Eurocopter EC135

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EC135
EC135Bundespolizei.jpg
Eurocopter EC135 T2+ of the German Federal Police
RoleLight utility helicopter
National originGermany
ManufacturerEurocopter
Airbus Helicopters
First flight15 February 1994
Producedover 1000 (2011)[1]
Unit cost
~US$4.2M, €3M
VariantsEurocopter EC 635
 
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EC135
EC135Bundespolizei.jpg
Eurocopter EC135 T2+ of the German Federal Police
RoleLight utility helicopter
National originGermany
ManufacturerEurocopter
Airbus Helicopters
First flight15 February 1994
Producedover 1000 (2011)[1]
Unit cost
~US$4.2M, €3M
VariantsEurocopter EC 635

The Eurocopter EC135 is a twin-engine civil helicopter produced by Eurocopter, widely used amongst police and ambulance services and for executive transport. It is capable of flight under instrument flight rules (IFR) and is outfitted with digital flight controls. It entered service in 1996; over a thousand aircraft have been produced to date.

Development[edit]

Origins[edit]

The EC135 started development prior to the formation of Eurocopter under Messerschmitt-Bölkow-Blohm (MBB) under the designation Bo 108 by MBB in the 1970s. Working in partnership with Aerospatiale, the Bo 108 was initially intended to be a technology demonstrator, combining attributes of the successful MBB Bo 105 with new advances and an aerodynamically streamlined design.[2] Technologies included on the Bo 108 included the first full-authority digital engine controls (FADEC) on a helicopter, a bearingless main rotor, and the adoption of a new transmission.[2] The first prototype made its first flight on 17 October 1988, powered by two Allison 250-C20R/1 engines. A second BO 108 followed on 5 June 1991, this time with two Turboméca TM319-1B Arrius engines; unlike later production aircraft, both technology demonstrators flew with conventional tail rotors.

BO 108 prototype

In the late 1990s, the design was revised with the introduction of the Fenestron tail rotor system, an advanced rigid main rotor, composite materials, and resonance isolation systems.[2] It was decided to pursue a full certification program, resulting in the production of two pre-production prototypes, under the new designation EC135 to correspond with the newly created Eurocopter company.[3] At this point, it was decided that the EC135 should be developed with two competing engines, the Turboméca Arrius 2B and the Pratt & Whitney Canada PW206B engines; both engines proved to be successful and either is available as options on production EC135s.[4]

The EC135 made its first public appearance in January 1995 at the Heli-Expo at Las Vegas.[2] European JAA certification was achieved on 16 June 1996, with FAA approval following on 31 July.

Further development[edit]

Superior Ambulance's EC135 at Rush University Medical Center

Single-pilot IFR (SPIFR) certification was granted by the German LBA on 2 December 1999. Deliveries to the German Aviators Corps began on 13 September 2000 at the German Army Aviators School at Bückeburg Air Base. The EC135 received SPIFR certification from the UK CAA in December 2000.

In 2000, Eurocopter announced the start of certification work for the Pratt & Whitney Canada PW206B2, a version of the PW207 which offers improved single-engine performance and 30 second emergency power. The LBA certification was achieved on 10 July 2001, and the first EC135 with the new engines was handed over to the Swedish National Police on 10 August 2001.

In 2002, the EC135 Active Control Technology demonstrator/Flying Helicopter Simulator (ACT/FHS), a research aircraft designed to test fibre optic-based flight control systems, undertook its first flight.[5]

At the NBAA in March 2007 in Atlanta, Eurocopter unveiled ‘L’Hélicoptère par Hermès, a special-edition VIP model designed by Hermès International, S.A.. This variant features a specially created luxury four-place main cabin, a sliding glass partition, a corporate baggage hold, redesigned skid landing gear and other external changes. Launch customer for ‘L’Hélicoptère par Hermès is Falcon Aviation Services (FAS), based in Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates.

In 2011, Eurocopter entered the Chinese business market licensing the Zhong-Ou International Group to produce the EC135 Luxury Helicopter in the Province of Zhejiang.[6]

Operational history[edit]

EC135 T1 of French operator SAF Hélicoptères during a rescue operation

Deliveries started on 1 August 1996, when two helicopters (0005 and 0006) were handed over to Deutsche Rettungsflugwacht. The 100th EC135 was handed over to the Bavarian police force in June 1999; by which point the worldwide fleet had accumulated approximately 30,000 flight hours.

The world fleet leader in aircraft hours for this type is G-NESV (s/n 0067) operated by Cleveland Police Air Operations Unit based at Durham Tees Valley Airport, UK. This aircraft was originally delivered to the North East Air Support Unit in April 1999, and by 2009 it had clocked up almost 12,000 hours.

