Endive

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Endive
Escarole endive
Scientific classification
Kingdom:Plantae
(unranked):Angiosperms
(unranked):Eudicots
(unranked):Asterids
Order:Asterales
Family:Asteraceae
Genus:Cichorium
Species:C. endivia
Binomial name
Cichorium endivia
L.
 
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Endive
Escarole endive
Scientific classification
Kingdom:Plantae
(unranked):Angiosperms
(unranked):Eudicots
(unranked):Asterids
Order:Asterales
Family:Asteraceae
Genus:Cichorium
Species:C. endivia
Binomial name
Cichorium endivia
L.
Endive, raw
Nutritional value per 100 g (3.5 oz)
Energy71 kJ (17 kcal)
Carbohydrates3.35 g
- Dietary fiber3.1 g
Fat0.2 g
Protein1.25 g
Vitamin A equiv.108 μg (14%)
- beta-carotene1300 μg (12%)
Thiamine (vit. B1)0.08 mg (7%)
Riboflavin (vit. B2)0.075 mg (6%)
Niacin (vit. B3)0.4 mg (3%)
Pantothenic acid (B5)0.9 mg (18%)
Folate (vit. B9)142 μg (36%)
Vitamin C6.5 mg (8%)
Vitamin E0.44 mg (3%)
Vitamin K231 μg (220%)
Calcium52 mg (5%)
Iron0.83 mg (6%)
Magnesium15 mg (4%)
Manganese0.42 mg (20%)
Phosphorus28 mg (4%)
Potassium314 mg (7%)
Zinc0.79 mg (8%)
Link to USDA Database entry
Percentages are roughly approximated
using US recommendations for adults.
Source: USDA Nutrient Database
Frisée (withered)

Endive (/ˈɛndv/ or /ˈɑːndiv/[1]; Cichorium endivia) is a leaf vegetable belonging to the daisy family. Endive can be cooked or used raw in salads.

Description[edit]

Endive belongs to the chicory genus, which includes several similar bitter leafed vegetables. Species include endive (Cichorium endivia), Cichorium pumilum, and common chicory (Cichorium intybus). Common chicory includes chicory types such as radicchio, puntarelle, and Belgian endive. There is considerable confusion between Cichorium endivia and Cichorium intybus.[2][3] Because of the name, endive is wrongly associated with Belgian endive which is a cultivated variety of common chicory.

Endive is rich in many vitamins and minerals, especially in folate and vitamins A and K, and is high in fiber. Endive is also a common name for some types of chicory (Cichorium intybus).

There are two main varieties of cultivated endive:

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Endive | Define Endive at Dictionary.com". Dictionary.reference.com. Retrieved 2013-08-18. 
  2. ^ "Chicory and Endive". Innvista. 2013-07-31. Retrieved 2013-08-18. 
  3. ^ "Endive | Archives | Aggie Horticulture". Plantanswers.tamu.edu. Retrieved 2013-08-18. 

External links[edit]