Escanaba, Michigan

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Escanaba, Michigan
City
The Sand Point Lighthouse is on the National Register of Historic Places.
Motto: "Soak it up!"
Location in the state of Michigan
Coordinates: 45°44′43″N 87°3′52″W / 45.74528°N 87.06444°W / 45.74528; -87.06444Coordinates: 45°44′43″N 87°3′52″W / 45.74528°N 87.06444°W / 45.74528; -87.06444
CountryUnited States
StateMichigan
CountyDelta
Government
 • MayorLeo Evans
Area[1]
 • Total16.50 sq mi (42.73 km2)
 • Land12.88 sq mi (33.36 km2)
 • Water3.62 sq mi (9.38 km2)
Elevation607 ft (183 m)
Population (2010)[2]
 • Total12,616
 • Estimate (2012[3])12,552
 • Density979.5/sq mi (378.2/km2)
Time zoneEST (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST)EDT (UTC-4)
ZIP code49829
Area code(s)906
FIPS code26-26360[4]
GNIS feature ID1619865[5]
Websitehttp://www.escanaba.org/
 
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Escanaba, Michigan
City
The Sand Point Lighthouse is on the National Register of Historic Places.
Motto: "Soak it up!"
Location in the state of Michigan
Coordinates: 45°44′43″N 87°3′52″W / 45.74528°N 87.06444°W / 45.74528; -87.06444Coordinates: 45°44′43″N 87°3′52″W / 45.74528°N 87.06444°W / 45.74528; -87.06444
CountryUnited States
StateMichigan
CountyDelta
Government
 • MayorLeo Evans
Area[1]
 • Total16.50 sq mi (42.73 km2)
 • Land12.88 sq mi (33.36 km2)
 • Water3.62 sq mi (9.38 km2)
Elevation607 ft (183 m)
Population (2010)[2]
 • Total12,616
 • Estimate (2012[3])12,552
 • Density979.5/sq mi (378.2/km2)
Time zoneEST (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST)EDT (UTC-4)
ZIP code49829
Area code(s)906
FIPS code26-26360[4]
GNIS feature ID1619865[5]
Websitehttp://www.escanaba.org/

Escanaba (/ˌɛskəˈnɑːbə/ ESS-kə-NAH-bə) is a city in the U.S. state of Michigan, located in the banana belt on the state's Upper Peninsula. The population was 12,616 at the 2010 census. As of the 2000 census, the city population was 13,140, making it the third-largest city in the Upper Peninsula after Marquette and Sault Ste. Marie. It is the county seat of Delta County.[6]

There is also Escanaba Township, which is north of the city and is not adjacent to it, although a portion of the urban area around the city extends into the township. Both are named for the Escanaba River that flows into the Little Bay de Noc of Lake Michigan just north of the city at 45°46′37″N 87°03′30″W / 45.77694°N 87.05833°W / 45.77694; -87.05833.

History[edit]

The word "Escanaba" roughly translates from various regional native languages to "land of the red buck" although some people maintain that it refers to "flat rock". Escanaba was an Ojibwa village in the early 19th century.[7] As an American settlement, Escanaba began as a port town in the mid-19th century, gaining importance to the Union as a shipping point for iron ore, lumber and copper during the Civil War. In his poem "The Song of Hiawatha", Henry Wadsworth Longfellow described how Hiawatha "crossed the rushing Esconaba" referring to the river. Located on Little Bay de Noc at the northern edge of Lake Michigan, Escanaba continues to serve as an important shipping point for iron ore to other Great Lakes ports, especially south to Chicago and northern Indiana. The local paper mill, for many years Mead Corporation's Publishing Paper Division, is currently operated by NewPage Corporation; located on the outskirts of the city alongside the Escanaba River, it is now the area's largest employer.

As shipping increased, a lighthouse was needed to warn of a sand shoals that reached out into Little Bay de Noc from Sand Point, a sandspit located just south of and adjacent to the harbor area. The United States Lighthouse Service approved construction of the Sand Point Lighthouse at a cost of $11,000. Construction began in the fall of 1867 and was completed in early spring 1868. It was deactivated in 1939, and was used by the United States Coast Guard to house seaman assigned to Escanaba. The building was completely restored to its original design in the late 1980s, and placed on the National Register of Historic Places.

The historic House of Ludington, downtown Escanaba.

