FTSE 100 Index

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FTSE 100 Index
FTSE 100 Index.png
FTSE 100 Index performance between 1969 and 2012
Foundation1984[1]
OperatorFTSE Group[1]
ExchangesLondon Stock Exchange[1]
Constituents102[1]
TypeLarge cap
Market cap£1,549 billion
(as at 30 April 2012)[1]
Weighting
method
Market value-weighted[1]
Related 
indices
WebsiteFTSE UK Index Series
 
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FTSE 100 Index
FTSE 100 Index.png
FTSE 100 Index performance between 1969 and 2012
Foundation1984[1]
OperatorFTSE Group[1]
ExchangesLondon Stock Exchange[1]
Constituents102[1]
TypeLarge cap
Market cap£1,549 billion
(as at 30 April 2012)[1]
Weighting
method
Market value-weighted[1]
Related 
indices
WebsiteFTSE UK Index Series

The FTSE 100 Index, also called FTSE 100, FTSE, or, informally, the "footsie" (play /ˈfʊts/), is a share index of the stocks of the 100 companies listed on the London Stock Exchange with the highest market capitalisation. It is one of the most widely used stock indices and is seen as a gauge of business prosperity. The index is maintained by the FTSE Group, a subsidiary of the London Stock Exchange Group.

The index began on 3 January 1984 at the base level of 1,000; the highest value reached to date is 6,950.6, on 30 December 1999. After falling dramatically during the financial crisis of 2007-2010 to below 3,500 in March 2009, the index recovered by a significant margin to its peak of 6,091.33 on 8 February 2011, its highest since mid-2008. It plummeted under the 5,000 mark on the morning of 23 September 2011. As of 22 August 2012 it was at 5,774.

Contents

Overview

The index is maintained by the FTSE Group, an independent company which originated as a joint venture between the Financial Times and the London Stock Exchange. It is calculated in real time and published every 15 seconds.

FTSE 100 companies represent about 81% of the market capitalisation of the whole London Stock Exchange. Even though the FTSE All-Share Index is more comprehensive, the FTSE 100 is by far the most widely used UK stock market indicator. Other related indices are the FTSE 250 Index (which lists the next largest 250 companies after the FTSE 100), the FTSE 350 Index (which is the aggregation of the FTSE 100 and 250), FTSE SmallCap Index and FTSE Fledgling Index. The FTSE All-Share aggregates the FTSE 100, FTSE 250 and FTSE SmallCap.

The constituents of the index are determined quarterly; the largest companies in the FTSE 250 Index are promoted if their market capitalisation would place them in the top ninety firms of the FTSE 100 Index.

Component companies must meet a number of requirements set out by the FTSE Group, including having a full listing on the London Stock Exchange with a Sterling or Euro denominated price on the Stock Exchange Electronic Trading Service, and meeting certain tests on nationality, free float, and liquidity.

Continuous trading starts at 08:00 and ends at 16:30 (when the closing auction starts), and closing values are taken at 16:35.

Weighting

In the FTSE, share prices are weighted by market capitalisation, so that the larger companies make more of a difference to the index than smaller companies. The basic formula for any index is (be it capitalization weighted or any other stock index):[2]

 \text{Index level}=\frac{\sum_i(\text{Price of stock}_i\times\text{Number of shares}_i)\times\text{Free float adjustment factor}_i}{\text{Index divisor}}

The Free float Adjustment factor represents the percentage of all issued shares that are readily available for trading. The factor is then rounded up to the nearest multiple of 5% for calculation purposes. To find the free-float capitalisation of a company, first find its market cap (number of shares x share price) then multiply by its free-float factor. Free-float capitalisation, therefore, does not include restricted stocks, such as those held by company insiders.

Current constituents

This reflects the quarterly review effective 24 September 2012.[3] The next review is due in early December 2012. The index consists of 100 companies, but there are 101 listings, as Royal Dutch Shell has both A and B class shares listed. Schroders Non Voting shares were also listed until 1 June 2012 when the FTSE's stricter rules came into force.

Largest constituents

The following table lists the ten largest FTSE 100 companies measured by market capitalisation as of 9 March 2011.[4]

RankCompanySectorMarket capitalisation (£ billion)
1BHP BillitonMining148
2Royal Dutch ShellOil and gas135
3HSBCFinancial services118
4Vodafone GroupTelecommunications93
5BPOil and gas91
6Rio Tinto GroupMining86
7GlaxoSmithKlinePharmaceuticals61
8UnileverConsumer goods56
9British American TobaccoTobacco49
10BG GroupOil and gas49

Past constituents

source: FTSE: FTSE 100 Constituent Changes PDF (57.9 KB)

FT 30

The oldest continuous index in the UK is the FT 30, also known as the Financial Times Index or the FT Ordinary Index (FTOI).[167] It was established in 1935 and nowadays is largely obsolete due to its redundancy. It is similar to the Dow Jones Industrial Average, and companies listed are from the industrial and commercial sectors. Financial sector companies and government stocks are excluded.

