FC Spartak Moscow

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Spartak Moscow
FC Spartak Moscow Logo.png
Full nameФутбольный клуб Спартак Москва
(Football Club Spartak-Moscow)
Nickname(s)Narodnaya komanda (The People's Team)
Krasno-Belye (The Red-Whites)
Myaso (The Meat)
Founded18 April 1922; 92 years ago (1922-04-18)
GroundOtkrytie Arena
Ground Capacity44,929
OwnerLeonid Fedun
Executive DirectorRoman Askhabadze
ManagerMurat Yakin
LeagueRussian Premier League
2014–15Russian Premier League, 6th
WebsiteClub home page
Current season
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This article is about the football club. For the ice hockey club, see HC Spartak Moscow.
Spartak Moscow
FC Spartak Moscow Logo.png
Full nameФутбольный клуб Спартак Москва
(Football Club Spartak-Moscow)
Nickname(s)Narodnaya komanda (The People's Team)
Krasno-Belye (The Red-Whites)
Myaso (The Meat)
Founded18 April 1922; 92 years ago (1922-04-18)
GroundOtkrytie Arena
Ground Capacity44,929
OwnerLeonid Fedun
Executive DirectorRoman Askhabadze
ManagerMurat Yakin
LeagueRussian Premier League
2014–15Russian Premier League, 6th
WebsiteClub home page
Current season

FC Spartak Moscow (Russian: Футбольный клуб «Спартак» Москва [spɐrˈtak mɐˈskva]) is a Russian football club from Moscow. Having won 12 Soviet championships (second only to Dynamo Kyiv) and 9 of 19 Russian championships they are one of the country's most successful clubs. They have also won the Soviet Cup 10 times and the Russian Cup 3 times. Spartak have also reached the semi-finals of all three European club competitions.

Historically the club was a part of the Spartak sports society. Other teams in the society include ice hockey club HC Spartak Moscow. Currently, the club is not connected with Spartak sports society and is an independent privately owned organization. They are nicknamed "Meat" (Russian: "мясо", "myaso").



In the early days of Soviet football many government agencies such as the police, army and railroads created their own clubs. So many statesmen saw in the wins of their teams the superiority over the opponents patronizing other teams. Almost all the teams had such kind of patrons: «Dinamo» – police, CSKA – army. «Spartak», created by trade union public organization considered to be «people's team».

In 1922 the Moscow Sport Circle (Moscow sport club of Krasnopresnensky district) (МКС, Московский кружок спорта), later named Krasnaya Presnya was formed by Ivan Artemyev and involved Nikolai Starostin, especially in its football team. The team grew, building a stadium, supporting itself from ticket sales and playing matches across Russia. As part of a 1926 reorganization of football in the USSR, Starostin arranged for the club to be sponsored by the food workers union and the club moved to the 13,000 seat Tomsky Stadium and was known as Pishcheviki . The team changed sponsors repeatedly over the following years as it competed with Dinamo Moscow, whose 35,000 seat Dinamo Stadium lay close by.

As a high-profile sportsman, Starostin came into close contact with Alexander Kosarev, secretary of the Komsomol (Communist Union of Youth) who already had a strong influence on sport and wanted to extend it. In November 1934, with funding from Promkooperatsiia, Kosarev employed Starostin and his brothers to develop his team to make it more powerful. Again the team changed its name, this time to Spartak Moscow.

The club founders, four Starostin brothers, played a big role in the formation of the team. The Starostins played for the red-whites in the thirties but right before the war they were subjected to repression as the leaders of the most hated[clarification needed] team by the state authorities. Elder brother Nikolai Starostin wrote in his books that he had survived in the State Prison System due to his participation in football and Spartak. After the political rehabilitation, in 1954, he returned to the team but to another position, the one of team's manager.

Soviet period[edit]

In 1935 Starostin proposed the name Spartak that was derived from Spartacus, a gladiator-slave who led a rebellion against Rome, and was inspired by eponymous book by Raffaello Giovagnoli. Starostin is also credited with the creation of the Spartak logo.[1] The same year the club became a part of newly created Spartak sports society.

