Embraer E-Jet family

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E-Jet family
An Embraer 170 in new livery of launch customer LOT Polish Airlines landing at Amsterdam Airport (2012).
National originBrazil
First flightFebruary 19, 2002
IntroductionMarch 17, 2004 with LOT Polish Airlines
StatusIn service
Primary usersRepublic Airlines
Air Canada
JetBlue Airways
Compass Airlines
Number built1,000+[1]
Unit cost
E-170: US$28.5 million; E-195: $47.0 million[2]
VariantsEmbraer Lineage 1000
Developed intoEmbraer E-Jet E2 family
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E-Jet family
An Embraer 170 in new livery of launch customer LOT Polish Airlines landing at Amsterdam Airport (2012).
National originBrazil
First flightFebruary 19, 2002
IntroductionMarch 17, 2004 with LOT Polish Airlines
StatusIn service
Primary usersRepublic Airlines
Air Canada
JetBlue Airways
Compass Airlines
Number built1,000+[1]
Unit cost
E-170: US$28.5 million; E-195: $47.0 million[2]
VariantsEmbraer Lineage 1000
Developed intoEmbraer E-Jet E2 family

The Embraer E-Jet family is a series of narrow-body medium-range twin-engine jet airliners produced by Brazilian aerospace conglomerate Embraer. Launched at the Paris Air Show in 1999, and entering production in 2002, the aircraft series has been a commercial success.[3] The aircraft is used by both mainline and regional airlines around the world. As of 31 December 2012 (2012-12-31), there is a backlog of 185 firm orders for the E-Jets, 580 options and 908 units delivered.[4]

Design and development[edit]

The Embraer E-Jets line is composed of two main commercial families and a business jet variant. The smaller E-170 and E-175 make up the base model aircraft. The E-190 and E-195 are stretched versions, with different engines and larger wing, horizontal stabilizer and landing gear structures. The 170 and 175 share 95% commonality, as do the 190 and 195. The two families share near 89% commonality, with identical fuselage cross-sections and avionics, featuring the Honeywell Primus Epic Electronic Flight Instrument System (EFIS) suite.[5]

All E-Jets use four-abreast seating (2+2) and have a "double-bubble" design, which Embraer developed for its commercial passenger jets, that provides stand-up headroom. The E-190/195 series of aircraft have similar capacities to the initial versions of the McDonnell Douglas DC-9 and Boeing 737, which have always been considered mainline airliners.

Interior of single-aisle jet aircraft, with people seated. Light illuminate the ceiling as a female stands near the front of aircraft
Interior of an Embraer E-170

Embraer first disclosed that it was studying a new 70-seat aircraft, which it called the EMB 170, in 1997, concurrently with announcing the development of its ERJ 135.[6] The EMB 170 was to feature a new wing and larger-diameter fuselage mated to the nose and cockpit of the ERJ 145.[7][8] In February 1999 Embraer announced it had abandoned the derivative approach in favour of an all-new design.[9][10]

The E-jet family was formally launched at the Paris Air Show in June 1999. Launch customers for the aircraft were the French airline Régional Compagnie Aérienne Européenne with ten orders and five options for the E-170; and the Swiss airline Crossair with an order for 30 E-170s and 30 E-190s.[11] Production of parts to build the prototype and test airframes began in July 2000.[12] Full production began in 2002, at a new factory built by Embraer at its São José dos Campos base.[13] After several delays in the certification process, the E-170 received type certification from the aviation authorities of Brazil, Europe and the United States in February 2004.[14][15]

E-Jets Second Generation[edit]

In November 2011, Embraer announced that it would develop revamped versions of the E-Jets family with improved engines, rather than an all-new aircraft.[16] The new variants are to be powered by new more efficient engines with larger diameter fans, and include slightly taller landing gear, and possibly a new aluminum or carbon fiber-based wing. The new E-Jet variants are to be better-positioned to compete with the Bombardier CSeries. Air Lease Corp has tentatively named the revamped E-Jet the E-198, and has advised Embraer to stretch the E-190 by one row (seating 118 in a one-class configuration) and the E-195 by two to three rows (seating 130 to 134). Later on, Embraer named it "second generation". The new variants are to enter service in 2018.[17]

GE, Pratt & Whitney, and Rolls-Royce were all possible engine suppliers.[18] Pratt & Whitney's geared turbofan engine was selected in January 2013 for the new E-Jets versions.[19][20] The Honeywell Primus Epic 2 was selected as the avionics package.[citation needed]

In February 2012, Embraer announced it was studying the development of a new variant with 130 seating capacity.[21] The study was expected to be completed by the end of 2012.[22]

