European Parliament election, 2014 (United Kingdom)

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United Kingdom European Parliament election, 2014
United Kingdom
2009 ←
22 May 2014→ 2019

73 seats to the European Parliament
Turnout34.17%[1]
 First partySecond partyThird party
 Nigel FarageEd MilibandDavid Cameron
LeaderNigel FarageEd MilibandDavid Cameron
PartyUKIPLabourConservative
AllianceEFDDS&DECR
Leader since5 November 201025 September 20106 December 2005
Last election13 seats13 seats26 seats (including 1 UCUNF)
Seats won242019
Seat changeIncrease11Increase7Decrease7
Popular vote4,376,6354,020,6463,792,549
Percentage26.6%24.4%23.1%
SwingIncrease 10.6%Increase 9.2%Decrease 3.8%

UK Euro Elections 2014 FINAL.png


Leader of Largest Party before election

David Cameron
Conservative

Subsequent Leader of Largest Party

Nigel Farage
UKIP

 
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United Kingdom European Parliament election, 2014
United Kingdom
2009 ←
22 May 2014→ 2019

73 seats to the European Parliament
Turnout34.17%[1]
 First partySecond partyThird party
 Nigel FarageEd MilibandDavid Cameron
LeaderNigel FarageEd MilibandDavid Cameron
PartyUKIPLabourConservative
AllianceEFDDS&DECR
Leader since5 November 201025 September 20106 December 2005
Last election13 seats13 seats26 seats (including 1 UCUNF)
Seats won242019
Seat changeIncrease11Increase7Decrease7
Popular vote4,376,6354,020,6463,792,549
Percentage26.6%24.4%23.1%
SwingIncrease 10.6%Increase 9.2%Decrease 3.8%

UK Euro Elections 2014 FINAL.png


Leader of Largest Party before election

David Cameron
Conservative

Subsequent Leader of Largest Party

Nigel Farage
UKIP

The United Kingdom's component of the 2014 European Parliament election was held on Thursday 22 May 2014,[2][3] coinciding with the 2014 local elections in England[4] and Northern Ireland.

Most of the results of the election were announced on Sunday 25 May, after voting closed throughout the 28 member states of the European Union.

In total, 73 Members of the European Parliament were elected from the United Kingdom using proportional representation. England, Scotland and Wales use a closed-list party list system of PR (with the D'Hondt method), while Northern Ireland used the single transferable vote (STV).

The popular vote was won by the UK Independence Party (UKIP) – the first time a political party other than the Labour Party and Conservative Party has won the popular vote in a national election since the 1906 general election.[5][6] It is also the first time a party other than the Labour and Conservatives won the largest number of seats in a national election since the December 1910 general election.[7][8][9]

The Conservatives, the party currently in governing coalition with the Liberal Democrats, were pushed into third place for the first time in a European Parliament election, the same position as Labour in the previous 2009 European Parliament election.[10] It was also the first time since 1984 that the largest opposition party failed to win the European Parliament election.

Results[edit]