Spartak's third logo, still in use by the sports society

Czech manager Antonin Fivebr is credited as the first head coach of Spartak, though he worked as a consultant in several clubs simultaneously.[2] In 1936 the Soviet Top League was established. The first Championship was won by Dynamo Moscow, while in the second one held the same year Spartak came first. Before World War II Spartak gained two more titles.[3] In 1937 Spartak won the football tournament of Workers' Olympiad at Antwerp.

During 1950-s Spartak together with Dynamo Moscow dominated in the Soviet Top League. When the USSR national football team won gold medals at the Melbourne Olympics, it consisted largely of Spartak players. Spartak captain Igor Netto was the captain of the national team from 1954 to 1963. In the 1960s, Spartak won two league titles, but by mid-60s Spartak was no more regarded as a leading Soviet club. The club was even less successful in the 1970s and in 1976 Spartak was relegated into the lower league.

During the following season, the stadium was still full as the club's fans stayed with the team during its time in the lower division. Konstantin Beskov, who became the head coach (ironically, as a footballer Beskov made his name playing for Spartak's main rivals, Dynamo Moscow), introduced several young players, including Rinat Dasayev and Georgi Yartsev. Spartak came back the next year and won the title in 1979, beating Dynamo Kyiv and thanks to Spartak supporters, the period is considered to be the start of the modern-style fans' movement in the Soviet Union.

On 20 October 1982, disaster struck during the UEFA Cup match between Spartak and HFC Haarlem. 66 people died in the stampede,[4] which made it Russia's worst sporting disaster.

In 1989 Spartak won the its last USSR Championship defeating 2–1 the main rival Dynamo Kyiv in the closing round. Spartak's striker Valery Shmarov scored the "golden" free kick with almost no time left. The next season Spartak reached European Cup semi-final consequently eliminating Napoli (by penalties) and Real Madrid (with 3–1 away victory) but losing to Marseille.

Modern period[edit]

A new page in the club’s history began when the USSR collapsed and its championship ceased to exist. In the newly created Russian league, Spartak, led by coach and president Oleg Romantsev dominated and won all but one title between 1992 and 2001. Year after year the team also represented Russia in the Champions League.

Problems began in the new century. Several charismatic players (Ilya Tsymbalar and Andrey Tikhonov among others) left the club as a result of conflict with Romantsev. Later Romantsev sold his stock to oil magnate Andrei Chervichenko, who in 2003 became the club president. The two were soon embroiled in a row that would continue until Romantsev was sacked in 2003 with the club suffering several sub-par seasons until Chervichenko finally sold his stock in 2004. The new ownership made a number of front office changes with the aim of returning the team to the top of the Russian Premier League.[5]

In the 2005 season, Spartak, led by Aleksandrs Starkovs, finished 2nd in the league following an impressive run to beat Lokomotiv, Zenit and Rubin to the last Champions League place.

Following a mixed start to the 2006 season and public criticism from Dmitry Alenichev, the team's captain and one of its most experienced players, Starkovs left his position to Vladimir Fedotov.

Spartak has been entitled to place a golden star on its badge since 2003 to commemorate winning five Russian championships in 1992, 1993, 1994, 1996 and 1997. They have won the championship another four times since 1997. Since 2013, the club have added another three stars as rules allowed teams to include titles won during the Soviet period.

Football kit
Spartak '30s
Football kit
Spartak '40s
Football kit
Spartak '50s-'60s
Football kit
Spartak 1963,1971 Soviet Cup final


Domestic competitions[edit]

1936 (autumn), 1938, 1939, 1952, 1953, 1956, 1958, 1962, 1969, 1979, 1987, 1989, 1992, 1993, 1994, 1996, 1997, 1998, 1999, 2000, 2001
1938, 1939, 1946, 1947, 1950, 1958, 1963, 1965, 1971, 1992, 1993–94, 1997–98, 2003

International competitions[edit]

1993, 1994, 1995, 1999, 2000, 2001



Notable European campaigns[edit]

