Fano

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia - View original article

Fano
Comune
Comune di Fano
Arch of Augustus.

Coat of arms
Fano within the Province of Pesaro-Urbino
Fano is located in Italy
Fano
Location of Fano in Italy
Coordinates: 43°50′N 13°01′E / 43.833°N 13.017°E / 43.833; 13.017Coordinates: 43°50′N 13°01′E / 43.833°N 13.017°E / 43.833; 13.017
CountryItaly
RegionMarche
ProvincePesaro e Urbino (PU)
FrazioniBellocchi, Camminate, Carignano, Carrara di Fano, Centinarola, Cuccurano, Falcineto, Fenile, Magliano, Marotta, Metaurillia, Ponte Sasso, Roncosambaccio, Rosciano, Sant'Andrea in Villis, Torrette di Fano, Tre Ponti
Government
 • MayorStefano Aguzzi (since June 2004)
Area
 • Total121 km2 (47 sq mi)
Elevation12 m (39 ft)
Population (2010)
 • Total64,100
 • Density530/km2 (1,400/sq mi)
DemonymFanesi
Time zoneCET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST)CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code61032
Dialing code0721
Patron saintSaint Paternian
Saint dayJuly 10
WebsiteOfficial website
 
Jump to: navigation, search
Fano
Comune
Comune di Fano
Arch of Augustus.

Coat of arms
Fano within the Province of Pesaro-Urbino
Fano is located in Italy
Fano
Location of Fano in Italy
Coordinates: 43°50′N 13°01′E / 43.833°N 13.017°E / 43.833; 13.017Coordinates: 43°50′N 13°01′E / 43.833°N 13.017°E / 43.833; 13.017
CountryItaly
RegionMarche
ProvincePesaro e Urbino (PU)
FrazioniBellocchi, Camminate, Carignano, Carrara di Fano, Centinarola, Cuccurano, Falcineto, Fenile, Magliano, Marotta, Metaurillia, Ponte Sasso, Roncosambaccio, Rosciano, Sant'Andrea in Villis, Torrette di Fano, Tre Ponti
Government
 • MayorStefano Aguzzi (since June 2004)
Area
 • Total121 km2 (47 sq mi)
Elevation12 m (39 ft)
Population (2010)
 • Total64,100
 • Density530/km2 (1,400/sq mi)
DemonymFanesi
Time zoneCET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST)CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code61032
Dialing code0721
Patron saintSaint Paternian
Saint dayJuly 10
WebsiteOfficial website

Fano is a town and comune of the province of Pesaro and Urbino in the Marche region of Italy. It is a beach resort 12 kilometres (7 miles) southeast of Pesaro, located where the Via Flaminia reaches the Adriatic Sea. It is the third city in the region by population after Ancona and Pesaro.

History[edit]

An ancient town of Marche, it was known as Fanum Fortunae[1] after a temple of Fortuna located there. Its first mention in history only dates from 49 BC, when Julius Caesar held it, along with Pisaurum and Ancona. Caesar Augustus established a colonia, and built a wall, some parts of which remain. In 2 AD Augustus also built an arch (which is still standing) at the entrance to the town.

The Castle of Fano in a 19th-century etching. The high watchtower was destroyed during World War II.

In January 271, the Roman Army defeated the Alamanni in the Battle of Fano that took place on the banks of the Metauro river just inland of Fano.

Fano was destroyed by Vitiges' Ostrogoths in AD 538. It was rebuilt by the Byzantines, becoming the capital of the maritime Pentapolis ("Five Cities") that included also Rimini, Pesaro, Senigallia and Ancona. In 754 it was donated to the Popes by the Frank kings.

The Malatesta became lords of the city in 1356 with Galeotto I Malatesta, who was nominally only a vicar of the Popes. Among the others, Pandolfo III resided in the city. Under his son, the famous condottiero Sigismondo Pandolfo Malatesta, Fano was besieged by Papal troops under Federico III da Montefeltro, and returned to the Papal administration. It was later part of the short-lived state of Cesare Borgia, and then part of the duchy of the della Roveres in the Marche.

During the Napoleonic Wars it suffered heavy spoliations; the city had an active role in the Risorgimento. In World War I Fano was several times bombed by the Austro-Hungarian Navy. During World War II it was massively bombed by Allied airplanes due to hit the strategic railway and street bridges crossing the Metauro river, suffering also the destruction of all its bell towers by the Nazi occupation troops when they withdrew.

Main sights[edit]

Fano's main attractions include:

Outside the city, in the place called Bellocchi, is the church of St. Sebastian (16th century), for the construction of which parts of the ancient cathedral were used.

Culture[edit]

People from Fano[edit]

International relations[edit]

Twin towns — Sister cities[edit]

Fano is twinned with:

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Richard J.A. Talbert, ed. (2000). Barrington Atlas of the Greek and Roman World: Map-By-Map Directory I. Princeton, NJ and Oxford, UK: Princeton University Press. p. 609. ISBN 0691049459. 
  2. ^ Illustrated in Roberto Weiss, 1969. The Renaissance Discovery of Classical Antiquity, facing p. 151.
  3. ^ http://www.fanoeventi.it/fano-dei-cesari/. Retrieved June 16, 2013.  Missing or empty |title= (help)

External links[edit]