Iron Butterfly

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Iron Butterfly

Iron Butterfly in the booklet for In-A-Gadda-Da-Vida. From left to right: Doug Ingle, Ron Bushy, Lee Dorman, Erik Braunn (aka Erik Brann aka Erik Braun)
Background information
OriginSan Diego, California, United States
GenresPsychedelic rock, heavy metal,[1] acid rock, blues rock, hard rock
Years active1966–1971, 1974–1985, 1987–present
LabelsAtco, MCA
Associated actsRhinoceros, Captain Beyond
Websitewww.ironbutterfly.com
Members
Ron Bushy
Lee Dorman
Charlie Marinkovich
Martin Gerschwitz
Past members
Former members
 
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Iron Butterfly

Iron Butterfly in the booklet for In-A-Gadda-Da-Vida. From left to right: Doug Ingle, Ron Bushy, Lee Dorman, Erik Braunn (aka Erik Brann aka Erik Braun)
Background information
OriginSan Diego, California, United States
GenresPsychedelic rock, heavy metal,[1] acid rock, blues rock, hard rock
Years active1966–1971, 1974–1985, 1987–present
LabelsAtco, MCA
Associated actsRhinoceros, Captain Beyond
Websitewww.ironbutterfly.com
Members
Ron Bushy
Lee Dorman
Charlie Marinkovich
Martin Gerschwitz
Past members
Former members

Iron Butterfly is an American psychedelic rock band best known for the 1968 hit "In-A-Gadda-Da-Vida".

Their heyday was the late 1960s, but the band has been reincarnated with various members. In-A-Gadda-Da-Vida is among the world's 40 best-selling albums, selling more than 30 million copies.[2]

Contents

History

Ron Bushy, Iron Butterfly performing "In a Gadda da Vida", Germany, May 2005

The band formed in 1966 in San Diego.[3] The original members were Doug Ingle (vocals, organ), Jack Pinney (drums), Greg Willis (bass), and Danny Weis (guitar).[4] They were soon joined by tambourine player Darryl DeLoach. DeLoach's parents' garage on Luna Avenue served as the site for their almost nightly rehearsals.

Jerry Penrod and Bruce Morris replaced Willis and Pinney after the band relocated to Los Angeles in 1966 and Ron Bushy then came aboard when Morris' tenure proved to be a short one. All but Ingle and Bushy left the band after recording their first album in late 1967; the remaining musicians, faced with the possibility of the record not being released, quickly found replacements in bassist Lee Dorman and guitarist Erik Brann (aka Erik Braunn and Erik Braun) and resumed touring. In early 1968, their debut album Heavy was released after signing a deal with ATCO, an Atlantic Records subsidiary.

DeLoach subsequently recorded with Two Guitars, Piano, Drum and Darryl, while Weis and Penrod went on to form the group Rhinoceros. In 1970 DeLoach formed Flintwhistle along with Erik Brann; the band performed live for about a year before breaking up.

The 17-minute "In-A-Gadda-Da-Vida", the title track of Iron Butterfly's second album, became a Top Thirty hit in the US and made the number 9 spot on the Dutch Top 40. The members when In-A-Gadda-Da-Vida was recorded were Doug Ingle (organ and vocals), Lee Dorman (bass guitar), Ron Bushy (drums), and 17-year-old Erik Brann (guitar). The album sold over three million copies by the end of 1970, and was awarded a gold disc by the R.I.A.A. in December 1968.[5] It ultimately sold over 20 million copies, went platinum, and stayed on the Billboard magazine charts for over a year.

The band had been booked to play at Woodstock but got stuck at an airport. When their manager called the promoters of the concert they explained the situation and asked for patience. However, the manager demanded that the Butterfly be flown in by helicopter, whereupon they would "immediately" take the stage. After their set they would be paid and flown back to the airport. The manager was told that this would be taken into consideration and he would be called back. According to drummer, Ron Bushy;"We went down to the Port Authority three times and waited for the helicopter, but it never showed up".[6]

The next album, Ball, reached #3 on the charts, but more lineup changes followed. In 1970, with Erik Brann gone, Iron Butterfly released their fourth studio album, Metamorphosis with two new members, guitarist/vocalist Mike Pinera (whose Blues Image had opened for the Butterfly's Vida tour) and guitarist Larry "Rhino" Reinhardt. The album managed to get into the top twenty, but Doug Ingle quit the group shortly after its release. Without an organist for the first time in their history, the remaining four members cut a single, "Silly Sally". It failed to chart and proved to be their last recording. The band broke up after playing a final show on May 23, 1971. Dorman and Reinhardt would subsequently found Captain Beyond.

