Fastnet Race

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia - View original article

 
  (Redirected from Fastnet race)
Jump to: navigation, search
Official logo of the 2011 Fastnet Race

The Fastnet Race is a famous biennial offshore yachting race organised by the Royal Ocean Racing Club of the United Kingdom. Generally considered one of the classic offshore races, 'Fastnet' is a difficult contest testing both inshore and offshore skills, boat and crew preparation and speed potential. From its inception, the Fastnet Race has proven highly influential in the growth of offshore racing, and remains closely linked to advances in yacht design, sailing technique and safety equipment.

The Fastnet Race has been sponsored by the Swiss watch manufacturing company Rolex since 2001. The Race prize is known as the Fastnet Challenge Cup.

Description[edit]

The Fastnet Race takes place every two years over a course of 608 nautical miles (1,126 km). The race starts off Cowes 50°45′34″N 1°18′1″W / 50.75944°N 1.30028°W / 50.75944; -1.30028 on the Isle of Wight on the south coast of England at the Royal Yacht Squadron. Leaving The Solent through The Needles Channel, the race follows the southern coastline of England westward down the English Channel, before rounding Land's End. After crossing the Celtic Sea, the race rounds the Fastnet Rock 51°23′3″N 9°36′1″W / 51.38417°N 9.60028°W / 51.38417; -9.60028 off the southwest coast of Ireland. Returning on a largely reciprocal course, the race rounds the Scilly Islands before finishing at Plymouth 50°22′17″N 4°8′33″W / 50.37139°N 4.14250°W / 50.37139; -4.14250.

The Fastnet is a challenging race. Taking place in August, the race is often provided with Westerlies that are strong to gale force in strength. The succession of low pressure systems which advance on the British Isles across the North Atlantic Ocean provide a constantly moving weather pattern for which Fastnet navigators must plan. These depressions are mostly centered north of the English Channel. Knowledge of where meteorological disturbances are likely to occur, and how best to use them, is the keynote to success in the race.

Coastal landmarks passed along the route include: The Needles, Portland Bill, Start Point, The Lizard, Land's End, the Fastnet Rock, Bishop's Rock off the Scillies and Plymouth breakwater.

History[edit]

Weston Martyr, a British yachtsman, conceived the idea of the Race after having competed in Bermudan yacht races. Entered by seven vessels, the inaugural Fastnet Race was won by Jolie Brise in 1925.

The International Offshore Rule (IOR) was introduced in 1973, and the yachts and crews began taking sponsorships.

1979 Fastnet Race[edit]

A severe storm during the 1979 race resulted in the deaths of eighteen people (fifteen competing yachtsmen and three rescuers) and the involvement of some 4,000 others in what became the largest ever rescue operation in peace-time. This led to a major overhaul of the rules and the equipment required for the competition.[1][2] Several books have since been written about the 1979 race, which remains notorious in the yachting world for its loss of life.[1][3][4] In the 1979 race, "15 sailors died, five boats sank, and at least 75 boats flipped upside down", that is turtled.[2]

Capsize of Drum (1985)[edit]

The Race drew further attention from outside the sport in 1985 when the maxi yacht Drum capsized after the keel sheared off due to a design error. The boat was helmed by the New Zealander Phil Holland, brother of its designer Ron Holland. Pop star Simon Le Bon, co-owner and crew member of Drum, was trapped under the hull with five other crew members for twenty minutes, until being rescued by the Royal Navy. The Search and Rescue Diver was Petty Officer Air Crewman (POACMN) Larry "Scouse" Slater of 771 Naval Air Squadron who appeared on This Is Your Life on 9 April 1986.[5]

Capsize of Rambler (2011)[edit]

