European Parliament election, 2014 (United Kingdom)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia - View original article

United Kingdom European Parliament election, 2014
United Kingdom
2009 ←
22 May 2014
→ 2019

73 seats to the European Parliament
 First partySecond party
 David CameronNigel Farage
LeaderDavid CameronNigel Farage
PartyConservativeUKIP
AllianceECREFD
Leader since6 December 20055 November 2010
Last election26 seats (including 1 UCUNF)13 seats
Seats before26 seats9 seats

 Third partyFourth party
 Ed MilibandNick Clegg
LeaderEd MilibandNick Clegg
PartyLabourLiberal Democrat
AllianceS&DALDE
Leader since25 September 201018 December 2007
Last election13 seats11 seats
Seats before13 seats12 seats
 
Jump to: navigation, search
United Kingdom European Parliament election, 2014
United Kingdom
2009 ←
22 May 2014
→ 2019

73 seats to the European Parliament
 First partySecond party
 David CameronNigel Farage
LeaderDavid CameronNigel Farage
PartyConservativeUKIP
AllianceECREFD
Leader since6 December 20055 November 2010
Last election26 seats (including 1 UCUNF)13 seats
Seats before26 seats9 seats

 Third partyFourth party
 Ed MilibandNick Clegg
LeaderEd MilibandNick Clegg
PartyLabourLiberal Democrat
AllianceS&DALDE
Leader since25 September 201018 December 2007
Last election13 seats11 seats
Seats before13 seats12 seats

The United Kingdom's component of the 2014 European Parliament election is scheduled to be held on Thursday 22 May 2014[1][2] (possibly coinciding with the 2014 local elections in England[3]). Most of the results of the election will be announced on Sunday 25 May, after voting has closed throughout the 28 member states of the European Union.

In total, 73 Members of the European Parliament will be elected from the United Kingdom using proportional representation. England, Scotland and Wales use a closed-list party list system of PR (with the D'Hondt method), while Northern Ireland use the Single transferable vote (STV).

Current MEPs by European Political Group[edit]

Since the last election, there have been various changes to the UK MEP breakdown. A 73rd UK MEP (Anthea McIntyre) was allocated in December 2011 to the Conservatives because of the Treaty of Lisbon. There have been various defections:

The Ulster Conservatives and Unionists - New Force (UCUNF) electoral pact between the Conservatives and the Ulster Unionist Party (UUP) in Northern Ireland was dissolved.

Thus, the following parties currently have MEPs representing the UK:

Key to the Political Groups in the European Parliament (UK)[2](v.d.e)
British partySeats/73EP groupSeats/754
Conservative26 Conservatives & Reformists54
Labour13 Socialists & Democrats189
Liberal Democrat12 Liberals & Democrats85
UKIP18Freedom & Democracy34
1None
Green2Greens & Free Alliance59
Scottish National2
Plaid Cymru1
Sinn Féin1 EUL-NGL34
UUP1 Conservatives & Reformists54
British National1None
Democratic Unionist1
British Democratic1
We Demand a Referendum1
An Independence Party1
Independent1Freedom & Democracy34

1 UKIP have 9 MEPs in total, but only 8 are in the Freedom & Democracy group, with Trevor Colman as a Non-Inscrit.

Voting system and regional representation[edit]

As has been the case since 1999, the election is conducted in a total of 12 electoral regions: using the regional Party-list proportional representation system, in each of the government's nine English regions, Scotland and Wales, but the Single transferable vote system in Northern Ireland. As a result of the Treaty of Lisbon coming into force, the UK became entitled to a 73rd MEP as from November 2011. The Electoral Commission performed a reallocation in keeping with the same procedures they used to allocate 72 MEPs and an extra Conservative MEP was allocated to the West Midlands constituency based on the 2009 vote.[9]

Electoral regionRepresentation
in 2009
Representation
in 2014
Net Gain/Loss
East Midlands55
East of England77
London88
North East England33
North West England88
South East England1010
South West England166
West Midlands67+1
Yorkshire and the Humber66
Wales44
Scotland66
Northern Ireland33

1 Includes Gibraltar, the only British overseas territory which is part of the European Union.

Returning officers[edit]

The 'European Parliamentary Elections (Returning Officers) Order 2013' provides for the designated Returning Officer for each electoral region to be the council official responsible for elections in each of the following Westminster constituencies Kettering for the East Midlands, Chelmsford for the Eastern region, Lewisham, Deptford for the London region, Sunderland Central for the North East region, Manchester Central for the North West region, Falkirk for Scotland, Southampton, Test for the South East region, Poole for the South West region, Preseli Pembrokeshire for Wales, Birmingham Ladywood for the West Midlands region, and Leeds Central for the Yorkshire and Humber region.[10]

Retiring/resigned incumbents[edit]

Conservative[edit]

Green[edit]

Labour[edit]

Liberal Democrats[edit]

UKIP[edit]

Opinion Polls[edit]

These opinion polls are for Great Britain and generally exclude Northern Ireland. The methodology used for these polls broadly corresponds to that of the methodology that is used for Opinion polling for the next United Kingdom general election; please see that article for the methodology used by each polling company. YouGov have experimented with different methods of polling for these elections, using their own method for their 8–9 January 2013 poll and another corresponding to that used by Survation and ComRes for their 10–11 January 2013 poll (both below) and argue that their method gives more accurate answers.[23] Data for these polls is generally gathered at the same time as gathering the data for General Election polling.

