Fairmount, Indiana

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Town of Fairmount, Indiana
—  Town  —
Fairmount from the air, looking southwest
Location in the state of Indiana
Coordinates: 40°25′4″N 85°38′56″W / 40.41778°N 85.64889°W / 40.41778; -85.64889Coordinates: 40°25′4″N 85°38′56″W / 40.41778°N 85.64889°W / 40.41778; -85.64889
CountryUnited States
StateIndiana
CountyGrant
TownshipFairmount
Government
 • Typetown council
Area
 • Total1.58 sq mi (4.1 km2)
 • Land1.58 sq mi (4.1 km2)
 • Water0.00 sq mi (0.0 km2)
Elevation863 ft (263 m)
Population (2010)
 • Total2,954
 • Density2,013/sq mi (777.3/km2)
Time zoneEST (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST)EST (UTC-4)
ZIP code46928
Area code(s)765
FIPS code18-22432[1]
GNIS feature ID0434304[2]
 
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Town of Fairmount, Indiana
—  Town  —
Fairmount from the air, looking southwest
Location in the state of Indiana
Coordinates: 40°25′4″N 85°38′56″W / 40.41778°N 85.64889°W / 40.41778; -85.64889Coordinates: 40°25′4″N 85°38′56″W / 40.41778°N 85.64889°W / 40.41778; -85.64889
CountryUnited States
StateIndiana
CountyGrant
TownshipFairmount
Government
 • Typetown council
Area
 • Total1.58 sq mi (4.1 km2)
 • Land1.58 sq mi (4.1 km2)
 • Water0.00 sq mi (0.0 km2)
Elevation863 ft (263 m)
Population (2010)
 • Total2,954
 • Density2,013/sq mi (777.3/km2)
Time zoneEST (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST)EST (UTC-4)
ZIP code46928
Area code(s)765
FIPS code18-22432[1]
GNIS feature ID0434304[2]

Fairmount is a town in Fairmount Township, Grant County in the east central part of the U.S. state of Indiana. The population was 2,992 at the 2000 census. It is ninety kilometers (fifty-five miles) northeast of Indianapolis. Largely a bedroom community to its three thousand citizens, Fairmount is best known as the boyhood home of actor James Dean, who is buried there.

Contents

Geography

Fairmount is located at 40°25′4″N 85°38′56″W / 40.41778°N 85.64889°W / 40.41778; -85.64889 (40.417702, −85.648942)[3].

According to the 2010 census, the town has a total area of 1.58 square miles (4.1 km2), all land.[4]

Demographics

As of the census[1] of 2000, there were 2,992 people, 1,226 households, and 859 families residing in the town. The population density was 2,033.0 people per square mile (785.9/km²). There were 1,325 housing units at an average density of 900.3 per square mile (348.0/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 98.30% White, 0.17% Black or African American, 0.70% Native American, 0.20% Asian, 0.07% from other races, and 0.57% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.43% of the population.

There were 1,226 households out of which 31.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 55.5% were married couples living together, 11.0% had a female householder with no husband present, and 29.9% were non-families. 26.5% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.5% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.44 and the average family size was 2.91.

In the town the population was spread out with 25.2% under the age of 18, 8.2% from 18 to 24, 28.2% from 25 to 44, 24.3% from 45 to 64, and 14.1% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 90.5 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 90.0 males.

The median income for a household in the town was $33,843, and the median income for a family was $44,033. Males had a median income of $31,136 versus $23,041 for females. The per capita income for the town was $18,029. About 7.4% of families and 9.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 11.8% of those under age 18 and 7.8% of those age 65 or over.

History

The Fairmount area was settled in the 1830s mostly by Quakers from North Carolina. The town was laid out in 1850 and named for Fairmount Park in Philadelphia; it was formally incorporated in 1870.

After a large deposit of natural gas was found in 1887, Fairmount became part of the Indiana Gas Boom and a center of the glass industry for the rest of the 19th century. Shortly after the depletion of the gas in 1900 the automobile industry set up factories in the nearby large cities, and Fairmount became a bedroom community, restoring some of its lost prosperity.

Abandoned Fairmount High School building in 2003.

In the 1940s, James Dean lived with an uncle on a farm north of Fairmount. He attended Fairmount High School, graduating in 1949. After his death in 1955 James Dean was brought back to Fairmount and buried in Park Cemetery. In 1996 a small memorial park north of the town's business district was dedicated to him.

During the prosperity of the 1960s, Fairmount enjoyed a time of building with a new town hall, water works, post office and elementary school. At the end of the decade the local school district merged with a neighboring one, forming the Madison-Grant united school district. A new high school was built for this district, and Fairmount High School became a middle school. When a new junior high school was opened in 1986, the Fairmount High School building was closed for good.

Fairmount was hit very hard by the recession of 1980–1982, which brought the permanent loss of factory jobs and the failure of many farms. Yet the town managed to spring back later in the decade. Fairmount is still relatively prosperous despite the ill fortunes of nearby industrial cities and a steady loss of population.

British singer Morrissey shot the video for his single "Suedehead" in Fairmount, tracing the steps of James Dean. Included in the video are the high school and farm Dean lived on and Park Cemetery, in which he is buried.

Notable residents

References

External links

40°25′04″N 85°38′56″W / 40.417702°N 85.648942°W / 40.417702; -85.648942