to record steadily until about 1970, leaving ABC-Paramount in mid-1965 and recording for a variety of other labels: Mercury, Dave Bartholomew's small Broadmoor label (reuniting with Bartholomew along the way), and Reprise. His final Top 100 chart single was on Reprise, a cover of the Beatles' "Lady Madonna", which peaked at No. 100 in 1968. Domino appeared in The Monkees' 1969 TV special 33 1/3 Revolutions Per Monkee. He also continued as a popular live act for several decades.

He made a cameo appearance in the movie Any Which Way You Can, filmed in 1979 and released in 1980, which resulted in a Country Chart hit, "Whiskey Heaven".

Later career (1980s–2005)[edit]

In the 1980s, Domino decided he would no longer leave New Orleans, having a comfortable income from royalties and a dislike for touring, and claiming he could not get any food that he liked any place else. His induction into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame and an invitation to perform at the White House failed to persuade Domino to make an exception to this policy.

Domino lived in a mansion in a predominantly working-class Lower Ninth Ward neighborhood, where he was a familiar sight in his bright pink Cadillac automobile. He makes yearly appearances at the New Orleans Jazz and Heritage Festival and other local events. Domino was awarded the Grammy Lifetime Achievement Award in 1987. Domino's last tour was a three-week European Tour in 1995.[10] In 1998, President Clinton awarded him the National Medal of Arts.[11] In 2004, Rolling Stone ranked him No. 25 on their list of the "100 Greatest Artists of All Time".[12]

By the end of his career, Domino was credited with more charted rock hits than any other classic rock artist except for Elvis Presley.[3]

Domino and Hurricane Katrina[edit]

Graffiti on Domino's home from the time he was rumored dead
Fats Domino's office, June 2007

When Hurricane Katrina was approaching New Orleans in August 2005 Domino chose to stay at home with his family, partly because of his wife Rosemary's poor health. His house was in an area that was heavily flooded.

Someone thought Domino was dead, and spray-painted a message on his home, "RIP Fats. You will be missed", which was shown in news photos. On September 1, talent agent Al Embry announced that he had not heard from the musician since before the hurricane had struck.

Later that day, CNN reported that Domino was rescued by a Coast Guard helicopter. Prior to this, even family members had not heard from Domino since before the storm.[13] Embry confirmed that Domino and his family had been rescued. The Domino family was then taken to a Baton Rouge shelter, after which they were picked up by JaMarcus Russell, the starting quarterback of the Louisiana State University football team, and Fats' granddaughter's boyfriend. He let the Dominos stay in his apartment. The Washington Post reported that on September 2, they had left Russell's apartment after sleeping three nights on the couch. "We've lost everything," Domino said, according to the Post.[14]

By January 2006, work to gut and repair Domino's home and office had begun (see Reconstruction of New Orleans). In the meantime, the Domino family resided in Harvey, Louisiana.

President George W. Bush made a personal visit and replaced the National Medal of Arts that President Bill Clinton had previously awarded Fats. The gold records were replaced by the RIAA and Imperial Records catalog owner Capitol Records.[15]

Post-Katrina activity[edit]

Fats Domino, wearing a National Medal of Arts, a replacement by President George W. Bush on August 29, 2006, after the original, bestowed upon him by former President Bill Clinton, was lost in the flood waters of Hurricane Katrina

Domino was the first artist to be announced as scheduled to perform at the 2006 Jazz & Heritage Festival. However, he was too ill to perform when scheduled and was only able to offer the audience an on-stage greeting. He released an album, Alive and Kickin', in early 2006 to benefit Tipitina's Foundation, which supports indigent local musicians. The cuts were from unreleased sessions from the 1990s.

