Eleanor Inez Montgomery (November 13, 1946 – December 28, 2013) was a female high jumper from the United States, who competed in the 1950s and 1960s for her native country. She was a two-time Olympian, and a Tigerbelle, the name of the Tennessee State University women's track and field program, under Head Coach Ed Temple. She was born in Cleveland, Ohio. Montgomery set her personal best in the women's high jump event (1.80 metres) on 1969-07-06 at the US National Championships in Dayton, which was an American record at that time. She also competed in the long jump and the heptathlon during her career.