Of the original constituents,[168] four are currently in the FTSE 100: Guest Keen & Nettlefolds (GKN), Tate & Lyle, Imperial Tobacco and Rolls-Royce, although Rolls-Royce has not been continuously listed and Imperial Tobacco was a subsidiary of Hanson for a number of years. ICI was removed when it was taken over by Akzo Nobel in January 2008. Two of the original FT 30 companies are still in that index:[169] GKN and Tate & Lyle (membership is not strictly based on market capitalisation, so this does not mean they are necessarily among the top thirty companies in the FTSE 100). The best performer from the original lineup has been Imperial Tobacco.[170]

See also

Notes

  1. ^ a b c d e f "FTSE 100 Index Factsheet". FTSE Group. http://www.ftse.com/Indices/UK_Indices/Downloads/UKX_20120430.pdf. Retrieved 29 April 2012. 
  2. ^ FTSE Capitlization method methodology via Wikinvest
  3. ^ "Asset manager Ashmore exits FTSE 100 in index rebalancing". Fundweb. 13 September 2012. 
  4. ^ "Top ten most valuable companies in the FTSE 100: in pictures". The Telegraph. 10 March 2011. http://www.telegraph.co.uk/finance/markets/8371481/Top-ten-most-valuable-companies-in-the-FTSE-100-in-pictures.html. Retrieved 16 April 2011. 
  5. ^ Buoyant Lloyds TSB offloads insurer Abbey Life The Guardian, 1 August 2007
  6. ^ William Kay (6 September 2004). "HBOS fury as EU backs Santander's Abbey bid". The Independent (London). http://www.independent.co.uk/news/business/news/hbos-fury-as-eu-backs-santanders-abbey-bid-551521.html. 
  7. ^ "A&L shareholders approve takeover". BBC News. 16 September 2008. http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/business/7618037.stm. Retrieved 2008-09-17. 
  8. ^ Terra Firma drops Boots bid plan
  9. ^ Pernod Ricard successfully completes acquisition of Allied Domecq, from the Pernod Ricard website
  10. ^ Unification of companies
  11. ^ a b "General Electric buys Amersham". BBC. 10 October 2003. http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/business/3179954.stm. Retrieved 2009-06-12. 
  12. ^ "BSkyB agrees £125m Amstrad deal". BBC News. 2007-07-31. http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/business/6923517.stm. Retrieved 2007-07-31. 
  13. ^ "Argos attacks GUS offer". BBC News. 1998-02-26. http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/low/business/60296.stm. Retrieved 2009-10-13. 
  14. ^ Argyll Group plc intends a stock buy back
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  18. ^ International Trader
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  23. ^ Rumours of Rentokil bid boost BET The Independent, 15 February 1996
  24. ^ Shake-up will see BICC change to Balfour Beatty
  25. ^ Tony Berry, former Chairman, Blue Arrow
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  27. ^ Statement on Linde homepage
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  60. ^ C&W set to win Energis race
  61. ^ Royal Dutch / Shell buys Enterprise Oil of Britain
  62. ^ Chairman is appointed at Exco International New York Times, 8 January 1987
  63. ^ Deutsche Post (2005-12-14). "Deutsche Post DHL Completes Acquisition of Exel". http://www.dpwn.de/dpwn?tab=1&skin=hi&check=yes&lang=de_EN&xmlFile=2004705. Retrieved 2008-11-07. 
  64. ^ Ferranti TimelineMuseum of Science and Industry (Accessed 17-02-2009)
  65. ^ Door still open for agreed takeover of Fisons The Independent, 22 August 1995
  66. ^ a b Granada buys maximum stake
  67. ^ French rival seals Freeserve deal
  68. ^ "Friends backs Resolution takeover". BBC News. 11 August 2009. http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/business/8194573.stm. 
  69. ^ Gallaher agrees £7.5bn Japan Tobacco takeover The Scotsman
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  72. ^ a b Wimpey and Woodrow agree to merge
  73. ^ Closed-End Funds Open Plays for the Intrepid Investor International Herald Tribune, 21 January 1995
  74. ^ Caterer Search
  75. ^ Lloyds-backed Alternative Hotels Group may be sold Daily Mail, 12 February 2011
  76. ^ a b Spirits soar at Diageo Food & Drug Packaging, July 2005
