The Midlands, England

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The Midlands.

The Midlands is an area comprising central England that broadly corresponds to the early medieval Kingdom of Mercia. It borders Southern England, Northern England, East Anglia and Wales. Its largest city is Birmingham, and it was an important location for the Industrial Revolution of the 18th and 19th centuries. The greater part of the area is now administered as the Government Office Regions of the West Midlands and East Midlands, though parts of the traditional Midlands are also in surrounding regions, namely Bedfordshire, Cambridgeshire and Peterborough (East of England), Buckinghamshire and Oxfordshire (South East), Gloucestershire (South West) and Northern Lincolnshire and Sheffield (Yorkshire and the Humber).

Extent of the Midlands[edit]

The Midlands does not correspond to any current administrative area, and there is therefore no strict definition. However, it is generally considered to include the counties of Derbyshire, Gloucestershire, Herefordshire, Leicestershire, Northamptonshire, Nottinghamshire, Oxfordshire, Rutland, Shropshire, Staffordshire, Warwickshire, the West Midlands and Worcestershire. Lincolnshire is considered by some part of the Midlands but generally excluded, on account of its extensive coastline. The 1911 Encyclopædia Britannica describes Gloucestershire as "west midland", Bedfordshire as "south midland", and Huntingdonshire as "east midland" counties respectively. Sheffield is included as it is considered the 'capital' of the north Midlands

The two Government Office Regions of West and East Midlands.

With more restricted boundaries than the traditional area known as the Midlands, two modern Government Office Regions together represent the latter: West Midlands and East Midlands. These are also constituencies of the European Parliament.

The West Midlands comprises the shire counties of (1) Staffordshire, (2) Warwickshire and (3) Worcestershire (with their respective districts), the unitary counties of (4) Herefordshire and (5) Shropshire, the metropolitan boroughs of (6) Birmingham, (7) Coventry, (8) Dudley, (9) Sandwell, (10) Solihull, (11) Walsall and (12) Wolverhampton, and the unitary boroughs of (13) Stoke-on-Trent and (14) Telford and Wrekin. The East Midlands comprises the shire counties of (15) Derbyshire, (16) Leicestershire, (17) Lincolnshire, (18) Northamptonshire and (19) Nottinghamshire (with their respective districts) and the unitary county of (20) Rutland. The two regions have a combined population of 9,439,516 (2001 census), and an area of 11,053 sq mi (28,631 km²). The loose;y defined North Midlands is centred on Sheffield

The largest Midlands conurbation, which includes the cities of Birmingham and Wolverhampton, is approximately covered by the metropolitan county (which also includes the city of Coventry) of the West Midlands. Parts of the East Midlands are also densely populated, particularly the triangle formed by the cities of Nottingham, Leicester and Derby, which also includes sizeable towns such as Loughborough and the Long EatonBeestonStapleford subconurbation.

Various part of the Midlands (particularly Warwickshire and Leicestershire) are somewhat poetically referred to as the Heart of England, especially in tourist literature.

The various areas of the Midlands have their own distinctive character, giving rise to a high number of local history and industrial heritage groups. Nottingham played a notable part in the English Civil War, which is commemorated in a number of place names (Parliament Terrace, Parliament Street, Standard Hill). Areas such as Derbyshire's Amber Valley and Erewash combine attractive countryside with industrial heritage and are home to historic canals and sites associated with the mining industry.

Cities and notable towns[edit]



Aston Villa F.C.Premier LeagueBirminghamVilla Park42,788
Stoke City F.C.Premier LeagueStoke-on-TrentBritannia Stadium28,384
West Bromwich Albion F.C.Premier LeagueWest BromwichThe Hawthorns26,500
Birmingham City F.C.Football League ChampionshipBirminghamSt Andrew's30,079
Derby County F.C.Football League ChampionshipDerbyPride Park Stadium33,597
Leicester City F.C.Football League ChampionshipLeicesterWalkers Stadium32,500
Nottingham Forest F.C.Football League ChampionshipNottinghamCity Ground30,576
Coventry City F.C.Football League OneCoventryRicoh Arena32,609
Notts County F.C.Football League OneNottinghamMeadow Lane21,300
Shrewsbury Town F.C.Football League OneShrewsburyProstar Stadium9,875
Walsall F.C.Football League OneWalsallBescot Stadium11,300
Wolverhampton Wanderers F.C.Football League OneWolverhamptonMolineux Stadium30,852
Burton Albion F.C.Football League TwoBurton Upon TrentPirelli Stadium6,912
Chesterfield F.C.Football League TwoChesterfieldB2net Stadium10,600
Northampton Town F.C.Football League TwoNorthamptonSixfields Stadium7,653
Mansfield Town F.C.Football League TwoMansfieldField Mill10,000
Port ValeFootball League TwoStoke-on-TrentVale Park19,052

Rugby union[edit]

Leicester TigersAviva PremiershipLeicesterWelford Road24,000
Northampton SaintsAviva PremiershipNorthamptonFranklin's Gardens13,600
Worcester WarriorsAviva PremiershipWorcesterSixways Stadium12,068
MoseleyRFU ChampionshipBirminghamBillesley Common3,000
NottinghamRFU ChampionshipNottinghamMeadow Lane19,588

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 52°42′N 1°30′W / 52.7°N 1.5°W / 52.7; -1.5