Eisleben

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Eisleben

Coat of arms
Eisleben is located in Germany
Eisleben
Coordinates: 51°31′N 11°33′E / 51.517°N 11.550°E / 51.517; 11.550Coordinates: 51°31′N 11°33′E / 51.517°N 11.550°E / 51.517; 11.550
CountryGermany
StateSaxony-Anhalt
DistrictMansfeld-Südharz
Subdivisions6
Government
 • MayorJutta Fischer
Area
 • Total143.81 km2 (55.53 sq mi)
Elevation114 m (374 ft)
Population (2011-12-31)[1]
 • Total25,285
 • Density180/km2 (460/sq mi)
Time zoneCET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)
Postal codes06295
Dialling codes03475
Vehicle registrationMSH
Websitewww.eisleben.eu
 
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Eisleben

Coat of arms
Eisleben is located in Germany
Eisleben
Coordinates: 51°31′N 11°33′E / 51.517°N 11.550°E / 51.517; 11.550Coordinates: 51°31′N 11°33′E / 51.517°N 11.550°E / 51.517; 11.550
CountryGermany
StateSaxony-Anhalt
DistrictMansfeld-Südharz
Subdivisions6
Government
 • MayorJutta Fischer
Area
 • Total143.81 km2 (55.53 sq mi)
Elevation114 m (374 ft)
Population (2011-12-31)[1]
 • Total25,285
 • Density180/km2 (460/sq mi)
Time zoneCET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)
Postal codes06295
Dialling codes03475
Vehicle registrationMSH
Websitewww.eisleben.eu
UNESCO World Heritage Site
Luther Memorials in Eisleben and Wittenberg
Name as inscribed on the World Heritage List
TypeCultural
Criteriaiv, vi
Reference783
UNESCO regionEurope and North America
Inscription history
Inscription1996 (20th Session)

Eisleben is a town in Saxony-Anhalt, Germany. It is famous as the hometown of Martin Luther, hence its official name is Lutherstadt Eisleben. As of 2005, Eisleben had a population of 24,552. It lies on the Halle–Kassel railway.

Eisleben is divided into old and new towns (Altstadt and Neustadt); the latter of which was created for Eisleben's miners in the 14th century.

Eisleben was the capital of the district of Mansfelder Land and is the seat of the Verwaltungsgemeinschaft ("collective municipality") Lutherstadt Eisleben.

History[edit]

Eisleben was first mentioned in 997 as a market called Islebia and in 1180 as a town. It belonged to the counts of Mansfeld until it passed to the Electorate of Saxony in 1780. It was assigned to the Kingdom of Prussia in 1815 and was administered within the Prussian Province of Saxony. It became part of the new state of Saxony-Anhalt after World War II.

On June 6, 1927, American aviator Clarence D. Chamberlin landed outside the town in a wheatfield, completing the first transatlantic passenger flight (Charles Albert Levine was the passenger), and breaking Charles Lindbergh's distance record that he had set only two weeks before when he landed in Paris, France.

Martin Luther[edit]

The Protestant reformer Martin Luther was born in Eisleben on November 10, 1483. His father, Hans Luther, was a miner like many of Eisleben's citizens. Luther's family moved to Mansfeld when he was only a year old and he lived in Wittenberg most of his life, but by chance he was in Eisleben when he preached his last sermons and died (1546).

Eisleben was a pioneer of "heritage tourism" — it took steps to preserve its Luther memorials as far back as 1689.

Together with the Luther sites in Wittenberg, the "Birth House" and "Death House" of Martin Luther in Eisleben were designated a World Heritage Site in 1997. Also in Eisleben is the St. Peter and Paul Church, where Luther was baptised (the original font survives) and St. Andreas Church, where he preached his last sermons.

People[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]