In 2011, the 100-foot maxi yacht Rambler 100[6] capsized after her keel broke off between Fastnet Rock and the Pantaenius Buoy (a temporary race mark placed southwest of the Fastnet Rock[7]). All 21 crew were rescued safely. Sixteen were rescued from the upturned hull, by the RNLI Baltimore Lifeboat[8] Hilda Jarrett. A further 5 crewmembers, including the owner/skipper George David, had floated away from the vessel, but managed to link themselves together. They were in the water for approximately 2.5 hours, before being rescued by a Baltimore based diving vessel, Wave Chieftain. One of these crewmembers, Wendy Touton, suffered hypothermia and was taken by helicopter to Tralee General Hospital.[9] Four crew-members had been below decks at the time of capsize and were not adequately dressed for egress into the sea. All uninjured crew were taken to Baltimore.[10] The Naval Service patrol ship LÉ Aoife remained with the hull, worth $10,000,000 before the capsize, before it was towed to Barleycove by the Castletownbere-based tug Ocean Bank.[11][12]

Fastnet Race 2005[edit]

The 2005 Race was sponsored by Rolex and organised by the Royal Ocean Racing Club with the Royal Yacht Squadron and the Royal Western Yacht Club, Plymouth.

Fastnet Race 2007[edit]

The RORC in 2007 set an entry limit of 300 boats for the first time. The start of the 2007 Race was postponed by 25 hours, due to a severe weather warning. This was the first time this had been done in the race's 83 year history. Overnight gale force winds and resulting extreme seas forced over three-quarters of the boats to retire, sheltering in ports along the south coast of England, including Torbay, Plymouth and Weymouth.

By 10:00hrs on 16 August 207 boats of the 271-strong field had retired with at least three suffering rig problems.[13] [14]

Despite the conditions, Mike Slade's Icap Leopard 3, launched in June 2007, set a new record of 44 hours 18 min, taking almost 9 hours off the previous record set in 1999. Ger O'Rourke's Chieftain was the overall winner on corrected time.

Fastnet Race 2009[edit]

Fastnet Race 2011[edit]

A record number of 320 boats entered the 2011 Race – the largest total since the ill-fated 1979 Race (303 entries). A total of nineteen nations were represented, with the bulk of entries still from Britain and France.

Fastnet Race 2013[edit]

Plymouth Yacht Haven was selected as host port RORC Increased the number of entries to meet demands. With the entry limit of 300 filled within 24 hours, over 100 boats on the waiting list and entries from multihulls, IMOCA 60s and Class 40s were still coming in, demand for places in 2013's Fastnet Race has been at its highest level thus far.[15]

Winners (the following results are to be considered provisional): IRC Overall: Night And Day, a JPK 10.10 owned by Pascal Loison; MOCRA Multihull: Oman Air - Musandam, a MOD 70 owned by Sidney Gavignet.

Race records[edit]

Monohull vessels

The monohull race record is 42hrs 39min, set by Ian Walker's Volvo Open 70 Abu Dhabi (UAE) in 2011. The other two Volvo Open 70 participating in the 2011 Fastnet Race (Groupama 4 and Team Sanya) also broke the previous record, which had been set by ICAP Leopard in 2007.

Multihull vessels

The multihull race record is currently held by the 130-foot trimaran Banque Populaire V, skippered by Loïck Peyron, with a total elapsed time of 32hrs, 48min (an average speed of 18.5 knots),[16] set in 2011. Peyron held the previous multihull record, set in 1999 in the 60-foot ORMA trimaran Fujcolor II of 40hrs, 27min.[16]

Corrected Time Winners[edit]