European Cup / UEFA Champions League
1980–81Quarter-finaleliminated by Real Madrid 0–0 in Tbilisi, 0–2 in Madrid
1990–91Semi-finaleliminated by Marseille 1–3 in Moscow, 1–2 in Marseille
1993–94Quarter-finalfinished third in a group with Barcelona, AS Monaco and Galatasaray
1995–96Quarter Finaleliminated by Nantes 2–2 in Moscow, 0–2 in Nantes
UEFA Cup Winners' Cup
1972–73Quarter-finaleliminated by AC Milan 0–1 in Moscow, 1–1 in Milan
1992–93Semi-finaleliminated by Antwerp 1–0 in Moscow, 1–3 in Antwerp
1983–84Quarter-finaleliminated by Anderlecht 2–4 in Brussels, 1–0 in Tbilisi
1997–98Semi-finaleliminated by Internazionale 1–2 in Moscow, 1–2 in Milan
UEFA Europa League
2010–11Quarter-finaleliminated by FC Porto 1–5 in Porto, 2–5 in Moscow

UEFA Team Ranking 2013[edit]

59BelgiumKRC Genk37.220
60BelgiumStandard Liège37.220
62RussiaSpartak Moscow35.622
63Czech RepublicViktoria Plzeň35.570
65BelarusBATE Borisov33.735

As of 27 December 2013.[6]

League history[edit]

Soviet Union Soviet Union[edit]

SeasonDiv.Pos.Pl.WDLGSGAPCupEuropeTop scorer (league)Manager/acting manager
1936 (s)1st3631212713--Soviet Union Glazkov – 4Soviet Union Kozlov
1936 (a)17421191017QF-Soviet Union Glazkov – 7Soviet Union Kozlov
1937216853241637R16-Soviet Union Rumyantsev – 8Soviet Union Kvashnin
19381251834741939W-Soviet Union Sokolov – 18Soviet Union Kvashnin
Soviet Union P.Popov
19391261493582337W-Soviet Union Semyonov – 18Soviet Union P.Popov
19403241356543531--Soviet Union Semyonov – 13
Soviet Union Kornilov – 13
Soviet Union Gorokhov
1944no league competitionSF--Soviet Union Kvashnin
194510226313224415R16-Soviet Union Timakov – 7Soviet Union Isakov
Soviet Union Vollrat
1946622859384021W-Soviet Union Salnikov – 9Soviet UnionVollrat
1947824699342621W-Soviet Union Dementyev – 9Soviet UnionVollrat
19483261817643437RU-Soviet Union Konov – 15Soviet Union Kvashnin
19493342176934349SF-Soviet Union Simonyan – 26Soviet Union Dangulov
195053617109774044W-Soviet Union Simonyan – 34Soviet Union Dangulov
195162813510503531QF-Soviet Union Simonyan – 10Soviet Union Dangulov
Soviet Union Gorokhov
Soviet Union Glazkov
1952113922261220RU-Soviet Union Paramonov – 8Soviet Union Sokolov
19531201172471529QF-Soviet Union Simonyan – 14Soviet Union Sokolov
19542241437492631R16-Soviet Union Ilyin – 11Soviet Union Sokolov
19552221534552733SF-Soviet Union Parshin – 13Soviet Union Gulyaev
19561221543682834--Soviet Union Simonyan – 16Soviet Union Gulyaev
19573221165432828RU-Soviet Union Simonyan – 12Soviet Union Gulyaev
19581221363552832W-Soviet Union Ilyin – 19Soviet Union Gulyaev
1959622886322824--Soviet Union Isaev – 8Soviet Union Gulyaev
19607301578523237R16-Soviet Union Ilyin – 13Soviet Union Simonyan
19613301686573440R16-Soviet Union Khusainov – 14Soviet Union Simonyan
19621322156612547R16-Soviet Union Sevidov – 16Soviet Union Simonyan
19632382288653352W-Soviet Union Sevidov – 15Soviet Union Simonyan
196483212812343232SF-Soviet Union Sevidov – 6Soviet Union Simonyan
1965832101210282632W-Soviet Union Khusainov – 5
Soviet Union Reingold – 5
Soviet Union Simonyan
196643615129454142QF-Soviet Union Osyanin – 15Soviet Union Gulyaev
196773613149383040R32CWCR16Soviet Union Khusainov – 8Soviet Union Salnikov
Soviet Union Simonyan
196823821107644352R32-Soviet Union Khusainov – 14Soviet Union Simonyan
19691322462511554R32-Soviet Union Osyanin – 16Soviet Union Simonyan
197033212146432538QF-Soviet Union Khusainov – 12Soviet Union Simonyan
19716309138353131WECCR32Soviet Union Kiselyov – 5
Soviet Union Silagadze – 5
Soviet Union Piskarev – 5
Soviet Union Simonyan
1972113081012293026RUUCR32Soviet Union Papaev – 4
Soviet Union Andreev – 4
Soviet Union Piskarev – 4
Soviet Union Simonyan
19734301488372831QFCWCQFSoviet Union Piskarev – 12Soviet Union Gulyaev
19742301596412339QF-Soviet Union Piskarev – 10Soviet Union Gulyaev
1975103091011273028R16UCR64Soviet Union Lovchev – 8Soviet Union Gulyaev
1976 (s)1415429101810-UCR16Soviet Union Pilipko – 2
Soviet Union Lovchev – 2
Soviet Union Bulgakov – 2
Soviet Union Krutikov
1976 (a)1515537151813R32-Soviet Union Bulgakov – 6Soviet Union Krutikov
19772nd13822106834254R16-Soviet Union Yartsev – 17Soviet Union Beskov
19781st53014511423333R16-Soviet Union Yartsev – 19Soviet Union Beskov
197913421103662550Qual.-Soviet Union Yartsev – 14Soviet Union Beskov
19802341897492645SF-Soviet Union Rodionov – 7Soviet Union Beskov
19812341987704046RUECCQFSoviet Union Gavrilov – 21Soviet Union Beskov
19823341699593541Qual.UCR32Soviet Union Shavlo – 11Soviet Union Beskov
19832341897602545R16UCR16Soviet Union Gavrilov – 18Soviet Union Beskov
19842341897532945QFUCQFSoviet Union Rodionov – 13Soviet Union Beskov
198523418106722846R16UCR16Soviet Union Rodionov – 14Soviet Union Beskov
19863301497522137SFUCR16Soviet Union Rodionov – 17Soviet Union Beskov
198713016113492642R16UCR16Soviet Union Rodionov – 12
Soviet Union Cherenkov – 12
Soviet Union Beskov
198843014115402639QFUCR32Soviet Union Rodionov – 12Soviet Union Beskov
198913017103491944QFECCR16Soviet Union Rodionov – 16Soviet Union Romantsev
19905241257392629R16UCR32Soviet Union Shmarov – 12Soviet Union Romantsev
19912301776573041QFECCSFSoviet UnionRussia Mostovoi – 13
Soviet UnionRussia Radchenko – 13
Soviet Union Romantsev
1992--WUCR32-Soviet UnionRussia Romantsev