On January 12, 2007, Domino was honored with OffBeat magazine's Lifetime Achievement Award at the annual Best of the Beat Awards held at House of Blues in New Orleans. New Orleans Mayor Ray Nagin declared the day "Fats Domino Day in New Orleans" and presented Fats with a signed declaration. OffBeat publisher Jan Ramsey and WWL-TV's Eric Paulsen presented Fats with the Lifetime Achievement Award. An all-star musical tribute followed with an introduction by the legendary producer Cosimo Matassa. The Lil' Band O' Gold rhythm section, Warren Storm, Kenny Bill Stinson, David Egan and C. C. Adcock, not only anchored the band, but each contributed lead vocals, swamp pop legend Warren Storm leading off with "Let the Four Winds Blow" and "The Prisoner Song", which he proudly introduced by saying, "Fats Domino recorded this in 1958 ... and so did I." The horn section included Lil' Band O' Gold's Dickie Landry, the Iguanas' Derek Huston, and long-time Domino horn men Roger Lewis, Elliot "Stackman" Callier and Herb Hardesty. They were joined by Jon Cleary (who also played guitar in the rhythm section), Al "Carnival Time" Johnson, Irma Thomas, George Porter, Jr. (who, naturally, came up with a funky arrangement for "You Keep On Knocking"), Art Neville, Dr. John and Allen Toussaint, who wrote and debuted a song in tribute of Domino for the occasion. Though Domino did not perform, those near him recall him playing air piano and singing along to his own songs.

Domino returned to stage on May 19, 2007, at Tipitina's at New Orleans, performing to a full house. A foundation has been formed and a show is being planned for Domino and the restoration of his home, where he intends to return someday. "I like it down there," he said in a February 2006 CBS News interview.[16]

In September 2007, Domino was inducted into the Louisiana Music Hall of Fame. He has also been inducted into the Delta Music Museum Hall of Fame in Ferriday.

In May 2009, Domino made an unexpected appearance in the audience for the Domino Effect, a namesake concert featuring Little Richard and other artists, aimed at raising funds to help rebuild schools and playgrounds damaged by Hurricane Katrina.

In October 2012, Domino was featured in season 3 of the television series Treme, playing himself.

Influence[edit]

He was an important influence on the music of the 1960s and 1970s and acknowledged as such by some of the top artists of that era. Both John Lennon and Paul McCartney recorded Fats Domino songs. McCartney reportedly wrote the Beatles song "Lady Madonna" in emulation of Domino's style, combining it with a nod to Humphrey Lyttelton's 1956 hit "Bad Penny Blues". Domino did manage to return to the "Hot 100" charts one final time in 1968—with his own recording of "Lady Madonna". That recording, as well as covers of two other songs by the Beatles, appeared on his Reprise LP Fats Is Back, produced by Richard Perry and recorded by a band that included New Orleans piano player James Booker; Domino played piano only on one track, "I'm Ready."

John Lennon covered Domino's composition "Ain't That A Shame" on his 1975 album Rock 'n' Roll, his tribute to the musicians who had influenced him.

Jamaican reggae artist Yellowman covered many songs by Fats Domino such as "Be My Guest" and "Blueberry Hill" and more.

He was the influence behind the naming of Jamaican ska band Justin Hinds and the Dominoes in the 1960s, Justin's favorite singer being Fats Domino. In 2007, various artists came together for a tribute to Domino, recording a live session containing only his songs. Guests on the album, Going Home: A Tribute to Fats Domino, include Paul McCartney, Norah Jones, Willie Nelson, Neil Young, and Elton John.[17]

Domino's rhythm, accentuating the offbeat as in the song "Be My Guest", was an influence on ska music.[18]

Singles discography[edit]

Nationally charted hits shown in bold.

