Edinburg, Texas

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Edinburg, Texas
City
Hidalgo County Courthouse seen from University Drive
Hidalgo County Courthouse seen from University Drive
Nickname(s): Gateway City to the Rio Grande Valley
Location of Edinburg, Texas
Location of Edinburg, Texas
Coordinates: 26°18′15″N 98°9′50″W / 26.30417°N 98.16389°W / 26.30417; -98.16389Coordinates: 26°18′15″N 98°9′50″W / 26.30417°N 98.16389°W / 26.30417; -98.16389
CountryUnited StatesUnited States
StateTexasTexas
CountyHidalgo
Government
 • TypeCouncil-Manager
 • City CouncilMayor Richard Garcia
Agustin "Gus" Garcia
Noe Garza
Homero Jasso
Elias Longoria
 • City ManagerRamiro Garza, Jr.
Area
 • Total37.4 sq mi (96.9 km2)
 • Land37.4 sq mi (96.8 km2)
 • Water0.0 sq mi (0.1 km2)
Elevation95 ft (29 m)
Population (2012 Census Estimate)
 • Total81,029
 • Density1,296.9/sq mi (500.7/km2)
Time zoneCentral (CST) (UTC-6)
 • Summer (DST)CDT (UTC-5)
ZIP codes78539-78541
Area code(s)956
FIPS code48-22660[1]
GNIS feature ID1335095[2]
WebsiteCityOfEdinburg.com
 
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Edinburg, Texas
City
Hidalgo County Courthouse seen from University Drive
Hidalgo County Courthouse seen from University Drive
Nickname(s): Gateway City to the Rio Grande Valley
Location of Edinburg, Texas
Location of Edinburg, Texas
Coordinates: 26°18′15″N 98°9′50″W / 26.30417°N 98.16389°W / 26.30417; -98.16389Coordinates: 26°18′15″N 98°9′50″W / 26.30417°N 98.16389°W / 26.30417; -98.16389
CountryUnited StatesUnited States
StateTexasTexas
CountyHidalgo
Government
 • TypeCouncil-Manager
 • City CouncilMayor Richard Garcia
Agustin "Gus" Garcia
Noe Garza
Homero Jasso
Elias Longoria
 • City ManagerRamiro Garza, Jr.
Area
 • Total37.4 sq mi (96.9 km2)
 • Land37.4 sq mi (96.8 km2)
 • Water0.0 sq mi (0.1 km2)
Elevation95 ft (29 m)
Population (2012 Census Estimate)
 • Total81,029
 • Density1,296.9/sq mi (500.7/km2)
Time zoneCentral (CST) (UTC-6)
 • Summer (DST)CDT (UTC-5)
ZIP codes78539-78541
Area code(s)956
FIPS code48-22660[1]
GNIS feature ID1335095[2]
WebsiteCityOfEdinburg.com

Edinburg is a city in and the county seat of Hidalgo County, Texas, United States.[3] The population was 81,029 according to the 2012 census estimate.[4]

Edinburg is part of the McAllen–Edinburg–Mission and Reynosa–McAllen metropolitan areas.

History[edit]

In 1908, John Closner, William Briggs, Argyle McAllen, Plutarco de la Viña and Dennis B. Chapin developed a new community (the town square of which is now located at the crossroads of U.S. Highway 281 and State Highway 107). The town was named Chapin in honor of one of the developers. It became the county seat of Hidalgo County in a dramatic, nighttime covert operation in which the county records were removed from the previous county seat when Dennis Chapin was involved in the shooting death of Oscar J. Rountree at the Dan Breen Saloon in San Antonio, Texas,[5] the community changed its name to Edinburg to honor John Young, a prominent businessman who was born in Edinburgh, Scotland. The town was incorporated in 1919.

Geography[edit]

Edinburg is located at 26°18′15″N 98°9′50″W / 26.30417°N 98.16389°W / 26.30417; -98.16389 (26.304225, -98.163751).[6]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 37.4 square miles (97 km2), of which, 37.3 square miles (97 km2) of it is land and 0.1 square miles (0.26 km2) of it (0.13%) is water.

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
YearPop.  ±%  
19304,821—    
19408,718+80.8%
195012,383+42.0%
196018,706+51.1%
197017,163−8.2%
198024,075+40.3%
199029,885+24.1%
200048,465+62.2%
201077,100+59.1%
201281,029+5.1%

Population as of the census[1] of 2000, there were 48,465 people, 14,183 households, and 11,417 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,296.9 people per square mile (500.7/km²). There were 16,031 housing units at an average density of 429.0 per square mile (165.6/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 73.32% White, 0.58% African American, 0.47% Native American, 0.65% Asian, 0.04% Pacific Islander, 22.67% from other races, and 2.27% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 88.68% of the population. About 95% of those who selected the "other race" were Hispanic or Latino.[7]

There were 14,183 households out of which 46.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 56.9% were married couples living together, 19.0% had a female householder with no husband present, and 19.5% were non-families. 15.4% of all households were made up of individuals and 5.5% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.29 and the average family size was 3.71.

