Eastchester (town), New York

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Eastchester, New York
Town
Eastchester Town Hall
Eastchester Town Hall
Location of Eastchester (town), New York
Location of Eastchester (town), New York
Coordinates: 40°57′30″N 73°48′31″W / 40.95833°N 73.80861°W / 40.95833; -73.80861Coordinates: 40°57′30″N 73°48′31″W / 40.95833°N 73.80861°W / 40.95833; -73.80861
CountryUnited States
StateNew York
CountyWestchester
Settled1664
Established1665
Government
 • TypeOpen town meeting
 • Town SupervisorAnthony Colavita
Area
 • Total5.0 sq mi (13.0 km2)
 • Land4.9 sq mi (12.7 km2)
 • Water0.1 sq mi (0.3 km2)
Elevation220 ft (67 m)
Population (2010)
 • Total32,363
 • Density6,500/sq mi (2,500/km2)
Time zoneEastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST)EDT (UTC-4)
ZIP code10707, 10709
Area code(s)914
FIPS code36-21820
GNIS feature ID0978916
Websitewww.eastchester.org
 
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For the census-designated place in this town, see Eastchester (CDP), New York. For the neighborhood in New York City, see Eastchester, Bronx.
Eastchester, New York
Town
Eastchester Town Hall
Eastchester Town Hall
Location of Eastchester (town), New York
Location of Eastchester (town), New York
Coordinates: 40°57′30″N 73°48′31″W / 40.95833°N 73.80861°W / 40.95833; -73.80861Coordinates: 40°57′30″N 73°48′31″W / 40.95833°N 73.80861°W / 40.95833; -73.80861
CountryUnited States
StateNew York
CountyWestchester
Settled1664
Established1665
Government
 • TypeOpen town meeting
 • Town SupervisorAnthony Colavita
Area
 • Total5.0 sq mi (13.0 km2)
 • Land4.9 sq mi (12.7 km2)
 • Water0.1 sq mi (0.3 km2)
Elevation220 ft (67 m)
Population (2010)
 • Total32,363
 • Density6,500/sq mi (2,500/km2)
Time zoneEastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST)EDT (UTC-4)
ZIP code10707, 10709
Area code(s)914
FIPS code36-21820
GNIS feature ID0978916
Websitewww.eastchester.org

Eastchester is a town in southern Westchester County, New York, United States. The population was 32,363 at the 2010 census.[1] There are two villages within the town: Bronxville and Tuckahoe. The town contains a census-designated place also named Eastchester.

Geography[edit]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 5.0 square miles (13 km2), of which 4.9 square miles (13 km2) is land and 0.1 square miles (0.26 km2), or 2.00%, is water.

History[edit]

The town that is now called Eastchester began settlement in 1664 when ten families migrated from Fairfield, Connecticut. Thomas Pell, who at that time also owned the territory that is now New Rochelle and Pelham, granted a deed to the group to "settle down at Hutchinsons'," where the home of Anne Hutchinson had stood some twenty years before. The ten original families were shortly joined by another 26.[citation needed]

Laws for the region were established the following year, in 1665, under an agreement called the "Eastchester Covenant". The covenant was a rare document for this period. It contained 26 provisions, including such items as education of children, disposition and upkeep of property, and support of a minister.

Confirmation of their 1664 land patent was granted by Governor Richard Nicolls in 1666 after the occupation of the area by the English.[citation needed] A controversy arose in 1700 when the settlers signed a deed with the Native Americans. The tract of land involved was known as "Long Reach" because of its odd geographical makeup. The sites included are the present Bronxville, Tuckahoe, and a section of northwest Mount Vernon. The dispute over the ownership of the land involved the towns of New Rochelle, Westchester and the Pell family. When a decision was reached in favor of Eastchester, England's Queen Anne granted a second patent in 1708.[citation needed]

Eastchester was a farming community at the outbreak of the American Revolution. Although no major battles were fought here, as the heart of the Neutral Ground it saw constant fighting for over 13 years, being harassed by both sides as well as by the cowboys and skinners (the guerrillas of the day). Eastchester's rural makeup began to change with the coming of the railroad in the 1840s. An area of 370 acres (1,500,000 m2) of land was incorporated as the village of Mount Vernon in 1853 by a group of New York businessmen;[citation needed] the village of Bronxville was incorporated in 1898;[citation needed] and the village of Tuckahoe in 1903.[citation needed] Today, Eastchester is bounded by Scarsdale on the north, New Rochelle on the east, Yonkers on the west, and Mount Vernon on the south. The town covers approximately five square miles, including Bronxville and Tuckahoe.

Babe Ruth was a member of Leewood Country Club.

The Marble Schoolhouse and Tuckahoe High School are listed on the National Register of Historic Places.[2]

The Wilmot School near the comer of White Plains Road and Wilmot Road was a K-8 school that serviced the north end of town after 1909. When the Greenvale elementary school was erected in 1936, the Wilmot School was put to use as Eastchester's Town Hall. In 1964, the clubhouse of the Oak Ridge Country Club was converted into the present Town Hall, and the Wilmot School was torn down. The Cooper School, located in the northern end of town, was an elementary school built in the 1920s. It was demolished in 1980 and the land sold to a private housing developer. The original schoolyard lives on as Cooper Field, leased to the town of Eastchester at the rate of one dollar per year>. The park was originally donated by Carmela Vaccaro[3] the matriarch of one of the largest and longest standing families in Eastchester. The Anne Hutchinson School, another elementary school, was built in 1953, and additional classrooms constructed several years later. A primary wing was built at the Greenvale School in the 1950s. [4]

Notable people[edit]

In popular culture[edit]

Landmarks and attractions[edit]

Twin Lakes Park

Demographics[edit]

As of the census[5] of 2000, there were 31,318 people, 12,626 households, and 8,408 families residing in the town. The population density was 6,376.3 people per square mile (2,462.7/km²). There were 13,035 housing units at an average density of 2,653.9 per square mile (1,025.0/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 87.35% White, 5.80% Black or African American, 0.07% Native American, 3.85% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 1.40% from other races, and 1.51% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 5.48% of the population.

There were 12,626 households out of which 31.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 55.7% were married couples living together, 8.7% had a female householder with no husband present, and 33.4% were non-families. 29.8% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.46 and the average family size was 3.09.

In the town the population was spread out with 23.8% under the age of 18, 5.4% from 18 to 24, 29.8% from 25 to 44, 24.2% from 45 to 64, and 16.7% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females there were 87.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 83.0 males.

According to a 2007 estimate, the median income for a household in the town was $101,425, and the median income for a family was $137,663. Males had a median income of $71,420 versus $47,725 for females. The per capita income for the town was $49,941. About 3.0% of families and 4.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 3.4% of those under age 18 and 5.2% of those age 65 or over.

Greenvale Elementary
Leewood Golf Course

Education[edit]

The town's primary and secondary schools include "Waverly", "Anne Hutchinson Elementary School", "Greenvale Elementary School", "Immaculate Conception School", "Eastchester Middle School" and Eastchester High School.

Communities in Eastchester[edit]

Village of Bronxville:

Village of Tuckahoe:

Eastchester (CDP), unincorporated village within the Town:

Image gallery[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]