Bassist Lee Dorman in Prague on 11 March 2012

The band reformed in 1974 with Ron Bushy and Erik Brann joined by bassist Philip Taylor Kramer and keyboardist Howard Reitzes. (Kramer later made news with his 1995 disappearance and the discovery of his bones and minivan at the bottom of Decker Canyon in 1999.) Brann, who had done occasional lead vocals during Iron Butterfly's original run, served as the band's main lead vocalist. The album Scorching Beauty was released in January 1975 with Reitzes and Sun and Steel in October 1975 with Bill DeMartines replacing Reitzes. Both albums were criticized for bearing little resemblance to the original tone of the group, and sold poorly compared to their earlier releases.

Guitarist/vocalist Charlie Marinkovich joined the band in 2002. Originally from Seattle, Washington played with Randy Hansen and others.[7]

German violinist, keyboardist and composer Martin Gerschwitz, formerly of The Works and Walter Trout,[8] joined the band in 2005.

On October 3, 2002, original tambourine player/vocalist Darryl DeLoach died of liver cancer at the age of 55.[9]

On July 25, 2003, Erik Brann died of heart failure at the age of 52.[10]

In early 2010, an announcement was made that Iron Butterfly would receive the Lifetime Achievement Award at the 20th Annual San Diego Music Awards, which took place on September 12, 2010.[11] The award is to be presented by San Diego Mayor Jerry Sanders.[12]

This same year, Ray Weston (formerly of Wishbone Ash) came in to sub on drums for Ron Bushy after he was sidelined by health issues.

Guitarist Larry "Rhino" Reinhardt died on January 2, 2012, at the age of 63, due to cirrhosis of the liver.

Band members

Iron Butterfly's lineup has changed regularly since its formation. Nobody has remained in Iron Butterfly throughout the band's entire existence, with drummer Ron Bushy having the longest tenure of any member past or present. This is a list of past and present Iron Butterfly band members.

Lineups

1966196619661966–1967

(Line-up that recorded Heavy)

  • Doug Ingle – vocals, organ
  • Danny Weis – guitar
  • Greg Willis – bass guitar
  • Jack Pinney – drums, percussion
  • Darryl DeLoach – vocals, tambourine
  • Doug Ingle – vocals, organ
  • Danny Weis – guitar
  • Jerry Penrod – bass, backing vocals
  • Bruce Morris – drums, percussion
  • Darryl DeLoach – vocals, tambourine
  • Doug Ingle – vocals, organ
  • Danny Weis – guitar
  • Jerry Penrod – bass, backing vocals
  • Darryl DeLoach – vocals, tambourine
  • Ron Bushy – drums, percussion
1967–1969

(Line-up that recorded In-A-Gadda-Da-Vida, Ball, and Live)

1969–1971

(Line-up that recorded Metamorphosis; The group disbanded after a farewell show on May 23, 1971)

1971–19741974–1975 – reunion

(Line-up that recorded Scorching Beauty)

  • Doug Ingle – vocals, organ
  • Erik Braunn – guitar, vocals
  • Lee Dorman – bass, backing vocals
  • Ron Bushy – drums, percussion
  • Doug Ingle – vocals, organ
  • Mike Pinera – guitar, vocals
  • Larry "Rhino" Reinhardt – guitar
  • Lee Dorman – bass, backing vocals
  • Ron Bushy – drums, percussion
  • (Manny Bertematti – drums, percussion; filled in for an injured Ron Bushy, 1971)

Group disbanded

  • Erik Braunn – vocals, guitar
  • Philip Taylor Kramer – bass, keyboards, vocals
  • Howard Reitzes – keyboards, vocals
  • Ron Bushy – drums, percussion
1975–1977

(Line-up that recorded Sun and Steel)

1977–197819781978

(Keith Ellis died 12/12/78 in Darmstadt, Germany while on tour)