In 2011, Eurocopter announced that a total of 1000 EC135 helicopters had been delivered to customers worldwide, roughly 15 years following the start of production.[7]

In 2009, the EC135 was the first aircraft selected for offshore wind support in the UK after the Civil Aviation Authority approved helicopter operations to the Greater Gabbard offshore wind farm.[8][9] The EC135 has also been used for this purpose in Denmark, supporting the Horns Rev offshore wind farm where over 10,000 successful personnel transfers have taken place.[10][11]

In 2013, it was reported that the EC135 was currently providing roughly 25% of the world's total emergency medic services flights, and that over 500 EC135s have been delivered to in an aeromedical configuration.[12]

Variants[edit]

Cornwall Air Ambulance EC135 G-KRNW overhead at Polzeath, August 2008
EC135 T2 air ambulance of the Austrian Air Rescue service in Klagenfurt, Austria
A Eurocopter EC135 of the German Brandenburg State Police
An ADAC EC135 taking off from Bonn University Clinic
EC135 P1 
Powered by two 463 kW (621 shp) Pratt & Whitney Canada PW206B (ratings correspond to Take-Off Power (TOP)). Later versions have the Center Panel Display System (CPDS). Initial maximum take-off weight (M.T.O.W.) of 2,630 kg (5,798 lbs), later raised to 2,720 kg (5,997 lbs) and then 2,835 kg (6,250 lbs).
EC135 T1 
Powered by two 435 kW (583 shp)(TOP rating) Turbomeca Arrius 2B1/2B1A/2B1A1. Later versions have the CPDS. Initial M.T.O.W. of 2,630 kg (5,798 lbs), later raised to 2,720 kg (5,997 lbs) and then 2,835 kg (6,250 lbs).
EC135 P2 
Powered by two 463 kW (621 shp) (TOP rating) Pratt & Whitney Canada PW206B2. Increased thermodynamic and mechanic OEI ratings (128% OEI torque). Replaced EC135 P1 in production in August 2001.
EC135 T2 
Powered by two 452 kW (606 shp) (TOP rating) Turbomeca Arrius 2B2. Increased thermodynamic and mechanic OEI ratings (128% OEI torque). Replaced EC135 T1 in production in August 2002.
EC135 P2+ (Marketing name EC135 P2i)
Latest current production version with 498 kW (667 shp) PW206B2 (new power ratings based on a FADEC software upgrade), plus a 2,910 kg (6,415 lbs) M.T.O.W. upgrade, extended component time between overhaul (TBOs), and a change in the main transmission lubricating oil.[13] Built in Germany and Spain.
EC135 T2+ (Marketing name EC135 T2i)
Latest current production version with 473 kW (634 shp) Arrius 2B2 engines (new power ratings based on a FADEC software upgrade), plus a 2,910 kg (6,415 lbs) M.T.O.W. upgrade, extended component TBOs, and a change in the main transmission lubricating oil. Built in Germany and Spain.
EC135 P2+ (Marketing name EC135 P2e)
Marketing designation of aircraft with increased M.T.O.W. of 2,950 kg (6,504 lbs) within restricted flight envelope.
EC135 T2+ (Marketing name EC135 T2e) 
Marketing designation of aircraft with increased M.T.O.W. of 2,950 kg (6,504 lbs) within restricted flight envelope.
EC135 P3 
Powered by two 528 kW (708 shp) (TOP rating) PW206B3 engines (new power ratings based on a FADEC software upgrade), plus a 2,980 kg (6,570 lbs) M.T.O.W. upgrade, and significant increased OEI, Cat A, and hot/high performance. Market introduction in 2014.
EC135 T3 
Powered by two 492 kW (660 shp) (TOP rating) Arrius 2B2Plus engines (new power ratings based on a FADEC software upgrade), plus a 2,980 kg (6,570 lbs) M.T.O.W. upgrade, and significant increased OEI, Cat A, and hot/high performance. Market introduction in 2014.
EC 635
Military variant originally developed to meet a Portuguese Army requirement for a fire support and medical evacuation helicopter. Presently, operated by Jordan, Swiss and Iraqi armed forces.[citation needed]

Operators[edit]

The EC135 is popular with air charter companies, air ambulance operators and is operated by private individuals and companies.