  77. ^ Axa of France to buy Guardian of Britain New York Times, 2 February 1999
  78. ^ GUS to split into two publicly traded units
  79. ^ Mothercare Chief Executive ousted after fourth profits warning in under a year
  80. ^ Openwork: History
  81. ^ Heidelberg to buy Hanson for £8bn
  82. ^ AIM 25
  83. ^ Brush Traction: History
  84. ^ "Lloyds TSB Seals Merger with HBOS". BBC News. 17 September 2008. http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/business/7622180.stm. Retrieved 17 September 2008. 
  85. ^ Hicks Muse buying a British food company
  86. ^ House of Fraser agrees Baugur bid
  87. ^ Armitstead, Louise (2007-08-05). "Dutch poised to clinch £8bn ICI takeover". The Times (London). http://business.timesonline.co.uk/tol/business/industry_sectors/industrials/article2198016.ece. Retrieved 2008-01-05. 
  88. ^ Gulf Resources & Chemical Corporation
  89. ^ RWE is set to buy Innogy New York Times, 18 March 2002
  90. ^ "LSE to replace Invesco in UK's FTSE 100". Reuters. 30 November 2007. http://investing.reuters.co.uk/news/articleinvesting.aspx?type=allBreakingNews&storyID=2007-11-30T080021Z_01_L30278526_RTRIDST_0_FTSE-INVESCO.XML. Retrieved 2007-12-01. 
  91. ^ "The Years 1989 to 1996". Jaguar Cars Ltd.. http://www.jaguar.com/uk/en/company/overview/heritage/1989_1996.htm. Retrieved 2007-05-10. 
  92. ^ "Kelda Group PLC (UK): Scheme of Arrangement". FTSE Group. 4 February 2008. http://www.ftse.com/tech_notices/2008/Q1/19189_20080204_Kelda_Group.jsp. Retrieved 2008-02-18. 
  93. ^ Larkin, Nicholas (8 February 2008). "Montagu, Partners to Buy Biffa for 1.2 Billion Pounds". Bloomberg. http://www.bloomberg.com/apps/news?pid=20601102&sid=aLO_fs.q9ilE&refer=uk. Retrieved 2008-02-18. 
  94. ^ Kingston Communications changes name to KCOM Group Comms Dealer, 16 August 2007
  95. ^ "Kwik Save weighs heavily on Somerfield results". FoodAndDrinkEurope.com (Decision News Media SAS). 9 April 2003. http://www.foodanddrinkeurope.com/news/ng.asp?id=18040-kwik-save-weighs. Retrieved 5 May 2007. 
  96. ^ Rockwood launched Chemical Market Reporter, December 2000
  97. ^ Eni swoops on Lasmo BBC News, 21 December 2000
  98. ^ Grid and Lattice form utility supergroup The Telegraph, 22 April 2002
  99. ^ London Electricity goes to France BBC News, 30 November 1998
  100. ^ The Investment Case – Lonmin plc Moneyweb, 1 April 2011
  101. ^ a b TRW is near deal to buy Lucas Varity
  102. ^ Berisford International PLC acquires Magnet Ltd(Water Meadow Hldg) from Magnet Group PLC Alacrastore, 3 March 1994
  103. ^ Bankruptcy Explanation By Maxwell New York Times, 18 December 1991
  104. ^ Information on Novar plc
  105. ^ Harrold heralds start of new era at MEPC: Hermes man outlines new business plan for developer Property Week, 24 October 2003
  106. ^ Merrill cleared to buy British Fund Manager New York Times, 24 December 1997
  107. ^ MFI sells store chain in £1 deal BBC News, 22 September 2006
  108. ^ "Aquila Completes Purchase of Ownership Interest in Midlands Electricity.". Business Wire. 2002-05-08. http://www.accessmylibrary.com/coms2/summary_0286-25324036_ITM. Retrieved 2008-09-05. 
  109. ^ HSBC Group in Europe
  110. ^ Farrelly, Paul RBS issues ultimatum in £27bn bid for NatWest The Observer, 28 November 1999
  111. ^ NFC and Ocean forge £3.2bn alliance to exploit e-commerce The Independent, 22 February 2000
  112. ^ Boparan wins Northern Foods with £341m bid FT.com
  113. ^ "Northern Rock to be nationalised". BBC News. 2008-02-17. http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/business/7249575.stm. Retrieved 2008-04-08. 
  114. ^ "Telefonica bids £18 billion for U.K.'s O2". BBC News. 2005-10-31. http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/business/4391754.stm. Retrieved 2010-04-25. 
  115. ^ "France Télécom to buy Orange for £25.1bn". London: The Independent. 2000-05-30. http://www.independent.co.uk/news/business/news/france-telecom-to-buy-orange-for-pound251bn-716435.html. Retrieved 2008-12-26. 
  116. ^ "Gambling firms Partygaming and Bwin reveal merger plan". BBC News. July 29, 2010. http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/business-10807417. Retrieved July 29, 2010. 
