Euphrosyne (mythology)

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The Three Graces: Aglaea, Euphrosyne, and Thalia, by Antonio Canova.

In Greek mythology, Euphrosyne (/juːˈfrɒzɨn/; Εὐφροσύνη) was one of the Charites, known in English also as the "Three Graces". Her best remembered representation in English is in Milton's poem of the active, joyful life, "L'Allegro". She is also the Goddess of Joy or Mirth, a daughter of Zeus and Eurynome, and the incarnation of grace and beauty. The other two Charites are Thalia (Good Cheer) and Aglaea (Beauty or Splendor).

According to Greek mythology, the Charites were daughters of Zeus and the Oceanid Eurynome. The Greek poet Pindar states these goddesses were created to fill the world with pleasant moments and good will.

Usually the Graces attended the goddess of beauty Aphrodite and her companion Eros and loved dancing around in a circle to Apollo's divine music, together with the Nymphs and the Muses.

She can be seen along with the other two Graces at the left of the painting in Botticelli's Primavera.

John Milton invoked her in the poem L'Allegro.[1]

The asteroid 31 Euphrosyne is named after the goddess. In the English transliteration of the Modern Greek, the name is often rendered as Effrosini or Efrosyni.