Map of highest polling party in each English council area; UKIP in purple, Labour in red, Conservatives in blue, and Liberal Democrats in orange.
Map of highest polling party in each Scottish council area; SNP in yellow, Labour in red, Conservatives in blue, and Liberal Democrats in orange.
Full results table of the 2014 European Parliament election for the United Kingdom[11][12]
PartyEuro
Party
Euro
Group
VotesSeats
Number%+/-Number+/-%
UK Independence PartyNoneEFDD4,376,63526.60%Increase10.61%24Increase1132.88%
Labour PartyPESS&D4,020,64624.43%Increase9.19%20Increase727.40%
Conservative PartyAECRECR3,792,54923.05%Decrease3.83%19Decrease626.03%
Green Party of England and WalesEGPG-EFA1,136,6706.91%Decrease0.92%3Increase14.11%
Scottish National PartyEFAG-EFA389,5032.37%Increase0.31%2Steady2.74%
Liberal DemocratsALDEALDE1,087,6336.61%Decrease6.71%1Decrease101.37%
Sinn FéinNoneEUL-NGL159,8130.97%Increase0.16%1Steady1.37%
Democratic Unionist PartyNoneNone131,1630.80%Increase0.23%1Steady1.37%
Plaid CymruEFAG-EFA111,8640.68%Decrease0.13%1Steady1.37%
Ulster Unionist PartyAECRECR83,4380.51%Decrease0.02%1Steady1.37%
An Independence from EuropeNoneNone235,1241.43%New0New0.00%
British National PartyAENMNone179,6941.09%Decrease4.95%0Decrease20.00%
English DemocratsNoneNone126,0240.77%Decrease1.03%0Steady0.00%
Scottish Green PartyEGPG-EFA108,3050.66%Increase0.14%0Steady0.00%
Social Democratic and Labour PartyPESS&D81,5940.50%Decrease0.01%0Steady0.00%
Traditional Unionist VoiceNoneNone75,8060.46%Increase0.04%0Steady0.00%
Christian Peoples AllianceECPMNone50,2220.31%Decrease1.29%0Steady0.00%
Alliance Party of Northern IrelandNoneNone44,4320.27%Increase0.10%0Steady0.00%
No2EUNoneNone31,7570.19%Decrease0.79%0Steady0.00%
4 Freedoms Party (UK EPP)NoneNone28,0140.17%New0New0.00%
We Demand a Referendum NowNoneNone23,4260.14%New0New0.00%
National Health Action PartyNoneNone23,2530.14%New0New0.00%
Animal Welfare PartyNoneNone21,0920.13%Increase0.04%0Steady0.00%
Britain FirstNoneNone20,2720.12%New0New0.00%
Yorkshire FirstNoneNone19,0170.12%New0New0.00%
Europeans PartyNoneNone10,7120.07%New0New0.00%
Green Party in Northern IrelandEGPG-EFA10,5980.06%Decrease0.04%0Steady0.00%
NI21NoneNone10,5530.06%New0New0.00%
Peace PartyNoneNone10,1300.06%Steady0Steady0.00%
OthersVariousNone55,0110.33%Decrease3.36%0Steady0.00%
Valid Votes16,454,950100.00%73Increase1100.00%
Rejected Votes90,8120.55%
Total Polled16,545,762
Verified Votes34.19%
Registered Electors

Election results by Constituency[11]

ConstituencyCurrent members
East Midlands          
East of England          
London          
North East England          
North West England          
South East England          
South West England          
West Midlands          
Yorkshire and the Humber          
Scotland          
Wales          
Northern Ireland          

MEPs defeated[edit]

Conservative[edit]

Liberal Democrats[edit]

British National Party[edit]

An Independence from Europe[edit]

We Demand a Referendum[edit]

MEPs before the 2014 election, by European Parliament group[edit]

Between the 2009 and 2014 elections, there were various changes to the breakdown of UK members. In December 2011 a 73rd member from the UK (Anthea McIntyre, Conservative) was allocated to England because of the implementation of the Treaty of Lisbon. There were also various defections:

The Ulster Conservatives and Unionists - New Force (UCUNF) electoral pact between the Conservatives and the Ulster Unionist Party (UUP) was dissolved.

Thus, before the 2014 election, the following parties had MEPs representing UK constituencies:

Parties in the European Parliament (UK) before the 2014 election
United Kingdom partySeats/73European Parliament groupSeats/766
Conservative26 European Conservatives and Reformists52
UUP1
Labour13 Progressive Alliance of Socialists and Democrats195
Liberal Democrats12 Alliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe75
UKIP9Europe of Freedom and Democracy31
Independent1
Green2The Greens–European Free Alliance52
Scottish National2
Plaid Cymru1
Sinn Féin1European United Left–Nordic Green Left35
Democratic Unionist1Non-Inscrits-
British Democratic1-
British National1-
We Demand a Referendum1-
An Independence from Europe1-

Voting system and regional representation[edit]

Polling station in Gosberton in Lincolnshire within the East Midlands Constituency on 22 May 2014

As has been the case since 1999, the election is conducted in a total of 12 electoral constituencies: using the regional Party-list proportional representation system, in each of the government's nine English regions, and in Scotland and in Wales, but the Single transferable vote system in Northern Ireland. As a result of the Treaty of Lisbon coming into force, the UK became entitled to a 73rd MEP as from November 2011. The Electoral Commission performed a reallocation in keeping with the same procedures they used to allocate 72 MEPs and an extra Conservative MEP was allocated to the West Midlands constituency based on the 2009 vote.[18]