  • Erik Braunn – vocals, guitar
  • Philip Taylor Kramer – bass, keyboards, vocals
  • Bill DeMartines – keyboards, vocals
  • Ron Bushy – drums, percussion
  • Jimi Henderson – vocals
  • David Love – guitar
  • Larry "Rhino" Reinhardt – guitar
  • Lee Dorman – bass, backing vocals
  • Larry Kiernan – keyboards
  • Kevin Karamitros – drums
  • Mike Pinera – vocals, guitar
  • Lee Dorman – bass, vocals
  • John Leimsider – keyboards
  • Kevin Karamitros – drums, percussion
  • Mike Pinera – vocals, guitar
  • Larry "Rhino" Reinhardt – guitar
  • Keith Ellis – bass
  • Doug Ingle – organ, vocals
  • Ron Bushy – drums, percussion
19781978–197919791979
  • Mike Pinera – vocals, guitar
  • Larry "Rhino" Reinhardt – guitar
  • Lee Dorman – bass, backing vocals
  • Doug Ingle – organ, vocals
  • Ron Bushy – drums, percussion
  • Mike Pinera – vocals, guitar
  • Larry "Rhino" Reinhardt – guitar
  • Erik Braunn – guitar, vocals
  • Lee Dorman – bass, backing vocals
  • Doug Ingle – organ, vocals
  • Ron Bushy – drums, percussion
  • Mike Pinera – vocals, guitar
  • Lee Dorman – bass, backing vocals
  • Doug Ingle – organ, vocals
  • John Leimsider – keyboards
  • Bobby Caldwell – drums, percussion
  • Erik Braunn – guitar, vocals
  • Lee Dorman – bass, backing vocals
  • John Leimsider – keyboards
  • Bobby Caldwell – drums, percussion
  • Bobby Hasbrook – guitar, vocals
197919801981–19821982
  • Mike Pinera – guitar, vocals
  • Erik Braunn – guitar, vocals
  • Lee Dorman – bass, backing vocals
  • Bobby Hasbrook guitar, vocals
  • Nathan Pino – keyboards
  • Bobby Caldwell – drums, percussion
  • Bobby Hasbrook – guitar, vocals
  • Erik Braunn – guitar, vocals
  • Lee Dorman – bass, backing vocals
  • Tim Kislan – keyboards
  • Zam Johnson – drums, percussion
  • Starz Vanderlocket – vocals, percussion
  • Lee Dorman – bass, backing vocals
  • Larry "Rhino" Reinhardt – guitar
  • Randy Skirvin – rhythm guitar
  • John Leimsider – keyboards
  • Jimmy Rock (?)– drums
  • Luke (?) – percussion, vocals
  • Mike Pinera – guitar, vocals
  • Lee Dorman – bass, backing vocals
  • Larry "Rhino" Reinhardt – guitar
  • Guy Babylon – keyboards
  • Jan Uvena – drums, percussion
198219821982–19831983
  • Mike Pinera – guitar, vocals
  • Erik Braunn – guitar, vocals
  • Lee Dorman – bass, backing vocals
  • Larry "Rhino" Reinhardt – guitar
  • Guy Babylon – keyboards
  • Ron Bushy – drums, percussion
  • Mike Pinera – guitar, vocals
  • Erik Braunn – guitar, vocals
  • Lee Dorman – bass, backing vocals
  • Larry "Rhino" Reinhardt – guitar
  • Doug Ingle – organ, vocals
  • Guy Babylon – keyboards
  • John Shearer – drums
  • Luke – percussion, vocals
  • (Ron Bushy – drums; partial performance for one gig, 1982)
  • Mike Pinera – guitar, vocals
  • Lee Dorman – bass, backing vocals
  • Larry "Rhino" Reinhardt – guitar
  • Doug Ingle – organ, vocals
  • Guy Babylon – keyboards
  • John Shearer – drums
  • Luke – percussion, vocals
  • Lee Dorman – bass, backing vocals
  • Larry "Rhino" Reinhardt – guitar
  • Doug Ingle – organ, vocals
  • Guy Babylon – keyboards
  • John Shearer – drums, percussion
  • Luke – percussion, vocals
19831983–198419841984–1985
  • Lee Dorman – bass, backing vocals
  • Larry "Rhino" Reinhardt – guitar
  • Doug Ingle – organ, vocals
  • Guy Babylon – keyboards
  • John Shearer – drums, percussion
  • Jerry Sommers – drums, percussion
  • Lee Dorman – bass, backing vocals
  • Larry "Rhino" Reinhardt – guitar
  • Doug Ingle – organ, vocals
  • Rick Rotante – drums, percussion
  • Lee Dorman – bass, backing vocals
  • Larry "Rhino" Reinhardt – guitar
  • Doug Ingle – organ, vocals
  • Lenny Campanero – drums
  • Lee Dorman – bass, backing vocals
  • Steve Fister – guitar, backing vocals
  • Doug Ingle – organ, vocals
  • Lenny Campanero – drums, percussion
1985