The House of Ludington is a landmark historic hotel in downtown Escanaba. Originally built in 1865 as the Gaynor House Hotel, it was renamed after lumberman Nelson Ludington 1871. It was rebuilt as a brick structure in the Queen Anne Style in 1883, becoming the New Ludington Hotel.

Bay de Noc Community College, a public 2-year college, was founded in the city in 1962.

Geography[edit]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 16.50 square miles (42.73 km2), of which 12.88 square miles (33.36 km2) is land and 3.62 square miles (9.38 km2) is water.[1] Escanaba is home to one the safest natural harbors in the upper Great Lakes, which makes it a natural destination for boaters.[8] Ludington Park, a three-quarter mile stretch of lake shore where the city's easternmost point extends into Little Bay de Noc, is one the of largest city parks in Michigan.

Transportation[edit]

C&NW railway station in Escanaba, Michigan - 1953.

Demographics[edit]

City Hall and Library

Escanaba is located in Michigan Congressional District 1; its Representative since 2011 in Congress is Dan Benishek (R).

2010 census[edit]

As of the census[2] of 2010, there were 12,616 people, 5,622 households, and 3,090 families residing in the city. The population density was 979.5 inhabitants per square mile (378.2 /km2). There were 6,178 housing units at an average density of 479.7 per square mile (185.2 /km2). The racial makeup of the city was 93.5% White, 0.4% African American, 2.6% Native American, 0.6% Asian, 0.3% from other races, and 2.7% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.2% of the population.

There were 5,622 households of which 26.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 36.8% were married couples living together, 13.6% had a female householder with no husband present, 4.6% had a male householder with no wife present, and 45.0% were non-families. 38.2% of all households were made up of individuals and 17.6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.14 and the average family size was 2.82.

The median age in the city was 41.4 years. 21.4% of residents were under the age of 18; 9.9% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 22.6% were from 25 to 44; 26.4% were from 45 to 64; and 19.6% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 47.1% male and 52.9% female.

2000 census[edit]

As of the census[4] of 2000, there were 13,140 people, 5,800 households, and 3,294 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,038.3 inhabitants per square mile (400.7/km²). There were 6,258 housing units at an average density of 494.5 per square mile (190.9/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 95.66% White, 0.11% African American, 2.61% Native American, 0.33% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.18% from other races, and 1.09% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.66% of the population. 17.0% were of German, 16.5% French, 11.4% French Canadian, 8.8% Swedish, 6.4% Irish and 5.2% English ancestry according to Census 2000.

There were 5,800 households out of which 26.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 42.2% were married couples living together, 11.2% had a female householder with no husband present, and 43.2% were non-families. 37.0% of all households were made up of individuals and 18.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.19 and the average family size was 2.88.

In the city the population was spread out with 22.5% under the age of 18, 9.8% from 18 to 24, 25.1% from 25 to 44, 21.2% from 45 to 64, and 21.4% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females there were 87.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 82.3 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $29,125, and the median income for a family was $36,995. Males had a median income of $32,310 versus $21,204 for females. The per capita income for the city was $17,589. About 10.8% of families and 13.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 17.7% of those under age 18 and 9.0% of those age 65 or over.

Culture[edit]

Escanaba Middle School; the school board opted to completely renovate the historic 1930s downtown building instead of moving it outside of town.[11]

Although politically a part of the state of Michigan, Escanaba and the western Upper Peninsula of Michigan sometimes have closer cultural ties to the state of Wisconsin. Tourism has become significant for the local economy. Tourist draws include Lake Michigan beaches and local fishing and hunting opportunities. Most visitors come from Wisconsin and Illinois.

Escanaba is home to the William Bonifas Fine Arts Center, The Waterfront Art Festival,[12] The Escanaba City Band,[13] The Players de Noc, The Bay de Noc Choral Society[14] and many smaller arts organizations, art galleries and musical performing groups.[15]

Other attractions include the Cedar River Lighthouse, Delta County Historical Museum, Escanaba Family Fun Park, Herbal Acres, Sand Point Lighthouse, U.P. Steam & Gas Engine Museum, Wells Sports Complex, and Van Cleve Park.[16]

In January 1968, Green Bay Packers coach Vince Lombardi's daughter was married in Escanaba at St. Anne's Church. Upon finding out his then-unwed daughter was pregnant, Lombardi, who was vacationing in Florida at the time, insisted she drive to Michigan to get married rather than doing it Green Bay, in order to keep the news out of the papers.[17]

