Eureka, Utah

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia - View original article

Eureka, Utah
City
BPOE Block in Eureka
BPOE Block in Eureka
Location in Juab County and state of Utah.
Location in Juab County and state of Utah.
Coordinates: 39°57′18″N 112°6′59″W / 39.95500°N 112.11639°W / 39.95500; -112.11639Coordinates: 39°57′18″N 112°6′59″W / 39.95500°N 112.11639°W / 39.95500; -112.11639
CountryUnited States
StateUtah
CountyJuab
Founded1870
IncorporatedNovember 8, 1892
Named forEureka
Area
 • Total1.5 sq mi (3.8 km2)
 • Land1.5 sq mi (3.8 km2)
 • Water0.0 sq mi (0.0 km2)
Elevation6,430 ft (1,960 m)
Population (2012)
 • Total667
 • Density521.4/sq mi (201.3/km2)
Time zoneMountain (MST) (UTC-7)
 • Summer (DST)MDT (UTC-6)
ZIP code84628
Area code(s)435
FIPS code49-24080[1]
GNIS feature ID1437974[2]
 
Jump to: navigation, search
Eureka, Utah
City
BPOE Block in Eureka
BPOE Block in Eureka
Location in Juab County and state of Utah.
Location in Juab County and state of Utah.
Coordinates: 39°57′18″N 112°6′59″W / 39.95500°N 112.11639°W / 39.95500; -112.11639Coordinates: 39°57′18″N 112°6′59″W / 39.95500°N 112.11639°W / 39.95500; -112.11639
CountryUnited States
StateUtah
CountyJuab
Founded1870
IncorporatedNovember 8, 1892
Named forEureka
Area
 • Total1.5 sq mi (3.8 km2)
 • Land1.5 sq mi (3.8 km2)
 • Water0.0 sq mi (0.0 km2)
Elevation6,430 ft (1,960 m)
Population (2012)
 • Total667
 • Density521.4/sq mi (201.3/km2)
Time zoneMountain (MST) (UTC-7)
 • Summer (DST)MDT (UTC-6)
ZIP code84628
Area code(s)435
FIPS code49-24080[1]
GNIS feature ID1437974[2]

Eureka is a city in Juab County, Utah, United States. It is part of the ProvoOrem, Utah Metropolitan Statistical Area. The population was 766 at the 2000 census.

Geography[edit]

Eureka is located at 39°57′18″N 112°6′59″W / 39.95500°N 112.11639°W / 39.95500; -112.11639 (39.954974, -112.116364).[3]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 1.5 square miles (3.8 km²), all of it land.

Climate[edit]

This climatic region is typified by large seasonal temperature differences, with warm to hot (and often humid) summers and cold (sometimes severely cold) winters. According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, Eureka has a humid continental climate, abbreviated "Dfb" on climate maps.[4]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
CensusPop.
1880122
18901,7331,320.5%
19003,08578.0%
19103,41610.7%
19203,6085.6%
19303,041−15.7%
19402,292−24.6%
19501,318−42.5%
1960771−41.5%
1970753−2.3%
1980670−11.0%
1990562−16.1%
200076636.3%
2010669−12.7%
Est. 2012667−0.3%
Source: U.S. Census Bureau[5]

As of the census[1] of 2000, there were 766 people, 271 households, and 197 families residing in the city. The population density was 521.4 people per square mile (201.2/km²). There were 342 housing units at an average density of 232.8 per square mile (89.8/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 97.65% White, 1.04% Native American, 0.13% Asian, 0.13% Pacific Islander, 0.26% from other races, and 0.78% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.35% of the population.

Typical home in Eureka

There were 271 households out of which 39.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 56.8% were married couples living together, 8.9% had a female householder with no husband present, and 27.3% were non-families. 24.0% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.83 and the average family size was 3.37.

In the city the population was spread out with 33.2% under the age of 18, 9.1% from 18 to 24, 27.7% from 25 to 44, 18.8% from 45 to 64, and 11.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 30 years. For every 100 females there were 103.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 102.4 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $36,875, and the median income for a family was $43,077. Males had a median income of $35,938 versus $26,563 for females. The per capita income for the city was $14,534. About 6.3% of families and 9.9% of the population were below the poverty line, including 10.5% of those under age 18 and 12.2% of those age 65 or over.

Mining history[edit]

Eureka Historic District
Eureka, Tintic, Utah 1911.jpg
Tintic District at Eureka in 1911
LocationCoterminous with the city
Built1892
ArchitectMultiple
Architectural stylePrairie School, Bungalow/Craftsman, Saltbox
MPSTintic Mining District MRA
NRHP Reference #79002514[6]
Added to NRHPMarch 14, 1979

Eureka was originally known as Ruby Hollow before it developed into a bustling mining town. Incorporated as a city in 1892, Eureka became the financial center for the Tintic Mining District, a wealthy gold and silver mining area in Utah and Juab counties. The district was organized in 1869 and by 1899 became one of the top mineral producing areas in Utah. Eureka housed the "Big Four" mines—Bullion Beck and Champion, Centennial Eureka, Eureka Hill, and Gemini-and later the Chief Consolidated Mining Company.

Plaque explaining a mining headframe

Eureka's role as the central financial point for the district ensured its survival. It housed business establishments, including the second-ever JCPenney store (then called the Golden Rule Store), financial institutions, local and county governmental buildings including Eureka City Hall (1899) and a Juab County Courthouse (1892), various churches, and the meeting places for numerous labor, social, and fraternal organizations. Mining entrepreneurs such as John Q. Packard, John Beck, Jesse Knight, and Walter Fitch Sr. were important figures in Eureka and Tintic history. In 1979 Eureka was placed in the National Register of Historic Places as part of the Tintic Mining District Multiple Resource Area, recognizing the importance of remaining buildings and sites.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  2. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  3. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  4. ^ Climate Summary for Eureka, Utah
  5. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved November 18, 2011. 
  6. ^ "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 2009-03-13. 

External links[edit]

Media related to Eureka, Utah at Wikimedia Commons