Russia Russia[edit]

SeasonDiv.Pos.Pl.WDLGSGAPCupEuropeTop scorer (league)Manager/acting manager
19921st1261871621943--Russia Radchenko – 12Russia Romantsev
199313421112811853R32CWCSFRussia Beschastnykh – 18Russia Romantsev
19941302181732150WUCLGSRussia Beschastnykh – 10Russia Romantsev
19953301975762663SFUCLGSRussia Shmarov – 16Russia Romantsev
19961352294723575RUUCLQFRussia Tikhonov – 16Russia Yartsev
19971342275673073QFUCR32RussiaUzbekistan Kechinov – 11Russia Romantsev
RussiaUkraine Tsymbalar – 10Russia Romantsev
19991302262752472R32UCLGSRussia Tikhonov – 19Russia Romantsev
Russia Titov – 13Russia Romantsev
20011301794563060QFUCL2nd GSRussia Titov – 11
Brazil Robson – 11
Russia Romantsev
20023301677493655R32UCLGSRussia Beschastnykh – 12Russia Romantsev
2003103010614384836WUCLGSRussia Pavlyuchenko – 10Russia Romantsev
Russia Chernyshov
Russia Fedotov
Russia Pavlyuchenko – 10Italy Scala
Latvia Starkov
20052301686472656R32-Russia Pavlyuchenko – 11Latvia Starkov
200623015132603658RU-Russia Pavlyuchenko – 18Latvia Starkov
Russia Fedotov
Russia Pavlyuchenko – 14Russia Fedotov
Russia Cherchesov
Russia Bazhenov – 6
Russia Pavlyuchenko – 6
Russia Pavlenko – 6
Brazil Welliton – 6
Russia Cherchesov
Denmark M.Laudrup
20092301749613355QF-Brazil Welliton – 21Denmark M.Laudrup
Russia Karpin
Brazil Welliton – 19Russia Karpin
2011–12244211211684875R16UCQualNigeria Emenike – 13Russia Karpin
2012–134301569513951R16UCLGSArmenia Y. Movsisyan – 16Spain Emery
Russia Karpin

