Elizabethtown, Kentucky

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Elizabethtown, Kentucky
City
Hardin County Courthouse in downtown Elizabethtown
Hardin County Courthouse in downtown Elizabethtown
Nickname(s): E-town or E'town
Location of Elizabethtown, Kentucky
Location of Elizabethtown, Kentucky
Coordinates: 37°42′N 85°52′W / 37.700°N 85.867°W / 37.700; -85.867Coordinates: 37°42′N 85°52′W / 37.700°N 85.867°W / 37.700; -85.867
CountryUnited States
StateKentucky
CountyHardin
Area
 • Total25.8 sq mi (66.9 km2)
 • Land25.4 sq mi (65.7 km2)
 • Water0.5 sq mi (1.2 km2)
Elevation725 ft (221 m)
Population (2010)
 • Total40,012
 • Density936.6/sq mi (361.6/km2)
Time zoneEastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST)EDT (UTC-4)
ZIP codes42701-42702
Area code(s)270 & 364
FIPS code21-24274
GNIS feature ID0491640
Websitewww.elizabethtownky.org
 
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Elizabethtown, Kentucky
City
Hardin County Courthouse in downtown Elizabethtown
Hardin County Courthouse in downtown Elizabethtown
Nickname(s): E-town or E'town
Location of Elizabethtown, Kentucky
Location of Elizabethtown, Kentucky
Coordinates: 37°42′N 85°52′W / 37.700°N 85.867°W / 37.700; -85.867Coordinates: 37°42′N 85°52′W / 37.700°N 85.867°W / 37.700; -85.867
CountryUnited States
StateKentucky
CountyHardin
Area
 • Total25.8 sq mi (66.9 km2)
 • Land25.4 sq mi (65.7 km2)
 • Water0.5 sq mi (1.2 km2)
Elevation725 ft (221 m)
Population (2010)
 • Total40,012
 • Density936.6/sq mi (361.6/km2)
Time zoneEastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST)EDT (UTC-4)
ZIP codes42701-42702
Area code(s)270 & 364
FIPS code21-24274
GNIS feature ID0491640
Websitewww.elizabethtownky.org

Elizabethtown is a class 2 city in Hardin County, Kentucky, in the United States. It is the seat of its county. The population was estimated at 29,335 by the United States Census in 2012, making it the 10th-largest city in the state.[1] It is included in (and the principal city of) the Elizabethtown, Kentucky, Metropolitan Statistical Area, which is included in the LouisvilleJefferson County–Elizabethtown–Scottsburg, Kentucky-Indiana Combined Statistical Area.

Geography[edit]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 25.8 square miles (67 km2), of which 25.4 square miles (66 km2) is land and 0.5 square miles (1 km2) (1.77%) is water.

On the list (by population) of all metropolitan statistical areas as defined by the United States Census Bureau, Elizabethtown has a population of 28,531. Population estimates are current as of the 2010 Census. Metropolitan statistical area names are current as of December 1, 2005. The Elizabethtown metropolitan area includes Radcliff, a city of almost the same size as Elizabethtown; the housing areas of the Fort Knox Military Installation; the unincorporated town of Rineyville, where Abraham Lincoln's school teacher, Zachariah Riney lived; and other communities such as Vine Grove, Glendale, Sonora, West Point, and Upton.

Climate[edit]

The climate in this area is characterized by hot, humid summers and generally mild to cool winters. According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, Elizabethtown has a humid subtropical climate, abbreviated "Cfa" on climate maps.[2]

History[edit]

Samuel Haycraft Jr., in his 1869 History of Elizabethtown, wrote: "For who can tell what Elizabethtown will be with her delightful location, her enterprising and energetic population, her railroad facilities, her fine water, and her surroundings of intelligent and gentlemanly farmers, the best fruit country in the world, and her future manufactories that must spring up, and when it becomes a large city it will be well to look back upon her starting point."

