Eponym

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"Eponymous" redirects here. For the R.E.M. album, see Eponymous (album).
"Self Titled" redirects here. For the hip hop artist, see Celph Titled.
Not to be confused with namesake.
The mythological Greek hero Orion is the eponym of the constellation Orion, shown here, and thus indirectly of the Orion spacecraft.[1]

An eponym is a person for whom a place or thing is named, or believed to be named,[2] or the name itself.[2] For example, Léon Theremin is the eponym of the theremin, an electronic musical instrument.

The derivative adjectives eponymous and eponymic [2][3] refer to the person or thing for whom a place or thing is named, as in "the eponymous founder of the Ford Motor Company".[4][5] Recent usage, especially in the recorded-music industry, also allows eponymous to mean "named for its creator or central character".[4]


History[edit]

In different cultures, time periods have often been named after the person who ruled during that period:

Other eponyms[edit]

Lists of eponyms[edit]

By person's name

By category

Orthographic conventions[edit]

Capitalized versus lowercase[edit]

For examples, see the comparison table below.

Genitive versus attributive[edit]

National varieties of English[edit]

Comparison table of eponym orthographic styling[edit]

Prevalent dictionary styling todayStylings that defy prevalent dictionary stylingComments
Addison disease[10]*Addison Disease
*addison disease
 
Allemann syndrome[10]*Allemann Syndrome
*allemann syndrome
 
cesarean [only][10]
cesarean also cesarian [but no cap variant][6]
cesarean, "often capitalized" or caesarean also cesarian or caesarian[11]
 The full information on this word's orthographic variants is at cesarean section > orthography.
darwinian [only][10]
darwinism [only][10]
Darwinian [only][6][7]
Darwinism [only][6][7]
Darwinist [only][6][7]
  
diesel (n/adj/vi) [no cap variant][6][7]
and also
diesel-electric[6]
diesel engine[6][7]
dieseling[6][7]
dieselize, dieselization[6]
*Diesel engine
*Dieseling
*Dieselize, Dieselization
 
draconian[7]
draconian often Draconian[6]
  
eustachian [only][10]
eustachian often Eustachian[6]
eustachian tube [only][10]
eustachian tube often Eustachian tube[6]
eustachian tube or Eustachian tube[7]
*Eustachian Tube 
fallopian [only][10]
fallopian often Fallopian[6]
fallopian tube [only][10]
fallopian tube often Fallopian tube[6]
fallopian tube also Fallopian tube[7]
*Fallopian Tube 
Marxism [only][6][7]
Marxist [only][6][7]
*marxism
*marxist
 
mendelian [only][10] or Mendelian [only][6]
mendelian inheritance [only][10] or Mendelian inheritance [only][6] 
 but
Mendel's laws[6][10]
*Mendelian Inheritance 
Newtonian [only][6][7]*newtonian 
parkinsonism [only][6][10]
parkinsonian [only][6][10]
parkinsonian tremor[10]
Parkinson disease [only][10]
Parkinson's disease [only][6]
*Parkinsonism
*Parkinsonian
*Parkinsonian tremor
*Parkinsonian Tremor
*Parkinson Disease
*Parkinson's Disease
 
quixotic [only][6][7]*Quixotic 
Roman numerals[7]
roman numerals[6]
 AMA Manual of Style lowercases the terms roman numerals and arabic numerals. MWCD enters the numeral sense under the headword Roman but with the note "not cap" on the numeral sense.[6]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Orion
  2. ^ a b c "eponym". Dictionary.com. Dictionary.com LLC. Retrieved 30 December 2014. 
  3. ^ "eponym". Merriam-Webster Online Dictionary. Merriam-Webster. Retrieved 30 December 2014. 
  4. ^ a b "eponymous". Dictionary.com. Dictionary.com LLC. Retrieved 30 December 2014. 
  5. ^ "eponymous". Merriam-Webster Online Dictionary. Merriam-Webster. Retrieved 30 December 2014. 
  6. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac Merriam-Webster (1993), Merriam-Webster's Collegiate Dictionary (10th ed ed.), Springfield, Massachusetts, USA: Merriam-Webster, ISBN 978-0-87779-707-4 
  7. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o Houghton Mifflin (2000), The American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language (4th ed ed.), Boston and New York: Houghton Mifflin, ISBN 978-0-395-82517-4 
  8. ^ University of Chicago (1993), The Chicago Manual of Style (14th ed.), Chicago, Illinois, USA: University of Chicago Press, ISBN 0-226-10389-7, section 7.49, pp. 253–254. 
  9. ^ Iverson, Cheryl (editor) (2007), AMA Manual of Style (10 ed.), Oxford, England: Oxford University Press, ISBN 978-0-19-517633-9 , chapter 16: Eponyms.
  10. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p Elsevier (2007), Dorland's Illustrated Medical Dictionary (31st ed ed.), Philadelphia: Elsevier, ISBN 978-1-4160-2364-7 
  11. ^ Merriam-Webster (2003), Merriam-Webster's Collegiate Dictionary (11th ed ed.), Springfield, Massachusetts, USA: Merriam-Webster, ISBN 978-0-87779-809-5 

External links[edit]