Local radio stations include KMB Broadcasting's WDBC 680 AM (adult standards) and WYKX 104.7 FM (country music), Lakes Radio's WCHT 600 AM (news/talk), WGLQ 97.1 FM (adult top 40), WCMM 102.5 FM (country), and WGKL 105.5 FM (oldies), and standalone WUPF 107.3 FM (classic hits). Escanaba is also served by low-power translator stations of WNMU translator W296AX from Marquette, MI (at 96.5 FM), WPFF translator W254AG from Sturgeon Bay, WI (at 98.7 FM), and WHWL translator W261AI from Marquette, MI (at 100.1 FM). WJMN-TV, the local television station on channel 3, is mostly a satellite of WFRV in Green Bay and carries CBS programming. WLUC-TV in Marquette also operates a translator station in Escanaba on channel 14.

Shopping[edit]

Escanaba has a mall called the Delta Plaza Mall, a small enclosed shopping mall which features JCPenney and ShopKo as its anchor stores. The biggest retailer is Wal-Mart. The other major retailers in the town are Menards, K-mart, Walgreens, and Tractor Supply Company. In the downtown district, there are smaller shops, including The Record Rack, T & T True Value Hardware, and St. Vincent De Paul. Eateries include: Drifters, Hong Kong Buffet, Family Inn, The Buck Inn, Hereford and Hops, Swedish Pantry, Rosy's Diner, Stone House, and the Ludington Grill. Bars and Saloons: Catmando's, Ernie's Irish Pub, and Barons. Butcher Shops: Viau's Market and Kobosic's Market.

Sayklly's Confectionery and Gifts (www.upcandy.com) has been providing chocolates and gifts since 1906.

Education[edit]

Escanaba Area Public Schools operates public schools.

Confusion with Flat Rock (Lower Peninsula)[edit]

Since the name "Escanaba" can be derived from the Ojibwa language as meaning "Flat Rock" and another city in Michigan exists with such a name, errors on maps of Michigan are still common.[18]

Another source of this confusion may stem from Flat Rock Township, which is situated to the northwest of the city. On most online maps, the location of Flat Rock Township is on J Road, roughly between 20th and 21st.[19]

Notable people[edit]

Images[edit]

Climate[edit]

This climatic region is typified by large seasonal temperature differences, with warm to hot (and often humid) summers and cold (sometimes severely cold) winters. According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, Escanaba has a humid continental climate, abbreviated "Dfb" on climate maps.[21]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-11-25. 
  2. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-11-25. 
  3. ^ "Population Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2013-06-03. 
  4. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  5. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  6. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  7. ^ Tanner, Helen Hornbeck; Adele Hast, Jacqueline Peterson, Robert J. Surtees, Miklos Pinther (1987). Atlas of Great Lakes Indian History. University of Oklahoma Press. pp. 131, 144. ISBN 0-8061-2056-8. 
  8. ^ Escanaba Harbor Newsletter.
  9. ^ "ST. IGNACE-SAULT STE. MARIE-IRONWOOD". Indian Trails. January 15, 2013. Retrieved 2013-02-28. 
  10. ^ "HANCOCK-MARQUETTE-GREEN BAY-MILWAUKEE". Indian Trails. January 15, 2013. Retrieved 2013-02-28. 
  11. ^ Mac McClelland, More for Your Money, Michigan Land Use Institute, February 22, 2004, Accessed July 15, 2009.
  12. ^ Mining Journal, August 10, 2010.
  13. ^ Escanaba City Band, Travel Advisor.
  14. ^ Choral society gears up for annual Christmas concert (December 4, 2008) Daily Press.
  15. ^ Affiliate organizations, William Bonifas Fine Arts Center.
  16. ^ Escanaba Things to Do at Pure Michigan.
  17. ^ Maraniss, David (1999-10-07). When Pride Still Mattered: A Life of Vince Lombardi. Simon & Schuster. p. 430. ISBN 0-684-84418-4. 
  18. ^ "Flat Rock Michigan" entered into mapquest, Accessed June 7, 2007
  19. ^ Flat Rock (Delta County) from Google Maps.
  20. ^ Lancour, Jenny (June 22, 2009). "Victim Recalls 1988 Ordeal". Mining Journal/Escanaba Daily Press. Retrieved December 4, 2013. 
  21. ^ Climate Summary for Escanaba, Michigan

External links[edit]