  117. ^ P&O agrees bid from Dubai Ports BBC News, 29 November 2005
  118. ^ EC Clears Carnival and P&O Princess Merge Marinelink, 11 February 2003
  119. ^ Pilkington in Japanese takeover
  120. ^ IPD Group: GEC History
  121. ^ Bates, Stephen (26 August 2010). "How Polly Peck went from hero to villain in the City". The Guardian (London). http://www.guardian.co.uk/business/2010/aug/26/polly-peck-business-asil-nadir. Retrieved 26 August 2010. 
  122. ^ "E.ON to buy Powergen". http://www.faqs.org/abstracts/Business/More-power-to-the-people-Nuclear-U-turn-heralds-2bn-pounds-sterling-sale-the-nuclear-industry-which-.htmlhttp://query.nytimes.com/gst/fullpage.html?res=9406E7DA1F3EF933A25757C0A9679C8B63. 
  123. ^ Thomson-CSF seals Racal deal BBC News (Jan. 13, 2000) Accessed Jan. 20, 2006
  124. ^ Railtrack goes bankrupt with debts of £3.3bn Independent, 8 October 2001
  125. ^ RHM agrees £1.2bn Premier Foods bid Times-on-line, 4 December 2006
  126. ^ Reckitt & Coleman announce further delay to Dutch merger The Independent, 7 November 1999.
  127. ^ Redlands needs White Knights, The Independent, 16 October 1997
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  130. ^ Mexican firm buys RMC for £2.3bn
  131. ^ BAT will buy Rothmans New York Times, 12 January 1999
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  136. ^ Wm Morrison tables £3bn bid for Safeway
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  138. ^ a b Two electric suppliers in Britain to merge New York Times, 2 September 1998
  139. ^ Iberdrola to buy Scottish Power for £11.6bn International Herald Tribune, 28 November 2006
  140. ^ "Sears turns to Green". BBC News. 1999-01-21. http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/business/259993.stm. Retrieved 2009-02-28. 
  141. ^ Group 4 Falck and Securicor plc announce terms of merger Nordic Business Report, 24 February 2004
  142. ^ Marsh & McLennan to Buy Big British Insurance Broker New York Times, 26 August 1998
  143. ^ Relief for Sema shareholders at Schlumberger buy-out The Independent, 12 February 2001
  144. ^ Shell shareholders agree merger BBC News, 2005
  145. ^ Proposed Merger of Smiths Industries plc: "Smiths Industries" and "TI Group" Business Wire, 17 November 2000
  146. ^ Telecom bid to buy STC New York Times, 9 November 1990
  147. ^ UK Business Park: Storehouse
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  151. ^ Thames to agree £4.3bn RWE takeover Independent, 25 September 2000
  152. ^ Company history
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  154. ^ C&W makes offer for Thus Reuters, 30 June 2008
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  156. ^ "Tomkins agrees to £2.9bn takeover deal". BBC News. July 27, 2010. http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/business-10774978. Retrieved July 27, 2010. 
  157. ^ Kvaerner Is Close to Bidding for Troubled Group: Lifeline for Trafalgar House? International Herald Tribune, 28 February 1996
  158. ^ Lloyds Bank to merge with TSB Group New York Times, 12 October 1995
  159. ^ Scripophily
  160. ^ "Unigate becomes Uniq". Eurofood. 2000. http://findarticles.com/p/articles/mi_m0DQA/is_/ai_74488762. Retrieved 2009-01-03. 
  161. ^ "Blackstone and PAI complete purchase of UB" (Press release). United Biscuits. December 15, 2006. http://www.unitedbiscuits.com/80256C1A0047922E/vWeb/pcHHUS6WHM5F. Retrieved 2007-04-12. 
  162. ^ Swiss Bank in deal to buy S.G. Warburg New York Times, May 11, 1995
  163. ^ Williams plunges 14% as margins shrink Independent, 19 July 2000
  164. ^ a b Willis: History
  165. ^ Barclays buys rival Woolwich BBC News, 11 August 2000
  166. ^ "The Lowdown: McKillop gives his opponents the treatment". The Independent. 21 September 2003. http://www.independent.co.uk/news/business/analysis-and-features/the-lowdown-mckillop-gives-his-opponents-the-treatment-580595.html. Retrieved 5 July 2011. 
  167. ^ The History Channel - Financial Times Index. Retrieved 2008-08-08
  168. ^ Original constituents
  169. ^ Remaining companies in the FT30
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External links