YearYachtOwnerDesigner
1925United Kingdom Jolie BriseLt Cdr E. G. MartinAlexandre Pâris
1926United Kingdom IlexRoyal EngineersCharles E. Nicholson
1927United Kingdom Tally HoLord StalbridgeAlbert Strange
1928United States NinaPaul HammondStarling Burgess
1929United Kingdom Jolie BriseLt Cdr E. G. MartinAlexandre Pâris
1930United Kingdom Jolie BriseLt Cdr E. G. MartinAlexandre Pâris
1931United States Dorade [1]Olin StephensSparkman & Stephens
1933United States DoradeOlin StephensSparkman & Stephens
1935United States Stormy WeatherOlin StephensSparkman & Stephens
1937Netherlands ZeearendKees BruynzeelSparkman & Stephens
1939United Kingdom BloodhoundIke BellCamper and Nicholsons
1947United Kingdom Myth of MalhamCapt. J.H.IllingworthJohn Laurent Giles
1949United Kingdom Myth of MalhamCapt. J.H.IllingworthJohn Laurent Giles
1951United Kingdom YeomanOwen AisherCamper and Nicholsons
1953United Kingdom FavonaSir Michael NewtonRobert Clark
1955United States CarinaDick NyePhilip Rhodes
1957United States CarinaDick NyePhilip Rhodes
1959Sweden AnitraSven HansenSparkman & Stephens
1961Netherlands Zwerver IIOtto van der VormSparkman & Stephens
1963United Kingdom Clarion of Wight [2]Derek Boyer DFCSparkman & Stephens
1965United States RabbitDick CarterDick Carter
1967France Pen Duick IIIÉric TabarlyÉric Tabarly
1969United States Red RoosterDick CarterDick Carter
1971Australia RagamuffinSyd FisherSparkman & Stephens
1973Brazil SagaErling LorentzenSparkman & Stephens
1975United Kingdom Golden DeliciousRichard & Harvey BagnallRon Holland
1977United States ImpDavid AllenRon Holland
1979United States Tenacious [3]Ted TurnerSparkman & Stephens
1981France MordicusTaylor and VolterysMauric/Gaubert
1983Netherlands ShamrockMaller & SnoerenHellevoetsluis
1985United Kingdom PandaPeter WhippPhilippe Briand
1987United Kingdom Juno IIIM PeacockRob Humphries
1989United States Great NewsJohn Calvert-Jones / Tom BlackallerFarr Yacht Design
1991United Kingdom Min-O-DinJohn Humphries/Matt HumphriesDavid Thomas
1995Sweden Nicorette (ex-Charles Jourdain)Ludde IngvallRibadeau-Dumas/Simonis Voogd
1997Sweden Royal Blue (ex-Nicorette)Gunnar EkdahlRibadeau-Dumas/Simonis Voogd
1999France Whirlpool-Europe 2Catherine ChabaudPhilippe Harlé – Alain Mortain
2001Netherlands Tonnerre de BreskensPiet VroonLutra Design Group
2003United Kingdom NokiaCharles DunstoneReichel/Pugh
2005France IromiguyJean-Yves ChateauRon Holland
2007Republic of Ireland ChieftainGer O'RourkeFarr Yacht Design
2009United Kingdom Rán 2Niklas ZennströmJudel Vrolijk
2011United Kingdom Rán 2Niklas ZennströmJudel Vrolijk
2013France Night And DayPascal LoisonJacques valer

Line Honours Winners[edit]