Operational history[edit]

The first E-170s were delivered in the second week of March 2004 to LOT Polish Airlines, followed by US Airways subsidiary MidAtlantic Airways and Alitalia[23][14] (launch customer Crossair had in the meantime ceased to exist after its takeover of Swissair; and fellow launch customer Régional Compagnie Aérienne deferred its order,[24] not receiving its first E-jet—an E-190LR—until 2006.[25]) LOT operated the first commercial flight of an E-jet on 17 March 2004, from Warsaw to Vienna.[26] The largest single order for any type of E-Jets has come from JetBlue for 100 E-190s, and options for 100 more.[5]

The 400th E-jet was delivered in 2008, to Republic Airlines in the U.S.[27] On 6 November of that year, JetBlue set the record for the longest flight of the E-190 family when one of its aircraft made a non-stop flight from Anchorage, Alaska (Ted Stevens Anchorage International Airport) to Buffalo, New York (Buffalo Niagara International Airport), a total of 2,694 nmi (4,989 km). This was an empty aircraft on a non-revenue flight. The aircraft eventually returned to JFK after a two-month-long charter service with Vice Presidential candidate Sarah Palin.[28] In September 2009 the 600th E-jet built was delivered to LOT Polish Airlines.[29]

On 13 September 2013 a ceremony was held at the Embraer factory in São José dos Campos to mark the delivery of the 1,000th E-jet family aircraft, an E-175, to Republic Airlines. The E-175 was delivered in an American Eagle Airlines colour scheme with a special "1,000th E-Jet" decal above the cabin windows.[1][27]


An Air Canada ERJ-175 on climb-out
Flybe E-195
Flight deck of a 190 Lineage 1000

E-170 and 175[edit]

The E-170/E-175 models in the 80-seat range are the smaller in the E-Jet family. They are powered with General Electric CF34-8E engines of 14,200 pounds (62.28 kN) thrust each. The E-170 and E-175 directly compete with the Bombardier CRJ-700 and Bombardier CRJ-900, respectively, and loosely compete with the turboprop Bombardier Q400. They also seek to replace the market segment occupied by earlier competing designs such as the BAe 146 and Fokker 70.

The Embraer 170 was the first version produced. The prototype 170-001, registration PP-XJE, was rolled out on 29 October 2001, with first flight 119 days later on 19 February 2002. The aircraft was displayed to the public in May 2002 at the Regional Airline Association convention. After a positive response from the airline community, Embraer launched the E-175. First flight of the stretched E-175 was on June 2003.[30] The launch U.S. customer For the EMB 170 was US Airways, after FAA certification, the aircraft entered into revenue service on April 4, 2004 operated by the MidAtlantic division of US Airways, Inc. The first E-175 was delivered to Air Canada and entered service in July 2005.[30] The 170-001 prototype performed its last flight on April 11, 2012. Its destiny was disassembly in the US for spare parts.

E-190 and 195[edit]

The E-190/195 models are a larger stretch of the E-170/175 models fitted with a new, larger wing, larger horizontal stabilizer and a new engine, the GE CF34-10E,[5] rated at 18,500 lb (82.30 kN). These aircraft compete with the Bombardier CRJ-1000. In addition, being in the 110-seat range, they compete with smaller mainline jets including the Boeing 717-200 and 737-500/-600, the Airbus A318, and some of the upcoming Bombardier CSeries.

The first flight of the E-190 was on March 12, 2004 (PP-XMA),[31] with the first flight of the E-195 (PP-XMJ)[31] on December 7 of the same year. The launch customer of the E-190 was New York-based low-cost carrier JetBlue with 100 orders and 100 options. British low-cost carrier Flybe launched the E-195 with 14 orders and 12 options.[32]

As the 190/195 models are of mainline aircraft size, many airlines will operate them as such, fitting them with a business class section and operating them themselves, instead of having them flown by a regional airline partner.[citation needed] For example, Air Canada operates 45 E-190 aircraft fitted with 9 business-class and 88 economy-class seats (currently modifying from 84 seats) as part of its primary fleet.

Embraer Lineage 1000[edit]

On 2 May 2006, Embraer announced plans for the business jet variant of the E-190. This would have the same structure as the E-190, but with an extended range of up to 4,200 nm, and luxury seating for up to 19. It was certified by the USA Federal Aviation Administration on 7 January 2009. The first two production aircraft were delivered in December 2008.