Electoral regionRepresentation
in 2009
Representation
before and after
the 2014 election
Net Gain/Loss
East Midlands55
East of England77
London88
North East England33
North West England88
South East England1010
South West England166
West Midlands67+1
Yorkshire and the Humber66
Wales44
Scotland66
Northern Ireland33

1 Includes Gibraltar, the only British overseas territory which is part of the European Union.

Returning officers[edit]

The European Parliamentary Elections (Returning Officers) Order 2013 provides for the designated Returning Officer for each electoral region to be the council official responsible for elections in each of the following Westminster constituencies: Kettering for the East Midlands, Chelmsford for the Eastern region, Lewisham, Deptford for the London region, Sunderland Central for the North East region, Manchester Central for the North West region, Falkirk for Scotland, Southampton, Test for the South East region, Poole for the South West region, Preseli Pembrokeshire for Wales, Birmingham Ladywood for the West Midlands region, and Leeds Central for the Yorkshire and Humber region.[19]

Parties and candidates[edit]

39 parties stood a total of 747 candidates. The Conservative Party and UKIP had candidates in every region, as did the three Green parties. Labour, the Liberal Democrats and the BNP had a full slate of candidates in all the regions in Great Britain (i.e. excluding Northern Ireland). The English Democrats and An Independence from Europe had a full slate of candidates in all the English regions. No2EU had a full slate in seven regions, while Britain First and the Socialist Party of Great Britain had full slates in two regions each. The Harmony Party stood in four regions and the Christian Peoples Alliance in three regions. Other parties only stood in one region.

Retiring/resigned incumbents[edit]

British Democratic Party[edit]

(Elected in 2009 as British National Party)

Conservative[edit]

Green[edit]

Labour[edit]

Liberal Democrats[edit]

UKIP[edit]

Debates[edit]

On 20 February, the Deputy Prime Minister Nick Clegg used his weekly phone-in show on LBC 97.3 to challenge the leader of the UK Independence Party, Nigel Farage, to a live public debate on the UK's membership of the European Union.[32] Clegg said, "he is the leader of the party of 'out'; I am the leader of the party of 'in'. I think it's time we now have a proper, public debate so that the public can listen to the two sides of the argument and judge from themselves."[33][34] Farage accepted, but said he would also like to see Ed Miliband and David Cameron participate.[35]

The first hour-long debate between the two men was held on 26 March 2014 and was broadcast live on television by Sky News and on the BBC News Channel. The debate was hosted by LBC and moderated by Nick Ferrari.[36] After the first debate, a YouGov poll asked "Who performed better?", with 57% saying Farage did better compared to 36% for Clegg.

The second debate was held on BBC Two on 2 April in a special programme called The European Union: In or Out, moderated by David Dimbleby. Farage was again seen as outperforming his rival, with a snap poll by YouGov showing 68% of people thought he did better in the debate compared to 27% for Clegg. A snap Guardian poll also showed that 69% thought Farage won the debate.[37]

Despite David Cameron and Ed Miliband declining to participate in the leaders' debates, the Conservative and Labour parties were represented in a lower-profile debate on the BBC. On 13 February Andrew Neil hosted a four-way debate on the BBC's Sunday Politics programme. The Conservatives were represented by Syed Kamall MEP, Labour by Richard Howitt MEP, the Liberal Democrats by Baroness Sarah Ludford MEP and the UK Independence Party by Patrick O'Flynn, the party's Director of communications and an MEP candidate.[38][39]

Opinion polls[edit]

These opinion polls are for Great Britain and generally exclude Northern Ireland. The methodology used for these polls broadly corresponds to that used for Opinion polling for the next United Kingdom general election; see that article for the methodology used by each polling company. YouGov have experimented with different methods of polling for these elections, using their own method for their 8–9 January 2013 poll and another corresponding to that used by Survation and ComRes for their 10–11 January 2013 poll (both below) and argue that their method gives more accurate answers.[40] Data for these polls are generally gathered at the same time as the data for General Election polling.