(The band split up due to managerial problems after Kurtis Teal died on December 2 of a heart murmur)

1985–198719871987
  • Doug Ingle – vocals, organ
  • Steve Fister – guitar, backing vocals
  • Kurtis Teal – bass
  • Lenny Campanero – drums,percussion

Group disbanded

  • Mike Pinera – vocals, guitar
  • Kelly Reubens – bass
  • Tim Von Hoffman – keyboards
  • Ron Bushy – drums,percussion
  • Mike Pinera – vocals, guitar
  • Glen Rappold – vocals, guitar, alternate bass
  • Kelly Reubens – bass
  • Tim Von Hoffman – keyboards
  • Ron Bushy – drums, percussion
1987198719871987-1988
  • Mike Pinera – vocals, guitar
  • Kelly Reubens – bass
  • Ace Baker – keyboards
  • Ron Bushy – drums, percussion
  • (Donny Vosburgh - drums; guested on a few shows in 1987)
  • Erik Braunn – vocals, guitar
  • Jim Von Buelow – guitar
  • Sal Rodriguez – drums
  • Bill DeMartines – vocals, keyboards
  • Doug Jackson – guitar
  • Bob Birch – bass
  • Lyle T. West – vocals
  • Ron Bushy – drums, percussion
  • Doug Ingle – vocals, organ
  • Erik Braunn – vocals, guitar
  • Lee Dorman – bass, backing vocals
  • Ron Bushy – drums,percussion
1988

(This lineup played no gigs)

1988–198919901990–1992
  • Erik Braunn – vocals, guitar
  • Larry "Rhino" Reinhardt – guitar
  • Lee Dorman – bass, backing vocals
  • Sal Rodriguez – drums, percussion
  • Steve "Mick" Feldman – lead vocals
  • Erik Braunn – vocals, guitar
  • Larry "Rhino" Reinhardt – guitar
  • Lee Dorman – bass, backing vocals
  • Derek Hilland – keyboards, backing vocals
  • Kenny Suarez – drums, percussion
  • Doug Freedman - drums, percussion (filled in for Suarez in fall 1989)
  • (Joanne Montana – backing vocals; a few gigs in 1989)
  • (Cecelia Noel – backing vocals; a few gigs in 1989)
  • Steve "Mick" Feldman – lead vocals
  • Larry "Rhino" Reinhardt – guitar
  • Lee Dorman – bass, backing vocals
  • Derek Hilland – keyboards, backing vocals
  • Kenny Suarez – drums, percussion
  • Robert Tepper – vocals
  • Larry "Rhino" Reinhardt – guitar
  • Lee Dorman – bass, backing vocals
  • Derek Hilland – keyboards, backing vocals
  • Kenny Suarez – drums, percussion
1993199319931993–1994
  • Lee Dorman – vocals, bass
  • Larry "Rhino" Reinhardt – guitar
  • Burt Diaz – keyboards
  • Ron Bushy – drums, percussion
  • Lee Dorman – bass, backing vocals
  • Mike Pinera – vocals, guitar
  • Derek Hilland – keyboards, backing vocals
  • Ron Bushy – drums, percussion
  • Lee Dorman – vocals, bass
  • Denny Artache – vocals, guitar
  • Derek Hilland – keyboards, backing vocals
  • Ron Bushy – drums, percussion
  • Lee Dorman – bass, backing vocals
  • Mike Pinera – vocals, guitar
  • Derek Hilland – keyboards, backing vocals
  • Ron Bushy – drums, percussion
19941994–19951995–19971997–1999
  • Lee Dorman – bass, backing vocals
  • Doug Bossey – guitar
  • Derek Hilland – keyboards, backing vocals
  • Ron Bushy – drums, percussion
  • Doug Ingle – vocals, organ
  • Lee Dorman – bass, backing vocals
  • Doug Bossey – guitar
  • Derek Hilland – keyboards, backing vocals
  • Ron Bushy – drums, percussion
  • Doug Ingle – vocals, organ
  • Lee Dorman – bass, backing vocals
  • Erik Barnett – vocals, guitar
  • Derek Hilland – keyboards, backing vocals
  • Ron Bushy – drums, percussion
  • Doug Ingle – vocals, organ
  • Lee Dorman – bass, backing vocals
  • Erik Barnett – vocals, guitar
  • Ron Bushy – drums, percussion
19991999–20022002–20052005–2006
  • Lee Dorman – bas, backing vocalss
  • Erik Barnett – vocals, guitar
  • Damian Bujanda – vocals, keyboards
  • Ron Bushy – drums, percussion
  • Lee Dorman – bass, backing vocals
  • Erik Barnett – vocals, guitar
  • Larry Rust – vocals, keyboards
  • Ron Bushy – drums, percussion
  • (Oly - bass; substitute for Dorman whilst he was suffering with a heart ailment, 2001)
  • Lee Dorman – bass, backing vocals
  • Charlie Marinkovich – vocals, guitar
  • Larry Rust – vocals, keyboards
  • Ron Bushy – drums, percussion
  • (Derek Hillard - keyboards, backing vocals; substitute for Larry Rust for one show, 2003)
  • Lee Dorman – bass, backing vocals
  • Charlie Marinkovich – vocals, guitar
  • Martin Gerschwitz – vocals, keyboards
  • Ron Bushy – drums, percussion
200620062006–20122012-
  • Ken Chalupnik – bass (filled in for Dorman)
  • Charlie Marinkovich – vocals, guitar
  • Martin Gerschwitz – vocals, keyboards
  • Ron Bushy – drums, percussion
  • Dave Meros – bass (filled in for Dorman)
  • Charlie Marinkovich – vocals, guitar
  • Martin Gerschwitz – vocals, keyboards
  • Ron Bushy – drums, percussion
  • Lee Dorman – bass, backing vocals
  • Charlie Marinkovich – vocals, guitar
  • Martin Gerschwitz – vocals, keyboards
  • Ron Bushy – drums, percussion
  • (Ray Weston - drums, percussion; substitute for Ron Bushy, 2010)
  • Lee Dorman – bass, backing vocals
  • Charlie Marinkovich – vocals, guitar
  • Phil Parlapiano - vocals, keyboards
  • Ron Bushy – drums, percussion