YearYachtOwnerDesignerElapsed Time
1925United Kingdom Jolie BriseLt Cdr E. G. MartinAlexandre Pâris6day 3h
1926United Kingdom Hallowe'enCol J. F. N. BaxendaleWilliam Fife3day 19h 5m
1927United States La GoletaR. St.L. BeverleyAlden
1928United States NinaPaul Hammond & othersStarling Burgess
1929United Kingdom Jolie BriseBobby SomersetAlexandre Pâris
1930United Kingdom Jolie BriseBobby SomersetAlexandre Pâris
1931United Kingdom PatienceH. E. WestCharles Nicholson
1935United Kingdom Kismet III-William Fife
1937United Kingdom BloodhoundIsaac BellCharles Nicholson
1947United Kingdom LatifaMichael MasonWilliam Fife
1949United Kingdom LatifaMichael MasonWilliam Fife
1953United Kingdom BloodhoundIsaac BellCharles Nicholson
1955Spain Mare Nostrum-Sparkman & Stephens
1979Bermuda Condor of BermudaBob BellJohn Sharp
1981Bermuda CondorBob BellRon Holland
1983Bermuda CONDORBob BellRon Holland
1985United States NirvanaMarvin GreenDave Pedrick2day 12h 34m
1989New Zealand Steinlager IIPeter BlakeBruce Farr
1995Sweden Nicorette (ex-Charles Jourdain)Ludde IngvallRibadeau-Dumas/Simonis Voogd
1999European Union RF YachtingRoss FieldBruce Farr2day 5h 8m
2001Italy StealthGianni AgnelliFrers2day 10h 58m
2003New Zealand Alfa Romeo – ShockwaveNeville ChrichtonReichel/Pugh2day 9h 2m 0s
2005New Zealand MaximusEBS YachtingGreg Elliott2day 20h 2m 7s
2007United Kingdom ICAP LeopardMike SladeBruce Farr1day 20h 18m 53s
2009United Kingdom ICAP LeopardMike SladeBruce Farr2day 11h 9min 36s
2011France Banque Populaire VLoick PeyronVPLP1day 8h 48m 46s
2013France Spindrift 2Yann Guichard and Dona BertarelliVPLP1day 14h 53m 58s

External links[edit]

Personal Accounts[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Forbes, Sir Hugh; Laing, Sir Maurice; Myatt, Lt. Col. James. "1979 Fastnet Race Inquiry" (PDF). Royal Yachting Association, Royal Ocean Racing Club. Retrieved 23 November 2013. 
  2. ^ a b Rousmaniere, John (January 2000). "Revisiting Lessons from the Fastnet". SailNet.com. Retrieved 25 November 2013. 
  3. ^ Rousmaniere, John (1980). Fastnet, Force 10: The Deadliest Storm in the History of Modern Sailing (Paperback). W. W. Norton & Company (April 17, 2000). p. 304. ISBN 0393308650.  ISBN 978-0393308655
  4. ^ "Fastnet 79: The Disaster that Changed Sailing (Eye witness accounts)". Yachting World. Retrieved 24 November 2013. 
  5. ^ "The History of Arnold Clark Drum". Arnold Clark. Retrieved 7 December 2013. 
  6. ^ "Crew rescued from Fastnet Race yacht Rambler 100". BBC. 15 August 2011. Retrieved 16 August 2011. 
  7. ^ "2011-11-Rolex Fastnet Race-Pantaenius Buoy". 27 May 2011. Retrieved 17 August 2011. 
  8. ^ "Fastnet race yacht capsizes off Ireland". The Guardian. Retrieved 13 May 2013. 
  9. ^ Niamh Stephenson (15 August 2011). "Baltimore RNLI in major rescue operation off the Cork coast after Fastnet yacht capsizes". RNLI. Archived from the original on 6 October 2011. Retrieved 16 August 2011. 
  10. ^ "Rambler capsized". Sailing Anarchy. 15 August 2011. Archived from the original on 16 August 2011. Retrieved 16 August 2011. 
  11. ^ Lorna Siggins (17 August 2011). "Inquiry into sinking under way". The Irish Times. Archived from the original on 6 October 2011. Retrieved 6 October 2011. 
  12. ^ Rousmaniere, John (13 September 2012). "Sailing Accidents: Lessons Learned". Sail (magazine). Retrieved November 27, 2013. 
  13. ^ "Severe weather hits Fastnet crews". BBC. 14 August 2007. Archived from the original on 6 October 2011. 
  14. ^ "Rolex Fastnet Race fleet facing gale-force winds". Royal Ocean Racing Club. Archived from the original on 28 September 2007. 
  15. ^ "RORC Increase Entries to Rolex Fastnet Race". Cruise Racing. Retrieved 13 May 2013. 
  16. ^ a b "Fastnet Minisite". RORC. 15 August 2011. Retrieved 16 August 2011.