Most league goals for Spartak[edit]

As of 2 December 2011 (min. 50)

  1. Soviet Union Nikita Simonyan: 133
  2. Soviet Union Sergey Rodionov: 119
  3. Soviet Union Galimzyan Khusainov: 102
  4. Soviet Union Fyodor Cherenkov: 95
  5. Russia Roman Pavlyuchenko: 89
  6. Soviet Union Yuri Gavrilov: 89
  7. Russia Yegor Titov: 87
  8. Soviet Union Anatoli Ilyin: 83
  9. Soviet Union Yuri Sevidov: 71
  10. Russia Andrey Tikhonov: 68
  11. Soviet Union Sergei Salnikov: 64
  12. Soviet Union Aleksei Paramonov: 63
  13. Brazil Welliton: 57
  14. Russia Vladimir Beschastnykh: 56
  15. Soviet Union Anatoli Isayev: 54
  16. Soviet Union Valeri Shmarov: 54
  17. Soviet Union Georgi Yartsev: 54
  18. Soviet Union Nikolai Osyanin: 50


The team is usually called "red-and-whites", but among the fans "The Meat" (Russian: "Мясо", "Myaso") is a very popular nickname. The origins of the nickname belong to the days of the foundation of the club; in the 1920s the team was renamed several times, from "Moscow Sports Club" to "Red Presnya" (after the name of one of the districts of Moscow) to "Pishcheviki" ("Food industry workers") to "Promkooperatsiya" ("Industrial cooperation") and finally to "Spartak Moscow" in 1935, and for many years the team was under patronage of one of the Moscow food factories which dealt with meat products.

One of the most favourite slogans of both the fans and players is "Who are we? We're The Meat!" (Russian: "Кто мы? Мясо!", "Kto my? Myaso!")

Rival teams[edit]

At present, Spartak's arch rival is CSKA Moscow; although this is a relatively recent rivalry having only emerged in the last twenty years. Seven of ten matches with the largest audience in Russian Premier League (including top three) were Spartak-CSKA derbies.[7] One of the most celebrated rivalries is Spartak Moscow–Dynamo Moscow rivalry, with neighbours Dinamo Moscow. However, this has faded somewhat due to Dinamo's poor performances. Matches against Lokomotiv Moscow and Zenit St.Petersburg attract thousands of people as well, almost always resulting in packed stadia. Upon the collapse of the Soviet Union, Spartak's rivalry with Dynamo Kyiv, one of the leaders of the USSR championship, was lost. Since Dynamo Kyiv now plays in the Ukrainian Premier League, both teams must qualify for UEFA tournaments to meet each other.


Spartak has never had its own stadium and the team has played in various Moscow stadia throughout its history and even once an exhibition match on Red Square. Currently, the club's home ground is the 5-star Luzhniki Stadium.

However, the club's new board has recently declared that "Spartak will soon play on their own stadium". The federal government has agreed to give land for the stadium near the Tushino air field. After a set of delays, actual construction begun in December 2010, immediately after Russia obtained the right to host 2018 FIFA World Cup. The stadium was opened on the 28th of August 2014.


As of 13 August 2014

Current squad[edit]

Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.

1RussiaGKAnton Mitryushkin
2ArgentinaDFJuan Insaurralde
3RussiaDFSergei Bryzgalov
4RussiaDFSergei Parshivlyuk
7Georgia (country)MFJano Ananidze
8RussiaMFDenis Glushakov
10ArmeniaFWYura Movsisyan
11ArmeniaMFAras Özbiliz
14RussiaFWPavel Yakovlev
19SpainMFJosé Manuel Jurado
20GermanyMFPatrick Ebert
21SwedenMFKim Källström
22RussiaFWArtem Dzyuba
23RussiaDFDmitri Kombarov
24NetherlandsMFQuincy Promes
30RussiaGKSergei Pesyakov
32RussiaGKArtyom Rebrov (Captain)
34RussiaDFYevgeni Makeyev
35GermanyDFSerdar Tasci
55BrazilDFJoão Carlos
87RussiaMFAleksandr Zuyev

Out on loan[edit]

Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.