2014[edit]

Date(s)
conducted
Polling organisation/clientSample sizeConUKIPLabLib DemOthersLead
22 May 2014European Parliament election, 2014 (Great Britain) Results16,017,36623.93%27.49%25.40%6.87%16.31%2.09% over Lab
20–21 MayYouGov/The Sun6,12422%27%26%9%16%1% over Lab
19–21 MayOpinium/Daily Mail1,96721%32%25%6%16%7% over Lab
19–20 MaySurvation/Mirror1,10623%32%27%9%11%5% over Lab
19–20 MayYouGov/The Sun1,87423%27%27%10%14%Tied
18–19 MayYouGov/The Sun1,74021%24%28%10%17%4% over UKIP
15–19 MayTNS1,21721%31%28%7%13%3% over Lab
16–18 MayComRes/ITV News2,06120%33%27%7%13%6% over Lab
15–16 MayYouGov/Sunday Times1,89223%26%27%9%14%1% over UKIP
13–16 MayOpinium/Daily Mail2,03620%31%29%5%15%2% over Lab
14–15 MayICM/Sunday Telegraph2,03326%25%29%7%13%3% over Con
14–15 MayComRes/Sunday Mirror/Independent on Sunday2,04520%35%24%6%15%11% over Lab
13–14 MayYouGov/The Sun1,96822%25%28%10%15%3% over UKIP
9–12 MayOpinium1,93622%30%28%7%13%2% over Lab
9-11 MayICM/The Guardian1,00027%26%24%7%16%1% over UKIP
9-11 MayComRes/C4M2,05622%34%24%8%12%10% over Lab
9 MaySurvation/Mail on Sunday1,00521%32%28%9%11%4% over Lab
6–8 MayOpinium/Daily Mail1,97223%28%27%8%14%1% over Lab
28 Apr – 6 MayYouGov/Sky News1,93323%31%25%9%14%6% over Lab
2–3 MaySurvation/Mirror1,00524%31%28%7%10%3% over Lab
1–2 MayYouGov/Sunday Times1,94522%29%28%7%14%1% over Lab
30 Apr-1 MayYouGov/Sun on Sunday1,84423%29%26%10%12%3% over Lab
30 Apr-1 MayYouGov/The Sun1,81322%27%30%9%13%3% over UKIP
27–30 AprYouGov/The Sun5,33122%28%29%9%13%1% over UKIP
24–28 AprTNS1,19918%36%27%10%12%9% over Lab
25–27 AprComRes/ITV News2,05218%38%27%8%14%11% over Lab
24–25 AprYouGov/Sunday Times1,83519%31%28%9%13%3% over Lab
21–22 AprYouGov/The Sun2,19022%27%30%10%11%3% over UKIP
15–17 AprICM/Sunday Telegraph2,00022%27%30%8%13%3% over UKIP
11–13 AprICM/The Guardian1,00025%20%36%6%13%11% over Con
3–7 AprTNS1,19321%29%30%9%11%1% over UKIP
4–6 AprPopulus/Financial Times2,03427%25%31%10%7%4% over Con
3–4 AprYouGov/Sunday Times1,99822%28%30%9%10%2% over UKIP
4 AprSurvation/Mail on Sunday1,00121%27%34%9%9%7% over UKIP
2–3 AprComRes/The People2,06722%30%30%8%10%Tied
2 AprBroadcast of The European Union: In or Out debate.
27–28 MarYouGov/The Sunday Times1,91624%23%32%11%10%8% over Con
26–27 MarYouGov/The Sun2,03924%26%28%11%11%2% over UKIP
26 MarLBC radio debate on the European Union between the Lib Dems' Nick Clegg and Nigel Farage of UKIP.
20–21 MarSurvation/Mail on Sunday1,00028%23%32%7%10%4% over Con
17–18 MarYouGov/Times2,28424%23%32%10%11%8% over Con
12–13 MarComRes/Independent on Sunday2,00121%30%28%8%13%2% over Lab
7–9 FebICM/The Guardian1,00225%20%35%9%11%10% over Con
14–15 JanYouGov/The Sun1,89323%26%32%9%10%6% over UKIP
3 JanSurvation/Mail on Sunday1,00123%26%32%9%10%6% over UKIP

2013[edit]