A-SideB-SideYearLabel + Cat. No.Chart positions
US Hot 100US R&BUK
Detroit City BluesThe Fat Man1949Imperial 50582
Boogie-Woogie BabyLittle Bee1950Imperial 5065
Hide Away BluesShe's My Baby1950Imperial 5077
Hey La Bas BoogieBrand New Baby1950Imperial 5085
Every Night about This TimeKorea Blues1950Imperial 50995
Tired of CryingWhat's the Matter Baby1951Imperial 5114
Don't You Lie to MeSometimes I Wonder1951Imperial 5123
Right From WrongNo, No Baby1951Imperial 5138
Rockin' ChairCareless Love1951Imperial 51459
I'll Be GoneYou Know I Miss You1952Imperial 5167
Goin' HomeReeling and Rocking1952Imperial 5180301
Poor Poor MeTrust in Me1952Imperial 519710
How LongDreaming1952Imperial 52099
Nobody Loves MeCheatin'1953Imperial 5220
Going to the RiverMardi Gras in New Orleans1953Imperial 5231242
Please Don't Leave MeThe Girl I Love1953Imperial 52403
Rose MaryYou Said You Loved Me1953Imperial 525110
Something's WrongDon't Leave Me This Way1953Imperial 52626
You Done Me WrongLittle School Girl1954Imperial 527210
Where Did You StayBaby Please1954Imperial 5283
You Can Pack Your SuitcaseI Lived My Life1954Imperial 5301
Love MeDon't You Hear Me Calling You1954Imperial 5313
I KnowThinking of You1954Imperial 532314
Don't You KnowHelping HandApril 1955Imperial 53407
Ain't That a ShameLa LaAugust 1955Imperial 534810123
All By MyselfTroubles of My OwnSeptember 1955Imperial 53571
Poor MeNovember 1955Imperial 53691
I Can't Go On1955Imperial 53696
Bo WeevilApril 1956Imperial 5375355
Don't Blame It on Me1956Imperial 53759
I'm in Love AgainMarch 1956Imperial 53863112
My Blue Heaven195
When My Dreamboat Comes HomeJuly 1956Imperial 5396142
So Long445
Blueberry HillSeptember 1956Imperial 5407216
Honey Chile229
Blue MondayDecember 1956Imperial 54175123
What's the Reason I'm Not Pleasing You5012
I'm Walkin'I'm in the Mood for LoveFebruary 1957Imperial 54284119
The Rooster SongMy Happiness//As Time Goes By//Hey La Bas (4 song EP)1957Imperial 14713
Valley of TearsApril 1957Imperial 54428225
It's You I Love62
When I See YouJuly 1957Imperial 54542914
What Will I Tell My Heart6412
Wait and SeeSeptember 1957Imperial 5467237
I Still Love You79
The Big BeatDecember 1957Imperial 5477261520
I Want You to Know32
Yes My DarlingDon't You Know I Love YouFebruary 1958Imperial 54925510
Sick and TiredApril 1958Imperial 5515221426
No, No5514
Little MaryPrisoner's SongJuly 1958Imperial 5526484
Young School GirlIt Must Be LoveAugust 1958Imperial 55379215
Whole Lotta LovingOctober 1958Imperial 555362
Coquette9226
Telling LiesJanuary 1959Imperial 55695013
When the Saints Go Marching In50
I'm ReadyApril 1959Imperial 5585167
MargieImperial 55855118
I Want to Walk You HomeJuly 1959Imperial 56068114
I'm Gonna Be a Wheel Someday1722
Be My GuestOctober 1959Imperial 56298211
I've Been Around3319
Country BoyJanuary 1960Imperial 56452519
If You Need Me98
Tell Me That You Love MeApril 1960Imperial 566051
Before I Grow Too Old8417
Walking to New OrleansJune 1960Imperial 56756219
Don't Come Knockin'2128
Three Nights a WeekAugust 1960Imperial 568715845
Put Your Arms Around Me Honey58
My Girl JosephineOctober 1960Imperial 570414732
Natural Born Lover3828
Ain't That Just Like a WomanJanuary 1961Imperial 57233319
What a Price227
Shu RahMarch 1961Imperial 573432
Fell in Love on Monday32
It Keeps Rainin'I Just CryMay 1961Imperial 5753231849
Let The Four Winds BlowGood Hearted ManJuly 1961Imperial 5764152
What A PartySeptember 1961Imperial 57792243
Rockin' Bicycle83
I Hear You KnockingNovember 1961Imperial 579667
Jambalaya (On the Bayou)3041
You Win AgainFebruary 1962Imperial 581622
Ida Jane90
My Real NameMy Heart Is BleedingMay 1962Imperial 58335922
Dance with Mr. DominoJuly 1962Imperial 586398
Nothing New (Same Old Thing)77
Did You Ever See a Dream WalkingSeptember 1962Imperial 587579
Stop the Clock103
Won't You Come on BackHands Across the TableNovember 1962Imperial 5895
Hum Diddy DooThose EyesJanuary 1963Imperial 5909124
You Always Hurt the One You LoveTrouble BluesMarch 1963Imperial 5937102
True ConfessionIsle of CapriMay 1963Imperial 5959
One NightI Can't Go on This Way1963Imperial 5980
There Goes (My Heart Again)May 1963ABC 1044459
Can't Go on Without You123
When I'm Walking (Let Me Walk)July 1963ABC 10475114
I've Got a Right to Cry128
Red Sails in the SunsetSong For Rosemary1963ABC 10484352434
I Can't Give You Anything But LoveGoin' HomeAugust 1963Imperial 66005114
Who Cares1963ABC 105126327
Just a Lonely Man1963ABC 10512108
Your Cheatin' HeartWhen I Was Young1964Imperial 66016112
Lazy Lady1964ABC 105318634
I Don't Want to Set the World on Fire1964ABC 10531122
If You Don't Know What Love IsSomething You Got Baby1964ABC 10545
Mary, Oh MaryPackin' Up1964ABC 10567127
Sally Was a Good Old GirlFor You1964ABC 1058499
Kansas CityHeartbreak Hill1964ABC 1059699
Why Don't You Do RightWigs1965ABC 10631
Let Me Call You SweetheartGoodnight Sweetheart1965ABC 10644
I Done Got Over ItI Left My Heart In San Francisco1965Mercury 72463
What's That You Got?It's Never Too Late1965Mercury 72485
The Lady in BlackWorking My Way Up Steady1967Broadmoor 104
Big MouthWait 'Til It Happens to You1967Broadmoor 105
One For The HighwayHonest Papas Love Their Mamas Better1968Reprise 0696
Lady MadonnaOne for the Highway1968Reprise 0763100
Lovely RitaWait 'Till It Happens to You1968Reprise 0775
Everybody's Got Something to Hide Except Me and My MonkeySo Swell When You're Well1969Reprise 0843
Make Me Belong to YouHave You Seen My Baby1970Reprise 0891
New Orleans Ain't the SameSweet Patootie1970Reprise 0944
Sleeping on the JobAfter Hours1978Sonet 2168 -UK
Whiskey Heaven--1980Warner Bros. 49610

