Title page from 1891 edition of the book
Eric, or, Little by Little
, whose popularity is credited with increasing the use of the name Eric in Britain
Pronunciation /ˈɛrɪk/ Gender Male. Language(s) Scandinavian Name day May 18 (Sweden & Norway) Origin Word/Name Old Norse Meaning one, alone, ruler, prince, powerful, rich Other names Derived Eiríkr
given name Eric, or Erik, is derived from the Old Norse name Eiríkr (or Eríkr in Eastern Scandinavia due to monophthongization). The first element, ei- is derived either from the older Proto-Norse * aina(z) meaning "one" or "alone" or from [1 ] Proto-Norse * aiwa(z) meaning "ever" or "eternal". The second element [2 ] -ríkr derives either from * rík(a)z meaning "ruler" or "prince" (cf. Gothic reiks) or from an even older Proto-Germanic * ríkiaz which meant "powerful" and "rich". The name is thus usually taken to mean "one ruler", " [3 ] autocrat", "eternal ruler" or "ever powerful," and "government". [4 ]
The most common spelling in Scandinavia is Erik. In
Norway, another form of the name (which has kept the Old Norse diphthong) Eirik is also commonly used. In Finland, the form [5 ] Erkki is also used. The modern Icelandic version is Eiríkur, [6 ] [7 ] while the modern [8 ] Faroese version is Eirikur. Éric [eʁik] is used in French, and in Germany Eric, Erik and Erich are used. [9 ]
Although the name was in use in Anglo-Saxon England, its use was reinforced by Scandinavian settlers arriving before the
Norman Invasion. It was an uncommon name in England until the Middle Ages, when it gained popularity, and finally became a common name in the 19th century. This was partly because of the publishing of the novel by Eric, or, Little by Little Frederick William Farrer in 1858.
Norway, Sweden and Finland, the name day for Erik and Eirik is 18 May, commemorating the death of Saint Eric of Sweden.
feminine derivative is Erica or Erika. People [edit ] Danish royalty [edit ] Norwegian royalty [edit ] Swedish royalty [edit ] Alaric and Eric, two legendary kings of Sweden Jorund and Eirik, two legendary kings of Sweden Erik Björnsson, one of the sons of Björn Ironside Erik Refilsson, Swedish legendary king Eric Anundsson, Swedish legendary king who ruled during the 9th century, may be the same as Erik Weatherhat, a more or less mythical Swedish king Eric the Victorious, king of the Swedes during the second half of the 10th century Eric and Eric, two pretenders around 1066 Eric IX of Sweden, Swedish king between 1150 and 1160, called Saint Eric, Eric the Lawgiver, Eric the Saint, or Eric the Holy Eric X of Sweden, the King of Sweden between 1208 and 1216 Eric XI of Sweden, the son of king Erik X of Sweden and Richeza of Denmark Eric XII of Sweden, rival King of Sweden and to his father Magnus IV from 1356 to his death in 1359 Eric XIII of Sweden, Eric of Pomerania Eric XIV of Sweden, King of Sweden from 1560 until he was deposed in 1568 Famous people [edit ] Eric Adjetey Anang, Ghanaian artist Erick Aybar, MLB baseball player Eric Bana, Australian television and film actor Eric Burdon, English vocalist, songwriter and frontman of The Animals Eric Arthur Blair, English author better known under the pen-name George Orwell Eric Cantona (French Éric Cantona), a French football player Eric Carle children's author Eric Church, American country music singer and songwriter Eric Clapton English guitarist, vocalist, and songwriter Eric Dickerson NFL Hall of Fame Running Back Eric Esch, American boxer Erik Estrada “Ponch”, Actor Eric Garber, given name of author Andrew Holleran Eric Harris (disambiguation), multiple people Erich Hartmann, German WWII fighter ace Eric Heiden Olympian and Doctor Eric Himelfarb, Canadian ice hockey player Erich Honecker, former East German Leader Eric Idle, English comedian, actor, author, singer, writer, and comedic composer Eric Johnson, American guitarist and recording artist Erich Kästner, a German author, poet, screenwriter and satirist Eriq La Salle, American actor and director Eric Lindros Dallas Stars, Hockey player Erik Lorig, American NFL football player Erich von Manstein, German field marshal Erik Mariñelarena, Mexican screenwriter, director and producer Eric Morecambe, English comedian Eric Nystrom, American hockey player Erik Palladino, American actor Eric Prydz, Swedish disc jockey and producer Eric Ripert, celebrity chef and co-owner of the New York restaurant Le Bernardin Eric Roberts American actor Eric Saade, Swedish singer/songwriter Eric Satie, French composer Eric Sevareid, American journalist Eric Staal, Canadian hockey player Eric Stoltz, American actor, director and producer Eric Schmidt, Executive Chairman of Google and 136th-richest person in the world in 2011 Erik Turner, rhythm guitarist of glam metal band Warrant Eric Whitacre, composer and conductor Eric Wright (disambiguation), multiple people Erik Rico, American musician, singer, songwriter, producer, and DJ Fictional characters [edit ] Erik the Red (comics), fictional character in the Marvel Comics comic book universe Erik, the Phantom of the Opera, disfigured genius, created by French writer Gaston Leroux Flat Eric, low-tech, yellow puppet character from Levi's commercials for Sta-Prest One Crease Denim Clothing Eric Cartman, main character in the TV series South Park Eric the Cavalier, a character in the TV series Dungeons & Dragons Eric Tiberius Duckman, the title character in the TV series Duckman Prince Eric, the love interest of Princess Ariel in the Disney movie, The Little Mermaid General Erich Von Klinkerhoffen, the boss of Colonel Kurt Von Strohm and Lieutenant Hubert Gruber in the TV series 'Allo 'Allo! Eric Murphy, fictional character on the comedy-drama television series Entourage. Eric Northman, the love interest of Sookie Stackhouse in the novels and the TV series Southern Vampire Mysteries True Blood Eric Draven, man brutally murdered that comes back to life as an undead avenger of his and his fiancée's murder in the movie The Crow Eric Thursley, a thirteen-year-old demonologist featured in Terry Pratchett's ninth Discworld novel Eric Eric is the name of all the pets of John Cleese's character in the Monty Python's " Fish Licence" sketch Eric is one of the twins Sam and Eric in Lord of the Flies by William Golding Erik J. Smith, one of the five Guardians from the Norse Bible Eric, one of the Princes from the Chronicles of Amber Erik Von Darkmoor, fictional character appearing in the novels of Raymond E. Feist Erik Lensherr, also known as Magneto in the Marvel Universe. Eric Foreman, major character from the TV series House M.D. Eric Forman, the main character in . That 70s Show Eric Myers, the Quantum Ranger, from . Power Rangers Time Force Eric Jonrosh, author of . The Spoils of Babylon People with the surname [edit ] See also [edit ] References [edit ]