Eure-et-Loir

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia - View original article

Eure-et-Loir
Department
Coat of arms of Eure-et-Loir
Coat of arms
Location of Eure-et-Loir in France
Location of Eure-et-Loir in France
Coordinates: 48°20′N 01°25′E / 48.333°N 1.417°E / 48.333; 1.417Coordinates: 48°20′N 01°25′E / 48.333°N 1.417°E / 48.333; 1.417
CountryFrance
RegionCentre
PrefectureChartres
SubprefecturesChâteaudun
Dreux
Nogent-le-Rotrou
Government
 • President of the General CouncilAlbéric de Montgolfier (UMP)
Area1
 • Total5,880 km2 (2,270 sq mi)
Population (2008)
 • Total423,559
 • Rank56th
 • Density72/km2 (190/sq mi)
Time zoneCET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST)CEST (UTC+2)
Department number28
Arrondissements4
Cantons29
Communes403
^1 French Land Register data, which exclude estuaries, and lakes, ponds, and glaciers larger than 1 km2
 
Jump to: navigation, search
Eure-et-Loir
Department
Coat of arms of Eure-et-Loir
Coat of arms
Location of Eure-et-Loir in France
Location of Eure-et-Loir in France
Coordinates: 48°20′N 01°25′E / 48.333°N 1.417°E / 48.333; 1.417Coordinates: 48°20′N 01°25′E / 48.333°N 1.417°E / 48.333; 1.417
CountryFrance
RegionCentre
PrefectureChartres
SubprefecturesChâteaudun
Dreux
Nogent-le-Rotrou
Government
 • President of the General CouncilAlbéric de Montgolfier (UMP)
Area1
 • Total5,880 km2 (2,270 sq mi)
Population (2008)
 • Total423,559
 • Rank56th
 • Density72/km2 (190/sq mi)
Time zoneCET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST)CEST (UTC+2)
Department number28
Arrondissements4
Cantons29
Communes403
^1 French Land Register data, which exclude estuaries, and lakes, ponds, and glaciers larger than 1 km2

Eure-et-Loir (French pronunciation: ​[œ.r‿e.lwaʁ]) is a French department, named after the Eure and Loir rivers.

History[edit]

Eure-et-Loir is one of the original 83 departments created during the French Revolution on March 4, 1790 pursuant to the Act of December 22, 1789. It was created from parts of provinces of Orléanais (Beauce), Maine (Perche), but also Île-de-France (Drouais, Thimerais, Valley Avre Hurepoix).

The current department corresponds to the central part of the land of the Carnutes who had their capital at Autricum (Chartres). The Carnutes are known for their commitment, real or imagined, to the ancient Druidic religion. A holy place in the "Forest of the Carnutes" used to host the annual Druidic assembly. In the north of the department another pre-Roman people, the little-known Durocasses, had their capital at Dreux.

Geography[edit]

Eure-et-Loir comprises the main part of the region of Beauce, politically it belongs to the current region of Centre (Val de Loire) and is surrounded by the departments of Loir-et-Cher, Loiret, Essonne, Yvelines, Eure, Orne, and Sarthe.

Demographics[edit]

The inhabitants of the department are called Euréliens.

Economy[edit]

The Eure-et-Loir is a department of agricultural tradition (Beauce), but also at the forefront in three economic sectors :

Agriculture[edit]

The department is a major economic player in the production of grain and oilseed in France.[1] Its agricultural economy is still heavily dependent on economic and regulatory environment of the markets for crops. The Eure-et-Loir region is the first grain producer of France. It is also the national leader in the production of rapeseed and peas. Wheat production is by far the most dominant in the area. Nearly 40% of all farmland is devoted to the cultivation of wheat, which has generated an average of 29% of the commercial agricultural production of the department over the last 5 years.

Agriculture in the department is also promoted by the "Pôle AgroDynamic", a groupment of subsidiaries providing added values in different sectors: agro-energy, agribusiness, agricultural materials, Agrohealth.

Industries[edit]

Energy[edit]

The department also has the lead in renewable energy. Already ranked second nationally in terms of power generation through its wind farms located in particular in the Beauce region of Eure-et-Loir in 2012 will be the largest producer of electricity with photovoltaic French original creation on the airbase NATO disused Crucey-Villages near Brezolles in the region's natural Thymerais, the largest photovoltaic park in France. Given in February 2011 by the General Council to the operator, EDF Energies Nouvelles, the park will cover 245 ha of the military base and produce the equivalent output of 160 wind turbines.

Politics[edit]

The President of the General Council is Albéric de Montgolfier of the Union for a Popular Movement.

Partyseats
Union for a Popular Movement10
Socialist Party8
Miscellaneous Left1
Miscellaneous Right7
New Centre2
Left Radical Party1
MoDem1

Tourism[edit]

Notable people[edit]

Middle Ages[edit]

Renaissance[edit]

19th and 20th century[edit]

Media[edit]

The media in Eure-et-Loir include the following:

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Agricultural chamber of Eure-et-Loir
  2. ^ Codel: Eure-et-Loir economic development board

External links[edit]