Discography

Studio albums

YearAlbumUS
1968Heavy78
1968In-A-Gadda-Da-Vida4
1969Ball3
1970Metamorphosis16
1975Scorching Beauty138
1976Sun and Steel-

Live albums

Compilation albums

EPs

Singles

YearNameUS
1968Don't Look Down on Me-
1968Unconscious Power-
1968In-A-Gadda-Da-Vida30
1969Soul Experience75
1969In the Time Of Our Lives96
1969Little Girl118
1970Possession-
1970Easy Rider66
1971Silly Sally-
1975Pearly Gates-
1975High On The Mountain Top-
1975Beyond The Milky Way108
1975High On The Mountain Top-
1975I'm Right, I'm Wrong-

Videography

(Contained video performances of "Easy Rider" (3:21), "In-A-Gadda-Da-Vida" (17:03) and "Butterfly Blue" (19:51))

(Contained video performances of the full concert at Itchycoo Park in 1999)

Bibliography

References

  1. ^ Buckley 2003, p. 523 "It is widely believed that the term 'heavy metal' was coined to describe the less than delicate sound of Iron Butterfly, a band vilified when they first emerged and still not accorded the respect they deserve."
  2. ^ "Lifetime Award; The San Diego City Beat". 09-07-2010. http://npaper-wehaa.com/sdcitybeat/2010/09/07/s1/?g=print#?article=1003806. Retrieved 2011-05-31. 
  3. ^ Joynson, Vernon (1995). Fuzz, Acid, & Flowers. London: Borderline Books.
  4. ^ Iron Butterfly San Diego Reader Entry sandiegoreader.com. Retrieved on 2010-07-12.
  5. ^ Murrells, Joseph (1978). The Book of Golden Discs (2nd ed.). London: Barrie and Jenkins Ltd. p. 242. ISBN 0-214-20512-6. 
  6. ^ Mover, Johnathan. Iron Butterfly's Ron Bushy Making History drumheadmag.com. Retrieved on 2009-08-31.
  7. ^ "Official Website". chasmo.com. http://www.chasmo.com/bio.php. Retrieved 7 October 2011. 
  8. ^ "About". Martingerschwitz.com. https://martingerschwitz.com/About.html. Retrieved 2011-07-07. 
  9. ^ Rock Artists who Died in 2000-2005, The Death of Rock: The Chronology.
  10. ^ Perrone, Pierre. Erik Brann Obituary in The Independent UK Newspaper independent.co.uk. 2003-08-07. Retrieved on 2010-07-12.
  11. ^ San Diego Music Awards Website
  12. ^ Varga, George.Rock 'n' Roll Mayor loves Iron Butterfly San Diego Union Tribune Weekly Insert, Night & Day. 2010-09-03. Retrieved on 2010-09-04.

External links