Egyptian parliamentary election, 2014

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Egyptian parliamentary election, 2014
Egypt
2011/2012 ←
2014

Incumbent PM

Hazem Al Beblawi

 
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Egyptian parliamentary election, 2014
Egypt
2011/2012 ←
2014

Incumbent PM

Hazem Al Beblawi

Coat of arms of Egypt (Official).svg
This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
Egypt
Constitution (history)
Political parties (former)

Egyptian parliamentary elections will be held in 2014.[1] A presidential election is expected to be held before the parliamentary election occurs.[2] The parliamentary election must be held within 6 months of the ratification of the constitution[3] (which occurred on 18 January).[4] A higher electoral commission that will review the election process was appointed on 11 September 2013 by interim president Adly Mansour.[5]

Background[edit]

The Salafist Nour Party has called for a mixed system of individuals and party lists that would be elected.[6] The Constitution Party, the Socialist Popular Alliance Party, and the Free Egyptians Party have urged that open lists be utilized in the voting system.[7] The National Council for Women and the Egyptian Feminist Union have supported the right of women to run in elections.[8][9] The committee that will amend the parliamentary election and political rights laws was established on 15 April 2014.[10] A mixed system will be used in the election.[11] The Egyptian Social Democratic Party has stated that former NDP members as well as members of the Muslim Brotherhood should be allowed to run in the election if they have not been convicted of any crimes.[12]

Parties[edit]

Political coalitions[edit]

Multiple leftist parties will ally as the Coalition of Social Justice and Democracy.[13] The alliance includes Tamarod, the Popular Current, the Arab Democratic Nasserist Party, the Dignity Party and the Socialist Popular Alliance Party.[13][14] The Egyptian Social Democratic Party has allied with the New Wafd Party.[15] The National Front Coalition with five parties (the National Progressive Unionist Party, the Future Party,[16] the Conference Party, the Republican People's Party, and the Egyptian Patriotic Movement) will also compete.[17] The Nour Party might ally with the Dissident Brotherhood Youth Alliance.[18] The National Alliance to Support Legitimacy has not yet decided on whether to take part in the election.[19]

Running lists and blocs[edit]

Opinion polls[edit]

A May 2013 PewResearch Poll found that 52% of Egyptians have a favorable view of the Freedom and Justice Party (FJP) (44% unfavorable), 45% have a favorable view of the National Salvation Front (NSF) (52% unfavorable), and 40% have a favorable view of the Al-Nour Party (52% unfavorable).[27] A May 2013 Baseera Poll found that over one third of Egyptians have never heard of the NSF. Of those who did hear about it, 33% supported it and 57% did not.[28]

A June 2013 Zogby Research Services poll found that 26% of Egyptians have confidence in the FJP, 29% have confidence in the Al-Nour Party, 22% have confidence in the NSF, and 25% have confidence in the April 6 Movement. The study found significant overlap between NSF and April 6 and between Al-Nour and FJP. 30% of Egyptians have confidence in FJP and/or Al-Nour; 34% have confidence in NSF and/or April 6. 39% of Egyptians, the survey found, express no confidence in any of the four major political groups. The political opinions of these 39%, however, for the most part match those of April 6/NSF supporters.[29]

An opinion poll done in September 2013 by Zogby found that the Tamarod movement had the highest level of confidence at 35%; the FJP had the second-highest level of confidence at 34%.[30] There were declines in confidence for the Nour Party and the April 6 Movement compared to the previous poll taken in July 2013.[30] The percentage of people who felt confidence in no political party decreased to 17% in September 2013.[30]

