Eleanor Parker

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Eleanor Parker
Eleanor-parker-1953 opt.jpg
Parker in 1953
BornEleanor Jean Parker
(1922-06-26)June 26, 1922
Cedarville, Ohio, U.S.
DiedDecember 9, 2013(2013-12-09) (aged 91)
Palm Springs, California, U.S.
Resting place
Cremated
OccupationActress
Years active1941–1991
Spouse(s)Fred Losee (1943–1944; divorced)
Bert E. Friedlob (1946–1953; divorced; 3 children)
Paul Clemens (1954–1965; divorced; 1 child)
Raymond N. Hirsch (1966–2001; his death)
ChildrenSusan Eleanor Friedlob
Sharon Anne Friedlob
Richard Parker Friedlob
Paul Day Clemens
 
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Eleanor Parker
Eleanor-parker-1953 opt.jpg
Parker in 1953
BornEleanor Jean Parker
(1922-06-26)June 26, 1922
Cedarville, Ohio, U.S.
DiedDecember 9, 2013(2013-12-09) (aged 91)
Palm Springs, California, U.S.
Resting place
Cremated
OccupationActress
Years active1941–1991
Spouse(s)Fred Losee (1943–1944; divorced)
Bert E. Friedlob (1946–1953; divorced; 3 children)
Paul Clemens (1954–1965; divorced; 1 child)
Raymond N. Hirsch (1966–2001; his death)
ChildrenSusan Eleanor Friedlob
Sharon Anne Friedlob
Richard Parker Friedlob
Paul Day Clemens

Eleanor Jean Parker (June 26, 1922 – December 9, 2013) was an American actress who appeared in some 80 movies and television series.[1] An actress of notable versatility, she was called Woman of a Thousand Faces by Doug McClelland, author of a biography of Parker by the same title.

At the age of 18, Parker was signed by Warner Brothers in 1941. She was nominated three times for the Academy Award for Best Actress in the 1950s, for Caged (1950), Detective Story (1951) and Interrupted Melody (1955). Her role in Caged also won her the Volpi Cup for Best Actress at the Venice Film Festival. One of her most memorable roles was that of Baroness Elsa Schrader in the 1965 musical The Sound of Music.

Early life[edit]

Born on June 26, 1922, in Cedarville, Ohio, she later moved with her family to East Cleveland, Ohio, where she attended public schools and graduated from Shaw High School. After high school, at the age of 18, she was signed by Warner Brothers in 1941. She was cast that year in the film They Died with Their Boots On,[2] but her scenes were cut.[3] Her actual film debut was as Nurse Ryan in Soldiers in White in 1942.

Career[edit]

By 1946, Parker had starred in Between Two Worlds, Hollywood Canteen, Pride of the Marines, Never Say Goodbye, and played the key role of Mildred Rogers in the remake of Of Human Bondage. She broke the champagne bottle on the nose of the California Zephyr train, to mark its inaugural journey from San Francisco on March 19, 1949.[4]

Parker was nominated three times as Best Actress for the Academy Award. In 1950, she was nominated for Caged,[5] in which she played a prison inmate. For this role, she won the 1950 Volpi Cup for Best Actress at the Venice Film Festival. She was then nominated for the Oscar in 1951 for her performance as Mary McLeod, the woman who doesn't understand the position of her unstable detective husband (played by Kirk Douglas) in Detective Story and again in 1955 for her portrayal of opera singer Marjorie Lawrence in the Oscar-winning biopic Interrupted Melody. She followed Detective Story with her portrayal of an actress in love with a swashbuckling nobleman (played by Stewart Granger) in Scaramouche. Parker then starred with Charlton Heston as a 1900s mail-order bride in The Naked Jungle, directed by George Pal. Also in 1955, Parker appeared in the film adaptation of the National Book Award-winner The Man with the Golden Arm, directed by Otto Preminger. She played Zosh, the supposedly wheelchair-bound wife of heroin-addicted, would-be jazz drummer Frankie Machine (Frank Sinatra). In 1956, she was billed above the title with Clark Gable for the Raoul Walsh-directed Western comedy The King and Four Queens. A year later, she starred in another W. Somerset Maugham novel, a remake of The Painted Veil in the role originated by Greta Garbo, released as The Seventh Sin. She also appeared in Home from the Hill, A Hole in the Head with Frank Sinatra, and Return to Peyton Place.

