Esher

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Esher
Esher01.JPG
The Diamond Jubilee statue
Esher High Street
Queen's Close, Esher - geograph.org.uk - 48693.jpg
Apartments in Esher
Esher is located in Surrey
Esher

 Esher shown within Surrey
Population8,387 [1]
OS grid referenceTQ145645
    - London 14.1 miles (22.7 km) 
DistrictElmbridge
Shire countySurrey
RegionSouth East
CountryEngland
Sovereign stateUnited Kingdom
Post townESHER
Postcode districtKT10
Dialling code01372
PoliceSurrey
FireSurrey
AmbulanceSouth East Coast
EU ParliamentSouth East England
UK ParliamentEsher and Walton
List of places
UK
England
Surrey
 
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Coordinates: 51°22′09″N 0°21′54″W / 51.3691°N 0.365°W / 51.3691; -0.365

Esher
Esher01.JPG
The Diamond Jubilee statue
Esher High Street
Queen's Close, Esher - geograph.org.uk - 48693.jpg
Apartments in Esher
Esher is located in Surrey
Esher

 Esher shown within Surrey
Population8,387 [1]
OS grid referenceTQ145645
    - London 14.1 miles (22.7 km) 
DistrictElmbridge
Shire countySurrey
RegionSouth East
CountryEngland
Sovereign stateUnited Kingdom
Post townESHER
Postcode districtKT10
Dialling code01372
PoliceSurrey
FireSurrey
AmbulanceSouth East Coast
EU ParliamentSouth East England
UK ParliamentEsher and Walton
List of places
UK
England
Surrey

Esher Listeni/ˈʃər/[n 1] is a town in Surrey, England, to the east of the River Mole. Esher is a locality within the Greater London Urban Area, largely suburban in character, 14.1 miles (22.7 km) southwest of Charing Cross.

Esher lies on the A307, Portsmouth Road. Esher railway station (served by the South West Main Line) connects the town to London Waterloo. Sandown Park Racecourse lies in the town near the station.

History[edit]

Esher lays within the Saxon feudal division of Elmbridge hundred.[2][3]

Esher appears in Domesday Book of 1086 as Aissela and Aissele held partly by the Abbey of the Cross in Normandy; partly by William de Waterville; partly by Reginald; partly by Hugh do Port; and partly by Odard Balistarius (probably a crossbowman). Its domesday assets were: 14 hides, 6 ploughs and 2 acres (8,100 m2) of meadow. It rendered £6 2s 0d.[4]

In the 16th century, King Henry VIII annexed several of the manors to the Honour of Hampton Court to form a royal hunting ground and new residences were permitted by a number of wealthy courtesans. Esher's town slowly grew as a stagecoach stop on the London–Portsmouth road that was later designated as the A3 road, although it was bypassed in the mid-1970s, when it became the A307. Clive of India built the Claremont mansion[n 2] and this later became a royal residence used by Queen Victoria. In 1841 Esher had 1261 inhabitants across 2,075 acres (839.7 ha).[2] Queen Victoria lent Claremont to the exiled French King Louis-Philippe and his consort Queen Marie-Amelie after the revolution of 1848. Prince Leopold of Saxe-Coburg lived there until he became King of the Belgians.

In 1863, "Bradshaw's Descriptive Railway Hand-Book" was saying of Esher that it was "... once a place of some importance, is now little better than an inconsiderable village. Esher Place is remarkable as having been the residence of Wolsey, when Bishop of Winchester..."

By 1908, Esher contained the fashionable residences of several important figures including Lady Emma Talbot; Sir Robert Hawthorn Collins,[5][6] the Duchess of Albany and Sir Edgar Vincent, K.C.M.G. who was later created 1st Viscount D'Abernon.[3]

George Harrison of the Beatles had a house (called Kinfauns) in Esher, during the 1960s. The other Beatles were regular visitors to the house, and Harrison's primitive home recording studio.

Maurice Gibb of the Bee Gees also owned a house called The Firs in Esher, during 1970s-2004 and sold after his death. This is where the hit single "Juliet" was written and recorded by Maurice & Robin for brother Robin's solo album project in the 1980s.

Government[edit]

Esher is within the Esher and Walton parliamentary constituency which has been represented by Dominic Raab, a member of the Conservative Party, since 2010.[7] The predecessor Esher parliamentary constituency was replaced on boundary changes before the 1997 general election.[8]

Esher is part of the East Molesey and Esher ward of Surrey County Council. The ward is represented by a Residents' association councillor.[9]

The town is covered by the Esher ward of Elmbridge borough council, which has elections in three years out of four (is elected in thirds) represented by:

Last ElectedMember[10][11]Ward
2012Tim OliverEsher
2011David J. ArcherEsher
2010Simon J. WaughEsher

Education[edit]

Esher has a mix of state and private schools. There are four state primary schools across the area of Esher, Hinchley Wood and Claygate.[12] Esher Church of England High School is the state secondary school in the town of Esher.[12] Hinchley Wood School in Hinchley Wood has been an Academy since February 2012.[13] Hinchley Wood is also one of the Further education establishments in the area.[14] Esher College is in nearby Thames Ditton.