Opinion polls in Egypt are, however, unreliable, having failed to predict the outcome of the 2012 presidential elections.[31]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Egypt interim president sets timetable for elections, constitution reform". Associated Press. 8 July 2013. Retrieved 13 January 2014. 
  2. ^ "President issues presidential elections law". Cairo Post. 8 March 2014. Retrieved 8 March 2014. 
  3. ^ "Egypt to hold presidential polls first: Interim president". Ahram Online. 26 January 2014. Retrieved 8 March 2014. 
  4. ^ "UPDATE 6: 98.1% approves post-June 30 constitution". Ahram Online. 18 January 2014. Retrieved 25 March 2014. 
  5. ^ "On track for a national referendum". Al-Ahram Weekly. 18 September 2013. Retrieved 13 January 2014. 
  6. ^ "Salafi party calls for mixed system parliamentary elections". Aswat Masriya. 29 January 2014. Retrieved 29 January 2014. 
  7. ^ "Egyptian parties and activists request open lists in parliametnary [sic] polls". Ahram Online. 26 April 2014. Retrieved 6 April 2014. 
  8. ^ "NCW demands 100 out of 444 parliamentary seats for wome". Cairo Post. 30 January 2014. Retrieved 30 January 2014. 
  9. ^ "Feminist union launches campaign to support 100 women in parliamentary elections". Cairo Post. 30 January 2014. Retrieved 30 January 2014. 
  10. ^ "Egypt forms committee to draft parliamentary elections law". Ahram Online. 15 April 2014. Retrieved 15 April 2014. 
  11. ^ "Mixed system to be adopted during parliamentary elections". Egypt Independent. 5 May 2014. Retrieved 5 May 2014. 
  12. ^ "Parties call for inclusion in amending laws to govern parliamentary elections". Daily News Egypt. 30 April 2014. Retrieved 1 May 2014. 
  13. ^ a b c d "Socialist Popular Alliance will run for parliamentary elections with coalition". Cairo Post. 17 January 2014. Retrieved 18 February 2014. 
  14. ^ a b "Karama Party joins Tamarod, Popular Current for parliament elections". Cairo Post. 25 November 2013. Retrieved 18 February 2014. 
  15. ^ a b "Wafd Party preps for parliamentary elections, rejects individual voting system". Cairo Post. 5 February 2014. Retrieved 5 February 2014. 
  16. ^ a b "Egypt: Mubarak Holdovers Make Political Comeback". Al-Akhbar. 27 December 2013. Retrieved 11 February 2014. 
  17. ^ a b "Conference Party to form electoral coalition". Cairo Post. 15 December 2013. Retrieved 1 May 2014. 
  18. ^ a b "Brotherhood dissidents to form Islamist electoral alliance with Nour Party". Egypt Independent. 25 March 2014. Retrieved 25 March 2014. 
  19. ^ "Premature to talk about parliamentary elections: NASL". Cairo Post. 6 May 2014. Retrieved 6 May 2014. 
  20. ^ "Al-Watan Party backtracks on Morsy’s return request, mulls participating in elections". Egypt Independent. 23 February 2014. Retrieved 23 February 2014. 
  21. ^ "Parliamentary election system sparks debate". Cairo Post. 26 April 2014. Retrieved 26 April 2014. 
  22. ^ "Former MPs to form new party". Cairo Post. 31 January 2014. Retrieved 31 January 2014. 
  23. ^ "Gameela Ismail: Mubarak era figures will not run for elections on Dostour lists". Cairo Post. 1 February 2014. Retrieved 1 February 2014. 
  24. ^ "Arab Party for Justice and Equality prepares for parliamentary elections". Cairo Post. 4 November 2013. Retrieved 11 February 2014. 
  25. ^ "Activists who backed Mursi's fall turn against military". Reuters. 20 February 2014. Retrieved 31 March 2014. 
  26. ^ "Taharor aims to collect 50,000 signatures for ElBaradei to run for president". Cairo Post. 30 March 2014. Retrieved 31 March 2014. 
  27. ^ "Egyptians Increasingly Glum". Pew Research. 16 May 2013. Retrieved 13 January 2014. 
  28. ^ "Press release on the poll conducted by Baseera". Baseera. Retrieved 13 January 2014. 
  29. ^ http://www.aaiusa.org/page/-/Polls/EgyptianAttitudesTowardMB_%20June2013.pdf
  30. ^ a b c "Egyptian attitudes September 2013". Zogby. 28 September 2013. Retrieved 13 January 2014. 
  31. ^ "Egypt election results show opinion poll failures". Ahram Online. 5 June 2012. Retrieved 13 January 2014.