Farmington, Arkansas

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Farmington, Arkansas
City
Looking south along Highway 170
Motto: "Feels Like Home"[1]
Location in Washington County and the state of Arkansas
Coordinates: 36°2′32″N 94°14′43″W / 36.04222°N 94.24528°W / 36.04222; -94.24528Coordinates: 36°2′32″N 94°14′43″W / 36.04222°N 94.24528°W / 36.04222; -94.24528
CountryUnited States
StateArkansas
CountyWashington
Settled1828[2]
IncorporatedOctober 15, 1946[2]
Area
 • City4.8 sq mi (12.4 km2)
 • Land4.8 sq mi (12.4 km2)
 • Water0 sq mi (0 km2)
Elevation1,188 ft (362 m)
Population (2010)
 • City5,974
 • Density1,244.6/sq mi (480.5/km2)
 • Metro463,402
Time zoneCentral (CST) (UTC-6)
 • Summer (DST)CDT (UTC-5)
ZIP code72730
Area code(s)479
FIPS code05-23170
GNIS feature ID0076910
WebsiteCity of Farmington Arkansas
 
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Farmington, Arkansas
City
Looking south along Highway 170
Motto: "Feels Like Home"[1]
Location in Washington County and the state of Arkansas
Coordinates: 36°2′32″N 94°14′43″W / 36.04222°N 94.24528°W / 36.04222; -94.24528Coordinates: 36°2′32″N 94°14′43″W / 36.04222°N 94.24528°W / 36.04222; -94.24528
CountryUnited States
StateArkansas
CountyWashington
Settled1828[2]
IncorporatedOctober 15, 1946[2]
Area
 • City4.8 sq mi (12.4 km2)
 • Land4.8 sq mi (12.4 km2)
 • Water0 sq mi (0 km2)
Elevation1,188 ft (362 m)
Population (2010)
 • City5,974
 • Density1,244.6/sq mi (480.5/km2)
 • Metro463,402
Time zoneCentral (CST) (UTC-6)
 • Summer (DST)CDT (UTC-5)
ZIP code72730
Area code(s)479
FIPS code05-23170
GNIS feature ID0076910
WebsiteCity of Farmington Arkansas

Farmington is a city in Washington County, Arkansas. The community is nestled in a valley among the Boston Mountains, a subset of the Ozark Mountains. Although the first settlers came from the Deep South in 1828, the community did not incorporate until 1946. Located immediately west of Fayetteville in the Northwest Arkansas metropolitan statistical area, Farmington has been experiencing a population boom in recent years, as indicated by a 66% growth in population between the 2000 and 2010 censuses.[2] It has been characterized as a bedroom community by the University of Arkansas Community Design Center.[3]

History[edit]

Settlement through Civil War[edit]

The first settlers came from the Deep South in 1828, and the area was known as Engel's Mill until a post office was built in 1868 and the village was re-named. The Civil War was rough on the community, as many residents were Confederate sympathizers despite most of northwest Arkansas supporting the Union. The Battle of Prairie Grove occurred not far from Farmington, and the city was subject to raids by both armies as well as unaffiliated guerrillas and roughnecks.

Reconstruction through present[edit]

Around the 1890s, residents found prosperity by growing strawberries and grapes and shipping them on the St. Louis–San Francisco Railway. The tracks were pulled up during World War II, something the company had wanted to do for years, under the guise of the war effort. Farmington was incorporated on October 15, 1946.[4]

Geography[edit]

Farmington is located at 36°2′32″N 94°14′43″W / 36.04222°N 94.24528°W / 36.04222; -94.24528 (36.042343, -94.245254).[5]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 4.8 square miles (12 km2), all of it land.

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
CensusPop.
1960216
1970908320.4%
19801,28341.3%
19901,3223.0%
20003,605172.7%
20105,97465.7%
[2]

As of the census[6] of 2000, there were 3,605 people, 1,337 households, and 1,013 families residing in the city. The population density was 750.6 people per square mile (290.0/km²). There were 1,390 housing units at an average density of 289.4 per square mile (111.8/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 94.01% White, 0.64% Black or African American, 1.75% Native American, 0.25% Asian, 0.94% from other races, and 2.41% from two or more races. 2.19% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 1,337 households out of which 43.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 58.8% were married couples living together, 14.1% had a female householder with no husband present, and 24.2% were non-families. 19.1% of all households were made up of individuals and 7.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.70 and the average family size was 3.09.

In the city the population was spread out with 30.7% under the age of 18, 10.3% from 18 to 24, 34.5% from 25 to 44, 16.1% from 45 to 64, and 8.4% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 30 years. For every 100 females there were 93.8 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 85.3 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $38,969, and the median income for a family was $43,472. Males had a median income of $30,317 versus $21,250 for females. The per capita income for the city was $15,387. About 5.2% of families and 7.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 7.3% of those under age 18 and 12.1% of those age 65 or over.

Economy[edit]

Farmington borders Fayetteville to the west and sections of Fayetteville along Highway 16 are north of the city.

Education[edit]

Farmington School District (http://www.farmcards.org) provides elementary and secondary education to area students. Farmington's mascot is the cardinal and their team colors are scarlet red and white.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "City of Farmington Arkansas". City of Farmington Arkansas. Retrieved September 12, 2012. 
  2. ^ a b c d Noble, Jane (March 1, 2012). "Farmington (Washington County)". Encyclopedia of Arkansas History and Culture. Butler Center for Arkansas Studies at the Central Arkansas Library System. Retrieved June 23, 2013. 
  3. ^ "Farmington Townscape". University of Arkansas. Retrieved June 23, 2013. 
  4. ^ "Farmington, Arkansas". City-Data.com. Retrieved September 12, 2012. 
  5. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  6. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 

External links[edit]