Ehime Prefecture

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Ehime Prefecture
Japanese transcription(s)
 • Japanese愛媛県
 • RōmajiEhime-ken

Symbol of Ehime Prefecture
CountryJapan
RegionShikoku
IslandShikoku
CapitalMatsuyama
Government
 • GovernorTokihiro Nakamura (since December 2010)
Area
 • Total5,676.44 km2 (2,191.69 sq mi)
Area rank26th
Population (November 1, 2010)
 • Total1,430,086
 • Rank27th
 • Density251.93/km2 (652.5/sq mi)
ISO 3166 codeJP-38
Districts7
Municipalities20
FlowerSatsuma mandarin (Citrus unshiu)[1]
TreePine (Pinus)[1]
BirdJapanese robin (Erithacus akahige)[1]
FishRed sea bream (Pagrus major)[1]
Websitewww.pref.ehime.jp/index-e.htm
 
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Ehime Prefecture
Japanese transcription(s)
 • Japanese愛媛県
 • RōmajiEhime-ken

Symbol of Ehime Prefecture
CountryJapan
RegionShikoku
IslandShikoku
CapitalMatsuyama
Government
 • GovernorTokihiro Nakamura (since December 2010)
Area
 • Total5,676.44 km2 (2,191.69 sq mi)
Area rank26th
Population (November 1, 2010)
 • Total1,430,086
 • Rank27th
 • Density251.93/km2 (652.5/sq mi)
ISO 3166 codeJP-38
Districts7
Municipalities20
FlowerSatsuma mandarin (Citrus unshiu)[1]
TreePine (Pinus)[1]
BirdJapanese robin (Erithacus akahige)[1]
FishRed sea bream (Pagrus major)[1]
Websitewww.pref.ehime.jp/index-e.htm

Ehime Prefecture (愛媛県 Ehime-ken?) is a prefecture in northwestern Shikoku, Japan.[2] The capital is Matsuyama.[3]

History[edit]

Until the Meiji Restoration, Ehime Prefecture was known as Iyo Province.[4] Since before the Heian period, the area was dominated by fishermen and sailors who played an important role in defending Japan against pirates and Mongolian invasions.

After the Battle of Sekigahara, the Tokugawa shogun gave the area to his allies, including Kato Yoshiaki who built Matsuyama Castle, forming the basis for the modern city of Matsuyama.

The name Ehime comes from the Kojiki and means "beautiful maiden."[citation needed]

In 2012, a research group from the University of Tokyo and Ehime University said they had discovered rare earth deposits in the City of Matsuyama in Ehime-ken.[5]

Geography[edit]

Located in the northwestern part of Shikoku, Ehime faces the Seto Inland Sea to the north and is bordered by Kagawa and Tokushima in the east and Kōchi in the south.

The prefecture includes both high mountains in the inland region and a long coastline, with many islands in the Seto Inland Sea. The westernmost arm of Ehime, the Sadamisaki Peninsula, is the narrowest peninsula in Japan.

As of April 1, 2012, 7% of the total land area of the prefecture was designated as Natural Parks, namely the Ashizuri-Uwakai and Setonaikai National Parks; Ishizuchi Quasi-National Park; and seven Prefectural Natural Parks.[6]

Cities[edit]

Map of Ehime Prefecture.
Matsuyama
Uwajima

Eleven cities are located in Ehime Prefecture:

Towns and villages[edit]

These are the towns in each district:

Ehime agency

Mergers[edit]

Former districts:

Economy[edit]

The area around Matsuyama has a number of industries, including shipbuilding, chemicals, oil refining, and paper and textile products. The rural areas of the prefecture mostly engage in agricultural and fishing industries, and are particularly known for citrus fruit such as mikan (tangerine) and iyokan and cultured pearls.

Ikata's nuclear power plant produces a large portion of Shikoku's electricity.

Education[edit]

University[edit]

Sports[edit]

The sports teams listed below are based in Ehime.

Football (soccer)

Baseball

Culture[edit]

The oldest extant hot spring in Japan, Dogo Onsen, is located in Matsuyama. It has been used for over two thousand years.

Museums[edit]

Transport[edit]

Rail[edit]

Tramway[edit]

Road[edit]

Expressway[edit]

National highways[edit]

Ports[edit]

Airport[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d "愛媛県の紹介 > 愛媛県のシンボル". Ehime prefectural website (in Japanese). Ehime Prefecture. Retrieved 9 September 2011. 
  2. ^ Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric. (2005). "Ehime" in Japan Encyclopedia, p. 170, p. 170, at Google Books.
  3. ^ Nussbaum, "Matsuyama" at p. 621, p. 621, at Google Books.
  4. ^ Nussbaum, "Provinces and prefectures" at p. 780, p. 780, at Google Books.
  5. ^ "Japan Discovers Domestic Rare Earths Reserve". BrightWire. 
  6. ^ "General overview of area figures for Natural Parks by prefecture". Ministry of the Environment. Retrieved 19 August 2012. 

References[edit]

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 33°50′N 132°50′E / 33.833°N 132.833°E / 33.833; 132.833