Status in the media[edit]

Claremont House which is in the town

Esher has been presented in some parts of the media as a particularly middle class part of suburbia. Monty Python referred to Esher at least three times.

The sitcom On the Up starring Dennis Waterman was set in Esher.

"Esher Everywhere" appears on the 2013 album The Gethsemane Option by The Legendary Pink Dots.

Economy[edit]

There are some office buildings located in the High Street and its continuation, Portsmouth Road. There is a local farmers market held on one Saturday every month, moving forward one week each month. Vendors from all over Surrey sell locally sourced produce and two nearby riverside farms, one with large shop and grow-your-own to the public.

Culture, Community and Sport[edit]

Theatre[edit]

Nearby theatres include the Rose Theatre in Kingston upon Thames and the Cecil Hepworth Theatre and Riverhouse Barn in Walton on Thames. Further afield, Woking's New Victoria Theatre and the Orange Tree Theatre and Richmond Theatre in Richmond are within reach of the town.

Cinema[edit]

The Odeon cinema is a central feature of Esher's High Street with four screens whereas Walton on Thames's Everymans cinema has two screens and tends to show more children's films and niche productions.

Sport[edit]

Other[edit]

King Georges Hall is multi-functional conferencing technology-equipped venue available for corporate or group hire, a non-for-profit community facility .[15]

Moore Place, on the outskirts of Esher, bar and restaurant Esteem, featured as the restaurant in the 4th episode of the first series of Ramsay's Kitchen Nightmares.[16]

Esher West End hosts an annual flower show and the Hampton Court Flower Show is nearby. Similarly, Surrey Wildlife Trust manage Wisley and Ockham Commons, partly within the borough of Elmbridge and Esher is approximately mid-way between the two leading Surrey and International Gardens, the Royal Botanical Gardens, Kew and RHS Garden, Wisley.

A weekly newspaper, Esher News and Mail, closed down in 2009. Current newspapers include the Surrey Herald: Cobham, Esher and Claygate edition and Living Within magazine/newspaper.

See also[edit]

Notes and References[edit]

Notes
  1. ^ Not /ˈɛʃər/
  2. ^ Claremont was originally Esher Episcopi Manor, bought by Sir John Vanbrugh, who built a smaller house for himself, and began to ornament the grounds (Guest's poem 'Claremont' attributes the first improvements to Vanbrugh). The Earl of Clare (created Duke of Newcastle in 1715) bought the property in 1714 on coming of age and called the property after his own title 'Clare Mont.' On his death in 1768 the whole was bought by Lord Clive, who employed Capability Brown to build the present mansion (now Claremont School)
References
  1. ^ Population figures (PDF)
  2. ^ a b Samuel Lewis (editor) (1848). "Erith - Essex". A Topographical Dictionary of England. Institute of Historical Research. Retrieved 7 November 2012. 
  3. ^ a b H.E. Malden (editor) (1911). "Parishes: Esher". A History of the County of Surrey: Volume 3. Institute of Historical Research. Retrieved 7 November 2012. 
  4. ^ Surrey Domesday Book
  5. ^ The Annual Register for the Year 1908, p. 146, reads: November. ... On the 2nd, aged 67, Sir Robert Hawthorn Collins, K.C.B., K.C.V.O., tutor of the Duke of Albany (H.R.H. Prince Leopold) and afterwards Comptroller of his household. The Times, 3 November 1908 p. 11 Obituary reads: Sir Robert Hawthorn Collins, K.C.B., K.C.V.O. died shortly after 1 o'clock yesterday morning at Claremont Palace, Esher...had acted as comptroller of the household of the Duchess of Albany
  6. ^ England & Wales, National Probate Calendar (Index of Wills and Administrations) 1908. Sir Robert Hawthorn Collins of Broom Hill Esher Surrey K.C.B. K.C.V.O. died 2 November 1908 at Claremont Esher aforesaid Probate London 30 December to Henry John Collins solicitor and Edward Arthur Wightwick stockbroker. Effects £40153 11s. 6d
  7. ^ "Members of Parliament for Elmbridge". Elmbridge borough council. Retrieved 7 March 2012. 
  8. ^ Oliver Florence (23 April 2010). "Ian Taylor looks back on 23 years as an MP". Get Surrey. Retrieved 7 March 2012. 
  9. ^ Web Operations Team (25 August 2009). "Cooper, Nigel". Surrey County Council. Retrieved 7 March 2012. 
  10. ^ "The Borough of Elmbridge – Councillors". Retrieved 7 November 2012. 
  11. ^ Election Results by Year
  12. ^ a b Hannah Blackburn (7 March 2012). "Surrey County Council - Schools by Location". Surrey County Council. Retrieved 7 March 2012. 
  13. ^ Ian Fuoco (2 March 2012). "School status changes in academic year 11-12". Surrey County Council. Retrieved 7 March 2012. 
  14. ^ "Hinchley Wood School and Sixth Form Centre". BBC News. 19 October 2005. Retrieved 7 March 2012. 
  15. ^ King George's Hall - Elmbridge Borough Council
  16. ^ Ramsay's Kitchen Nightmares: Moore Place - TV.com

External links[edit]