Date(s)
conducted
Polling organisation/clientSample sizeConUKIPLabLib DemOthersLead
21–22 NovSurvation/Daily Star1,00624%25%32%8%12%7% over UKIP
11 OctSurvation/Mail on Sunday1,01721%22%35%11%11%13% over UKIP
22–24 MayComRes/Open Europe2,00321%27%23%18%11%4% over Lab
17–18 MaySurvation/Mail on Sunday1,00020%30%31%8%11%1% over UKIP
17–18 JanYouGov/The Sun1,91230%12%38%13%10%8% over Con
10–11 JanYouGov/The Sun1,99524%19%36%12%10%12% over Con
9–10 JanComRes/Sunday People2,00222%23%35%8%12%12% over UKIP
8–9 JanYouGov/The Sun1,98027%17%38%12%6%11% over Con
5 JanSurvation/Mail on Sunday77224%22%31%11%12%7% over Con
4 Jun 2009European Parliament election, 2009 (United Kingdom) Results15,136,93227.7%16.5%15.7%13.7%25.6%11.2% over UKIP

Scottish polls[edit]

Date(s)
conducted
Polling organisation/clientSample sizeSNPLabConLib DemUKIPOthersLead
22 May 2014European Parliament election, 2014 (Scotland) Results1,343,48329.0% (2)25.9% (2)17.2% (1)7.1%10.5% (1)10.4%3.1% over Lab
12–15 May 2014ICM/Scotsman1,00336% (3)27% (2)13% (1)7%9%8%9% over Lab
9–12 May 2014Survation/Daily Record1,00337% (3)26% (2)13% (1)6%11%7%11% over Lab
11–22 Apr 2014YouGov/Edinburgh University1,01433% (3)31% (2)12% (1)7%10%7%2% over Lab
14–16 Apr 2014ICM/Scotland on Sunday1,00437% (3)28% (2)11% (1)7%10%6%9% over Lab
4–7 Apr 2014Survation/Daily Record1,00239% (3)30% (2)14% (1)6%7%5%9% over Lab
17–21 Mar 2014ICM/Scotsman1,01041% (3)29% (2)13% (1)5%6%6%12% over Lab
21–24 Jan 2014ICM/Scotsman1,01043% (3)24% (2)14% (1)6%7%6%19% over Lab
4 Jun 2009European Parliament election, 2009 (Scotland) Results1,104,51229.1% (2)20.8% (2)16.8% (1)11.5% (1)5.2%16.6%8.2% over Lab

Welsh polls[edit]

Date(s)
conducted
Polling organisation/clientSample sizeConLabPlaidUKIPLib DemOthersLead
22 May 2014European Parliament election, 2014 (Wales) Results733,06017.43% (1)28.15% (1)15.26% (1)27.55% (1)3.95%7.66%.6% over UKIP
12–14 May 2014YouGov/ITV1,09216% (1)33% (2)15%23% (1)7%7%10% over UKIP
11–22 Apr 2014YouGov/Cardiff University, Edinburgh University, IPPR1,02718% (1)39% (2)11%20% (1)7%6%19% over UKIP
10–12 Feb 2014YouGov/ITV1,25017% (1)39% (2)12%18% (1)7%7%21% over UKIP
2–4 Dec 2013YouGov/ITV1,00120% (1)41% (3)13%13%8%5%21% over Con
4 Jun 2009European Parliament election, 2009 (Wales) Results684,52021.2% (1)20.3% (1)18.5% (1)12.8% (1)10.7%16.6%1% over Lab

London polls[edit]

Date(s)
conducted
Polling organisation/clientSample sizeConLabLib DemGreenUKIPOthersLead
22 May 2014European Parliament election, 2014 (London) Results2,200,47522.52% (2)36.67% (4)6.73%8.93% (1)16.87% (1)8.28%14.15% over Con
6–8 May 2014YouGov/Evening Standard1,42223% (2)37% (4)9%7%21% (2)3%14% over Con
28–29 Apr 2014Survation1,00121% (2)39% (3)13% (1)7%20% (2)1%18% over Con
7–9 Apr 2014YouGov/Evening Standard1,20925% (2)33% (3)11% (1)5%24% (2)3%8% over Con
4 Jun 2009European Parliament election, 2009 (London) Results1,751,02627.4% (3)21.3% (2)13.7% (1)10.9% (1)10.8% (1)15.9%6.1% over Lab

See also[edit]

References[edit]

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External links[edit]