El Alamein

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El Alamein
العلمين
Marina
Marina
El Alamein is located in Egypt
El Alamein
El Alamein
Location in North Africa
Coordinates: 30°50′N 28°57′E / 30.833°N 28.950°E / 30.833; 28.950
Country Egypt
GovernorateMatrouh
Time zoneEST (UTC+2)
 
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El Alamein
العلمين
Marina
Marina
El Alamein is located in Egypt
El Alamein
El Alamein
Location in North Africa
Coordinates: 30°50′N 28°57′E / 30.833°N 28.950°E / 30.833; 28.950
Country Egypt
GovernorateMatrouh
Time zoneEST (UTC+2)

El Alamein (or Al 'Alameen) (Arabic: العلمين‎, IPA: [elʕælæˈmeːn], literally "the two flags") is a town in the northern Matrouh Governorate of Egypt. Located on the Mediterranean Sea, it lies 106 kilometres (66 mi) west of Alexandria and 240 kilometres (149 mi) northwest of Cairo. As of 2007, it has a local population of 7,397 inhabitants.[1]

Climate[edit]

El Alamein has a hot desert climate (Köppen climate classification BWh), in common with most of the Middle East and north Africa. However, like the rest of the northern coast of Egypt, its climate is slightly less hot, compared to the rest of Egypt, because of the prevailing Mediterranean Sea winds.

Alamein is also known for its unpolluted environment, air, and beaches.[citation needed]

Climate data for El Alamein
MonthJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear
Average high °C (°F)17.8
(64)
18.7
(65.7)
20.3
(68.5)
23.5
(74.3)
25.7
(78.3)
28.8
(83.8)
29.5
(85.1)
30.5
(86.9)
28.7
(83.7)
27.5
(81.5)
23.6
(74.5)
19.7
(67.5)
24.53
(76.15)
Daily mean °C (°F)12.4
(54.3)
13.3
(55.9)
14.9
(58.8)
17.7
(63.9)
20.5
(68.9)
23.8
(74.8)
25.2
(77.4)
25.7
(78.3)
24.4
(75.9)
22.1
(71.8)
18.3
(64.9)
14.4
(57.9)
19.39
(66.9)
Average low °C (°F)7
(45)
7.9
(46.2)
9.5
(49.1)
12
(54)
15.4
(59.7)
18.8
(65.8)
20.9
(69.6)
21
(70)
20.1
(68.2)
16.7
(62.1)
13
(55)
9.2
(48.6)
14.29
(57.78)
Precipitation mm (inches)29
(1.14)
17
(0.67)
8
(0.31)
2
(0.08)
1
(0.04)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
5
(0.2)
21
(0.83)
24
(0.94)
107
(4.21)
Source: climate-data.org[2]

Tourism[edit]

El Alamein war museum[edit]

El Alamein has a war museum with collectibles from "the civil war" and other North African battles.

Military cemeteries[edit]

Germany[edit]

Visitors can also go to the Italian and German Military Cemetery on Tel el-Eisa Hill just outside the town. The German cemetery is an ossuary with the remains of 4,200 German soldiers, built in the style of a medieval fortress.

Italy[edit]

The Italian cemetery is a mausoleum containing 5.200 tombs. Many tombs bear the soldier's name; many are simply marked "IGNOTO", i.e. unknown.

Greek[edit]

A separate Greek cemetery is present at Alamin.

Commonwealth of Nations[edit]

There is also a Commonwealth war cemetery, built and maintained by the Commonwealth War Graves Commission, with graves of soldiers from various countries who fought on the Allied side. This has monuments commemorating Greek, New Zealand, Australian, South African, Indian and Canadian forces. The names of 213 Canadian airmen appear on the Alamein Memorial in Egypt.[3]

The cemetery was designed by Sir J. Hubert Worthington[4]

World War II[edit]

Two important World War II battles were fought in the area.

Gallery[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Al ‘Alamayn at encarta". Archived from the original on 31 October 2009. 
  2. ^ "Climate: El Alamein - Climate graph, Temperature graph, Climate table". climate-data.org. Retrieved 13 August 2013. 
  3. ^ "Monuments, World Wars I and II". The Canadian Encyclopedia. Retrieved 29 August 2011. 
  4. ^ http://www.cwgc.org

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 30°50′N 28°57′E / 30.833°N 28.950°E / 30.833; 28.950