Euclid, Ohio

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City of Euclid
City
Location in Cuyahoga County
Euclid, Ohio is located in Ohio
City of Euclid
Location in Ohio
Coordinates: 41°35′44″N 81°31′9″W / 41.59556°N 81.51917°W / 41.59556; -81.51917Coordinates: 41°35′44″N 81°31′9″W / 41.59556°N 81.51917°W / 41.59556; -81.51917
CountryUnited States
StateOhio
CountyCuyahoga
Founded1796 [1]
Incorporated1903 (village) [1]
 1930 (city) [1]
Government
 • TypeMayor-Council
 • MayorBill Cervenik (D)
 • City Council
Area[2]
 • Total11.48 sq mi (29.73 km2)
 • Land10.63 sq mi (27.53 km2)
 • Water0.85 sq mi (2.20 km2)
Elevation617 ft (188 m)
Population (2010)[3]
 • Total48,920
 • Estimate (2012[4])48,281
 • Density4,602.1/sq mi (1,776.9/km2)
 Euclidian
DemonymEuclidian
Time zoneEST (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST)EDT (UTC-4)
Zip Code44117, 44123, 44132, 44143, 44119
Area code(s)216
FIPS code39-25704[5]
GNIS feature ID1072210[6]
Websitecityofeuclid.com
 
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City of Euclid
City
Location in Cuyahoga County
Euclid, Ohio is located in Ohio
City of Euclid
Location in Ohio
Coordinates: 41°35′44″N 81°31′9″W / 41.59556°N 81.51917°W / 41.59556; -81.51917Coordinates: 41°35′44″N 81°31′9″W / 41.59556°N 81.51917°W / 41.59556; -81.51917
CountryUnited States
StateOhio
CountyCuyahoga
Founded1796 [1]
Incorporated1903 (village) [1]
 1930 (city) [1]
Government
 • TypeMayor-Council
 • MayorBill Cervenik (D)
 • City Council
Area[2]
 • Total11.48 sq mi (29.73 km2)
 • Land10.63 sq mi (27.53 km2)
 • Water0.85 sq mi (2.20 km2)
Elevation617 ft (188 m)
Population (2010)[3]
 • Total48,920
 • Estimate (2012[4])48,281
 • Density4,602.1/sq mi (1,776.9/km2)
 Euclidian
DemonymEuclidian
Time zoneEST (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST)EDT (UTC-4)
Zip Code44117, 44123, 44132, 44143, 44119
Area code(s)216
FIPS code39-25704[5]
GNIS feature ID1072210[6]
Websitecityofeuclid.com

Euclid is a city in Cuyahoga County, Ohio, United States. It is part of the Greater Cleveland Metropolitan Area, and borders Cleveland. As of the 2010 census, the city had a total population of 48,920.[7] In 2009, Euclid celebrated its bicentennial.

History[edit]

The city was named after Euclid, the Greek mathematician.[8] The city was settled in 1796 and became a township 13 years later in 1809. Euclid became a village 94 years later in 1903, and finally became a city in 1930, during the Great Depression.

Geography[edit]

Euclid is located at 41°35′44″N 81°31′9″W / 41.59556°N 81.51917°W / 41.59556; -81.51917 (41.595563, -81.519176).[9]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 11.48 square miles (29.73 km2), of which, 10.63 square miles (27.53 km2) is land and 0.85 square miles (2.20 km2) is water.[2] It is directly on Lake Erie, so it contains an area of beach front along its north edge.

Bordering Euclid are Cleveland on the west, South Euclid and Richmond Heights on the south, Willowick, Wickliffe, and Willoughby Hills on the east, and Lake Erie on the north.

It is part of the Lake Erie Snowbelt region, prone to heavy wind-whipped snow squalls blowing off Lake Erie, particularly before the lake freezes over in winter.

City facts[edit]

The Charter is: Mayor and Council - 8 council people and 1 council president

Its assessed valuation is $825,325,160. 150 companies are in the city. There are two daily newspapers.