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Friedlander, Paul. Rock And Roll: A Social History. Boulder, CO: Westview Press, 2006. 28-32. Print.
  2. ^ Sublette, Ned. The Year Before The Flood. Chicago: Lawrence Hill Books, 2009. 56-60. Print.
  3. ^ a b Friedlander, Paul. Rock And Roll: A Social History. Boulder, CO: Westview Press, 2006. 28. Print.
  4. ^ a b Show 6 – Hail, Hail, Rock 'n' Roll: The rock revolution gets underway. [Part 2] : UNT Digital Library
  5. ^ a b Strong, Martin C. (2004). The Great Rock Discography: Complete Discographies Listing Every Track Recorded by More Than 1,200 Artists. Canongate U.S. p. 434. ISBN 1-84195-615-5. 
  6. ^ Rock and Rollin' with Fats Domino Billboard Albums at AllMusic
  7. ^ "Shake, Rattle & Rock!". IMDB. Retrieved 2006-11-01. 
  8. ^ "The Girl Can't Help It". IMDB. Retrieved 2006-11-01. 
  9. ^ "Oldies Music". About.com. Retrieved 2010-04-26. 
  10. ^ Spera, Keith. Groove Interrupted. New York: St Martin's Press, 2011. 88-107. Print.
  11. ^ Lifetime Honors – National Medal of Arts
  12. ^ "The Immortals: The First Fifty". Rolling Stone (Rolling Stone). Issue 946. 
  13. ^ "Fats Domino Found Alive". New York Amsterdam News 96.37 (2005): 21. Academic Search Premier. Web. 26 Mar. 2012.
  14. ^ Saslow, Eli (September 2, 2005). "Music Legend 'Fats' Domino Coping With Katrina". washingtonpost.com. Retrieved 2006-11-01. 
  15. ^ Ap Photo. "Fats Domino holds his gold records once again | NOLA.com". Blog.nola.com. Retrieved 2012-05-10. 
  16. ^ "Fats Domino 'Alive And Kicking'". cbsnews.com. February 25, 2006. Retrieved 2007-09-26. 
  17. ^ Kehe, John. "Goin' Home: A Tribute To Fats Domino"—Various Artists (Vanguard). The Christian Science Monitor 05 Oct. 2007: 13. Academic Search Premier. Web. 26 Mar. 2012.
  18. ^ Coleman, Rick (2006). Blue Monday: Fats Domino and the lost dawn of rock 'n' roll. Da Capo Press. p. 210. ISBN 0-306-81491-9. 

External links[edit]

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