2013[edit]

Date(s)
conducted
Polling organisation/clientSample sizeConUKIPLabLib DemOthersLead
21–22 NovSurvation/Daily Star1,00624%25%32%8%12%7% over UKIP
11 OctSurvation/Mail on Sunday1,01721%22%35%11%11%13% over UKIP
22–24 MayComRes/Open Europe2,00321%27%23%18%11%4% over Lab
17–18 MaySurvation/Mail on Sunday1,00020%30%31%8%11%1% over UKIP
17–18 JanYouGov/The Sun1,91230%12%38%13%7%8% over Con
10–11 JanYouGov/The Sun1,99524%19%36%12%10%12% over Con
9–10 JanComRes/Sunday People2,00222%23%35%8%12%12% over UKIP
8–9 JanYouGov/The Sun1,98027%17%38%12%6%11% over Con
5 JanSurvation/Mail on Sunday77224%22%31%11%12%7% over Con
4 Jun 2009European Parliament election, 2009 (United Kingdom) Results15,136,93227.7%16.5%15.7%13.7%25.6%11% over UKIP

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "EU reschedules elections to boost turnout". Upi.com. 2013-03-11. Retrieved 2013-05-03. 
  2. ^ "EU elections: Polling day will stay on Thursday, insists government". BBC. Retrieved 3 August 2013. 
  3. ^ "Wards and Election Information". Elmbridge.gov.uk. Retrieved 2013-04-19. 
  4. ^ Paul Owen. "Former leader of Tory MEPs Edward MacMillan-Scott joins Lib Dems | Politics". The Guardian. Retrieved 2013-09-29. 
  5. ^ "UKIP MEP Campbell Bannerman defects to Conservatives". BBC News. 2011-05-24. Retrieved 2013-09-29. 
  6. ^ James Tapsfield (2013-02-23). "Ukip MEP Marta Andreasen defects to the Tories and launches attack on Nigel Farage - UK Politics - UK". The Independent. Retrieved 2013-09-29. 
  7. ^ [1]
  8. ^ Robin Brant (2013-09-24). "BBC News - Godfrey Bloom quits as UKIP MEP after 'sluts' joke row". Bbc.co.uk. Retrieved 2013-10-14. 
  9. ^ Jason Groves (2011-12-02). "Woman MEP Anthea McIntyre takes post despite not a single vote". Dailymail.co.uk. Retrieved 2013-05-03. 
  10. ^ "Order in Council". Legislation.gov. Retrieved 22 August 2013. 
  11. ^ a b c d "Would you like to be a Tory MEP? There could be nine vacancies in 2014... Tory MPs". Conservativehome.blogs.com. 2012-05-23. Retrieved 2013-05-03. 
  12. ^ "Hughes to leave Europe at next election | IWC2". Labour North. Retrieved 2013-04-19. 
  13. ^ Michael Cashman CBE MEP. "West Mids Michael Cashman MEP to stand down in 2014 | Michael Cashman CBE MEP". Michael-cashman.eu. Retrieved 2013-04-19. 
  14. ^ "dear member". us2.forward-to-friend.com. Retrieved 3 August 2013. 
  15. ^ "Passing on the baton". PeterSkinnerMEP.eu. Retrieved 9 October 2013. 
  16. ^ "MEP Diana Wallis criticised over resignation 'nepotism'". Bbc.co.uk. 2012-01-19. Retrieved 2013-05-03. 
  17. ^ "Lib Dem MEP Liz Lynne to stand down". Bbc.co.uk. 2011-11-06. Retrieved 2013-05-03. 
  18. ^ Jill Treanor. "Lib Dem MEP Sharon Bowles applies for Bank of England governor job". Guardian. Retrieved 2013-05-03. 
  19. ^ "UKIP MEP for Wales John Bufton to stand down at election". Bbc.co.uk. 2013-05-24. Retrieved 2013-06-12. 
  20. ^ "East Midlands UKIP MEP to stand down next June". BBC News. Retrieved 2013-06-03. 
  21. ^ "Godfrey Bloom quits as UKIP MEP after 'sluts' joke row". BBC News. Retrieved 2013-10-09. 
  22. ^ "Ukip's Godfrey Bloom to sit as independent MEP after "sluts" row". Mirror. Retrieved 2013-10-09. 
  23. ^ Kellner, Peter (15 January 2013). "Measuring UKIP’s support". yougov. 

External links[edit]