18ParaguayFWLucas Barrios (at Montpellier until June 2015)
ArmeniaMFAghvan Papikyan (at Pyunik FC until June 2015)
RussiaMFAleksandr Zotov (at Arsenal Tula until 30 June 2015)

Reserve squad[edit]

The following players are listed by Spartak's website as reserve players and are registered with the Premier League. They are eligible to play for the first team.

Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.

36RussiaFWDmitri Malikov
37RussiaMFGeorgi Melkadze
38RussiaDFKonstantin Shcherbakov
42RussiaMFYegor Sidoruk
46RussiaDFArtyom Mamin
48RussiaDFAleksandr Stepanov
54RussiaDFYegor Yevteyev
56RussiaGKVadim Averkiyev
58RussiaMFDaniil Gorovykh
59RussiaMFNazar Gordeochuk
62RussiaDFAydar Lisinkov
63RussiaMFShamsiddin Shanbiev
65RussiaDFOleg Krasilnichenko
66RussiaMFMaksim Yermakov
67RussiaFWArtyom Fedchuk
68RussiaDFAleksei Ivanushkin
74RussiaDFValentin Vinnichenko
75RussiaDFAleksei Grechkin
76RussiaMFPavel Globa
78RussiaMFZelimkhan Bakayev
81RussiaGKYuri Shcherbakov
82RussiaDFYevgeni Yezhov
84RussiaFWAleksandr Yuryev
86RussiaMFDanila Buranov
89RussiaMFVladlen Babayev
93RussiaDFArtyom Sokol
94RussiaDFAndrei Shigorev
96RussiaDFAleksandr Likhachyov
97RussiaMFDaniil Polyboyarinov

Beginning in 2013, Spartak's farm club called FC Spartak-2 Moscow plays on the professional level in the third-tier Russian Professional Football League. Spartak's reserve squad previously played professionally as FC Spartak-d Moscow (Russian Second League in 1992–1993, Russian Third Division in 1994–1997) and as FC Spartak-2 Moscow (Russian Second Division in 1998–2000).


The following players are listed by Spartak's website as Spartak-2 players and are registered with the Premier League. They are eligible to play for the first team.

Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.

13RussiaMFDmitri Kudryashov
26RussiaMFAnton Khodyrev
39RussiaMFIppey Sinodzuka
40RussiaMFArtyom Timofeyev
41RussiaFWVladimir Obukhov
43RussiaGKYuri Shleyev
44RussiaDFNikolai Fadeyev
45RussiaDFAleksandr Putsko
47RussiaGKMikhail Filippov
50RussiaMFAleksandr Manyukov
51RussiaMFDmitri Kayumov
52RussiaMFIgor Leontyev
53RussiaMFArtyom Samsonov
57RussiaFWVyacheslav Krotov
60RussiaMFKonstantin Savichev
61RussiaMFVladimir Zubarev
64RussiaDFDenis Kutin
69RussiaFWDenis Davydov
70RussiaFWAleksandr Kozlov
73RussiaMFAyaz Guliyev
79RussiaMFVladislav Masternoy
80RussiaDFIvan Khomukha
83RussiaMFVladislav Panteleyev
85RussiaGKVladislav Tereshkin
88RussiaDFIlya Kutepov



Kit manufacturers and shirt sponsors[edit]

PeriodKit ManufacturerShirt Sponsor

Affiliated clubs[edit]

Notable players[edit]

Had international caps for their respective countries, or held any club record. Players whose name is listed in bold represented their countries while playing for Spartak. For further list, see List of FC Spartak Moscow players.


  1. ^ History of Spartak, fcspartak.ru (Russian)
  2. ^ "History of Spartak 1936" (in Russian). Retrieved 2007-11-28. 
  3. ^ Robert Edelman, Spartak Moscow: A History of the People's Team in the Worker's State. Cornell University Press, 2009.
  4. ^ Зайкин, В. (20 July 1989). Трагедия в Лужниках. Факты и вымысел. Известия (in Russian) (202). Retrieved 2012-02-06. 
  5. ^ All-star Spartak rise again, Eduard Nisenboim, uefa.com
  6. ^ http://www.uefa.com/memberassociations/uefarankings/club/
  7. ^ Samye poseschaemye matchi v istorii chempionatov Rossii(Russian)

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]