Parker was an adept comedienne. In the 1951 Millionaire for Christy, she played a secretary sent to notify a man of his inheritance, co-starring with Fred MacMurray.

Parker's best-known screen role came as the Baroness Schraeder, who vies unsuccessfully with Maria (played by Julie Andrews) for the affections of Georg von Trapp (played by Christopher Plummer) in the 1965 Oscar-winning musical The Sound of Music.

In 1966, she played an alcoholic in Warning Shot, a talent scout in The Oscar, and a rich alcoholic in An American Dream. From the late 1960s, television would occupy more of her energies.

Star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame at 6340 Hollywood Blvd.

In 1963, Parker appeared in the NBC medical drama about psychiatry The Eleventh Hour in the episode "Why Am I Grown So Cold?", for which she was nominated for an Emmy Award as Outstanding Single Performance by an Actress in a Leading Role. In 1964, she appeared in the episode "A Land More Cruel" on the ABC drama about psychiatry, Breaking Point. In 1968, she portrayed a spy in How to Steal the World, a film originally shown as a two-part episode on NBC's The Man from U.N.C.L.E..

In 1969–70, Parker starred in the television series Bracken's World, for which she was nominated for a 1970 Golden Globe Award as Best TV Actress – Drama. She also appeared in the Ghost Story episode "Half a Death" (1973), a suspense-thriller about a wealthy woman reconciling the lives of her two daughters.

Parker starred in a number of theatrical productions, including the role of Margo Channing in the Broadway musical version of the film All About Eve, Applause. The role was originally played in the musical by Lauren Bacall and in All About Eve by Bette Davis. In 1976, she played Maxine in the Ahmanson Theater revival of The Night of the Iguana. She quit the Circle in the Square Theatre revival of Pal Joey during previews. She wrote the preface to the book How Your Mind Can Keep You Well, a meditation technique developed by Roy Masters. She has a star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame at 6340 Hollywood Boulevard.

Personal life[edit]

Parker was married four times:

She was grandmother of one-time child actor Chase Parker [7]

Death[edit]

Eleanor Parker died on December 9, 2013 in Palm Springs, California of complications of pneumonia. She was 91.[8]

Religion[edit]

Parker was raised a Protestant and later converted to Judaism, telling the New York Daily News columnist Kay Gardella in August 1969, "I think we're all Jews at heart... I wanted to convert for a long time."[9]

Academy Award nominations[edit]

Filmography[edit]