Undeveloped variants[edit]


Embraer considered producing an aircraft which was known as the E-195X, a stretched version of the E-195. It would have seated approximately 130 passengers. The E-195X was apparently a response to an American Airlines request for an aircraft to replace its McDonnell Douglas MD-80s.[33] Embraer abandoned plans for the 195X in May 2010, following concerns that its range would be too short.[34]


Embraer 190 from Azul Brazilian Airlines
White and blue jet aircraft being pulled on ramp towards left under cloudy sky.
Lufthansa Cityline E195LR.

Orders and deliveries[edit]

List of Embraer's E-Jet family deliveries and orders:

ModelPhotoFirm OrdersOptionsDeliveriesFirm Order Backlog
E-170Cirrus Airlines E170 D-ALIE Start.jpg192271866
E-175Embraer take-off.jpg315463175140
E-190Austral Líneas Aéreas Embraer 190AR LV-CHQ.jpeg56017648278
E-195Flybe emb195 g-fbeh arp.jpg1452212322

Source: Embraer[38]

Accidents and incidents[edit]


Flight Deck Crew2 pilots
Passenger capacity80 (1-class, 29 in/30 in pitch)
78 (1-class, 30 in/31 in)
70 (1-class, 32 in)
70 (2-class, 36 in/32 in)
88 (1-class, 30 in pitch)
86 (1-class, 31 in)
78 (1-class, 32 in)
78 (2-class, standard)
114 (1-class, 29 in/30 in pitch)
106 (1-class, 31 in)
98 (1-class, 32 in)
94 (2-class, standard)
122 (1-class, 30 in/31 in pitch)
118 (1-class, 31 in)
108 (1-class, 32 in)
106 (2-class, standard)
Length29.90 m
(98 ft 1 in)
31.68 m (103 ft 11 in)36.24 m (118 ft 11 in)38.65 m
(126 ft 10 in)
Wingspan26.00 m (85 ft 4 in)28.72 m (94 ft 3 in)
Height9.67 m
(32 ft 4 in)
10.28 m
(34 ft 7 in)
Empty Weight21,140 kg (46,600 lb)21,810 kg (48,100 lb)28,080 kg (61,900 lb)28,970 kg (63,900 lb)
Maximum takeoff weight35,990 kg (79,300 lb) (STD)
37,200 kg (82,000 lb) (LR)
38,600 kg (85,000 lb) (AR)
37,500 kg (83,000 lb) (STD)
38,790 kg (85,500 lb) (LR)
40,370 kg (89,000 lb) (AR)
47,790 kg (105,400 lb) (STD)
50,300 kg (111,000 lb) (LR)
51,800 kg (114,000 lb) (AR)
48,790 kg (107,600 lb) (STD)
50,790 kg (112,000 lb) (LR)
52,290 kg (115,300 lb) (AR)
Max payload weight9,100 kg (20,000 lb) (STD&LR)
9,840 kg (21,700 lb) (AR)
10,080 kg (22,200 lb) (STD&LR)
10,360 kg (22,800 lb) (AR)
13,080 kg (28,800 lb)13,650 kg (30,100 lb)
Takeoff Run at MTOW1,644 m (5,394 ft)2,244 m (7,362 ft)2,056 m (6,745 ft)2,179 m (7,149 ft)
PowerplantsGE CF34-8E turbofans
61.4 kN (13,800 lbf) thrust each
63.2 kN (14,200 lbf) APR thrust each
GE CF34-10E turbofans
82.3 kN (18,500 lbf) thrust each
89 kN (20,000 lbf) APR thrust each
Maximum speed890 km/h (481 kn, Mach 0.82)
RangeSTD: 3,334 km (1,800 nmi)
LR: 3,889 km (2,100 nmi)
AR: 3,892 km (2,102 nmi)
STD: 3,334 km (1,800 nmi)
LR: 3,889 km (2,100 nmi)
AR: 3,706 km (2,001 nmi)
STD: 3,334 km (1,800 nmi)
LR: 4,260 km (2,300 nmi)
AR: 4,448 km (2,402 nmi)
STD: 2,593 km (1,400 nmi)
LR: 3,334 km (1,800 nmi)
AR: 4,077 km (2,201 nmi)
Maximum fuel load9,335 kg (20,580 lb)12,971 kg (28,600 lb)
Service ceiling41,000 ft (12,500 m)
Fuselage and cabin cross-section
Outer width3.01 m (9 ft 11 in)
Cabin width2.74 m (9 ft 0 in)
Outer height3.35 m (11 ft 0 in)
Cabin height2.00 m (6 ft 7 in)

Sources: Embraer E-jet[49]

See also[edit]

Related development
Aircraft of comparable role, configuration and era
Related lists


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External links[edit]