The Samuel B. Thomas House

Established in 1793, the county was named for Colonel John Hardin, an Indian fighter who worked with tribes in the local area. In a few years, professional men and tradesmen came to live in the area. In 1793, Colonel Hynes had 30 acres (120,000 m2) of land (until then known as the Severn's Valley Settlement[3]) surveyed and laid off into lots and streets to establish Elizabethtown. Named in honor of his wife, Elizabethtown was legally established in 1797.[4][5]

Thomas Lincoln helped Samuel Haycraft build a millrace at Haycraft's mill on Valley Creek. After Lincoln married Nancy Hanks in 1806, they lived in a log cabin built in Elizabethtown. Their daughter, Sarah, was born there in 1807. Soon after, they moved to the Sinking Spring Farm, where Abraham Lincoln was born in 1809. Thomas Lincoln took his family to Indiana in 1816. After his wife died in 1818, he returned to Elizabethtown and married Sarah Bush Johnston, widowed since 1816. She and her three children accompanied Thomas back to Indiana, where Sarah was stepmother to Thomas' two children.

On March 5, 1850, the Commonwealth of Kentucky granted a charter to the Louisville and Nashville Railroad Company authorizing it to raise funds and built a railroad from Louisville to the Tennessee state line in the direction of Nashville. John L. Helm, the grandson of Capt. Thomas Helm, became the president of the railroad in October 1854; he directed construction of the main stem of the rail line through Elizabethtown. The rail line was completed to Elizabethtown in 1858, with the first train arriving on June 15, 1858. The opening of the railroad brought economic growth to Elizabethtown, which became an important trade center along the railroad and a strategic point during the Civil War.

On December 27, 1862, Confederate General John Hunt Morgan and his 3,000-man cavalry attacked Elizabethtown. During the battle, more than 100 cannonballs were fired into the town. Although he successfully captured Elizabethtown, Morgan's chief goal was to disrupt the railroad and northern transportation. He proceeded north along the railroad, burning trestles and destroying sections of the track. After the battle, one cannonball was found lodged in the side of a building on the public square. After the building burned in 1887 and was rebuilt, the cannonball was replaced in the side wall, as close to its original site as possible, where it remains in the present day.

From 1871 to 1873 during the Reconstruction era, the Seventh Cavalry and a battalion of the Fourth Infantry, led by General George Armstrong Custer, were stationed in Elizabethtown. The military were assigned to suppress the local Ku Klux Klan under the Enforcement Acts, as their members had been attacking freedmen and other Republicans. They also broke up illegal distilleries, which began to flourish in the South after the Civil War. General Custer and his wife Elizabeth lived in a small cottage behind Aunt Beck Hill's boarding house, now known as the Brown-Pusey House.

Culture[edit]

The town is regionally referred to as "E-town" (sometimes with an apostrophe in place of the dash). It is notable as one of two larger towns (the other being Bowling Green) along I-65 between Louisville and Nashville. The movie Elizabethtown (2005) was named after the town; most of the footage was filmed in Versailles and Louisville because Elizabethtown has lost much of its historic architecture in recent years due to commercial development.

Alcohol sales[edit]

Despite the county being a dry county, alcoholic drink sales have long been allowed in restaurants seating at least 100 diners and deriving at least 70% of their total sales from food. The locals classify this as a "damp" or "moist" county.

As of October 4, 2011 the residents of Elizabethtown, Radcliff, and Vine Grove voted to allow for the expansion of package alcohol sales within the city limits of each of the respective cities. Businesses in all three cities will be able to now sell package liquor, wine, and beer due to the results of this special election, if they are issued the appropriate licenses by the Commonwealth of Kentucky.[6]

Elizabethtown is no longer in a dry county. It's a semi-wet county meaning no bars, but alcohol sales are permitted in more than just restaurants.

