El Paso County, Colorado

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia - View original article

El Paso County, Colorado
Map of Colorado highlighting El Paso County
Location in the state of Colorado
Map of the U.S. highlighting Colorado
Colorado's location in the U.S.
FoundedNovember 1, 1861
Named forSpanish language name for Ute Pass
SeatColorado Springs
Largest cityColorado Springs
Area
 - Total
 - Land
 - Water

2,129.56 sq mi (5,516 km²)
2,126.45 sq mi (5,507 km²)
3.11 sq mi (8 km²), 0.15%
PopulationEst.
 - (2011)
 - Density

636,963
243/sq mi (94/km²)
Time zoneMountain: UTC-7/-6
Websitewww.elpasoco.com
Footnotes:
Most populous Colorado county
 
Jump to: navigation, search
El Paso County, Colorado
Map of Colorado highlighting El Paso County
Location in the state of Colorado
Map of the U.S. highlighting Colorado
Colorado's location in the U.S.
FoundedNovember 1, 1861
Named forSpanish language name for Ute Pass
SeatColorado Springs
Largest cityColorado Springs
Area
 - Total
 - Land
 - Water

2,129.56 sq mi (5,516 km²)
2,126.45 sq mi (5,507 km²)
3.11 sq mi (8 km²), 0.15%
PopulationEst.
 - (2011)
 - Density

636,963
243/sq mi (94/km²)
Time zoneMountain: UTC-7/-6
Websitewww.elpasoco.com
Footnotes:
Most populous Colorado county
An isolated rural house next to a mountain in northern El Paso County.
Summer greenery of El Paso County

El Paso County is the most populous of the 64 counties of the state of Colorado of the United States. The U.S. Census Bureau reported that the county population was 622,263 in 2010, greater than Denver County, which had previously been the most populous county.[1] The county seat of El Paso County is Colorado Springs, the second most populous city in Colorado. The Colorado Springs Metropolitan Statistical Area comprises El Paso County and Teller County.

El Paso County is located in Colorado's 5th congressional district. Since its creation in 1871, El Paso County has typically voted for the Republican presidential candidate in presidential elections; the last Democratic nominee to win the county was Lyndon B. Johnson in 1964. The Democratic Party won El Paso County four additional times prior, and the Populist Party won in 1892, with General James B. Weaver.

In 2004, the voters of Colorado Springs and El Paso County established the Pikes Peak Rural Transportation Authority (PPRTA) and adopted a 1% sales tax dedicated to improving the region's transportation infrastructure. Together with state funding for COSMIX (2007 completion) and the I-25 interchange with Highway 16 (2008 completion), significant progress has been made since 2003 in addressing the transportation needs of the area.

Contents

History

In July 1858, gold was discovered along the South Platte River in Arapahoe County, Kansas Territory. This discovery precipitated the Pike's Peak Gold Rush. Many residents of the mining region felt disconnected from the remote territorial governments of Kansas and Nebraska, so they voted to form their own Territory of Jefferson on 1859-10-24. The following month, the Jefferson Territorial Legislature organized 12 counties for the new territory including El Paso County. El Paso County was named for the Spanish language name for Ute Pass north of Pikes Peak. Colorado City served as the county seat of El Paso County.

The Jefferson Territory never received federal sanction, but on 1861-02-28, U.S. President James Buchanan signed an act organizing the Territory of Colorado.[2] El Paso County was one of the original 17 counties created by the Colorado legislature on November 1, 1861. Part of its western territory was broken off to create Teller County in 1899. Originally based in Old Colorado City (now part of Colorado Springs, not today's Colorado City between Pueblo and Walsenburg), El Paso County's county seat was moved to Colorado Springs in 1873.

Geography

El Paso County Fairgrounds in Calhan, Colorado.

According to the 2000 census, the county has a total area of 2,129.56 square miles (5,515.5 km2), of which 2,126.45 square miles (5,507.5 km2) (or 99.85%) is land and 3.11 square miles (8.1 km2) (or 0.15%) is water.[3]

Adjacent counties

Major highways

Demographics

Historical populations
CensusPop.
1870987
18807,949705.4%
189021,239167.2%
190031,60248.8%
191043,32137.1%
192044,0271.6%
193049,57012.6%
194054,0259.0%
195074,52337.9%
1960143,74292.9%
1970235,97264.2%
1980309,42431.1%
1990397,01428.3%
2000516,92930.2%
2010622,26320.4%
Est. 2011636,9632.4%
[4]
2011 estimate

As of the census[5] of 2000, there were 516,929 people, 192,409 households, and 133,916 families residing in the county. The population density was 243 people per square mile (94/km²). There were 202,428 housing units at an average density of 95 per square mile (37/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 81.19% White, 6.51% Black or African American, 0.91% Native American, 2.53% Asian, 0.24% Pacific Islander, 4.70% from other races, and 3.91% from two or more races. 11.30% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 192,409 households out of which 36.70% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 55.60% were married couples living together, 10.20% had a female householder with no husband present, and 30.40% were non-families. 23.90% of all households were made up of individuals and 6.10% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.61 and the average family size was 3.11.

In the county the population was spread out with 27.60% under the age of 18, 10.50% from 18 to 24, 32.50% from 25 to 44, 20.70% from 45 to 64, and 8.70% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 33 years. For every 100 females there were 100.90 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 98.80 males.

Government

El Paso County Justice Center in Colorado Springs.

El Paso County is governed by a Board of County Commissioners. Its current members are Amy Lathen, Sallie Clark, Dennis Hisey, Darryl Glenn, and Peggy Littleton.

El Paso County commissioners are expecting a projected $7.5 million shortfall in the 2008 budget.[6]

The Colorado Department of Corrections has its headquarters in an unincorporated area in the county.[7][8]

Cities and towns

Census-designated places and unincorporated areas

Military sites

State park

National forest

Pikes Peak dominates the county's skyline.

Historic sites

Trails

See also

References

External links

Coordinates: 38°50′N 104°31′W / 38.84°N 104.52°W / 38.84; -104.52