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The Fafo Research Foundation, also known as the Fafo Foundation or just Fafo (Norwegian: Forskningsstiftelsen Fafo), is a Norwegian research foundation, consisting of two research institutes: The Fafo Institute for Labour and Social Research and the Fafo Institute for Applied International Studies. The two institutes are conducting social research both nationally in Norway and internationally. Fafo has offices in Oslo, Jerusalem and Beijing.
Fafo was founded by the Norwegian Confederation of Trade Unions (LO) in 1982 and was reorganised as an independent research foundation in 1993 with contributions from the Norwegian Confederation of Trade Unions, Norwegian Union of Municipal and General Employees and six major Norwegian companies (Orkla Group, Umoe, Elkem, Coop Norge, Sparebank1 Gruppen and Telenor). The first director of Fafo was Terje Rød Larsen (1982–1993). Under his leadership, Fafo became increasingly involved in international peace research and politics, particularly in the Middle East, from the late 1980s, and the institute played a central role in the negotiations that culminated in the Oslo Accords. The origin of the Oslo Accords can be traced back to a research project initiated by Fafo in the Palestinian territories, and the negotiations that led to the accords were hosted by Fafo in Oslo. Terje Rød Larsen would subsequently become a UN Under-Secretary-General responsible for coordinating the Middle East peace process.
In July 2008 the Party School of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China made a deal with the help of the Norwegian minister of environment and development Erik Solheim with Fafo to use some of its professors and researchers in their school. Praising Fafo as an "internationally very famous research institution", a representative of the school said China wanted to learn from Norwegian approaches to welfare state and environmental protection.
Since 2004, Jon Hippe has served as the director of Fafo. As of 2008, Fafo had 89 employees.
The Fafo Institute for Labour and Social Research (Norwegian: Fafo Institutt for arbeidslivs- og velferdsforskning, ) is one of two institutes based in the Fafo Foundation. Its scope is industrial relations and labour market policy, social policy and welfare state and studies of work and enterprise development.
The Head of research is Anne Britt Djuve, Managing Director is Tone Fløtten
The Fafo Institute for Applied International Science (Norwegian: Fafo Institutt for anvendte internasjonale studier, ) is one of two institutes based in the Fafo Foundation. Its approach is mostly based on living condition surveys in areas previously excluded from social science research, such as Haiti, China and Iraq. Fields included are labour relations, welfare policy and living conditions.
The Heads of research are Morten Bøås and Jon Pedersen, Managing Director is May-Len Skilbrei
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