In the city the population was spread out with 33.0% under the age of 18, 13.1% from 18 to 24, 29.8% from 25 to 44, 15.9% from 45 to 64, and 8.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 27 years. For every 100 females there were 95.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 90.5 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $28,938, and the median income for a family was $30,634. Males had a median income of $27,505 versus $21,010 for females. The per capita income for the city was $11,854. About 25.2% of families and 29.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 37.2% of those under age 18 and 23.0% of those age 65 or over.

Education[edit]

Colleges and universities[edit]

Edinburg is the home of the University of Texas-Pan American and the Rio Grande Bible Institute. Edinburg is also located in the South Texas College District.

Primary and secondary education[edit]

Almost all of the city is served by the Edinburg Consolidated Independent School District, comprising four high schools, one alternative secondary school, six middle schools, and 20 elementary schools. A small portion is served by the McAllen Independent School District, including Memorial High School, Cathey Middle School, and McAllen's Gonzalez Elementary.

In addition, the South Texas Independent School District operates magnet schools that serve Edinburg. South Texas Business Education & Technology Academy (BETA) is in Edinburg. Students from Edinburg also have the chance to attend other South Texas ISD schools in Mercedes -South Texas High School for the Medical Professions and The Science Academy of South Texas.

The Catholic Diocese of Brownsville operates St. Joseph Catholic School, an elementary and middle school.

Public libraries[edit]

The City of Edinburg operates the Dustin Michael Sekula Memorial Library.[8]

Museums[edit]

Edinburg is home to the Museum of South Texas History, formerly the Hidalgo County Historical Museum.

Government[edit]

As Edinburg is the county seat of Hidalgo County, most major county offices are located there including the Criminal District Attorney's Office, the District Courts and County Courts at Law of Hidalgo County, the Community Supervision and Corrections Department, the Hidalgo County Juvenile Probation Department, the Hidalgo County Sheriff's Department and the offices of the County Judge, the Tax Assessor/Collector, the County Treasurer, County Auditor and Veterans Services. Hidalgo County Commissioner's Precinct Four represents Edinburg on the Hidalgo County County Commissioner's Court.

State agencies[edit]

Several state agencies have offices in Edinburg. This includes the Thirteenth Court of Appeals, the Texas Attorney General's Child Support Unit, the Texas departments of Health Services, Human Services, Protective and Regulatory Services and Public Safety. The Texas Youth Commission has a facility near Edinburg. The Texas Department of Criminal Justice operates two facilities, the Lopez Unit and the Segovia Unit, in Edinburg.[9][10]

Federal representation[edit]

The United States Border Patrol Rio Grande Valley Sector Headquarters is at 4400 South Expressway 281, Edinburg, Texas.

The United States Postal Service operates a post office at 410 S Jackson Road, Edinburg, Texas.

U. S. Congressman Rubén Hinojosa U.S. House of Representative for Texas's 15th congressional district has a regional office in Edinburg.

Sports[edit]

This city is the home of the Edinburg Roadrunners, an independent league baseball team in the North American League.

Transportation[edit]

Highways[edit]

Airports[edit]

There are 2 major commercial airports near Edinburg, Texas. McAllen-Miller International Airport (MFE) located at McAllen, Texas 20 minutes from Edinburg and Valley International Airport (HRL) located in Harlingen, Texas 40 minutes from Edinburg. The South Texas International Airport at Edinburg (KEBG) is a public use airport owned and operated by the City of Edinburg.

Nearby Cities/Communities[edit]

Nearest cities[edit]

Media and journalism[edit]

Television stations[edit]

The Edinburg area is served by numerous local television affiliates.

Radio stations[edit]

Area newspapers[edit]

Notable people[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  2. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  3. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  4. ^ [1]
  5. ^ San Antonio Light Newspaper December 7, 1911 Page 2
  6. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  7. ^ Rodriguez, Clara E. 2000. Changing Race: Latinos, the Census, and the History of Ethnicity in the United States. New York: New York University Press. ISBN 0-8147-7546-2
  8. ^ "Home." Dustin Michael Sekula Memorial Library. Retrieved on May 7, 2010.
  9. ^ "Lopez Unit." Texas Department of Criminal Justice. Retrieved on May 7, 2010.
  10. ^ "Segovia Unit." Texas Department of Criminal Justice. Retrieved on May 7, 2010.

External links[edit]