YearTitleCharacterNotes
1941They Died with Their Boots OnBit Part(scenes deleted)
1942The Big ShotTelephone Operator
Busses Roar (1942)Norma
Soldiers in WhiteNurse Ryanshort subject
Men of the Sky (1942)Mrs. Frank Bickleyshort subject
Vaudeville Days (1942)Colleenuncredited
short subject
1943The Mysterious DoctorLetty Carstairs
Mission to MoscowEmlen Davies
Destination TokyoMike's Wife on Record (voice)uncredited
1944Between Two WorldsAnn Bergner
Atlantic CityBathing Beautyuncredited
Crime by NightIrene Carr
The Last Ride (1944)Kitty Kelly
The Very Thought of YouJanet Wheeler
Hollywood CanteenHerselfcameo
1945Pride of the MarinesRuth Hartley
1946Of Human BondageMildred Rogers
Never Say GoodbyeEllen Gayley
1947Escape Me NeverFenella MacLean
Always TogetherHerselfcameo
The Voice of the TurtleSally Middleton
1948The Woman in WhiteLaurie Fairlie
Ann Catherick
1949It's a Great Feeling (1949)Herselfcameo
1950Chain LightningJoan "Jo" Holloway
CagedMarie Allen
Won-Volpi Cup
Nominated-Academy Award for Best Actress
Three SecretsSusan Adele Connors Chase
1951ValentinoJoan Carlisle
Sarah Gray
A Millionaire for ChristyChristabel "Christy" Sloane
Detective StoryMary McLeodNominated-Academy Award for Best Actress
1952ScaramoucheLenore
Above and BeyondLucey Tibbets
1953Escape from Fort BravoCarla Forester
1954The Naked JungleJoanna Leiningen
Valley of the KingsAnn Barclay Mercedes
1955Many Rivers to CrossMary Stuart Cherne
Interrupted MelodyMarjorie LawrenceNominated-Academy Award for Best Actress
The Man with the Golden ArmZosh Machine
1956The King and Four QueensSabina McDade
1957LizzieElizabeth
Lizzie
Beth Richmond
The Seventh SinCarol Carwin
1959A Hole in the HeadEloise Rogers
1960Home from the HillHannah Hunnicutt
The Gambler, the Nun, and the RadioSister Cecelia
1961Return to Peyton PlaceConnie Rossi
1962Madison AvenueAnne Tremaine
Checkmate (TV series)Marion Bannion
Gussie Hill
episode: The Renaissance of Gussie Hill
1963The Eleventh Hour (1962 TV series)Connie Folsomepisode: Why Am I Grown So Cold?
Nominated-Primetime Emmy Award for Outstanding Single Performance by an Actress in a Leading Role
Bob Hope Presents the Chrysler TheatreFern Selmanepisode: Seven Miles of Bad Road
1964Panic ButtonLouise Harris
Kraft Suspense TheatreDorian Smithepisode: Knight's Gambit
1965The Sound of MusicBaroness Elsa Schrader
Convoy (TV series)Kate Fowlerepisode: Lady on the Rock
1966The OscarSophie Cantaro
An American DreamDeborah Kelly Rojack
1967Warning ShotMrs. Doris Ruston
The Tiger and the PussycatEsperia Vincenzini
1968The Man from U.N.C.L.E.Margitta Kingsleyepisode: The Seven Wonders of the World Affair
1969Eye of the CatAunt Danny
Hans BrinkerDame Brinker
Bracken's WorldSylvia Caldwellepisodes 1-16
Nominated-Golden Globe Award for Best Actress - Television Series Drama
1971Maybe I'll Come Home in the SpringClaire Miller
Vanished (TV movie)Sue Greer
1972Circle of FearPaula Burgessepisode: Half a Death
Home for the HolidaysAlex Morgan
1973The Great American Beauty Contest (TV movie)Peggy Lowery
1975Guess Who's Coming to Dinner (TV movie)Christine Drayton
1978Hawaii Five-OMrs. Kincaidepisode: The Big Aloha
The Bastard (TV movie)Lady Amberly
1979SunburnMrs. Thoren
She's Dressed to Kill (TV movie)Regine Danton
1980Once Upon a Spy (TV movie)The Lady
Vega$Laurie Bishopepisode: A Deadly Victim
1981Madame X (1981 film)Katherine Richardson
1979–1982The Love BoatAlicia Bradbury
Rosie Strickland
episode: A Dress to Remember
episode: Buddy and Portia's Story/Julie's Story/Carol and Doug's Story/Peter and Alicia's Story
1977–1983Fantasy IslandPeggy Atwood
Eunice Hollander Baines
episode: Nurses Night Out
episode: Yesterday's Love/Fountain of Youth
episode: Pilot
1983Hotel (TV series)Leslieepisode: The Offer
1984Finder of Lost LovesNora Spencerepisode: The Gift
1986Murder, She WroteMaggie Tarrowepisode: Stage Struck
1991Dead on the Money (TV movie)Catherine Blake

Source: "Eleanor Parker". IMDb. Retrieved 25 September 2013. 

References[edit]

External links[edit]