Government operators[edit]

Eurocopter EC135T2 of the Police of the Czech Republic
 Canada
 Croatia
 Czech Republic
 Germany
 Japan
 Lithuania
 Netherlands
 Norway
 Poland
 Romania
 Slovenia
 Spain
 Sweden
 United Kingdom
 United States

Military Operators[edit]

EC135 T1 of the German Army
 Gabon
 Germany
 Ireland
 Japan
 Morocco
 Spain

Accidents and incidents[edit]

Specifications (EC135 P2+/T2+)[edit]

EC135 T2 at Glasgow City Heliport, owned and operated by Bond Helicopters, UK
Privately operated EC135 T2 'N614G' at Newnan-Coweta County Airport

Data from Eurocopter EC135 2008 Tech Data book

General characteristics

Performance

See also[edit]

Related development
Aircraft of comparable role, configuration and era
Related lists

References[edit]

Citations[edit]

  1. ^ "Eurocopter officially hands over its 1,000th EC135 helicopter to the ADAC". Eurocopter, 21 July 2011.
  2. ^ a b c d Pope 2006, p. 1.
  3. ^ Pope 2006, pp. 1-2.
  4. ^ Pope 2006, p. 2.
  5. ^ "Fly-by-light EC135 helicopter makes first flight." Flight International, 5 February 2002.
  6. ^ "EC135 Helicopter to be built in China". Retrieved 18 July 2011. 
  7. ^ "Eurocopter delivers 1000th EC135." shephardmedia.com, 21 July 2013.
  8. ^ EC135 Selected for Greater Gabbard Offshore Wind Farm
  9. ^ UK Civil Aviation offshore wind guidelines for helicopter operations
  10. ^ Uni-Fly Personnel Transfer Video
  11. ^ "Uni-Fly A/S". Uni-fly.dk. Retrieved 2013-05-05. 
  12. ^ Ozbek, Tolga. "EC135 picked for Turkish air ambulance duties." Flight International, 9 May 2013.
  13. ^ "Type Acceptance Report" (PDF). Retrieved 2013-05-05. 
  14. ^ "Eurocopter Canada delivers two EC135P2+ to Ontario Provincial Police". helihub.com. Retrieved 17 March 2013. 
  15. ^ "MUP RH kupio helikopter EC-135 za nadzor granice i prijevoz stradalih". defender.hr. Retrieved 27 June 2013. 
  16. ^ "Eurocopter EC 135". vrtulník.cz. 29 July 2011. Retrieved 25 December 2013. 
  17. ^ "ADAC orders 14 EC145T2 and 3 EC135P2e". helihub.com. Retrieved 17 March 2013. 
  18. ^ "Turbomeca sign support agreement with German Federal Police". helihub.com. Retrieved 17 March 2013. 
  19. ^ "Eurocopter Japan delivers EC135T2 to National Police Agency". helihub.com. Retrieved 17 March 2013. 
  20. ^ "Valstybės sienos apsaugos tarnyba". Pasienis.lt. 2013-04-30. Retrieved 2013-05-05. 
  21. ^ "Hoe ziet de luchtvloot er uit?". politie.nl. Retrieved 3 August 2013. 
  22. ^ "Norwegian Police lease second EC135". helihub.com. Retrieved 17 March 2013. 
  23. ^ "EC 135". lpr.com.pl. Retrieved 12 December 2013. 
  24. ^ "EC 135". www.aviatie.mai.gov.ro. Retrieved 17 February 2014. 
  25. ^ "EC 135". smurd.ro. Retrieved 17 February 2014. 
  26. ^ "Heli-One upgrades EC135 for Slovenian National Police". helihub.com. Retrieved 17 March 2013. 
  27. ^ Dirección General de la Policía. "Servicio de Medios Aéreos-Helicópteros". Retrieved 20 March 2013. 
  28. ^ "Swedish Police to add seventh base and another EC135". helihub.com. Retrieved 5 April 2013. 
  29. ^ Bond Air Services begins new air ambulance service in Merseyside
  30. ^ a b "Glasgow City Heliport Based Aircraft". ukemergencyaviation.co.uk. Retrieved 30 November 2013. 
  31. ^ "Northern Lighthouse Board upgrading to EC135". helihub.com. Retrieved 12-December-13. 
  32. ^ "Broward County Sheriff orders third EC135". helihub.com. Retrieved 17 March 2013. 
  33. ^ a b c d "World Air Forces 2013". Flightglobal Insight. 2013. Retrieved 17 March 2013. 
  34. ^ "Gabon's new Helicopter!". smallairforces.com. Retrieved 17 March 2013. 
  35. ^ "The Moroccan Royal Gendarmerie is recognized for its 50 years of Eurocopter helicopter operations". eurocopter.com. Retrieved 17 March 2013. 
  36. ^ "Moroccan Royal Gendarmerie EC-135T". Demand media. Retrieved 17 March 2013. 
  37. ^ "Materiales - Helicópteros - HE-26". Ministerio de Defensa de España. Retrieved 26 March 2013. 
  38. ^ "Glasgow helicopter crash: Nine dead at Clutha pub". 30 November 2013. 
  39. ^ "Glasgow helicopter crash: ninth body recovered". 2 December 2013. 
  40. ^ "Special Bulletin: S9/2013 - Eurocopter EC135 T2+, G-SPAO". 9 December 2013. 

Bibliography[edit]

External links[edit]

External images
Cutaway drawing of EC-135