Transportation[edit]

The city is served by the Elizabethtown Regional Airport (EKX) and the Elizabethtown Airport Board is currently exploring options to bring commercial services to the city.[7]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
CensusPop.
1860556
18701,743213.5%
18802,52644.9%
18902,260−10.5%
19001,861−17.7%
19101,9705.9%
19202,53028.4%
19302,5902.4%
19403,56737.7%
19505,80762.8%
19609,64166.0%
197011,74821.9%
198015,38030.9%
199018,16718.1%
200022,54224.1%
201028,53126.6%
U.S. Census Bureau[8]

As of the census of 2010,[9] there were 28,531 people, 15,711 households, and 9,345 families residing in the city. The population density was 936.6/mi2 (361.6/km2). There were 12,664 housing units at an average density of 490.5/mi² (189.4/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 80.4% White (78.1% non-Hispanic), 19.6% African American, 0.34% Native American, 2.6% Asian, 0.18% Pacific Islander, 1.3% from other races, and 3.4% from two or more races. Hispanics or Latinos of any race were 4.3% of the population.

There were 15,711 households out of which 30.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 43.2% were married couples living together, 15.1% had a female householder with no husband present, 4.4% had a male householder with no wife present, and 37.3% were non-families. 32.1% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.34 and the average family size was 2.94.

The age distribution was 25.1% under 18, 9.8% from 18 to 24, 27.5% from 25 to 44, 24.4% from 45 to 64, and 13.2% who were 65 or older. The median age was 35.4 years. For every 100 females there were 91.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 87.4 males.

Full economic data for Kentucky locations from the 2010 Census has not yet been released. As of the 2010 Census, median income for a household in the city was $40,720, and the median income for a family was $54,699. Full-time male workers had a median income of $43,406 versus $30,310 for females. The per capita income for the city was $23,627. As of the 2000 Census,[10] about 8.5% of families and 10.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 14.6% of those under age 18 and 9.1% of those age 65 or over.

In 2000, Hardin County, Kentucky and Larue County, Kentucky were defined as the Elizabethtown, Metropolitan Statistical Area by the Bureau of the Census. It is part of the Louisville-Jefferson County-Elizabethtown-Scottsburg, KY-IN Combined Statistical Area.

Education[edit]

Water tower near Panther Baseball Park in Elizabethtown, Kentucky

Elizabethtown Independent Schools[edit]

Hardin County Schools[edit]

The Hardin County Schools are another district that encompasses some of the city limits.

Here are the schools located within the City limits:

Although John Hardin High School has an Elizabethtown mailing address, and some Elizabethtown residents are zoned into that school, it actually lies within the city limits of neighboring Radcliff.[11] Conversely, Central Hardin High is within the city limits of Elizabethtown but has a mailing address of Cecilia.

Private schools[edit]

Post-secondary education[edit]

Elizabethtown is home to Elizabethtown Community and Technical College, a member of the Kentucky Community and Technical College System. It also has an extended campus of Western Kentucky University as well as Empire Beauty School formerly the Hair Design School on Westport Road.

Sister city[edit]

Elizabethtown has one sister city, as designated by Sister Cities International:

Japan Kori, Fukushima, Japan[12]

Churches[edit]

The first Baptist settlement west of the Alleghany Mountains was in Elizabethtown at Severns Valley Baptist Church, named after the first name of Elizabethtown. Catholics came west from Nelson County and settled at Colesburg at St. Claire Parish before coming to St. James Parish in Elizabethtown. Lucinda Helm helped bring United Methodists into Elizabethtown and they immortalized her in naming the Helm Memorial United Methodist Church, today simply called MUMC. More than 12 denominations are represented by over 100 churches in Elizabethtown.