Transportation[edit]

The city contains 143.065 miles of streets; 3.06 miles of Interstate 90, 1.65 miles of south spur, 262.38 miles of sewers, 139.65 mi of water mains, 2 railroads; the CSX and Norfolk Southern Railway, and 1 bus line; Greater Cleveland Regional Transit Authority

Buildings[edit]

Churches: 22

Banks: 9

Hospital: 1 with 371 beds

Libraries: 1 with ~299,340 total volumes

Parks: a Memorial Park; Briardale Golf Course; Sims Park; Euclid Metropark; Wiiard Park; Hillandale Park

Pools: 1 outdoor deep pool; 4 shallow; 1 children's

Police: 1 station; 2 mini stations; 96 officers; 62 vehicles; 11 school guards; 37 auxiliary

Senior Center: 1

Fire Department: 3 stations; 76 firefighters; 19 pieces of equipment

Motels: 1

Schools: 8 public schools (1 high school, 2 junior high schools, 4 elementary schools, 1 Special Needs Education Center); 3 parochial schools; 1 charter school

Demographics[edit]

Historical populations
CensusPop.
19101,953
19203,36372.2%
193012,751279.2%
194017,86640.1%
195041,396131.7%
196062,99852.2%
197071,55213.6%
198059,999−16.1%
199054,875−8.5%
200052,717−3.9%
201048,920−7.2%
Est. 201248,281−1.3%
Sources:[10][11][12][13][5][14]

91.8% spoke English, 1.8% Spanish, 1.3 Croatian, 1.2% Slovene, and 0.62% Italian as their first language.[15]

2010 census[edit]

As of the census[3] of 2010, there were 48,920 people, 22,685 households, and 12,187 families residing in the city. The population density was 4,602.1 inhabitants per square mile (1,776.9 /km2). There were 26,037 housing units at an average density of 2,449.4 per square mile (945.7 /km2). The racial makeup of the city was 43.8% White, 52.6% African American, 0.2% Native American, 0.7% Asian, 0.3% from other races, and 2.3% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.6% of the population.

There were 22,685 households of which 27.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 28.4% were married couples living together, 20.9% had a female householder with no husband present, 4.4% had a male householder with no wife present, and 46.3% were non-families. 41.4% of all households were made up of individuals and 14.5% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.13 and the average family size was 2.91.

The median age in the city was 41 years. 22.9% of residents were under the age of 18; 7.8% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 24.3% were from 25 to 44; 28.9% were from 45 to 64; and 15.9% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 44.8% male and 55.2% female.

2000 census[edit]

As of the census[5] of 2000, there were 52,717 people, 24,353 households, the 13,491 families residing in the city. The population density was 4,923.2 people per square mile (1,900.5/km²). There were 26,123 housing units at an average density of 2,439.6 per square mile (941.8/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 66.36% White, 30.57% African American, 0.12% Native American, 0.94% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.35% from other races, and 1.64% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.15% of the population.

There were 24,353 households out of which 24.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 36.3% were married couples living together, 15.2% had a female householder with no husband present, and 44.6% were non-families. 39.7% of all households were made up of individuals and 16.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.14 and the average family size was 2.89.

In the city, the population was spread out with 22.3% under the age of 18, 6.8% from 18 to 24, 30.7% from 25 to 44, 21.0% from 45 to 64, and 19.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females there were 84.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 79.1 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $35,151, and the median income for a family was $45,278. Males had a median income of $35,914 versus $28,528 for females. The per capita income for the city was $19,664. About 7.1% of families and 9.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 11.9% of those under age 18 and 11.2% of those age 65 or over.

Notable attractions/history[edit]

Euclid is the site of the 1926 case Euclid v. Ambler. The case opened the doors for municipalities across the United States to establish zoning ordinances.

Transportation[edit]

Ethnic groups[edit]

Notable individuals[edit]

Adjacent communities[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c City of Euclid: Statistics
  2. ^ a b "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2013-01-06. 
  3. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2013-01-06. 
  4. ^ "Population Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2013-06-17. 
  5. ^ a b c "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  6. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  7. ^ "American FactFinder2". Retrieved 2010-03-20. 
  8. ^ "Profile for Euclid, Ohio". ePodunk. Retrieved 2010-06-03. 
  9. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  10. ^ "Population: Ohio". 1910 U.S. Census. U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 28 November 2013. 
  11. ^ "Population: Ohio". 1930 US Census. U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 28 November 2013. 
  12. ^ "Number of Inhabitants: Ohio". 18th Census of the United States. U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 22 November 2013. 
  13. ^ "Ohio: Population and Housing Unit Counts". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 22 November 2013. 
  14. ^ "Incorporated Places and Minor Civil Divisions Datasets: Subcounty Population Estimates: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2012". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 25 November 2013. 
  15. ^ http://www.mla.org/map_data_results&state_id=39&place_id=25704&cty_id=
  16. ^ http://www.ci.euclid.oh.us/about/history.cfm
  17. ^ www.google.com/patents/US3449750
  18. ^ http://www.cleveland.com/business/index.ssf/2011/06/post_74.html

External links[edit]