Executive protection

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For the film, see Executive Protection (film).

Executive protection (EP), also known as close personal protection, refers to security measures taken to ensure the safety of VIPs or other individuals who may be exposed to elevated personal risk because of their employment, celebrity status, wealth, associations or geographical location.[1]

Protective measures may include home security systems, bodyguards, armored vehicles and vehicle scramble plans, mail screening, private jet travel, background checks for other employees, and other precautions.[2] Executive protection may also provide security for immediate and/or extended family members to prevent kidnapping and extortion.

Executive protection is its own highly specialized field within the private security industry. Elite executive protection professionals will have specialized training in executive protection, driving, first aid, and marksmanship.[1]

The term executive protection was coined in the 1970s by the United States Secret Service when they created the Executive Protection Service to guard visiting foreign dignitaries.[3]

In the United States, executive protection services are regulated at the state level and in most cases require licensing, insurance, training and a separate concealed carry permit.[citation needed] Also, The Law Enforcement Officers Safety Act of 2004 (aka HR-218) does not serve as a license for off-duty law enforcement officers to provide executive protective services. Hiring unlicensed, uninsured protection services, including those offered by off-duty law enforcement officers, creates direct liability for the client.[citation needed]

Any bona fide executive protection firm should be able to provide a prospective client with their:

An executive protection team may have agents performing in a variety of roles to better protect the client, including:

Executive protection occasionally becomes an item of general public interest, usually when it fails. For example:


  1. ^ a b Zelvin, Elizabeth (2011-11-19). "Executive Protection". New York: Management Resources Ltd. 
  2. ^ Duffy, Daintry. "The Six Things You Need to Know About Executive Protection". CSOonline, April 1, 2005. Accessed July 11, 2009.
  3. ^ June, Dale, Introduction to Executive Protection, page 86.

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