Notable people[edit]

[19]

Further reading[edit]

In Fiction[edit]

The final battle between humans and the Mothman-like aliens takes place in Elizabethtown in the science fiction novel Dark Wings.[38]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Finley, Marty (2013). "Census population estimates: E’town breaks into Ky.’s top 10". The News-Enterprise. Retrieved 2013-09-20. 
  2. ^ Climate Summary for Elizabethtown, Kentucky
  3. ^ Commonwealth of Kentucky. Office of the Secretary of State. Land Office. "Elizabethtown, Kentucky". Accessed 25 Jul 2013.
  4. ^ Rennick, Robert M. (1987). Kentucky Place Names. University Press of Kentucky. p. 90. Retrieved 2013-04-28. 
  5. ^ Gannett, Henry (1905). The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States. Govt. Print. Off. p. 116. 
  6. ^ Finley, Marty (October 4, 2011). "Elizabethtown residents choose to expand sales". The News-Enterprise (Elizabethtown, Kentucky). Retrieved March 1, 2012. 
  7. ^ http://www.thenewsenterprise.com/content/progress-slows-deal-bring-airline-e%E2%80%99town
  8. ^ Historical Census Data Retrieved on 2010-02-11
  9. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2011-05-14. 
  10. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  11. ^ a b "State Primary Road System: Hardin County". Kentucky Transportation Cabinet. July 2011. Retrieved August 5, 2011.  On this map, Elizabethtown is displayed with a pink background and Radcliff in green. For Central Hardin's location, follow U.S. 62 west of downtown Elizabethtown. For John Hardin High's location, zoom in to the region where the two cities meet.
  12. ^ Sister City
  13. ^ http://supreme.justia.com/cases/federal/us/537/418/case.html
  14. ^ http://www.baseball-reference.com/players/a/adcocna01.shtml
  15. ^ Woodard, Bruce A. (1967). Diamonds in the Salt. Boulder, CO: Pruett Press. p. 200. 
  16. ^ "Benjamin Marcus Bogard (1868–1951)". encyclopediaofarkansas.net. Retrieved August 4, 2013. 
  17. ^ http://www.baseball-reference.com/players/b/bradlma01.shtml
  18. ^ Harrison in The Kentucky Encyclopedia, pp. 129–130
  19. ^ http://www.nfl.com/player/brandondeaderick/496778/profile
  20. ^ Caple, Jim (2011-09-14). "Steve Delabar, Alex Liddi, Austin Romine exemplify great MLB stories of September - ESPN". Espn.go.com. Retrieved 2011-09-15. 
  21. ^ http://www.wbko.com/home/headlines/4598997.html
  22. ^ Barefoot, Daniel W. (2005). Let Us Die Like Brave Men: Behind the Dying Words of Confederate Warriors. North Carolina: John F. Blair. ISBN 0-89587-311-7.
  23. ^ "Kentucky Governor John Larue Helm". National Governors Association. Retrieved April 2, 2012. 
  24. ^ http://www.forbes.com/profile/walter-huddleston
  25. ^ http://www.touretown.com/portals/0/pdf/Driving%20Tour%20PDF.pdf
  26. ^ "NWS - National Watercolor Society - Home". National Watercolor Society. Retrieved 2012-01-23. 
  27. ^
  28. ^ "Kentucky Governor Keen Johnson". National Governors Association. Retrieved April 4, 2012. 
  29. ^ http://leoweekly.com/music/reviews/handsome-death
  30. ^ https://myspace.com/douglaslucasmusic
  31. ^ http://www.moviefone.com/celebrity/charles-b-middleton/1815581/biography
  32. ^ http://sports.yahoo.com/golf/pga/players/22
  33. ^ http://espn.go.com/nfl/player/stats/_/id/506/todd-perry
  34. ^ http://tv.yahoo.com/person/kelly-rutherford/biography.html
  35. ^ http://www.askmen.com/celebs/women/actress/kelly-rutherford/
  36. ^ http://www.tvguide.com/celebrities/kelly-rutherford/bio/160328
  37. ^ "Chris Todd". Auburn University. 
  38. ^ John J Rust (2012). Dark Wings. ISBN 978-1469943275. 

External links[edit]